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The Comparative Study on the Effect of Motion Style Acupuncture Treatment Using Sandbag in Lumbar Disc Herniation with Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial (요통을 동반한 요추 추간판 탈출증 환자에 대한 Sandbag Motion Style Acupuncture Treatment 호전도 비교 연구: 무작위배정 대조군연구)

  • Huh, Suk-won;Yun, Yong-il;Lee, Dong-hyun;Yoo, Hyung-jin;Jeong, Seong-hyun;Park, Joon;Lee, Hyun-ho;Lee, Seung-hee;Jung, Bum-hwan
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.79-86
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    • 2016
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of MSAT (Motion style acupuncture treatment) using Sandbag regarding low back pain with HIVD of L-SPINE. Methods Forty patients received inpatient treatment from March 16 to May 16, 2015 in the Daejon-Jaseng oriental medicine hospital were divided into 2 groups by blocked randomization: Group A (n=20) is routine treatment on HIVD of L-SPINE with MSAT using Sandbag and Group B (n=20) is routine treatment on HIVD of L-SPINE (acupuncture, Shinbaro pharmacopuncture, herb medication, chuna treatment and physiotherapy). The MSAT (Motion style acupuncture treatment) using Sandbag was administered each day and both groups were received routine treatment each day. Evaluations were made before treatment, after 3 days and 7 days, and before discharge using the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index). The statistically significance was evaluated by SPSS 22.0 for windows. Results The NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index) of both A and B groups after 3, 7 days and before discharge of treatment significantly decreased (p<0.05). Regarding group comparison, the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index) of A group was significantly lower than the B group at 3, 7 days, before discharge (p<0.05). Regarding improvement of the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index), A group was significantly lower than the B group at 3 day (NRS), 7 day (ODI) (p<0.05). There was significant difference between two groups at 7 days (NRS) and before discharge (p<0.05). Conclusions Compared to routine treatment, the MSAT (Mostion style acuputure treatment) using Sandbag significantly improved the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index) after 3, 7 days, and before discharge. Because early intervention determines the grade of Low back pain with HIVD of L-SPINE, the MSAT (Motion style acupuncture treatment) using Sandbag will be clinically helpful to patients at the early stage.

Comparison Study with Pain Assessment Tools of Pain Measurement in Children for Intravenous Catheter Placement in the Computed Tomography (CT 검사에서 소아 환자의 정맥 카데터 삽입 통증에 대한 측정 도구 비교)

  • Kweon, Dae-Cheol;Jang, Keun-Jo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.205-212
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    • 2008
  • Needle phobia of medical devices is a significant problem in children patients. We conducted study in 130 pediatric patients aged $8{\sim}13$(mean age 10.5) who had venipuncture performed in a computed tomography. This review aims to explore the research available relating to three commonly used pain rating scales of children, the visual analogue scale(VAS), numeric pain rating scale(NPRS) and Wong-Baker faces pain scale(WBFPS) with scores. Its validity is supported by a strong positive correlation with the three-pain rating scales(correlations ranging from 0.70 to 0.92) measure in children. There were no significant differences between the means on the VAS and either of the pain rating scales. It has the advantage of being suitable for use with the most widely used metric for scoring($0{\sim}10$), and conforms closely to a linear interval scale. These scales presented moderate to good correlation and moderate agreement, sufficient for valid use in children. All three pain-rating scales are valid, reliable and appropriate for use in intravenous catheter placement.

An Overview of Pain Measurements (통증평가도구에 관한 고찰)

  • Shim, Sung-Youn;Park, Hi-Joon;Lee, Jun-Mu;Lee, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.77-97
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to introduce pain measurement tools that are considered suitable for clinical practice and research for Korean Medicine Doctors. Methods : We analysed some widely used and also useful pain measurement tools in terms of their methods and dimensions. Results : Diagrams, scales and questions are usually used to measure pain intensity, temporal pattern, treatment including exacerbating and/or relieving factors, pain location, pain interference, pain quality, pain affect, pain duration, pain beliefs and pain history. Specific pain measurements are also available for specific conditions such as Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, Oswestry Disability Index and Neck Disability Index. Conclusions : Faces Pain Rating Scale, numeric rating scale, visual analogue scale, McGill Pain Questionnaire and Brief Pain Inventory and commonly used pain measurements. Specific measurements should be considered depending on research topics.

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Daily Treatment with Traditional Korean Medicine and a Longer Hospitalization Period Aids Recovery in Patients with Lower Back Pain Sustained in Road Traffic Accidents

  • Noh, Je-Heon;Lee, Sun-Ho;Kim, Hyun-Joong;Jeong, Wu-Jin;Kim, Min-Young;Kim, Sun-A;Roh, Ji-Ae;Bae, Young-Chun;Kim, Bo-Hyun
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.88-94
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    • 2018
  • Background: Length of hospitalization for patients with lower back pain sustained in road traffic accidents was assessed clinically. Methods: In total, 170 patients with lower back pain injury sustained in road traffic accidents, were included in the study. They were divided into 2 groups: Group A with a shorter hospitalization period (1-7 days) and Group B with a longer hospitalization period (8-14 days). Each group was treated daily with traditional Korean medicine including: acupuncture, herbal acupuncture, herbal decoction medicine, and chuna treatment. To compare the treatment effects between the 2 groups, health-related quality of life, Oswestry disability index, and numeric rating scale were used. Statistical analysis between the 2 groups was assessed using Chi-square test, independent t test, and paired t test. Results: After hospitalization, Group A and Group B both showed a significant increase in their health-related quality of life scores and significant decreases in Oswestry disability index and numeric rating scale scores. In addition, Group B, with a longer hospitalization period than Group A, showed a significant improvement over Group A in its health-related quality of life and numeric rating scale scores. Conclusion: This study suggests that control of pain caused by lower back injury sustained in a road traffic accident, may be more effectively achieved in patients receiving 8-14 days of hospitalization and traditional Korean medicine treatment, compared to those receiving < 7 days of hospitalization treatment. In the future, more systematic and large-scale studies are needed to ascertain the effects of other variables.

Clinical Study of Lumbar Spine Stenosis Treated by Using Acupotomy Combined with Oriental Medical Treatments

  • Yuk, Dong-Il;Sung, In-Su;Song, Da-Hyung;Kim, Min-Jung;Hong, Kown-Eui
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.46-51
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    • 2013
  • Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of acupotomy in patients with degenerative lumbar spine stenosis. Methods: A total of 437 patients who had been diagnosed as having lumbar spine stenosis and who had been admitted to Daejeon Oriental hospital from June 1, 2008, to September 31, 2012, were included in this study. The patients underwent acupotomy once, twice or three times on the lumbar spine, according to their symptoms. Then, the patients were asked to complete the verbal numeric rating scale (VNRS) and the oswestry disability index (ODI) before and after acupotomy and underwent a global assessment. The resulting data were analyzed. Results: The gender ratio of the participants was 1:1.54, and the mean age was $65{\pm}10.0$ yr. The number of patients over the age of 65 yr was less than that of the patients under the age of 65 yr in the ratio of 1:1.3. The average disease period was $30.17{\pm}56.63$ months. The verbal numeric rating scale (VNRS) significantly decreased from 10 to an average of $7.10{\pm}2.50$ after one acupotomy, $6.30{\pm}2.60$ after two acupotomies, and $5.50{\pm}2.50$ after three acupotomies. The ODI was significantly decrease from $20.60{\pm}8.70$ to $17.80{\pm}8.60$ after once acupotomy, $17.10{\pm}8.50$ after two acupotomies, and $16.70{\pm}8.60$ after three acupotomies. High scores were also observed on the global assessment. Conclusion: These results provide evidence that acupotomy is effective to relieve pain and to improve quality of life in patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis.

The Effect of Graston Technique and Chuna manual therapy combined with Korean Medical Treatment for fibromyalgia: A Case Report

  • Kim, Myung Kwan;Kim, Hyun Ji;Kim, Hye Su;Jeong, Jeong Gyo;Jeon, Ju Hyun
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to report the clinical effects of the Graston Technique and Chuna manual therapy, combined with Korean Medical Treatment for fibromyalgia. Methods : We treated a patient diagnosed with fibromyalgia. We used acupuncture, the Graston Technique, Chuna manual therapy, pharmacopuncture, herbal medicine, moxibustion and physical therapy. Outcomes were evaluated using the American College of Rheumatology Preliminary Diagnostic Criteria (ACR), the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), and the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). Results : The widespread pain index (WPI) scale score of the ACR decreased from 12 to 9, and the symptom severity scale (SS) score of the ACR decreased from 8 to 6. The FIQ score decreased from 63.69 to 50.15. On the NRS, lower back pain & lower limb pain decreased from 6 to 2; neck pain from 6 to 3; muscle tenderness & morning stiffness from 6 to 4; fatigue from 6 to 3; urticaria from 6 to 2. Conclusion : This case study suggests that the Graston Technique and Chuna manual therapy combined with Korean Medical Treatment may be effective treatments for fibromyalgia. However, further studies are needed.

A Case Study with Gyejigabuja-tang on the Menopausal Female Patient who Complained of Excessive Sweating After Bilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy (양측난소절제술 후 발생한 한출과다(汗出過多)를 주소로 하는 갱년기증후군 환자에 대한 계지가부자탕(桂枝加附子湯) 치험 1례)

  • Kim, Jin-Woo;Park, Kang-In;Park, Kyoung-Sun;Lee, Jin-Moo
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.213-222
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of Gyejigabuja-tang on a menopausal female patient complained of excessive sweating after bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO). Methods: We studied one menopausal female patient complained of excessive sweating who visited OO University Hospital from 10th July 2013 to 23th July 2013. We only treated her with Gyejigabuja-tang. The climacteric symptoms of the patient had been estimated with Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) and Menopause Rating Scale (MRS). Results: After treatment, climacteric symptoms were improved and the score of MRS was reduced from 20 to 10 during 12days. NRS score of sweating was reduced from 10 to 2. NRS scores of fatigue, hot flush, thirst, anorexia, dyspepsia, back pain and cramp of calves also reduced after treatment. Conclusions: This study suggests that Gyejigabuja-tang significantly reduced the climacteric symptoms of patient.

Validity, Reliability and Efficiency of Pain Self-report Scale in Elderly with Dementia (치매노인의 통증사정에 대한 자가보고 도구의 타당도, 신뢰도 및 효율성 검증)

  • Ryoo, Eon-Na;Park, Kyung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The aim on this study was to establish the validity, reliability and efficiency of a Pain Self-Report Scale for elderly with dementia and compare these results with an observational pain rating scale. Methods: Study subjects were 136 elderly with dementia who were residents in a nursing home, geriatric hospital, or day care center. The subject's pain was measured by five self-report scales and observational scale. DS-DAT (discomfort scale-dementia of the Alzheimer's type) was used for pain behavior observational measure. Cognitive state was assessed using the MMSE (Mini-Mental State Examination). Results: Observational rating correlated moderately with self-report (r=.225~.585, p<.05) and tended to underestimate pain intensity. Test-retest reliability was high for all five self-report scales, and the correlation between these scales was very strong (r=.735~.856, p<.05). Comprehension rate of VDS (verbal descriptor scale) was 88.3%, and NRS (numeric rating scale) 69.9%, FPS (face pain scale) 66.9%, HVAS (horizontal visual analog scale) and VVAS (vertical visual analog scale) 65.4%. Conclusion: Nurses should not apply observational scales routinely in demented patients as many of these are capable of reporting their own pain. Self-report, the highest standard of pain measurement can be reliably performed in a large proportion of demented elderly.

The Assessment Tools in Palliative Medicine (완화 의학에서의 평가도구)

  • Gwak, Jung-Im;Suh, Sang-Yeon
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.177-193
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    • 2009
  • The assessment of patient status in palliative medicine is essential for determining treatments and for clinical outcomes. The objective of assessment tools is to raise the quality of care for individual patients and their families. There are a number of tools available to assess pain, non-pain symptoms and quality of life. The tools are either uni-dimensional or multi-dimensional measures. Unfortunately, however, no single tool is recommended to be a superior to others in symptoms or quality of life assessment. Therefore, to select an appropriate assessment tool, one should consider the time frame and unique characteristics of tools depending on purpose and setting. The combination of prognostic index is highly recommended in prognostication, and web-based prognostic tools are available. Recently, a new objective prognostic score has been constructed through multicenter study in Korea. It does not include clinicalestimates of survival, but includes new objective prognostic factors, therefore, anyone can easily use it. For beginners in palliative medicine, relatively easy-to-use tools would be convenient. We recommend Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status to assess functional status, numeric rating scale for pain assessment and the Korean version of brief pain inventory for initial pain assessment. Asking directly with numeric rating scale or the Korean version of MD Anderson Symptom Inventory would be desirable to assess various symptoms together. We think that European Organization Research and Treatment Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 15 for Palliative Care is good to assess the quality of life, while Objective Prognostic Score is convenient as prognostic index for beginners.

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The Clinical Effect of Rehabilitation Protocol for Distal Radius Fracture in Korean Medicine: A Report of 3 Cases (원위 요골 골절에 대한 한방 재활치료 프로토콜 적용의 임상적 효과: 증례 보고)

  • Ha, Won-Bae;Geum, Ji-Hye;Koh, Nak-Yong;Lee, Jung-Han
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.97-106
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study was to propose a rehabilitation protocol for distal radius fracture in Korean Medicine and to report its effectiveness. Three patients who had undergone distal radius fracture were treated using the rehabilitation protocol in Korean Medicine. We estimated the outcome evaluating physical examination findings of the wrist joint, numeric rating scale and quick the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score. After the treatment, we observed that wrist movement, numeric rating scale and quick DASH score were improved. A rehabilitation in Korean Medicine can be effectively used for distal radius fracture patients. The limitation of this study was the insufficient number of cases. Further studies are needed to design a rehabilitation protocol in Korean Medicine.