• Title, Summary, Keyword: Numeric rating scale

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The Comparative Study on the Effect of Motion Style Acupuncture Treatment Using Sandbag in Lumbar Disc Herniation with Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial (요통을 동반한 요추 추간판 탈출증 환자에 대한 Sandbag Motion Style Acupuncture Treatment 호전도 비교 연구: 무작위배정 대조군연구)

  • Huh, Suk-won;Yun, Yong-il;Lee, Dong-hyun;Yoo, Hyung-jin;Jeong, Seong-hyun;Park, Joon;Lee, Hyun-ho;Lee, Seung-hee;Jung, Bum-hwan
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.79-86
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    • 2016
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of MSAT (Motion style acupuncture treatment) using Sandbag regarding low back pain with HIVD of L-SPINE. Methods Forty patients received inpatient treatment from March 16 to May 16, 2015 in the Daejon-Jaseng oriental medicine hospital were divided into 2 groups by blocked randomization: Group A (n=20) is routine treatment on HIVD of L-SPINE with MSAT using Sandbag and Group B (n=20) is routine treatment on HIVD of L-SPINE (acupuncture, Shinbaro pharmacopuncture, herb medication, chuna treatment and physiotherapy). The MSAT (Motion style acupuncture treatment) using Sandbag was administered each day and both groups were received routine treatment each day. Evaluations were made before treatment, after 3 days and 7 days, and before discharge using the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index). The statistically significance was evaluated by SPSS 22.0 for windows. Results The NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index) of both A and B groups after 3, 7 days and before discharge of treatment significantly decreased (p<0.05). Regarding group comparison, the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index) of A group was significantly lower than the B group at 3, 7 days, before discharge (p<0.05). Regarding improvement of the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index), A group was significantly lower than the B group at 3 day (NRS), 7 day (ODI) (p<0.05). There was significant difference between two groups at 7 days (NRS) and before discharge (p<0.05). Conclusions Compared to routine treatment, the MSAT (Mostion style acuputure treatment) using Sandbag significantly improved the NRS (numeric rating scale) and ODI (oswestry disability index) after 3, 7 days, and before discharge. Because early intervention determines the grade of Low back pain with HIVD of L-SPINE, the MSAT (Motion style acupuncture treatment) using Sandbag will be clinically helpful to patients at the early stage.

Effect of Korean Medicine Treatments in Patients with Proximal Tibia Fracture: A Retrospective Observational Study (경골 근위부 골절 환자에 대한 한의학적 치료 효과: 후향적 관찰 연구)

  • Lee, Jung Min;Lee, Eun-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.141-149
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    • 2020
  • Objectives The purpose of this study is to find the effect of Korean medicine treatments on pain reduction and range of motion recovery in patients with proximal tibia fractures. Methods We studied 15 patients who had been diagnosed as proximal tibia fracture. This study was conducted as retrospective observational study which analyzed patient's medical records with IBM SPSS statistics 25 program. We used numeric rating scale to evaluate pain reduction and range of motion to observe the patient's recovery. Results The average of numeric rating scale reduced statistically significantly from 5.26±1.38 to 2.73±1.17 (p<0.001). The average of knee flexion range of motion increased statistically significantly from 81.11±34.34 to 117.66±19.01 (p<0.01). Conclusions We found that Korean medicine treatments have a positive effect on pain reduction and knee rom improvement in patients with proximal tibia fractures.

Effect of Korean Medicine Treatments for Pain Reduction in Patients with Hip Fracture : A Retrospective Observational Study (고관절을 이루는 골격의 골절 환자의 통증 감소에 대한 한의학적 치료 효과 : 후향적 관찰연구)

  • Kim, Nam Hoon;Oh, Min Seok
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.263-268
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    • 2020
  • The aim of this study was to observe the effectiveness of Korean Medicine treatments on pain reduction of patients who were diagnosed hip fracture - Acetabulum and Proximal Femur. We reviewed the 17 patients' records who had admitted to Daejeon Korean Medical hospital and diagnosed fracture of acetabulum or proximal femur bones from January 1, 2011 to April 30, 2020 during the admission retrospectively. Statistical analysis was done using the IBM SPSS statistics 25 program. We measured Numeric Rating Scale to evaluate the treatment's efficacy. Korean Medicine treatments reduced median of Numeric Rating Scale reduced statistically significantly from 6.00 to 3.00(p<0.05). During the admission, patients didn't experience the side effects of Korean Medicine treatments. In conclusion, these results implied that Korean medicine treatments showed a positive effect on pain reduction of hip fracture patients. Further research is required to confirm the effectiveness of Korean Medicine treatments.

Comparison Study with Pain Assessment Tools of Pain Measurement in Children for Intravenous Catheter Placement in the Computed Tomography (CT 검사에서 소아 환자의 정맥 카데터 삽입 통증에 대한 측정 도구 비교)

  • Kweon, Dae-Cheol;Jang, Keun-Jo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.205-212
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    • 2008
  • Needle phobia of medical devices is a significant problem in children patients. We conducted study in 130 pediatric patients aged $8{\sim}13$(mean age 10.5) who had venipuncture performed in a computed tomography. This review aims to explore the research available relating to three commonly used pain rating scales of children, the visual analogue scale(VAS), numeric pain rating scale(NPRS) and Wong-Baker faces pain scale(WBFPS) with scores. Its validity is supported by a strong positive correlation with the three-pain rating scales(correlations ranging from 0.70 to 0.92) measure in children. There were no significant differences between the means on the VAS and either of the pain rating scales. It has the advantage of being suitable for use with the most widely used metric for scoring($0{\sim}10$), and conforms closely to a linear interval scale. These scales presented moderate to good correlation and moderate agreement, sufficient for valid use in children. All three pain-rating scales are valid, reliable and appropriate for use in intravenous catheter placement.

An Overview of Pain Measurements (통증평가도구에 관한 고찰)

  • Shim, Sung-Youn;Park, Hi-Joon;Lee, Jun-Mu;Lee, Hyang-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.77-97
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to introduce pain measurement tools that are considered suitable for clinical practice and research for Korean Medicine Doctors. Methods : We analysed some widely used and also useful pain measurement tools in terms of their methods and dimensions. Results : Diagrams, scales and questions are usually used to measure pain intensity, temporal pattern, treatment including exacerbating and/or relieving factors, pain location, pain interference, pain quality, pain affect, pain duration, pain beliefs and pain history. Specific pain measurements are also available for specific conditions such as Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, Oswestry Disability Index and Neck Disability Index. Conclusions : Faces Pain Rating Scale, numeric rating scale, visual analogue scale, McGill Pain Questionnaire and Brief Pain Inventory and commonly used pain measurements. Specific measurements should be considered depending on research topics.

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Daily Treatment with Traditional Korean Medicine and a Longer Hospitalization Period Aids Recovery in Patients with Lower Back Pain Sustained in Road Traffic Accidents

  • Noh, Je-Heon;Lee, Sun-Ho;Kim, Hyun-Joong;Jeong, Wu-Jin;Kim, Min-Young;Kim, Sun-A;Roh, Ji-Ae;Bae, Young-Chun;Kim, Bo-Hyun
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.88-94
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    • 2018
  • Background: Length of hospitalization for patients with lower back pain sustained in road traffic accidents was assessed clinically. Methods: In total, 170 patients with lower back pain injury sustained in road traffic accidents, were included in the study. They were divided into 2 groups: Group A with a shorter hospitalization period (1-7 days) and Group B with a longer hospitalization period (8-14 days). Each group was treated daily with traditional Korean medicine including: acupuncture, herbal acupuncture, herbal decoction medicine, and chuna treatment. To compare the treatment effects between the 2 groups, health-related quality of life, Oswestry disability index, and numeric rating scale were used. Statistical analysis between the 2 groups was assessed using Chi-square test, independent t test, and paired t test. Results: After hospitalization, Group A and Group B both showed a significant increase in their health-related quality of life scores and significant decreases in Oswestry disability index and numeric rating scale scores. In addition, Group B, with a longer hospitalization period than Group A, showed a significant improvement over Group A in its health-related quality of life and numeric rating scale scores. Conclusion: This study suggests that control of pain caused by lower back injury sustained in a road traffic accident, may be more effectively achieved in patients receiving 8-14 days of hospitalization and traditional Korean medicine treatment, compared to those receiving < 7 days of hospitalization treatment. In the future, more systematic and large-scale studies are needed to ascertain the effects of other variables.

Clinical Study of Lumbar Spine Stenosis Treated by Using Acupotomy Combined with Oriental Medical Treatments

  • Yuk, Dong-Il;Sung, In-Su;Song, Da-Hyung;Kim, Min-Jung;Hong, Kown-Eui
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.46-51
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    • 2013
  • Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of acupotomy in patients with degenerative lumbar spine stenosis. Methods: A total of 437 patients who had been diagnosed as having lumbar spine stenosis and who had been admitted to Daejeon Oriental hospital from June 1, 2008, to September 31, 2012, were included in this study. The patients underwent acupotomy once, twice or three times on the lumbar spine, according to their symptoms. Then, the patients were asked to complete the verbal numeric rating scale (VNRS) and the oswestry disability index (ODI) before and after acupotomy and underwent a global assessment. The resulting data were analyzed. Results: The gender ratio of the participants was 1:1.54, and the mean age was $65{\pm}10.0$ yr. The number of patients over the age of 65 yr was less than that of the patients under the age of 65 yr in the ratio of 1:1.3. The average disease period was $30.17{\pm}56.63$ months. The verbal numeric rating scale (VNRS) significantly decreased from 10 to an average of $7.10{\pm}2.50$ after one acupotomy, $6.30{\pm}2.60$ after two acupotomies, and $5.50{\pm}2.50$ after three acupotomies. The ODI was significantly decrease from $20.60{\pm}8.70$ to $17.80{\pm}8.60$ after once acupotomy, $17.10{\pm}8.50$ after two acupotomies, and $16.70{\pm}8.60$ after three acupotomies. High scores were also observed on the global assessment. Conclusion: These results provide evidence that acupotomy is effective to relieve pain and to improve quality of life in patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis.

The Effect of Graston Technique and Chuna manual therapy combined with Korean Medical Treatment for fibromyalgia: A Case Report

  • Kim, Myung Kwan;Kim, Hyun Ji;Kim, Hye Su;Jeong, Jeong Gyo;Jeon, Ju Hyun
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to report the clinical effects of the Graston Technique and Chuna manual therapy, combined with Korean Medical Treatment for fibromyalgia. Methods : We treated a patient diagnosed with fibromyalgia. We used acupuncture, the Graston Technique, Chuna manual therapy, pharmacopuncture, herbal medicine, moxibustion and physical therapy. Outcomes were evaluated using the American College of Rheumatology Preliminary Diagnostic Criteria (ACR), the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ), and the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). Results : The widespread pain index (WPI) scale score of the ACR decreased from 12 to 9, and the symptom severity scale (SS) score of the ACR decreased from 8 to 6. The FIQ score decreased from 63.69 to 50.15. On the NRS, lower back pain & lower limb pain decreased from 6 to 2; neck pain from 6 to 3; muscle tenderness & morning stiffness from 6 to 4; fatigue from 6 to 3; urticaria from 6 to 2. Conclusion : This case study suggests that the Graston Technique and Chuna manual therapy combined with Korean Medical Treatment may be effective treatments for fibromyalgia. However, further studies are needed.

A Case Study with Gyejigabuja-tang on the Menopausal Female Patient who Complained of Excessive Sweating After Bilateral Salpingo-oophorectomy (양측난소절제술 후 발생한 한출과다(汗出過多)를 주소로 하는 갱년기증후군 환자에 대한 계지가부자탕(桂枝加附子湯) 치험 1례)

  • Kim, Jin-Woo;Park, Kang-In;Park, Kyoung-Sun;Lee, Jin-Moo
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.213-222
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of Gyejigabuja-tang on a menopausal female patient complained of excessive sweating after bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO). Methods: We studied one menopausal female patient complained of excessive sweating who visited OO University Hospital from 10th July 2013 to 23th July 2013. We only treated her with Gyejigabuja-tang. The climacteric symptoms of the patient had been estimated with Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) and Menopause Rating Scale (MRS). Results: After treatment, climacteric symptoms were improved and the score of MRS was reduced from 20 to 10 during 12days. NRS score of sweating was reduced from 10 to 2. NRS scores of fatigue, hot flush, thirst, anorexia, dyspepsia, back pain and cramp of calves also reduced after treatment. Conclusions: This study suggests that Gyejigabuja-tang significantly reduced the climacteric symptoms of patient.

Validity, Reliability and Efficiency of Pain Self-report Scale in Elderly with Dementia (치매노인의 통증사정에 대한 자가보고 도구의 타당도, 신뢰도 및 효율성 검증)

  • Ryoo, Eon-Na;Park, Kyung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The aim on this study was to establish the validity, reliability and efficiency of a Pain Self-Report Scale for elderly with dementia and compare these results with an observational pain rating scale. Methods: Study subjects were 136 elderly with dementia who were residents in a nursing home, geriatric hospital, or day care center. The subject's pain was measured by five self-report scales and observational scale. DS-DAT (discomfort scale-dementia of the Alzheimer's type) was used for pain behavior observational measure. Cognitive state was assessed using the MMSE (Mini-Mental State Examination). Results: Observational rating correlated moderately with self-report (r=.225~.585, p<.05) and tended to underestimate pain intensity. Test-retest reliability was high for all five self-report scales, and the correlation between these scales was very strong (r=.735~.856, p<.05). Comprehension rate of VDS (verbal descriptor scale) was 88.3%, and NRS (numeric rating scale) 69.9%, FPS (face pain scale) 66.9%, HVAS (horizontal visual analog scale) and VVAS (vertical visual analog scale) 65.4%. Conclusion: Nurses should not apply observational scales routinely in demented patients as many of these are capable of reporting their own pain. Self-report, the highest standard of pain measurement can be reliably performed in a large proportion of demented elderly.