• Title/Summary/Keyword: Nursing Costs

Search Result 19, Processing Time 0.074 seconds

Estimation of nursing costs by Patient Classification System(PCS) in general nursing units (일반간호단위의 환자 분류군별 간호원가 산정연구)

  • Park, Hung-Ho;Song, Mi-Sook;Sung, Young-Hee;Sim, Won-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
    • /
    • v.9 no.3
    • /
    • pp.379-389
    • /
    • 2003
  • Purpose: The objective of our study was to figure out costs of nursing services in general nursing units based on the PCS in order to determine an appropriate nursing fee schedule. Method: The data were collected from 8 hospitals from September 9 to October 8, 2002. The costs of nursing services in general nursing units was analyzed by nursing hours based on the nursing intensity. The inpatient in the general nursing units were classified by Park's PCS tool(2000). Results: The distribution of patients by PCS ranged from class I to Class III in general nursing units. The higher PCS in general nursing units consumed more nursing hours. As a result, the higher nursing intensity, the more the daily average nursing costs in general nursing units. Conclusion: We found that the higher PCS, the more the daily average nursing costs in general nursing units. In conclusion, our study provides the evidence to refine the current nursing fee schedule that it does not differentiated from the volume of nursing services based on the nursing hours.

  • PDF

Search of hemodialysis nursing behaviors and Estimation of hemodialysis nursing costs at a tertiary hospital (일개 3차 의료기관의 혈액투석 간호행위규명 및 간호원가 산정)

  • Sim, Won-Hee;Park, Jung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
    • /
    • v.5 no.2
    • /
    • pp.297-316
    • /
    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is searching for hemodialysis nursing bahaviors by hemodialysis room nurses and analyzing them. Then, it estimates hemodialysis nursing costs and obtains basic data for development of proper nursing costs. First, it searched for hemodialysis nursing behaviors at a tertiary hospital hemodialysis room in Seoul and classified them. After the content validity was verified by 6 experts, Tool of hemodialysis nursing behaviors was developed. patients who recived hemodialysis were classified by dialysis patient classification tool. The searcher observed hemodialysis nursing behaviors applied to classified patients per 5 minutes. Then hemodialysis nursing hours spent to classified patients were calculated respectively. The direct expenditures and indirect expenditures were estimated. Ultimately, hemodialysis nursing costs were estimated. The results of the study were as follows ; 1. hemodialysis nursing behaviors were grouped by the same knowledge and skills. then, the content validity of them was verified by evaluation tool of nursing intervention classification by expert groups. They consisted of 9 hemodialysis activity domains and 71 hemodialysis nursing behaviors. The predialysis activity domain included 15 nursing behaviors, the activity domain of start-dialysis included 12 nursing behaviors, the activity domain of during- dialysis included 9 nursing behaviors, the activity domain of finish-dialysis included 5 nursing behaviors, the activity domain of after-dialysis included 5 nursing behaviors, the nursing documentation & undertaking and transfering included 5 nursing behaviors, the supply, drug, equipment & environment management activity domain included 7 nursing behaviors, the patient emotional support & education activity domain included 4 nursing behaviors, the emergency activity domain included 9 nursing behaviors. 2. The acute hemodialysis nursing hours were 106.42 minutes per a dialysis and the chroni hemodialysis nursing hours were 72.23 minutes per a dialysis. 3. The direct expenditure was 11.971 won per hour and indirect expenditure was 288won. 4. Finally, the cost of acute hemodialysis was 21,745 won and that of chronic hemodialysis was 14,759 won. By search of hemodialysis nursing behaviors, they will be used as hemodialysis nursing care standard and will be tended toward high qualitative care. Estimation of hemodialysis nursing costs will be used as fundamental data for development of proper nursing costs.

  • PDF

Estimation of Nursing Costs Based on Nurse Visit Time for Long-Term Care Services (노인장기요양 방문간호서비스의 소요시간별 방문당 원가 분석)

  • Kim, Eun-Kyung;Kim, Yun-Mi;Kim, Myung-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.40 no.3
    • /
    • pp.349-358
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to estimate nursing costs and to establish appropriate nursing fees for long-term care services for community elders. Methods: Seven nurses participated in data collection related to visiting time by nurses for 1,100 elders. Data on material costs and management costs were collected from 5 visiting nursing agencies. The nursing costs were classified into 3 groups based on the nurse's visit time under the current reimbursement system of long-term care insurance. Results: The average nursing cost per minute was 246 won. The material costs were 3,214 won, management costs, 10,707 won, transportation costs, 7,605 won, and capital costs, 5,635 won per visit. As a result, the average cost of nursing services per visit by classification of nursing time were 41,036 won (care time <30 min), 46,005 won (care time 30-59 min), and 57,321 won (care time over 60 min). Conclusion: The results of the study indicate that the fees for nurse visits currently being charged for long-term care insurance should be increased. Also these results will contribute to baseline data for establishing appropriate nursing fees for long-term care services to maintain quality nursing and management in visiting nursing agencies.

Estimation of Nursing Costs by a Patient Classification System(PCS) in ICU (중환자 간호단위의 환자분류군별 간호원가 산정연구)

  • Sung, Young-Hee;Song, Mi-Sook;Park, Jung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.37 no.3
    • /
    • pp.373-380
    • /
    • 2007
  • Purpose: The objective of our study was to figure out costs of nursing services in ICU based on the PCS in order to determine an appropriate nursing fee schedule. Method: Data was collected from 2 hospitals from April 15-16 to April 22-23, 2003. The costs of nursing services in the ICU were analyzed by nursing time based on the nursing intensity. The inpatients in the ICU were classified by a PCS tool developed by the Korean Clinical Nurses Association(2000). Results: The distribution of patients by PCS in the ICU ranged from class IV to Class VI. The higher PCS in ICU consumed more nursing time. As a result, the higher nursing intensity, the more the daily average nursing costs in the ICU. Conclusion: Our study provides evidence to refine the current nursing fee schedule that does not differentiate from the volume of nursing services based on nursing time. We strongly recommend that the current reimbursement system for nursing services should be applied not only to the general nursing units but also to the ICU or other special nursing units.

A Methodological Quality Evaluation of Nursing Cost Analysis Research based on Activity-based Costing in Korea (활동기준원가계산(Activity-Based Costing; ABC) 기반 간호원가분석 연구의 방법론적 질 평가)

  • Lim, Ji-Young;Noh, Wonjung;Mo, Jin-A
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.16 no.7
    • /
    • pp.279-290
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study was performed to evaluate the methodological quality of nursing costs analysis research based on the activity-based costing in Korea. Data were collected from database of Research Information Shraing Service, Korean studies Information Service System, DBpia and National Assembly Library. Eight studies were published on thesis and journal until Oct, 2015. Quality assessment tool was consisted in 5 factors based on activity-based costing. Studies of 87.5% were calculate the nursing units' costs in the hospital. All papers were appropriate in labor costs in resource factor and activity factor, but only 2 paper was appropriate in overhead cost allocation. Through this result, we found the necessity of improving accuracy in nursing costs analysis. These results can be helpful to manage cost and performance in nursing practice.

Determination of Nursing Costs for Hospitalized Patients Based on the Patient Classification System (종합병원에 입원한 환자의 간호원가 산정에 관한 연구)

  • 박정호;송미숙
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.16-37
    • /
    • 1990
  • A cost analysis for hospitalized patients was carried out based upon Patient Classification System(PCS) in order to determine an appropriate nursing fee. The data were collected from 21 nursing units of three teaching hospitals from April 1 to June 30, 1989. first, all of the 22,056 inpatients were classified into mildly ill(Class Ⅰ), moderately ill(Class Ⅱ), acutely ill(Class Ⅲ), and critically ill(Class Ⅳ) by the PCS which had been carefully developed to be suitable for the Korean nursing units. Second. PCS cost accounting was applied to the above data. The distribution of inpatients, nursing costs, and nursing productivity were as follows : 1) Patient distribution ranged from 45% to class Ⅰ, 36% to class Ⅱ, 15% to class Ⅲ, and 4% to class Ⅳ, the proportion of class Ⅳ in ‘H’ Hospital was greater than that of the other two hospitals. 2) The proportion of Class Ⅲ and Ⅳ in the medical nursing units was greater than that of surgical nursing units. 3) The number of inpatients was greatest on Tuesdays, and least on Sundays. 4) The average nursing cost per hour was W 3,164 for ‘S’ hospital, W 3,511 for ‘H’ hospital and W 4,824 for ‘K’ hospital. The average nursing cost per patient per day was W 14,126 for ‘S’ Hospital, W 15,842 for ‘H’ hospital and W 21,525 for ‘K’ hospital. 5) The average nursing cost calculated by the PCS was W 13,232 for class Ⅰ, W 18,478 for class Ⅱ, W 23,000 for class Ⅲ, and W 25,469 for class Ⅳ. 6) The average nursing cost for the medical and surgical nursing units was W 13,180 and W 13,303 respetively for class Ⅰ, W 18,248 and W 18,707 for class Ⅱ, W 22,303 and W 23,696 for class Ⅲ, and W 24,331 and W 26,606 for class Ⅳ. 7) The nursing costs were composed of 85% for wages and fringe benefits, 3% for material supplies and 12% for overhead. The proportion of wages and fringe benefits among the three Hospitals ranged from 75%, 92% and 98% for the ‘S’, ‘H’, ‘K’ hospitals respectively These findings explain why the average nursing cost of ‘K’ hospital was higher than the others. 8) According to a multi- regression analysis, wages and fringe benefits, material supplies, and overhead had an equal influence on determining the nursing cost while the nursing hours had less influence. 9) The productivity of the medical nursing units were higher than the surgical nursing units, productivity of the D(TS) - nursing units was the lowest while the K(Med) - nursing unit was the highest in 'S' hospital. In ‘H’ hospital, productivity was related to the number of inpatients rather than to the characteristics of the nursing units. The ‘K’ hospital showed the same trend as ‘S’ hospital, that the productivity of the medical nursing unit was higher than the surgical nursing unit. The productivity of ‘S’ hospital was evaluated the highest followed by ‘H’ hospital and ‘K’ hospital. Future research on nursing costs should be extended to the other special nursing areas such as pediatric and psychiatric nursing units, and to ICU or operating rooms. Further, the PCS tool should be carefully evaluated for its appropriateness to all levels of institutions(primary, secondary, tertiary). This study took account only of the quantity of nursing services when developing the PCS tool for evaluating the productivity of nursing units. Future research should also consider the quality of nursing services including the appropriateness of nursing activities.

  • PDF

Nursing cost in Operating Room applying the Resource-Based Relative Value Scale(RBRVS) (수술간호행위별 상대가치(Resource-Based Relative Value)의 측정 및 간호수가 산정)

  • Kim, Myung-Soo;Kim, Young-Hae;Kim, Jung-Soon;Lee, Hae-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.283-293
    • /
    • 2002
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to define cost-countable perioperative nursing activities and to analyze the cost of each nursing activities based on the Resource-Based Relative Value Scale (RBRVS). Method: Researcher and 3 research assistants observed and documented the 83 operating patients in order to measure nursing time for each of the perioperative nursing activities. And then, 35 operating room nurses with at least one year of perioperative nursing experience were observed for the RBRVS of perioperative nursing activities. Finally, the direct and indirect nursing costs were estimated. Result: Nursing costs of 25 nursing activities were estimated using the RBRVS. Most expensive nursing activities were delivery of the instrument and implement for OP team (9,780 won per hour) and behavior of wash, pack, disinfect the instrument (6,770). Conclusion: Based on the relative values of each perioperative nursing activities estimated in this study, proper medical reimbursement system should be established in a near future.

  • PDF

Development of Nursing Costs by Nursing Activities in Clinical Nurse Specialist (전문간호사 간호행위에 관한 간호수가체계 개발)

  • Kim, Yoon-Hee;Lee, Hyang-Yeon;Han, Sang-Sook;Shin, Hye-Sook;Lee, Myung-Hee;Kim, Sook-Neoung;Lee, Hye-Jin;Kim, Hye-Sook;Choi, Hyes-Sun
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.197-207
    • /
    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was carried out to deveop nursing costs and to substantiate the application of appropriate activity-based nursing costs for the current clinical nurse specialists. Method: The study sample was a group of 8 home health care team of the tirtiary Hospital in Korea. The data was collected from September 2003 through December 2004. The statistical analysis was done by SPSS PC 11.0 program and calculated mean and the standard deviation. In Lee(2003)'s nursing activity analysis, nursing activities were classified into two major classification, 19 domains and 70 activities. Each activities was calculated using its work validity, physical effort, psychological effort, stress as a intensity, and the necessary time. The simple work costs was calculated the work wage per minute and the necessary time. The work load intensity was calculated using the work wage per minute and the necessary time work load intensity/100. Results: In this study, the work wage was 283 won per minute. The work validity ranged from 2.71-4.00. The highest simple work cost/work load intensity cost was 12,735won/47,374won for research activity, 10,700won/27,499won for bedsore care, and 9,727won/35,114won for deathbed care. The lowest simple work cost/work load intensity cost was 2,123won/2,038won for intramuscular injection, 2,210won/2,166won for hypodermic injection, and 2,210won/1,547won for a application of medicine(or ointment or cream). Conclusions: It revealed that the nursing cost should be considered validity, physical effort, psychological effort, stress as a intensity, and necessary time. Therefore, It is necessary to calculate nursing cost systematically based on activities.

  • PDF

Estimation of Nursing costs for Hospitalized Patients Based on the KDRG Classification (5개 KDRG(한국형진단명기준환자군)에 대한 간호원가 산정)

  • Park, Jung-Ho;Song, Mi-Sook;Sung, Young-Hee;Ham, Myoung-Lim;Yun, Seon-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
    • /
    • v.3 no.2
    • /
    • pp.151-165
    • /
    • 1997
  • A cost analysis for hospitalized patients was performed based on the KDRG classification in order to determine an appropriate nursing fee under the PPS(Prospective Payment System). The data was collected from 20 nursing units of three tertiary hospitals and two secondary hospitals from August 26 to September 15, 1996. The study consisted of 148 inpatients diagnosed for lens procedures(KDRG 03900), tonsillectomy &/or adenoidectomy(KDRG 16100), Cesarean section(KDRG 37000), or vaginal delivery(KDRG 37300) without any complications. The direct or indirect nursing hours of each patients were measured. Then, direct or indirect nursing expenditures of four nursing units, operating room and delivery room were computed. Finally, the resources used including average total nursing hours, average length of stay and average nursing cost of each KDRG were estimated as follows; 1) The average total nursing hours were 640 minutes for lens procedures, 403 minutes for tonsillectomy &/or adenoidectomy, 934 minutes for appendectomy with complicated principal diagnosis, 1,094 minutes for Cesarean section and 631 minutes for vaginal delivery. Significant differences were found in average total nursing hours among hospitals. 2) The average length of stay in lens procedures were 5 days, 4 days for tonsillectomy &/or adenoidectomy, 6 days for appendectomy with complicated principal diagnosis, 8 days for Cesarean section and 3 days for vaginal delivery. All results were within normal determined by the Ministry of Health and Welfare although significant differences existed among hospitals, especially with average length of stay for leng procedures between tertiary hospitals and secondary hospitals which was greater than for those of others. 3) The average nursing cost were 87,146 Won for lens procedures, 69,600 Won for tonsillectomy &/or adenoidectomy, 128,337 Won for appendectomy with complicated principal diagnosis, 151,769 Won for Cesarean section and 85,403 Won for vaginal delivery. These costs were 7.6%, 13.0%, 13.0%, 16.0% and 22.0%, respectively, of the official price fixed by the Ministry of Health and Welfare under the prospective payment system. Research for the analysis of nursing costs according to the severity of illness for those KDRGs shoud be carried out within the period of the PPS pilot project. In addition, a proper nursing fee schedule for a new reimbursement system based upon the result of the above research should be prepared in the near future.

  • PDF

Estimation of Psychiatric Nursing Costs by Using the Resource-Based Relative Value Scale(RBRVS) (자원기준 상대가치를 이용한 정신과의 간호활동비용 산정)

  • Kim, Eun-Kyung;Kwon, Young-Dae;Kim, Yoon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.30 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1580-1591
    • /
    • 2000
  • This study was conducted to assess the amount of nursing services for psychiatric inpatients and to estimate psychiatric nursing costs by using the RBRVS. Full details of medical services, including physician and nursing services, for psychiatric inpatients were surveyed and data of general characteristics of hospitals and patients were also collected. The cost of nursing activities was estimated by the multiple conversion factor which was drawn from the Korean RBRVS Development Project to the RBRVS score of each nursing activities, which was drawn from the results of Korean Nurses Association (KNA)'s projects about nursing RBRVS development and cost of nursing activities. The data about 89 inpatients from 3 general hospitals with psychiatric departments were analyzed. The total cost of nursing activities for each patient per admission day was from KRW 22,185 to KRW 27,954 by hospital, and KRW 25,220 in average. The percent of nursing cost to the total cost of medical services was from 36% to 48% by characteristics of patients and 41.4% in average. The cost of nursing activities estimated in this study was between the existing NHI fee schedule and the one suggested by KNA. It is considered as appropriate and acceptable level compared to the total amount of medical services. In the process of KNA's activities to get nursing fee in NHI fee schedule, results of additional studies to estimate the cost of nursing activities balanced with total cost of medical services in every departments should be found and utilized.

  • PDF