• Title, Summary, Keyword: Number of Founders

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Improvement Plans for Problem Cases in the Foundation and Management of Elderly Housing Facility (노인복지주택의 설치 및 운영의 문제 사례와 개선방안)

  • June, Kyung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1155-1168
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this research is to investigate the realities and problem cases that occurred in the establishment and management of elderly housing facility in order to suggest the recommendations that help to improve the problem cases. For this purpose, 21 elderly housing facilities, which were established between 1996 and 2008 in Korea, were investigated with a documentary research method in terms of founders, managers, locations, the number of housing units, how to move-in. Also the problem cases that occurred in the establishment and management of 21 elderly housing facilities were investigated. The results were as followings. 1. Main founders and managers of 21 elderly housing facilities were the special companies for elderly housing, building companies, and social welfare corporation. Changes in the founders and managers were caused by financial problems; More than half of 21 elderly housing facilities were located in Seoul and near area; About a half of 21 elderly housing facilities had 100~200 housing units; An individual unit of elderly housing facilities can be rented or purchased, rented only, and purchased only. 2. The problems in the establishment and management of elderly housing facilities were non-return of deposit money, illegal sale of housing units, non-public registration of elderly housing facility, false advertisement, and unfair contract. 3. The problems in the establishment and management were mainly caused by the weakness in the regal and administration system for elderly housing and the illegal acts of founders and managers.

A Study on leapfrogging Growth of Venture Companies: Analysis of 100 Million Dollar Company Cases in Daejeon, Korea (벤처기업의 도약적 성장에 관한 연구: 대전지역 1천억 창업사례를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Kyoung-joo;Choi, Jong-in
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.17-36
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    • 2012
  • With wide recognition of significant roles of venture companies in economic and industrial developments, substantial academic attention has been paid to understanding venture success and numerous policy measures have been made to help them. A serious problem, however, is that only a few limited number of venture could successfully grow to be large firm. The goal of this paper is to identify critical factors to drive 'leapfrogging' growth of venture companies by analyzing the success cases in Daejeon area. The theoretical analysis and case study suggest 1) founders' entrepreneurship continuity as a significant internal organization factor for growth and highlight importance of 2) exploring foreign markets and globalization of business operation in the early stage of growth. Furthermore, the research results identify two critical innovation strategies, 3) ambidextrous R&D strategy and 4) open innovation strategy, for entrepreneurial founders to effectively catch the business chances brought by environment change.

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Optimization of Mouse Embryo Transfer and Superovulation of C57BL/6J Inbred Mice Technique

  • Wang, A.G.;Han, Y.H.;Kim, S.U.;Kim, S.K.;Yu, D.Y.
    • Proceedings of the KSAR Conference
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    • pp.58-58
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    • 2002
  • Currently, the technique of pronuclear microinjection is the most successful and most widely-used method for producing transgenic animals. Among this technique, surperovulation and embryo transfer are the crucial steps for obtaining a large number of fertilized eggs and birth as much as potential founders from the transferred embryos. (omitted)

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Roles of Individual- and Country-level Social Capital in Entrepreneurial Activities of Crowdfunding (크라우드펀딩 창업 활동에서 개인 및 국가 수준 사회적 자본의 역할)

  • Oh, Sehwan;Rho, Sungho
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2017
  • Purpose This study examines the roles of individual- and country-level social capital in entrepreneurial activities from the context of crowdfunding. Design/methodology/approach Two primary sources were used for data collection. From Kickstarter, the largest U.S.-based crowdfunding platform, this study obtained 15,716 crowdfunding projects and individual-level social capital. For country-level social capital, the social capital index from the 2016 Legatum Prosperity Index was utilized. By matching individual- and country-level social capital for each crowdfunding project, this research estimates the role of social capital in entrepreneurial activities at the individual and country level using the Poisson regression and the negative binomial regression. Findings Individual-level social capital measured by the number of Facebook friends, the number of other crowdfunding projects that a crowdfunding project founder invested in, and the word count of the description of a crowdfunding project are positively associated with the number of crowdfunding projects created by founders. The country-level social capital measured by aggregated social capital index is also positively associated with the number of crowdfunding projects created by founders. Both individual- and country-level social capital have a positive impact on entrepreneurial activities in terms of the creation of new crowdfunding projects.

Exploratory study on a psychological traits changes by entrepreneurship short-term education (단기 창업교육이 예비창업자의 심리적 특성 변화 영향에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Jae;HwangBo, Yun
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.19-44
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    • 2010
  • This study intend to analyze effect on a change mental feature of founder received entrepreneurship short-term education called the successful foundation package. In other words, what kind of change the mental feature of founder before and after entrepreneurship education. The founder of the psychological characteristics include the locus of control, risk-taking propensity, need for achievement, ambiguity tolerance and specially new psychological trait, that is, creativity. The result of paired T-test and ANCOVA on pre-founders who received Entrepreneurship short-term education which called successful business start-up package is that need for achievement, ambiguity tolerance and creativity among pre-founders' psychological characteristics are enhanced by Entrepreneurship short-term education. However ANCOVA shows that there are no psychological characteristics changes according to age, education, the number of Entrepreneurship education.

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A Study on Emergency Short Term Shelters (단기 아동보호시설 연구 - 아동상담소와 청소년쉼터를 중심으로 -)

  • Rhee, Ock
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.163-178
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    • 2000
  • Institutions included in this study of emergency short term shelters for children in crisis included 2 public counseling centers providing short term protection services for children and 12 emergency shelters for runaway children located in a metropolitan city in Korea. The institutions were examined with respect to their establishment, management, and programs. The researcher visited and interviewed workers employed in the institutions. In additions, 12 children who had been cared for emergency shelters were surveyed with open-ended questions. The data consisted of information on founders, locations, purpose, current management, personnel, length of care, and number and grouping of children. Programs and daily schedules were also examined. Effective models of emergency short term shelters were discussed on the basis of the collected data.

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A Spatial Location Analysis of the First Shops of Foodservice Franchise in Seoul Metropolitan City (서울시지역 외식산업 프랜차이즈 1호점의 공간입지분석)

  • Lee, Young-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.532-543
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    • 2009
  • The foodservice franchise is preferred by the founders who inaugurate a business enterprise, because it is not difficult to convert into money more than other private enterprise. The success or failure of the foodservice franchise depends 80 percent on its location. Therefore, this research aimed to study the location factors of the first shops of foodservice franchise in Seoul through the analyses of nearest neighborhood effect and statistical relationship between variables. According to there results, the location characteristics of the first shops of foodservice franchise are summarized as in the following three items. First, the spatial distribution pattern of the first shops is a clustered type. Second, the first shops relate to the 15 variables which are the number of financial facilities, the number of business service offices, and the number of hotels and restaurants, etc. Third, the main location factor of the first shops is the number of financial facilities. In conclusion, it is estimated that Gangnam-gu and Jung-gu might be good for the location of the first shops of foodservice franchise in Seoul, because these two places have many financial buildings.

An analysis of design for a branding strategy of online shopping mall for women in their 20s focusing on the main homepage (20대 여성복 온라인 쇼핑몰의 브랜드 전략을 위한 메인 홈페이지 디자인 분석)

  • Jeong, Hwa-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.131-146
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    • 2018
  • In this study, five women's fashion shopping mall companies were selected as the subjects based on the number of searches per month for analyzing website design of online shopping mall for women in their twenties. Design characteristics are divided into three aspects such as structural, visual, and customer service, and the results are as follow. First, from the structural perspective, the main navigation area and global navigation area of most shopping malls are arranged at the top center, and below them, the main image, the banner area, and the content area are arranged in order. Looking at the visual aspect, the logo is mostly written in a black text, the colors used on the main page were only one or two colors such as pink-based, gray-based, and red. Finally, from the customer service aspect, most shopping malls were encouraging buyers to place celebrity sponsorship, videos using products, self made products, and best products in the banner area. The results of this study are to present the direction of design for the founders who intend to operate the women' fashion shopping mall in future, and provide basic data for online shopping mall design research.

Evaluation of Inbreeding and Genetic Variability of Five Pig Breeds in Czech Republic

  • Krupa, Emil;Zakova, E.;Krupova, Z.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.25-36
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    • 2015
  • The complex analysis of the pedigree records of Czech Landrace (CLA), Czech Large White-dam line (CLWd), Czech Large White-sire line (CLWs), Duroc (DC), and Pietrain (PN) was performed to determine trends of genetic diversity (GD), and to find the main sources of the GD loss. The total size of the pedigree was 132,365, 391,151, 32,913, 13,299, and 7,160 animals in CLA, CLWd, CLWs, DC, and PN, respectively. Animals born in the years 2011 through 2013 were assumed as the reference population. The average pedigree completeness index for one generation back was 95.9%, 97.4%, 91.2%, 89.8%, and 94.2% for appropriate breeds. Number of ancestors explaining 100% of gene pool was 186, 373, 125, 157, and 37 in CLA, CLWd, CLWs, DC, and PN, respectively. The relative proportion of inbred animals (58%, 58%, 54%, 47%, and 25%), the average inbreeding (2.7%, 1.4%, 2.5%, 3.6%, and 1.3%) and the average co-ancestry (3.1%, 1.6%, 3.3%, 4.2%, and 3.3%) were found over the past decade in analysed breeds. The expected inbreeding under random mating increased during the last 10 years in CLWs and PN and varied from 1.27% to 3.2%. The effective population size computed on the basis of inbreeding was 76, 74, 50, 35, and 83 in 2012 in CLA, CLWd, CLWs, DC, and PN, respectively. The shortest generation interval (1.45) was observed for CLWd in sire to son selection pathway. The longest generation interval obtained PN (1.95) in sire to daughter pathway. The average relative GD loss within last generation interval was 7.05%, 4.70%, 9.81%, 7.47%, and 10.46%, respectively. The relative proportion of GD loss due to genetic drift on total GD loss was 85.04%, 84.51%, 89.46%, 86.19%, and 83.68% in CLA, CLWd, CLWs, DC, and PN, respectively. All breeds were characterized by a high proportion of inbred animals, but the average inbreeding was low. The most vulnerable breeds to loss of GD are DC and PN. Therefore, a breeding program should be more oriented to prevent the increase of GD loss in these breeds.

A Study on Policy Proposal for Senior Start-up and Marketing Strategies for Entrepreneurs (시니어 창업의 정책 제안과 마케팅전략 구축 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Yun, Jeong-Keun
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.55-63
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    • 2013
  • Purpose - As the members of the baby boomer generation have retired in earnest, the start-up market has received more attention than ever before. According to recent statistical data, an increasing number of entrepreneurs are in their fifties. There has been a continuous increase in promotional materials on small business issues published by start-ups. This means that senior start-ups have increased in number. A number of support systems have been established for youth start-ups, but there are few government support policies in place for the senior start-up market. Thus, this study suggests a number of constructive alternatives from the perspective of government policy and marketing strategy for entrepreneurs, in order to generate competitiveness in the start-up process, through examining the current state of the senior start-up and by diagnosing extant problems. Research design, data, methodology - This study gives a number of options regarding the government's support policies and the securing of competitiveness in order to vitalize senior business start-ups. As for the government's support policies, funding support policy, publicizing business start-up policies, and operating systematic mentoring policies before retirement have all been covered. In particular, in order for senior business start-ups to become competitive, development through mutual relations with diverse policies is urgently needed. The aging population is becoming an issue in Korea, so businesses for the aged, and the creation of jobs for these people, will become a social issue. Senior business start-ups are playing an important role in expanding enterprise productivity, in addition to enhancing national competitiveness. Expanding senior business start-ups is important, because they also serve to expand the national infrastructure. Productivity increase through continuous expansion is thus recommended. Results - In order to expand the competitiveness of business start-ups, marketing-related observations and learning in regard to customers are necessary for the baby boomer generation, and competitiveness for seniors is urgently needed. Conclusions - Studies on the business start-up policies for the domestic baby boomer generation are almost non-existent, and systematic studies on small businesses are necessary. Only the government is providing statistical studies for small businesses, and such research remains at a general level for entrepreneurs. Therefore, a support system that can actually assist entrepreneurs is essential. Continuous business start-up studies with respect to the baby boomers should be vitalized, to invigorate studies on competition. In order to supplement and strengthen foundational support, senior business start-ups must develop various competitive capabilities with a focus on the customer. The government and the various stakeholder agencies and organizations involved with start-up businesses must find ways to offer support to founders. Such support should include access to knowledge and legal and consultancy services in order to incubate the rapid increase in start-ups founded by seniors. Government support projects should be expanded to meet this end.

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