• Title, Summary, Keyword: Non-fiction

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The Willing Suspension of Disbelief in Animated Spokes-Characters : An Exploratory Study (애니메이션캐릭터에 대한 불신의 자발적 유예 : 탐색적 연구)

  • Kim, Woon-Han;Cho, Byung-Lyang
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.67-82
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    • 2008
  • This exploratory study examined the possibility that the notion, willing suspension of disbelief, can explain the processing of animated spokes-character in advertising. Willing suspension of disbelief has originated from Coleridge's explanation of poetic faith. And the term has been theoretically studied in the response of fiction in creative works, such as cinema, dramas, and advertisements, as well as literature. So far, willing suspension of disbelief has been proposed as a mediator of empathy, cognitive responses and affective responses to fiction. On these theoretical bases, a survey was conducted to 64 people with 3 advertisements to test the validity of the discriminant function. Findings of discriminant function analysis are as follows: First, the variable of willing suspension of disbelief well discriminated between the willing group and the non-willing group. Secondly, the Intensity of willing suspension of disbelief showed statistically significant difference between the willing group and the non-willing group. Thus, according to these results, it is proposed that the effects of the willing suspension of disbelief can be examined as a mediator of the response of fiction in further substantial studios.

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Non-Euclidean Geometrical Characteristics of Hyperspace in Costume (복식에 표현된 초공간의 비유클리드기하학적 특성)

  • Lee, Yoon-Kyung;Kim, Min-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.60 no.5
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    • pp.117-127
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    • 2010
  • In this study, hyperspace is a result of imagination created by means of facts and fiction, represents a transfer to determination and indetermination, and means an extension to an open form. In other words, hyperspace is a high dimensional space expanded to imagination through the combination of the viewpoint on facts in this dimension and fiction. When the 2D plane surface or 3D symmetry is destroyed, or when the frame is twisted or entangled, the non-Euclidean geometry is created eventually. And when the twisting leads to transmutation and the destruction of the form reaches the extreme; this in turn became the twisting like Mbius band. Likewise, the non-Euclidean geometry is co-related to the asymmetry of the Higgs mechanism. When the 'destruction of symmetry' is considered, symmetric theory and asymmetric world can be connected. The asymmetry in turn can maintain balance by arranging the uneven weights at different distances from the shaft. Moreover, at this the concept of the upper, lower, left and right, which was included in the original form, may be crumbled down. The destruction of the symmetry is essential in order to present forecast that coincides with the phenomenon of the real world. Non-Euclidean geometry characteristic is expressed by asymmetry, twists, and deconstruction and its representative characteristic is ambiguity. The boundary between the front, back, upper, lower, inner and outer is unclear, and it is difficult and vague to pinpoint specific location. The design that does not clearly define or determine the direction of wearing costume is indeed the non-oriented design that can be worn without getting restricted by specific direction such as front and back. Non-Euclidean geometry characteristic of hyperspace have been applied to create new shapes through the modification of the substance from traditional clothing of the eastern world to modern fashion. The way of thinking in the 'hyperspace' that used to be expressed in the costumes of the east and the west in the past became the forum for unlimited creation.

Corpus-based evaluation of French text normalization (코퍼스 기반 프랑스어 텍스트 정규화 평가)

  • Kim, Sunhee
    • Phonetics and Speech Sciences
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2018
  • This paper aims to present a taxonomy of non-standard words (NSW) for developing a French text normalization system and to propose a method for evaluating this system based on a corpus. The proposed taxonomy of French NSWs consists of 13 categories, including 2 types of letter-based categories and 9 types of number-based categories. In order to evaluate the text normalization system, a representative test set including NSWs from various text domains, such as news, literature, non-fiction, social-networking services (SNSs), and transcriptions, is constructed, and an evaluation equation is proposed reflecting the distribution of the NSW categories of the target domain to which the system is applied. The error rate of the test set is 1.64%, while the error rate of the whole corpus is 2.08%, reflecting the NSW distribution in the corpus. The results show that the literature and SNS domains are assessed as having higher error rates compared to the test set.

Response Spectra of Structure Installed Frictional Damping System (마찰형 감쇠를 갖는 구조물의 응답 스펙트럼)

  • Park, Ji-Hun;Youn, Kyong-Jo;Min, Kyung-Won;Lee, Sang-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.893-897
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    • 2006
  • Structures with additional frictional damping system have strong nonlinearity that the dynamic behavior is highly affected. by the relative magnitude between frictional force and excitation load. In this study, normalized response spectra of the structures with non-dimensional friction force are obtained through nonlinear time history analyses of the mass-normalized single degree of freedom systems using 20 ground motion data recorded on rock site. The variation of the control performance of frictional damping system is investigated in terms of the dynamic load and the structural natural period, of which effects were not considered in the previous studies. Least square curve fitting equations are presented for describing those normalized response spectrum and optimal non-dimensional friction forces are obtained for controlling the peak displacement and absolute acceleration of the structure based on the derivative of the curve fitted design spectrum.

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Response Spectra of Structure Installed Frictional Damping System (마찰형 감쇠를 갖는 구조물의 응답 스펙트럼)

  • Park, Ji-Hun;Youn, Kyung-Jo;Min, Kyung-Won;Lee, Sang-Hyun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.88-94
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    • 2007
  • Structures with additional frictional damping system have strong nonlinearity that the dynamic behavior is highly affected by the relative magnitude between frictional force and excitation load. In this study, normalized response spectra of the structures with non-dimensional friction force are obtained through nonlinear time history analyses of the mass-normalized single degree of freedom systems using 20 ground motion data recorded on rock site. The variation of the control performance of frictional damping system is investigated in terms of the dynamic load and the structural natural period, of which effects were not considered in the previous studies. Least square curve fitting equations are presented for describing those normalized response spectrum and optimal non-dimensional friction forces are obtained for controlling the peak displacement and absolute acceleration of the structure based on the derivative of the curve-fitted design spectrum.

Ethan Frome: The 'Americanized' Narrative of the Invasion Theory (『이선 프롬』: 침범이론의 '미국적' 변형의 서사)

  • Kim, Meeyeon
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.52
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    • pp.313-339
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the manner in which Edith Wharton's Ethan Frome conveys contemporary, (culturally) imperialistic ideology. Especially by focusing on the difference between the European germ (or invasion) theory and the 'Americanized' invasion theory, this paper elucidates how the American $20^{th}$ century fiction represents contemporary 'fear' of the immigration of non-whites, that generated anti-immigration public sentiment in early $20^{th}$ century America. Also, this study investigates how racial or gendered biases contribute to attributing all (societal or individual) evils or illnesses to minorities such as (non-Nordic or non-white) immigrants, including women. Wharton's Ethan Frome isn't short of reflecting cultural imperialism.

A Content Analysis of Picture Book Reviews in Korean Periodicals (국내 정기간행물에 나타난 그림책 서평의 내용분석)

  • Kong, Jeong Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.331-352
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    • 2014
  • In this study, the picture book reviews shown in Korean periodicals were analyzed to provide the developmental foundation for picture book reviews and expand the professional area of librarians as the producers of book review. Through the literature research and the Delphi Technique the desirable standard of book reviews was suggested, the contents in domestic book review mediums were analyzed for the rightness of describing based on the standard of the book review and henceforward the way of development was suggested. The result from analysis of book review showed that the outstanding book reviews should be more produced based on the desirable standard of book review and the evaluative statements should be developed more than the descriptive statements. Depending on the mediums the contents of the book review were different by the book reviewers' occupations, so the book reviewers should develop their professional knowledges in literature and art. Because the longer book review made the outstanding book review with the rightness of the desirable standard of book review, the certain quantity of book review should be needed and the role of librarians as the book reviewers should be further extended.

The Story between Truth and Fiction: Epistemological Approach to Possibility & Limitation of the Re-presentation cinematographic (진실과 거짓 사이에서 이야기하기: 영화적 재현의 한계에 대한 인식론적 고찰)

  • Lee, Sung Wook
    • Cartoon and Animation Studies
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    • pp.221-244
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to concentrate on macroscopic discussion about how the recurrence of actual case in move is accepted ideologically. When considering the characteristic that non-visual factors are embodied when movie image reflects a certain target, the issue of recurrence has always caused discussion. Regardless of its independence or dependence, one individual's experience can be similar to sensual recognition but it can't be identical. Therefore, 'the truth recurred by movie' can't be real 'truth'. When director expresses the target, the aesthetic intention gives an effect to audience's emotion and recognition, Therefore, the study tries to review whether the movie truth drawn by movie can reach the possibility of epistemology agreement.

The 21-century Techo-Scientific Predicaments and Its Call for Post-anthropocentric Worldviews: Luth Ozeki's A Tale for The Time Being (21세기 기술과학적 곤경과 탈인간중심주의적 세계관의 요청: 루스 오제키의 『시간존재를 위한 이야기』)

  • Lee, Kyung-Ran
    • English & American cultural studies
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.129-162
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    • 2017
  • Ruth Ozeki(Japanese-American female novelist)?s recent novel, A Tale for the Time Being (2013) draws our attention because the fiction shows very interesting fictional experiments, especially in terms of post-humanism. Indeed, the novel is not a science fiction at all which has been, and still is, the typical fictional field employed in the discussion for the transhumanism and posthumanism. It also does not include any cybogs, robots, or aliens which provoke the posthumanism-related issues like mind/body, human/nonhuman, nature/culture relations. Indeed, it seems "merely" represent realistic day-to-day lives of ordinary people living in contemporary Japan and Canada, and in very minute and particular details at that. Indeed, the central action of the main characters of the novel seems very traditional, that is on the one hand writing a diary by a teenage girl who is counting the days and weeks before her suicide and on the other hand reading it by a female novelist who happens to find her diary several years later. Nevertheless, I would like to suggest that underneath this traditional narrative surface are simmering post-humanist and post-anthropocentric worldviews beyond liberal Humanism which takes human beings to be exceptional against human or non-human others. Not only in narrative contents and characterizations but also through narrative structure and strategies, the novel enacts post-humanist and post-anthropocentric worldviews which are interestingly drawn from both age-old Buddhist ideas and modern eco-philosophy and quantum physics. I would like to stress that what triggers the author's fictional experiments helping our rethinking and redefining "what human beings are" and "what the relation between humans and nonhumans" is not merely intellectual interests but her keen and passionate response to the heart-breaking pains and sufferings of human and nonhuman beings caused by the contemporary natural-artificial catastrophes and techno-scientific predicaments.

Focusing Servo System in Pickup Actuator with friction (마찰이 존재하는 픽업 구동기의 포커싱 서보 시스템)

  • 이정현;한창수;원종화;윤형덕;김수현;곽윤근
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.346-350
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    • 1996
  • In optical disk drives, one of commonly used pickup actuator is a Sliding and rotary type of pickup actuator which is cheaper than other pickup actuators and has simple assembly. However, it reported that non-linearity due to friction between a shaft and a sleeve had to be considerably analyzed in design and servo system in employing this type of pickup actuator. In this paper, this friction is modeled as a Coulomb's friction and the effect of friction is examined in the simulation. A digital servo system is applied to pickup actuator with friction in order to have good focusing servo. To enhance focusing servo performance using digital servo merit, frist PD-controller is applied to have fast response performance, second lead-lag compensator is applied to have stable focusing performance.

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