• Title, Summary, Keyword: Northern Chinese

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A Comparative Study on the Body Type of South and North China and Korea for Clothing Construction - Focusing on Women in their 30's - (의복설계를 위한 중국 남·북 지역과 한국의 체형 비교 연구 - 30대 성인 여성을 중심으로 -)

  • Zou, Jia rong;Nam, Yun Ja;Kim, Kyoung Sun
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.226-235
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    • 2018
  • This study compares body types among the Korean, Northern Chinese and South Chinese women in their thirties. The subjects of this study are 30-39 year old females that consisted of 200 people from Southern China, 200 people from Northern China, and 202 people from Korea. The results are as follows. There are differences among Northern Chinese, Southern Chinese and Korean women. Korean women are taller than both regions of Chinese women, hip height measurement and waist height measurement of Korean women's are higher than Chinese women, it means that Korean women's lower body parts are longer than Chinese women. Northern Chinese women have the highest circumference measurements and depth measurements; however, Southern Chinese women have similar measurements with Korean women. The body type classification according to the GB/T 1335.2-2008 shows that Northern and Southern Chinese women have different body types. Southern Chinese women are mainly in "A body type" and Northern Chinese women are mainly in "B body type". The body type classification according to the KS K 0051 shows that Chinese women are all mainly "H body type", Korean women are mostly in "A body type". This study articulated specific differences in body types among Southern Chinese, Northern Chinese, and Korean women, especially between Northern and Southern Chinese women. This study provides basic data for Chinese female somatotype research and Korean fashion brands.

Association of 8 Loci on Chromosome 8q24 with Prostate Carcinoma Risk in Northern Chinese Men

  • Zhao, Cheng-Xiao;Liu, Ming;Wang, Jian-Ye;Xu, Yong;Wei, Dong;Yang, Kuo;Yang, Ze
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.6733-6738
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    • 2013
  • Multiple genetic studies have confirmed association of 8q24 variants with susceptibility to prostate cancer (PCa). As PCa risk SNPs may also influence disease outcome, we studied here eight 8q24 risk alleles, and evaluated their role in PCa clinical covariates in northern Chinese men. Blood samples and clinical information were collected from ethnically Chinese men from Northern China with histologically-confirmed PCa (n=289) and from age-matched normal controls (n=288). Eight 8q24 SNPs were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-high- resolution melting analysis in 577 subjects. We examined the prevalence distribution of 8q24 risk alleles and analyzed the associations between the risk allele and PCa and clinical covariates to infer their impact on aggressive PCa. Three of the eight SNPs were associated with PCa risk in northern Chinese men, including rs16901966 (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.01-1.70, p=0.042), rs1447295 (OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.09-1.98, p=0.011) and rs10090154 (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.14-2.12, p=0.005). Haplotype analysis based association with the risk alleles revealed significant differences between cases and controls (OR 1.43, 95%CI 0.99-2.06, p=0.049). The risk alleles rs16901966, rs1447295 and rs10090154 were associated with age at diagnosis and tumor stage as compared with controls, while rs16901966 was associated with aggressive PCa (OR 1.43, 95% CI 1.01-2.03, p=0.042). The evidence for 8q24 SNPs with PCa risk in northern Chinese men showed rs16901966, rs1447295 and rs10090154 at 8q24 (region 1, region 2) to be strongly associated with PCa and clinical covariates. The three SNPs at 8q24 could be PCa susceptible genetic markers in northern Chinese men.

Leaf Blight of Chinese Chive Caused by Stemphylium vesicarium in Korea

  • Chang, Seog-Won;Kim, Hee-Dong;Kang, Hyo-Jung;Hwang, Byung-Kook
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.280-282
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    • 2000
  • A leaf spot disease occurred on Allium tuberosum Roth. (Chinese chive) in Korea. All the isolates of Stemphylium sp. from the lesions of the diseased plant parts were identified as S. vesicarium (Waller.) Simmons, based on the morphological characteristics of conidia and conidiophores. Pathogenicity of the fungus was proved by artificial inoculation on Chinese chive plants. This is the first record of leaf blight on Chinese chive caused by S. vesicarium in Korea.

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A Study on the Analysis of Container Distribution channel between Korean Western Ports & Chinese North Ports (북중국 주요항만과의 서해안 항만간의 교역 컨테이너 유통경로 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Jo, Sam-Hyeon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Port Economic Association Conference
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    • pp.211-233
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze traffic volume between the Korean container ports located at the west coast and northern Chinese ports and then the distribution trend of container between Korea and China. The findings of the study are as follows. First, Container traffic between western Korean ports and northern Chinese ports has been increasing due to an increasing trade volume between both countries and geographical accessibility. Second, Seoul and neighboring area tend to use the trade route between the western ports and northern Chinese because of lower logistics costs and time-saved advantage compared to another ports. Third, the growth of the western ports did depend mainly on the northern China oriented growth. Such a fact could leads to the overlapping investment in port development in Korea and another intense competition among national ports to attract cargoes and liners. Therefore, port development policy considering the characteristics and function of national ports have to be established. and also alternatives and strategies for improving the competitive edge of small and medium sized shipping lines against the opening of shipping market have to be worked out.

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A Study on the Analysis of Container Distribution channel between Korean Western Ports & Chinese North Ports (북중국 주요항만과 서해안 항만간의 교역 컨테이너 유통경로 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Sam-Hyun
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.161-188
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze traffic volume between the Korean container ports located at the west coast and northern Chinese ports and then the distribution trend of container between Korea and China. The findings of the study are as follows. First, Container traffic between western Korean ports and northern Chinese ports has been increasing due to an increasing trade volume between both countries and geographical accessibility. Second, Seoul and neighboring area tend to use the trade route between the western ports and northern Chinese because of lower logistics costs and time-saved advantage compared to another ports. Third, the growth of the western ports did depend mainly on the northern China oriented growth. Such a fact could leads to the overlapping investment in port development in Korea and another intense competition among national ports to attract cargoes and liners. Therefore, port development policy considering the characteristics and function of national ports have to be established. and also alternatives and strategies for improving the competitive edge of small and medium sized shipping lines against the opening of shipping market have to be worked out.

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Variations in the downwelling diffuse attenuation coefficients in the northern South China Sea

  • Wang, Guifen;Cao, Wenxi;Yang, Dingtian;Xu, Dazhi
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • v.2
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    • pp.905-908
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    • 2006
  • The diffuse attenuation coefficient for downwelling irradiance $(K_d({\lambda}))$ is an important parameter for ocean studies. Based on the optical profile data measured during three cruises in the northern South China Sea in autumn from 2003 to 2005, variations in the $K_d({\lambda})spectra$ were analyzed. The variability of $K_d({\lambda})$ shows much distinct features both in magnitude and spectra shape. The $K_d({\lambda})value$ are much higher in costal waters than that of open oceanic waters and the blue-to-green(443/555) ratios of $K_d({\lambda})$ tends to increases with the chlorophyll a concentration ([Chl a]) from open ocean to coastal waters. These characteristics can be explained primarily by the increasing of $a_{w+p}(433)/a_{w+p}(555)$ with [Chl a]. In the short waveband, the relation between $K_d({\lambda})-K_w({\lambda})$ and [Chl a] can be well described by a power law function, suggesting the large contribution of phytoplankton to the variations in $K_d({\lambda})$. As for the spectral model of the diffuse attenuation coefficient, there are good linear relationships between $K_d(490)$ and $K_d({\lambda})$ at other wavelengths, with the slope parameter and the intercept following linear functions within the spectral range $412{\sim}555$ nm. These variabilities of $K_d({\lambda})$ provided much useful information for us to study the bio-optical properties in the northern South China Sea.

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A Study on the Layout of Early Chinese Buddhist Temples - Focusing on the Literature from the Eastern Han Dynasty to the Northern and Southern Dynasties - (중국 초기 불교사원 배치에 관한 연구 - 후한(後漢)부터 남북조(南北朝)까지의 문헌을 중심으로 -)

  • Hyun, Seung-Wook
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.29-39
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this paper is to analyze the layout of Early Chinese Buddhist Temples from the Eastern Han Dynasty to the Northern and Southern Dynasties. The results are as follows: 1) In the Eastern Han Dynasty and Three Kingdoms Period, the layout of Temples was a pagoda-centered system which had one-courtyard. The layout of Temples in this period was still under the influence of Indian Temples. 2) In the Western and Eastern Jin Dynasties, the layout of Temples was still a pagoda-centered system. However, many buildings began to appear in Temples after the mid-4th century. In the Eastern Jin Dynasty, Twin pagodas started to appear in Temples. 3) In the Northern and Southern Dynasties, there were many layout types, but the main form was the layout of front Pagoda and rear Buddhist Hall. The layout of Temples in this period was in a transition stage, which evolved from a pagoda-centered Temple which had one-courtyard and after developed into a Buddhist Hall-centered Temple which had multi-courtyard.

Association of Six Susceptibility Loci with Prostate Cancer in Northern Chinese Men

  • Zhang, Yu-Rong;Xu, Yong;Yang, Kuo;Liu, Ming;Wei, Dong;Zhang, Yao-Guang;Shi, Xiao-Hong;Wang, Jian-Ye;Yang, Fan;Wang, Xin;Liang, Si-Ying;Zhao, Cheng-Xiao;Wang, Fei;Chen, Xin;Sun, Liang;Zhu, Xiao-Quan;Zhu, Ling;Yang, Yi-Ge;Tang, Lei;Jiao, Hai-Yan;Huo, Zheng-Hao;Yang, Ze
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.12
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    • pp.6273-6276
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    • 2012
  • Background/Aim: Six prostate cancer (PCa) susceptibility loci were identified in a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in populations of European decent. However, the associations of these 6 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with PCa has remained tobe clarified in men in Northern China. This study aimed to explore the loci associated with PCa risk in a Northern Chinese population. Methods: Blood samples and clinical information of 289 PCa patients and 288 controls from Beijing and Tianjin were collected. All risk SNPs were genotyped using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-high resolution melting curve technology and gene sequencing. Associations between PCa and clinical covariates (age at diagnosis, prostate-specific antigen [PSA], Gleason score, tumor stage, and level of aggressiveness) and frequencies of alleles and genotypes of these SNPs were analyzed using genetic statistics. Results: Among the candidate SNPs, 11p15 (rs7127900, A) was associated with PCa risk (P = 0.02, odds ratio [OR] = 1.64, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.09-2.46). Genotypes showed differences between cases and controls on 11p15 (rs7127900, A), 11q13 (rs7931342, T), and HNF1B (rs4430796, A) (P = 0.03, P = 0.01, and P = 0.04, respectively). The genotype TG on 11q13 (rs7931342, T) was positively associated with an increased Gleason score (P = 0.04, OR = 2.15, 95% CI = 1.02-4.55). Patients carrying TG on 17q24 (rs1859962, G) were negatively associated with an increased body mass index (BMI) (P = 0.03, OR = 0.44, 95% CI = 0.21-0.92) while those with AG on HNF1B (rs4430796, A) were more likely to have PSA increase (P = 0.002). Conclusion: Our study suggests that 11p15 (rs7127900, A) could be a susceptibility locus associated with PCa in Northern Chinese. Genotype TG on 11q13 (rs7931342, T) could be related to an increased Gleason score, AG on HNF1B (rs4430796, A) could be associated with PSA increase, and TG on 17q24 (rs1859962, G) could be negatively associated with an increased BMI in Chinese men with PCa.

Susceptibility Loci Associations with Prostate Cancer Risk in Northern Chinese Men

  • Wang, Na-Na;Xu, Yong;Yang, Kuo;Wei, Dong;Zhang, Yao-Guang;Liu, Ming;Shi, Xiao-Hong;Liang, Si-Ying;Sun, Liang;Zhu, Xiao-Quan;Yang, Yi-Ge;Tang, Lei;Zhao, Cheng-Xiao;Wang, Xin;Chen, Xin;Hui, Juan;Zhang, Yu-Hong;Zhu, Ling;Yang, Fan;Zhang, Yu-Rong;Yang, Ze;Wang, Jian-Ye
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.3075-3078
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    • 2013
  • Background: KLK3 gene products, like human prostate-specific antigen (PSA), are important biomarkers in the clinical diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa). G protein-coupled receptor RFX6, C2orf43 and FOXP4 signaling plays important roles in the development of PCa. However, associations of these genes with PCa in northern Chinese men remain to be detailed. This study aimed to investigate their impact on occurrence and level of malignancy. Methods: All subjects were from Beijing and Tianjin, including 266 cases with prostate cancer and 288 normal individuals as controls. We evaluated associations between clinical covariates (age at diagnosis, prostate specific antigen, Gleason score, tumor stage and aggressive) and 6 candidate PCa risk loci, genotyped by PCR- high resolution melting curve and sequencing methods. Results: Case-control analysis of allelic frequency of PCa associated with PCa showed that one of the 6 candidate risk loci, rs339331 in the RFX6 gene, was associated with reduced risk of prostate cancer (odds ratio (OR) = 0.73, 95% confidence interval (CI) =0.57-0.94, P = 0.013) in northern Chinese men. In addition, subjects with CX (CC+TC) genotypes had a decreased risk for prostrate cancer compared to those carrying the TT homozygote (OR =0.64, 95% CI = 0.45- 0.90, P = 0.008). The TT genotype of 13q22 (rs9600079, T) was associated with tumor stage (P=0.044, OR=2.34, 95% CI=0.94-5.87). Other SNPs were not significantly associated with clinical covariates in prostate cancer (P > 0.05). Conclusions. rs339331 in the RFX6 gene may be associated with prostate cancer as a susceptibility locus in northern Chinese men.

Constraints of REE Distribution Patterns in Core Sediments and their Provenance, Northern East China Sea (북동중국해 코아 퇴적물의 희토류원소 분포양상과 기원)

  • Jung Hoi-Soo;Lim Dhong-il;Yang Shou Ye;Yoo Hai-Soo
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.39-51
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    • 2006
  • Rare earth elements(REEs) in transgressive shelf core sediments were analysed to identify constraints of REE distribution patterns and sediment provenances in the northern East China Sea(ECS). Sediments of Chinese and Korean rivers, such as Huanghe and Yangtz rivers, Keum and Yeongsan rivers that supply sediments to the northern ECS, were also analysed to figure out their typical REE distribution patterns. The distribution patterns of Chinese and Korean river sediments, which are normalized with upper continental crust (UCC) REE values, appear to be enriched in middle rare earth elements (MREEs) in Chinese river sediments, whereas in light rare earth elements (LREEs) in Korean river sediments. We assign the MREE-enriched convex-type distribution pattern in Chinese river sediments as 'C-type', and the LREE-enriched linearly decreasing pattern in Korean river sediments as 'D-type'. A major constraint of the REE concentration in northern ECS core sediments is interpreted to be LREE-enriched monazite $((Ce,\;La)PO_4)$ that is ubiquitous in and around the study area. Meanwhile, the distribution pattern of northern ECS sediments appears to be between the C-type and the D-type. We suggest that the nothern ECS sediments are the mixture of China and Korea riverine sediments that have been accumulated in paleo-river mouth, paleo-coast, and present-day shelf environment as well.