• Title, Summary, Keyword: Nursing homes

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Institutionalized Persons and Personnel of Nursing Homes for Elders (노인요양시설 요양대상자와 요양제공자 현황 분석)

  • Chang, Hyun-Sook;Lee, Hung Sa;Kim, Chunmi;Kim, Eun Man
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Rural Health Nursing
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the present status of institutionalized persons and personnel of nursing homes for elders. Method: A survey questionnaire was distributed to 520 nursing homes nationwide, of which 308 nursing homes responded by completing the questionnaire. The data were collected from November 1 to November 14, 2008. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Results: Most home care facilities were situated in small or medium sized cities (46.8%, 56.6% respectively). About half of the nursing homes had 50-99 institutionalized persons (43.4~42.5%). Most of the nursing homes were operated by social welfare ownership. Average number of institutionalized persons was 41.7 and operation ratio of facilities was 93.9%. For severity of problems, 30% of institutionalized persons were assessed as third grade indicating mid-point severity. The average number of personnel was 18.6. The number of full-time positions was greater than that of part-time positions. The average income for the director was 2,600,000 Korean won, for nurses, 2,000,000, for social workers, 1,940,000, for physical therapists, 1,820,000, and for care workers, 1,560,000. Conclusion: Strategies need to be developed to maximize the value of the existing workforce without impacting on the quality of care delivered.

The Present Condition of Nursing Home & Accessibility to Health Center and Hospital from Nursing Home in Rural Area by Web GIS Analysis (노인장기요양시설의 현황 및 Web GIS 분석에 의한 농촌지역 요양시설과 보건소·병원간의 접근성)

  • Nam, Yun-Cheol;Park, Kyoung-Ok
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to have detailed data of the distribution, locations, and the amount of people in the waiting line of the nursing home. Also, we studied the accessibility to the facilities by using Web GIS to analyze the transit time it takes from the nursing home to health center and hospitals. We can provide the basic data that could contribute when future plans for the nursing homes' locations, health and medical policy are made. The results are as follows. 1. The nursing homes are stiffly concentrated in regions of Seoul and Gyeongi-do where large number of the elderly covered by long-term care insurance and the waiting line was very long for the elderlies to enter the nursing homes. In these cities of Ulsan and Jeju where number of the elderly covered by long-term care insurance is relatively small, there were less facilities. 2. The nursing homes located in urban areas had higher occupancy rate and higher number of people in the waiting line. 3. The average time taken by driving from the nursing homes and health center was 10 minutes and there was not a noticeable difference between the cities. Driving from the nursing homes to hospitals in rural areas took 22 minutes which is 2.5 times of the time taken for urban areas. Daegu-si and Incheon-si had relatively short distance from the nursing homes and the hospitals while Jeju-do had the furthest. For rural areas, it is needed for health center to be equipped with a wider medical coverage, have closely connected with hospitals to minimize the differences they have from ones in rural areas. It is also needed to have ambulances equipped for tele-medical examination and treatment system.

A Study on the Hierarchy and Relationship in Spatial Configuration of Nursing Homes for the Elderly (노인요양시설의 공간구조적 위계 및 연결관계에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jin-Kyoung;Oh, Chan-Ohk;Kim, Suk-Tae
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.249-258
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    • 2011
  • As the elderly population are rapidly growing, the elderly who needs special care and nursing homes for them are also growing. However, many nursing homes were planned without considering the hierarchial space organization such as division of housing unit and nursing unit based on the cognitive and behavioral characteristics of the elderly or accessibility and supportiveness of the staff. This study was to examine the hierarchial characteristics in space organization of nursing homes by using Space Syntax. The subjects were 8 nursing homes in Busan. First, spaces in nursing homes were divided into five areas based on the literature review. Then the hierarchy of space organization for the access layer and layers of living floors was grasped by using G-graph. The access layer has a tree-type hierarchical structure and high visuality. Also, average depth of the space was 5. Then the full integration was analyzed. Mobile area, such as elevator, hallways, or living rooms has a high accessibility and the middle corridor type has commonly been characterized. The nursing stations were analyzed through the control degree and it was low in three nursing homes such as B, C, and G. The low clarity was showed in B, D, and F. The low clarity means that it is relatively difficult to recognize the whole space organization of nursing home. Even though the hierarchy of their living floors was tree-type structure with a high visuality, they has a type of grouping spaces around hallways and spreading, or a ring type.

Development of an Evaluation Instrument for Service Quality in Nursing Homes (노인요양시설 서비스 질 평가 도구 개발)

  • Lee, Ji-A;Ji, Eun-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.510-519
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to identify the factors influencing service quality in nursing homes, and to develop an evaluation instrument for service quality. Methods: A three-phase process was employed for the study. 1) The important factors to evaluate the service quality in nursing homes were identified through a literature review, panel discussion and focus group interview, 2) the evaluation instrument was developed, and 3) validity and reliability of the study instrument were tested by factor analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ and Cohen's Kappa. Results: Factor analysis showed that the factors influencing service quality in nursing homes were healthcare, diet/assistance, therapy, environment and staff. To improve objectivity of the instrument, quantitative as well as qualitative evaluation approaches were adopted. The study instrument was developed with 30 items and showed acceptable construct validity. The criterion-related validity was a Pearson correlation coefficient of .85 in 151 care facilities. The internal consistency was Cronbach's ${\alpha}$=.95. Conclusion: The instrument has acceptable validity and a high degree of reliability. Staff in nursing homes can continuously improve and manage their services using the results of the evaluation instrument.

Measuring Patient Safety Culture in Korean Nursing Homes (한국 노인요양시설의 환자안전문화 조사 연구)

  • Yoon, Sook-Hee;Kim, Byungsoo;Shin, So Yonug;Wu, XiangLian
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.315-327
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the patient safety culture in Korean nursing homes using the Nursing Home Survey Patient Safety Culture (NHS-PC), a valid tool, provided by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and to compare the results with AHRQ data. Methods: Administrators and staff (N=151) of six nursing homes in Seoul, Busan, Kyeonggi Province and Gyeongsangnam Province completed the survey in July, 2010. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, positive response rate, t-test, ANOVA, DUNCAN, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$. Results: The total mean (SD) positive response rate for patient safety culture was not significantly different from the AHRQ data. For composite levels, the results of 'handoffs' were significantly higher, and the results of 'feedback and communication about incidents' and 'nonpunitive responses to mistakes' were significantly lower than the AHRQ data. Conclusion: More effective strategies related to nonpunitive responses to mistakes and management activities for patient safety are needed to improve patient safety culture in nursing homes.

A Case Study on the Living Activities and the Use of Spaces of the Recuperating Elderly in Nursing homes at Small City (소도시 노인요양시설 요양노인의 생활행위와 공간이용 사례 연구)

  • Yang, Kum-Suek
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to clarify the actual condition of the daily living activities of the elderly with dementia in nursing homes. The thorough investigation and observation works were made from the view points of daily living behaviors and behavioral places of the recuperating elderly with dementia in nursing homes. This article discusses about the basic characteristics of the elderly and the actual condition of the daily living activities of the elderly with dementia in 3 nursing homes. The results of this study are summarized as follows; There is no wide difference between skilled nursing facilities on the characteristic of living behaviors of the elderly with dementia. Daily living activities and the use of spaces are largely influenced by the daily program and the operation policy of each nursing homes in addition to human relationship of the elderly with dementia. Common spaces such as day room, dining room plays an important role for their daily living activities, because that most of the elderly with dementia stay long during daytime. Layout of each private room and common space seems very crucial point in designing these facilities, in order to enable demented people to live their lives more independently.

A Study on Medical Spaces of the Nursing Homes for the Elderly (노인 요양원의 의료공간에 관한 이론적 고찰)

  • Kim, Jin-Su;Park, Jae-Seung
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 1996
  • This study will perform the theoretical study of totally dependent elderly facilities- nursing homes, through the characteristics about nursing units and rehabilitative spaces. It will be started from the perception that the highest priority is to derive the ideal design guidelines on nursing units and rehabilitative spaces of nursing homes in Korea. This study aims to represent architectural idea and the examination of typological differences of nursing units and rehabilitative spaces among nursing home plans.

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Development of a Web-based Education Program for Nurses working in Nursing Homes on Human Rights of Older Adults (노인요양시설 간호사 대상 웹기반 노인인권 교육프로그램 개발)

  • Kim, Ki-Kyong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.463-472
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was done to develop a web-based education program for nurses working in nursing homes. The focus was on the rights of older adults. Methods: The program was designed based on the Network-Based Instructional System Design (NBISD) model and was operated and evaluated between July 2007 and June 2008. Results: Out of nursing records of 40 residents from a nursing home, the final 7 cases were deducted through classification using the Resource Utilization Group (RUG)-III. The data on needs for education was collected from 28 nurses working in 15 nursing homes located in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province, who agreed to complete a self-report questionnaire. A comprehensive review of the literature and two focus groups interviews were used to search for risk factors and guidelines for protection of human rights. The education program was developed based on Kolb's experiential learning model and composed of 5 units, which included content on types of human rights and rights to death with dignity, elder abuse, physical liberty, and self-determination. The program was positively evaluated showing a score of 3.35 (SD=0.37) out of 4. Conclusion: The educational program developed in this study should promote nurses' sensitivity to the rights of elders and improve nurses' behaviors in protecting the rights of elders residing in nursing homes.

A Study on the Delivery Planning of Nursing Homes in Korea (한국 노인요양시설의 공급계획에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Soon-Jung
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.5 no.9
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 1999
  • With the unparalleled rate of aging and rapid modernization, Korean society faces the situation in which it has to increase the supply of elderly care services dramatically in the near future. Among these services, nursing homes are considered as an essential alternative provision because Korea can no longer rely on traditional familism nor medical facilities for the care of her older population. It is necessary, therefore, to prepare a future plan for the delivery of nursing homes in Korea. This paper has identified elderly care context and analyzed elderly care facilities of Korea in the point of supply and utilization rate of nursing homes according to the region and type of facilities. On the bases of this analysis, the delivery planning of nursing homes in Korea has been proposed in order to increase welfare status of older people and efficient utilization of health care resources.

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The Factors Affecting the Constipation of the Elderly at Nursing Homes (노인의 변비관련 요인 - 요양시설 거주 노인을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Ki-Nam;Sung, Ki-Wol
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.575-586
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify factors affecting the constipation of the elderly at nursing homes. Method: A total of 184 elders at 7 nursing homes in P City participated. Information about constipation status (Constipation Assessment Scale). functional status (Katz' Activities of Daily Living). nutritional status (Mini-Nutritional Assessment). and depressive symptoms (Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form Korea version) were collected through interviews. Descriptive statistics. Chi-square test. and t-test were used to describe and compare the non constipation group and the constipation group. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine factors affecting constipation status. Results: The prevalence of constipation was 47.5% (Men 37%. women 51%). Elders suffering from a disease (P=.021) and having low sleep satisfaction (P= .000) were more likely to be constipated than those who did not. The factors affecting the constipation of the elderly at nursing homes were gender (OR=3.558), sleep satisfaction (OR=.580), and depressive symptoms (OR=1.132). Conclusion: According to the result, to reduce the constipation rate of old women at nursing homes, we have to develop guidelines that can solve problems related to constipation cause by sleep-satisfaction and depressive symptoms.

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