• Title, Summary, Keyword: Non-Profit Private Organization

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The Existing Types of Public and Private Actors for Managing The Rural Development Programs & Facilities in Japan (일본에 있어서 농촌지역개발주체의 존재형태와 변화방향에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Won-Keun
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.665-691
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    • 2011
  • The implementation of an place-based rural policy requires changes in the intra-governmental relations and between the public and private sectors and civil society. Over the past decades, Japan has been increasingly devolving and decentralizing public responsibilities and resources to sub-national government levels. There is assumption that such transfers produce more efficiency in terms of public management and create better conditions for economic development. At the same time, these transfer respond to new expectations of citizens and civil society to participate more closely in the democratic decision-making process. Coordination is also needed at the local level to integrate sectoral approaches, to involve private partners and to achieve the appropriate geographic scale. Local public and private actors join a partnership and pool knowledge and resources. This type of local partnership is characterized by the participation of different actors, including municipalities, sub-regional government institution and development agencies. The participation of private actors(private firms, cooperatives, associations, non-profit organizations, farm organizations, other categories organizations, etc,) is also important.

An Efficiency Analysis for the Public Activities Support Projects of Non-Profit Private Organizations using DEA (비영리민간단체의 공익활동 지원사업 효율성분석)

  • Choi, Hong-Geun;You, Yen-Yoo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.181-192
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    • 2014
  • This study suggests consulting directions for non-profit private organizations which were found to be inefficient in the efficiency analysis for the public activities support projects on those organizations performed by the Korean government. An ANOVA analysis on seven types of public activities support projects showed that there were differences among those types. By applying CCB-I, BCC-I, Super efficiency models among DEA, performance efficiencies were analyzed. Four input elements (age of the organization, supported amount, number of members, and the number of workers) and three output elements (project scores, financial scores, and comprehensive scores) were analyzed, and high efficient organizations were found as benchmarking objects, and, through super efficiency analysis, those objects were classified into short, mid, and long-term objects. Through such methods, this research provided organizations with the best information on other organizations to learn from and improve themselves.

The Comparative Study on Performance Evaluations of Social Service Delivery Types (사회서비스 공급유형별 성과평가 비교 : 노인관련 사회서비스를 중심으로)

  • Seo, Jeong-Min;Kim, Nang-Hee
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2016
  • The history of Social service is above 10 years. Owing to corresponding to the user's needs social services sector is expanding. And, to deal with them, the social delivery systems has been changed. Traditional social welfare delivery system is provided by public facilities and private facilities. On the other hand, Social Services is made up of the traditional social welfare delivery system and new delivery system which is composed of profit organizations and non-profit organizations. Considering this, Study attempted to compare the performance evaluation of supply type-profit and non-profit social service organizations. Performance evaluation method was applied to net income, except for expenditure in total revenue. Net income difference between profit organization non-profit organization was assessed by T-test. We conclude that the two population means are different at the 0.05 significance level. Looking in detail, the non-profit organizations were found to be higher than the non-profit organizations, labor costs, operating costs, facility cost and consumable costs, but part of the business expense costs, the non-profit organizations was higher than the profit organizations.

Taiwan Report on Quitline Activities

  • Hsu, Pei-Ting;Chang, Chia-Wen;Chang, Te-Chung
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.sup2
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 2016
  • Aiming at reducing smoking population, Taiwan government adopted a successful smoking cessation quitline model from California Smokers' Helpline, commissioned a private non-profit organization-Teacher Chang Foundation, which was well-known for its quality telephone counseling service-to set up Asia's first quitline, Taiwan Smokers' Helpline (TSH) in 2003. The establishment of the quitline is a significant progress for tobacco control in Taiwan, as it built up a cooperative model with smoking cessation clinics to increase the quit rate through assisting smokers to overcome their psychological obstacles while quitting smoking.

A Study on Application Plan of Korea's Safety & Health Regulation (국내 산업안전 관련 제도 개선 활용 방안에 관한 연구)

  • 성호경;김병석;이태우
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 1999
  • The safety and health law, the basic regulation of occupational safety and health for industry, is overlappingly and unconsistently controled and by many non-profit organization or / and government organization. Because of above reasons, it is hard to investigate and suggest consistently. This study is proposed to remove inefficient and overlapping regulation and suggest how to manage the safety and health regulation in private industry. Safety and Health is the most important managed area under business environment. The safety and health regulation or law for Korean Private industry is compared with foreign country's law.

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A Study on Application Plan of Korea's Safety & Health Regulation (국내 산업안전 관련 제도 개선 활용 방안에 관한 연구)

  • 성호경;김병석;이태우
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 1999
  • The safety and health law, the basic regulation of occupational safety and health for industry, is overlappingly and unconsistently controled by many non-profit organization or / and government organization. Because of above reasons, it is hard to investigate and suggest consistently. This study is proposed to remove inefficient and overlapping regulation and suggest how to manage the safety and health regulation in private industry. Safety and Health is the most important managed area under business environment. The safety and health regulation or law for Korean private industry is compared with foreign country's.

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Current Status and Issues on Public-Private Partnership of Global Health (국제보건 분야의 공공-민간 파트너십 현황과 과제)

  • Lee, Hyun-Sook;Kim, Chun-Bae
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.4-12
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    • 2014
  • Background: The purpose of this study is to investigate current status and investigation of government agencies, communities, corporates, hospitals, non-governmental organization, non-profit organization, and so on which performed Corporate Social Responsibility to global health issues. Methods: This paper focuses on analyzing definition and principle of public-private partnership (PPP), types of PPP, challenge of PPP through delphi survey and interview which need to be discussed by professional groups such as private groups, universities and researches, government decision makers, corporates, and hospitals for successful PPP. Results: Based on this analysis on global health issues of 237 groups, the results were shown that main global health issues of many hospitals were aids of the developing countries (48%). Main program was activities of overseas volunteers (30%) and most 152 groups (42%) supported Asia. Also, this paper gives a definition of PPP that is the growth together in PPPs as a way of fulfilling public tasks in partnership between the state administration and private enterprises to apply both strengths behind transparency, accountability. Conclusion: In conclusion, from the results of analysis, we suggest as prior setting of global issues for both demand and supply side and are served as the effective way by PPP on global health issues. Moreover, this study will be expanded on the sections of findings, multiple researches, discussion, and policy recommendations.

Establishing the Direction of Healthcare R&D through Private Nonprofit Organizations (민간비영리 조직을 통한 보건의료 R&D 방향 설정)

  • Lee, Byeonghui;Ahn, Bekay;Yoo, Ki-Bong;Kim, Tae Hyun;Kim, Bongshin;Park, Hyunchun;Lee, Yejin;Noh, Jin-Won;Lee, Seung Hoon
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.74-87
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    • 2017
  • Purposes: The purpose is to establish the direction of healthcare R&D through private nonprofit organization. Methodology: The data is divided into two groups: 12 physicians and pharmacists, and 16 persons including professors related to university donation, non-profit foundation executives. Each group was subjected to two Delphi surveys. To analyze the validity of the opinion, the content validity ratio and the consensus of experts were verified. Findings: Funding should be invested in 'development research' and 'application research'. The factors that hinder the donation culture are 'donation prevention system such as tax imposition system and rebate double penalty system', 'insufficient motivation of fund raising person', and 'lack of fund specializing specialist'. The fund raising strategy should be centered on a small number of large donors or a balance between large and small donors. The fund raising target should be effective to raise funds for corporate and individual donors. It is necessary to clarify the purpose of the social problem to be solved by the campaign strategy for promoting donation, to announce the validity of the trust and transparency of the institution, and to emphasize the social investment by the private sector. Practical Implications: It is necessary to present directions through private nonprofit organizations for the future development of healthcare R&D. The legal and institutional deficiencies of the domestic nonprofit organization fundraising infrastructure should be improved. In order to create a social investment climate, it is necessary to improve the awareness of donations and develop various donation programs for the private sector.

Cooperation of Industrial R&D Programs: Focussing on Types of R&D Cooperation (산업기술혁신사업의 성과창출에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 산학연협력형태를 중심으로)

  • Bae, Jin Hee;Oh, Myung Jun;Kim, Heon
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.604-628
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    • 2014
  • We analyse the impact of R&D cooperation on Industrial R&D programs of Government (Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, MOTIE), specially performance differentiating between type of R&D partners, type of R&D project leader organizations. And considering five performance measures: paper, patent, technology transfer, commercialization, new employment. Using data on a large sample of post-performance survey of MOTIE in Korea (2013), we examine the impact of R&D cooperation in 2008-2012. The method of analysis is binary logistic regression models operated by SPSS. The results of this study are follows; the performance is statistically significantly different between type of R&D partners, type of R&D project leader organizations on R&D cooperation. Specially, when a private enterprise cooperate with non-profit institutions, performance has a greater success of paper, patent, new employment. On the other hand, when a private enterprise cooperate with a private enterprise cooperate, performance decrease success of paper, technology transfer. Lastly, when non-profit institutions cooperate with a private enterprise, performance has a greater success of patent, technology transfer.

Developments in Space Law in regulating commercial space activities (우주(宇宙) 상업활동(商業活動) 규율(規律)에 있어서의 우주법(宇宙法)의 발전적(發展的) 위상(位相))

  • Shin, Hong-Kyun
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.3
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    • pp.233-258
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    • 1991
  • This paper examines current developing status of space law as defined in terms of its unique principle that "the utilization of outer space for all mankind's interest". As commercialization of space activities has brought about heated debate on its legitimacy with respect to that principle, space law has come to witness a dual situation. One is the realization of that principle in establishing commercial space activities system where all mankind's interest is respected through the non-discriminatory distribution mode of space benefit. In satellite telecommunication system, the INTELSAT Organization assures its public service policy while protecting itself against a competition from separate systems. For remote sensing, commercialization of LANDSAT Systems promoted since 1984 seems not to affect present non-discriminatory distribution of data and information obtained. On the other hand, active participation of private entity aiming at commercial profit enables national government to manage more effective control and supervision of those activities with a view to promoting national interests. Also, newly developed private rules and regulations are emerging in business relations about commercial space activities. Extended capacity of national government assuring its national interest in production and distribution of international resources that is outer space, and regulation of space activities by newly developed rules and customs provoke a concern about a identity problem of space law. The best way to summarize this perspective might consist in saying that non space law regulations, which are not assumed as aiming at the promotion of all mankind's interest, are confirming their role about space related activities. For those reasous, we are now facing a developing status of space law as developments of commercial space activities continues.

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