• Title/Summary/Keyword: Numerical Calculation

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Experimental and Numerical Studies on Application of Industrial Explosives to Explosive Welding, Explosive Forming, Shock Powder Consolidation (산업용 폭약을 이용한 폭발용접, 폭발성형과 충격분말고화에 관한 실험 및 수치해석적 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Kook;Kang, Seong-Seung;Cho, Sang-Ho
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.69-76
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    • 2012
  • Theoretical backgrounds on the experimental methods of explosive welding, explosive forming and shock consolidation of powders are introduced. Explosive welding experiments of titanium (Ti) and stainless steel (SUS 304) plate were carried out. It was revealed that a series of waves of metal jet are generated in the contact surface between both materials; and that the optimal collision velocity and collision angle is about 2,100~2,800 m/s and $15{\sim}20^{\circ}$, respectively. Also, explosive forming experiments of Al plate were performed and compared to a conventional press forming method. The results confirmed that the shock-loaded Al plate has a larger curvature deformation than those made using conventional press forming. For shock consolidation of powders, the propagation behaviors of a detonation wave and underwater shock wave generated by explosion of an explosive are investigated by means of numerical calculation. The results revealed that the generation and convergence of reflected waves occur at the wall and center position of water column, and also the peak pressure of the converged reflected waves was 20 GPa which exceeds the detonation pressure. As results from the consolidation experiments of metal/ceramic powders ($Fe_{11.2}La_2O_3Co_{0.7}Si_{1.1}$), shock-consolidated $Fe_{11.2}La_2O_3Co_{0.7}Si_{1.1}$ bulk without cracks was successfully obtained by adapting the suggested water container and strong bonding between powder particles was confirmed through microscopic observations.

The Comparison of Seakeeping Performance Analysis Methods for a High Speed Catamaran (Strip and 3-D Panel Method) (초고속 쌍동선에 대한 내항성능 해석 방법 비교 (스트립 방법과 3-D Panel 방법))

  • Lee, Ho-Young;Song, Ki-Jong;Yum, Deuk-Joon
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.127-138
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    • 1996
  • The strip method, unified theory and 3-D panel method are commonly used methods for the seakeeping analysis of high-speed vessels. The strip method which is basically 2-dimensional method is known to give incorrect hydrodynamic coefficients and motion responses for the cases of high speed and low frequency region. And the unified theory which uses two dimensional approach in inner domain and slender body theory in outer domain is very complicate in computational modelling. Though the 3-D panel method requires comparatively long computation time, it is believed that the method gives good results without any limitation in ship speed and range of frequency for computation. In the 3-D panel method the source singularity representing translating and pulsating Green function is used and Hoff's method is adopted for the numerical calculation of the Green function. The computation time can be reduced by using the symmetry relationship with respect to longitudinal axis. In this paper the strip method and the 3-D panel method are compared for the seakeeping analysis of a high-speed catamaran. The Compared items are the hydrodynamic coefficients, wave exciting forces, frequency response functions and short-term responses in irregular waves.

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A Study on Detection of Phase Error due to the Doppler Effect with Coding Techniques in Mobile Satellite Communication Network on Interference and Fading Environments (간섭과 페이딩 환경하에서 이동위성 통신망에 부호화 기법을 이용한 도플러 효과에 의한 위상에러 검출에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Hun-Ju;Kang, Heau-Jo;Choi, Yong-Seok
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.128-138
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    • 1996
  • In this paper, the Doppler phase error due to the relative velocity between a satellite and the earth station in communications using a low earth orbit mobile satellite is detected. The performance of BPSK system in the presence of Rician fading channel environment with Doppler phase error, inter- ference and noise is compared with that of the system disturbed by Doppler phase error and noise only, And adopted coding techniques are Hamming, BCH, RS and convolution codes. The expression of error rate performance of BPSK system is derived as the type of complementary error function. The main conclusion that can be drawn from this analysis is that Rician fading channel environment with Do- ppler phase error and interference, noise effect yields severe performance degradation then Doppler phase error and noise effect in satellite communication channel. The conclusion can be drawn from this analysis is that using coding technique then noncoding. And using the numerical calculation, we give a quantitative insight how much the satellite communication channel parameters degrade the system per- formance. Furthermore it is shown that an appropriate transmission power control for the performance enhancement is beneficial to the new satellite communication system planning.

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High-power Operation of a Yb Fiber Laser at 1018 nm (1018 nm 파장의 고출력 Yb 광섬유 레이저)

  • Oh, Ye Jin;Park, Hye Mi;Park, Jong Seon;Park, Eun Ji;Kim, Jin Phil;Jeong, Hoon;Kim, Ji Won;Kim, Tae Hyoung;Jeong, Seong Mook;Kim, Ki Hyuck;Yang, Hwan Seok
    • Korean Journal of Optics and Photonics
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.209-214
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    • 2021
  • High-power continuous-wave operation of a Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser at 1018 nm, pumped by high-power diode lasers at 976 nm, is reported. Based on numerical calculation of the gain and laser signal power along the length of the Yb fiber, it is found that robust operation at 1018 nm can be achieved for a high Yb3+-ion excitation density greater than 11.5%, accompanied by high suppression of the feedback from the fiber's end facet. The Yb fiber laser constructed in house yields 626 W of continuous-wave output at 1018 nm for 729 W of incident pump power, corresponding to a slope efficiency of 86.6%. The prospect for power scaling is considered.

A Study on Motion Response of Small Fishing Vessels According to Various Tonnage in Regular Waves (소형어선의 크기에 따른 규칙파 중 운동응답 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Im, Nam-Kyun;Lee, Sang-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.832-838
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    • 2021
  • Recently, reports of marine accidents of small fishing vessels less than 10 tons have been increasing. In this study, the characteristics of the motion response in regular waves were analyzed using computations for these ships. Small vessels less than 10 tons are classified by size and used for marine accident investigations. Therefore, the motion response analysis was performed on three small fishing vessels of different sizes. In the case of the head sea, it was confirmed that as the speed of the vessel increased in the long wavelength region, the motion responses of heave and pitch became large. The motion response of the smallest 3-ton fishing vessel was greater than that of the other sizes of fishing vessels. The maximum value of the roll motion shifted to the long wavelength region as the speed gradually increased in the bow sea, regardless of the size of the ship. In all the three small fishing vessels, it was found that the roll motion was the greatest at 15 knots, the highest speed in both bow and beam seas. When sailing in the head sea and bow sea conditions, lowering the speed is one of the effective approaches to reduce the effects of the vertical and lateral plane motions. The roll motion caused by the beam wave showed a tendency to increase rapidly only at a specific wavelength regardless of the speed and the size of the vessel. It was confirmed that the roll motion was significantly reduced with forward speed in the stern wave compared to the bow wave. As there is a specific region where the maximum value of the hull motion response appears depending on the size and speed of the ship, an operation method that can minimize the effect of this motion should be considered and implemented.

Impact of Sulfur Dioxide Impurity on Process Design of $CO_2$ Offshore Geological Storage: Evaluation of Physical Property Models and Optimization of Binary Parameter (이산화황 불순물이 이산화탄소 해양 지중저장 공정설계에 미치는 영향 평가: 상태량 모델의 비교 분석 및 이성분 매개변수 최적화)

  • Huh, Cheol;Kang, Seong-Gil;Cho, Mang-Ik
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.187-197
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    • 2010
  • Carbon dioxide Capture and Storage(CCS) is regarded as one of the most promising options to response climate change. CCS is a three-stage process consisting of the capture of carbon dioxide($CO_2$), the transport of $CO_2$ to a storage location, and the long term isolation of $CO_2$ from the atmosphere for the purpose of carbon emission mitigation. Up to now, process design for this $CO_2$ marine geological storage has been carried out mainly on pure $CO_2$. Unfortunately the $CO_2$ mixture captured from the power plants and steel making plants contains many impurities such as $N_2$, $O_2$, Ar, $H_2O$, $SO_2$, $H_2S$. A small amount of impurities can change the thermodynamic properties and then significantly affect the compression, purification, transport and injection processes. In order to design a reliable $CO_2$ marine geological storage system, it is necessary to analyze the impact of these impurities on the whole CCS process at initial design stage. The purpose of the present paper is to compare and analyse the relevant physical property models including BWRS, PR, PRBM, RKS and SRK equations of state, and NRTL-RK model which are crucial numerical process simulation tools. To evaluate the predictive accuracy of the equation of the state for $CO_2-SO_2$ mixture, we compared numerical calculation results with reference experimental data. In addition, optimum binary parameter to consider the interaction of $CO_2$ and $SO_2$ molecules was suggested based on the mean absolute percent error. In conclusion, we suggest the most reliable physical property model with optimized binary parameter in designing the $CO_2-SO_2$ mixture marine geological storage process.

Effect of Nitrogen Impurity on Process Design of $CO_2$ Marine Geological Storage: Evaluation of Equation of State and Optimization of Binary Parameter (질소 불순물이 이산화탄소 해양 지중저장 공정설계에 미치는 영향 평가: 상태방정식의 비교 분석 및 이성분 매개변수 최적화)

  • Huh, Cheol;Kang, Seong-Gil
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.217-226
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    • 2009
  • Marine geological storage of $CO_2$ is regarded as one of the most promising options to response climate change. Marine geological storage of $CO_2$ is to capture $CO_2$ from major point sources, to transport to the storage sites and to store $CO_2$ into the marine geological structure such as deep sea saline aquifer. Up to now, process design for this $CO_2$ marine geological storage has been carried out mainly on pure $CO_2$. Unfortunately the captured $CO_2$ mixture contains many impurities such as $N_2$, $O_2$, Ar, $H_2O$, $SO_x$, $H_2S$. A small amount of impurities can change the thermodynamic properties and then significantly affect the compression, purification and transport processes. In order to design a reliable $CO_2$ marine geological storage system, it is necessary to perform numerical process simulation using thermodynamic equation of state. The purpose of the present paper is to compare and analyse the relevant equations of state including PR, PRBM, RKS and SRK equation of state for $CO_2-N_2$ mixture. To evaluate the predictive accuracy of the equation of the state, we compared numerical calculation results with reference experimental data. In addition, optimum binary parameter to consider the interaction of $CO_2$ and $N_2$ molecules was suggested based on the mean absolute percent error. In conclusion, we suggest the most reliable equation of state and relevant binary parameter in designing the $CO_2-N_2$ mixture marine geological storage process.

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