• Title, Summary, Keyword: Non-small-cell lung carcinoma

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A Case Report of Squamous Cell Lung Cancer Patient Treated with Allergen Removed Rhus Verniciflua Stokes Extract (알레젠 제거 옻나무 추출물 투여로 생존기간이 연장된 편평세포폐암 환자 1례)

  • Kim, Eun-Hee;Park, So-Jeong;Choi, Won-Cheol;Lee, Soo-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Traditional Oncology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2011
  • Background : Lung cancer is one of the most common malignancy in the world. Types of lung cancer are Non small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. Subtypes of Non small cell lung cancer are adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and large cell carcinoma. Knowing the type of lung cancer is important in determining both treatment and prognosis. Recently, due to newly developed anti-cancer drugs, squamous cell carcinoma has relatively poor prognosis than non-squamous cell carcinoma. Case : We report a squamous cell lung cancer case treated with allergen removed Rhus verniciflua Stokes (aRVS) extract. The patients initially diagnosed stage squamous cell lung carcinoma, but she refused recommended operation. She initiated aRVS extract monotherapy in October. 2006. The follow up Computed tomography in March. 2007, she diagnosed stable disease of tumor response on aRVS treatment. However, this case was lost to follow up for 6 months while she was treated with tomotherapy. In October 2007, she came back to our cancer center after diagnosed stage IV metastasized lung to lung, and aRVS monotherapy was restarted. She had survived 2 years after metastasis of squamous cell lung carcinoma. Conclusion : Allergen removed Rhus verniciflua Stokes(aRVS) sucessfully prolonged overall survival of a squamous cell lung cancer patient.

Combined Small Cell Carcinoma Associated with Microinvasive Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Bronchial Surface Epithelium - A case report - (기관지표면상피의 미세침윤성 편평세포암과 동반된 혼합성 소세포암종 -1례 보고-)

  • 김윤정;심정원
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.29 no.9
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    • pp.1031-1035
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    • 1996
  • International Ass ciation for the Study of Lung Cancer(IASLC) recommended the following classification of small cell lung carcinoma(SCLC) : (1) Small cell carcinoma (2) Mixed small cell/large cell carcinoma (3) Combined small cell carcinoma. Combined small cell carcinomas contain a squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma component. The prognostic significance of these elements is not known, but since the frequency and extent of non-small cell elements are considerably greater in posttherapy and autopsy tissues, it is possible that the non-SCLC elements are more resistant to therapy than the SCLC cells. Metaplasia & dysplasia of the bronchial surface epithelium are frequently observed in the bronchial biopsy specimens that contain small cell carcinoma of the lung. We report a case of combined small cell carcinoma with squamous element associated with microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma of the bronchial surface epithelium in 68 year old male patient, stage was IIIa. The two lesion are not connected n serial sections.

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Radiation Therapy in Non-Small Cell LUNG Cancer (비소세포성 폐암의 방사선 치료)

  • Han, Hae-Gyeong;Lee, Myung-Za
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.35-39
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    • 1988
  • From Jan.1984 to Dec. 1986, 90 patients with lung cancer were treated at the Department of Radiation Therapy in Hanyang University Hospital. Histopathologically, 67 cases of them were the squamous cell carcinoma,7 cases were the adenocarcinoma, 4 cases were the large cell undiffe rentiated carcinoma and 12 cases were the small cell carcinoma. Among the 78 patients with non small cell carcinoma, 50 patients had received radiation dosage above 4000 cGy.40 patient had follow up from 17 months to 53 months. The complete response rate was $7.3\%$ and partial response rate was $68.3\%$. Overall survival at 1, 2 and 3 years were $47.5\%,\;23.5\%\;and\;6.3\%$ respectively. None was survived longer than 38 months. Median survival was 12.2 month for 40 patient and 9 month for stage III, M1 group and 9.5 month for stage III, MO group. In M1 patient no survival was seen after 2 years while in M0 patient $23.3\%$ survival was seen.

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A Case of Basaloid Squamous Cell Lung Carcinoma in an 11-year-old Boy (11세 남아의 기저세포양 편평상피세포폐암 1례)

  • Kim, Nyeon Cheon;Kim, Seung Soo;Seo, Won Suk;Park, Kyeong Bae;Park, Joon Soo;Shin, Sang Mann;Cho, Hyun Deuk
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.208-211
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    • 2005
  • Primary lung cancer is unusual in children; the squamous cell variant is extremely rare. Lung cancer is classified by histologic types into small-cell lung cancer, non-small cell lung caner, carcinoid, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, and adenoid cystic carcinoma. Furthermore, non-small cell lung cancer is subclassified into adenocarcinoma, large-cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. The incidence of lung cancer is influenced by smoking, especially in squamous cell carcinoma, and large cell carcinoma. The present treatments for these tumors are chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgical resection depending on their histologic types or stages, but yield very poor survival rates. In this article, we report a case of basaloid squamous cell lung carcinoma in an 11-year-old boy who had symptoms of both leg weakness and back pain radiating to both legs. We confirmed the primary lung carcinoma cells by percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy. The metastatic carcinoma cells were identified at the bone marrow and lumbar spine. We treated with a combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy. However, he expired 4 months after the onset of disease.

Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology of Metastatic Small Cell Carcinoma of Lymph Nodes - Comparison to Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma on 5 Cases - (림프절의 전이성 소세포암종의 세침흡인 세포학적 소견 - 악성 림프종과의 감별을 중심으로 5예 분석 -)

  • Kim, Yeon-Mee;Cho, Hye-Je;Ko, Ill-Hyang
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.44-50
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    • 1996
  • Small cell carcinoma of the lung is characterized by cells with finely stippled chromatin and scanty cytoplasm as well as a particularly aggressive clinical course and favorable response to the chemotherapy. Recently percutaneous fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy has become both widely established and highly respected for the diagnosis of lung cancer. However metastatic small cell carcinoma of lymph node should be cytologically differentiated from the small round cell tumor of particular sites, especially malignant lymphoma, because small ceil carcinoma of classic oat cell type nay simulate small cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We report five cases of metastatic small cell carcinoma of in-termediate cell type diagnosed by FNA of the enlarged lymph nodes of the neck and axilla. The cytologic smears contained diffuse small neoplastic cells larger than lymphocytes with dense, pyknotic nuclei and extremely scanty cytoplasm. Apparently viable large tumor cells have vesicular nuclei with granular, sometimes very coarse chromatin. The characteristic cytologic features of small cell carcinoma as compared to malignant lymphoma were as follows.: 1) small cells with dense pyknotic nuclei are evenly distributed in the background of apparently viable larger tumor cells, admixed with mature lymphocytes and phagocytic macrophages. 2) small loose aggregates of cells with nuclear melding are indicative of small cell carcinoma rather than non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. 3) the cytoplasmic and nuclear fragments of tumor necrosis are more dominant in the smears of small cell carcinoma. 4) nuclear membrane and nucleoli are generally indistinct in small cell carcinoma due to condensation of chromatin.

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Surgical Treatment of Recurrent Lung Cancer (재발성 비소세포암의 수술적 치료)

  • 유원희;김문수;김영태;성숙환;김주현
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.68-72
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    • 2000
  • Background: The resection of recurrent non-small cell lung cancer can be performed very rarely. There has been many arguments for longterm result and therapeutic role in surgical management of recurrent non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC). We analyze our result of surgical re-resection of recurrent NSCLC for 10 years retrospectively. Material and Method: In the period from 1987 to 1997, 702 patients who had been confirmed for NSCLC had undergone complete resection in Seoul National University Hospital. As December 1997, 22 of these patients have been operated on the diagnosis of recurrent lung cancer. In these patients one has revealed for benign nodule at postoperative pathologic pathologic was unresectable. and two had revealed other cell type on postoperative pathologic examination. Analysis about postoperative survival rate and the factors that influence postoperative survival rate - sex, age, pathologic stage, cell type, operation adjuvant therapy after first and second operation location of recurrence disease free survival-was 59.1$\pm$10.9 year. There were 14 men and 3 women. Four patients was received radiation therpy after first opration and two patients was received postoperative chemotherapy. At first operation 2 patients was stage Ia, 8 was stage Ib, 1 was stage IIa 6 was stage IIb. Eleven patients had squamous. cell carcinoma at postoperatrive pathologic examination five had adenocarcinoma and one had bronchioalveolar carcinoma. In second operation 8 patients were received limited resection. 9 were received lobectomy or pneumonectomy. One-year survival rate was 82.4% and five-year survival rate was 58.2% Non-adjuvant therapy group after initial operation was more survived than adjuvant therapy group statistically. Conclusion: operation was more survived than adjuvant therapy group statistically. Conclusion : Operation was feasible treatment modality for re-resectable non-small cell lung cancer. But we cannot rule out possibility of double primary lung cancer for them. Postoperative prognostic factor was adjuvant therapy or nor after first oepration but further study of large scale is needed for stastically more valuable result.

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Concomitant EGFR Inhibitors Combined with Radiation for Treatment of Non-small Cell Lung Carcinoma

  • Zheng, De-Jie;Yu, Guo-Hua;Gao, Jian-Feng;Gu, Jun-Dong
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.4485-4494
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    • 2013
  • Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is considered to be one of the key driver genes in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Several clinical trials have shown great promise of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in the first-line treatment of NSCLC. Many advances have been made in the understanding of EGFR signal transduction network and the interaction between EGFR and tumor microenvironment in mediating cancer survival and development. The concomitant targeted therapy and radiation is a new strategy in the treatment of NSCLC. A number of preclinical studies have demonstrated synergistic anti-tumor activity in the combination of EGFR inhibitors and radiotherapy in vitro and in vivo. In the present review, we discuss the rationale of the combination of EGFR inhibitors and radiotherapy in the treatment of NSCLC.

A Study of the Prognostic Factors in Resected Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (제1병기 비소세포폐암 절제례의 예후인자에 대한 연구)

  • 김창수;천수봉;조성래
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.31 no.10
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    • pp.973-981
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    • 1998
  • Background: About 30% to 40% of the patients with pathologic stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) die within 5 years after complete resection. The identification of poor prognostic factors and the application of additional treatment are very important to improve the survival rate in resected stage I NSCLC. Materials and methods: Sixty-eight(68) patients who had been diagnosed postoperatively between Janury 1989 and December 1995 as having stage I non-small cell lung cancer according to the TNM classification were studied. The postoperative 5-year survival rate was calculated with the Kaplan-Meier method, and clinico- histopathologic factors including age, sex, operative method, type of tumor cell, T factor, grade of the differentiation in a squamous cell carcinoma, invasion of blood vessel and expression of the nm23-H1 protein were investigated and analyzed. Results: The median survival of the entire group of patients was 58$\pm$3 months, with a 5-year survival of 58.9%. In univariate analysis, invasion of blood vessel and poor differentiation of the tumor cell in a squamous cell carcinoma significantly worsened the survival. In multivariate analysis, invasion of blood vessel and grade of the differentiation of the tumor cells in a squamous cell carcinoma remained independent prognostic factors. High expression of the nm23-H1 protein was related to a high postoperative 5-year survival in comparision with low expression of the nm23-H1 pretein (73.0% vs 50.7%), but there was no statistical significance. Conclusions: These results highlight the negative prognostic value of poor differentiation of tumor cells in a squamous cell carcinoma and invasion of blood vessel in stage I non-small cell lung cancer. Also, further studies are necessary to be determined prognostic value of the T factor and expression of the nm23 protein in non-small cell lung cancer.

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Increased Serum S-TRAIL Level in Newly Diagnosed Stage-IV Lung Adenocarcinoma but not Squamous Cell Carcinoma is Correlated with Age and Smoking

  • Kargi, Aysegul;Bisgin, Atil;Yalcin, Arzu Didem;Kargi, Ahmet Bulent;Sahin, Emel;Gumuslu, Saadet
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.4819-4822
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    • 2013
  • Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in the world. Many factors can protect against or facilitate its development. A TNF family member TRAIL, has a complex physiological role beyond that of merely activating the apoptotic pathway in cancer cells. Vitamin D is converted to its active form locally in the lung, and is also thought to play an important role in lung health. Our goal was to investigate the possible clinical significance of serum sTRAIL and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) levels in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Materials and Methods: Totals of 18 consecutive adenocarcinoma and 22 squamous cell carcinoma patients with stage-IV non-small cell lung cancer referred to our institute were included in this study. There were 12 men and 6 women, with ages ranging from 38 to 97 (mean 60.5) years with adenocarcinoma, and 20 men and 2 women, with ages ranging from 46 to 80 (mean 65) years with squamous cell carcinoma. Serum levels of sTRAIL and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) were measured in all samples at the time of diagnosis. Results: sTRAIL levels in NSCLC patients were higher than in the control group. Although there was no correlation between patient survival and sTRAIL levels, the highest sTRAIL levels were correlated with age and cigarette smoking in the adenocarcinoma patients. sTRAIL level in healthy individuals were correlated with serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3). Conclusions: Serum sTRAIL concentrations were increased in NSCLC patients, and correlated with age and smoking history, but not with overall survival.

Efficacy and Safety of Pemetrexed in Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (진행성 비소세포폐암 환자에서 Pemetrexed의 효과와 안전성)

  • Lee, Gyu Jin;Jung, Mann Hong;Jang, Tae Won;Ok, Chul Ho;Jung, Hyun Joo
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.67 no.2
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    • pp.121-126
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    • 2009
  • Background: Pemetrexed has been prescribed newly as a second line chemotherapy in advanced non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). The aim of study was to determine the efficacy and toxicity of pemetrexed in advanced NSCLC. Methods: Patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed NSCLC were evaluated from June 2006 to December 2008. The patients had relapsed or progressed after prior chemotherapy treatment. They were treated with intravenous pemetrexed $500mg/m^2$ for 10 min on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. Results: A total of 89 patients were eligible for analysis. The response rate and disease control rate were 11% and 66%. Non-squamous cell carcinoma histology was significantly associated with a superior response rate (p=0.035) and disease control rate (p=0.009) than squamous cell carcinoma histology. The median survival time was 13 months and the median progression free survival time was 2.3 months. The median survival time of patients with ECOG PS 0~1 was 13.2 months, whereas median survival time was 11.6 months for patients with PS 2 (p=0.002). The median progression free survival time of patients with PS 0~1 were 3.8 months, but 2.1 months for patients with PS 2 (p=0.016). The median progression free survival time of smokers with non-squamous cell carcinoma was 3.4 months, which was significant (p=0.014). Grade 3~4 neutropenia were seen in 7.9% patients. Conclusion: Pemetrexed has efficacy in patients who had prior chemotherapy with advanced NSCLC and less hematologic toxicity.