• Title, Summary, Keyword: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

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A Case of Thyroid Lymphoma Associated with Hashimoto's Thyroiditis (하시모토 갑상선염과 동반된 갑상선 림프종 1예)

  • Tae, Kyung;Kim, Yun-Jeong;Jin, Bong-Joon;Ahn, You-Hern
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.157-160
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    • 2007
  • Malignant lymphoma of the thyroid gland is a reletively rare and constitute up to 1-5% of all thyroid malignancies. It is known to be frequently associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. The clinical presentation includes an enlarging neck mass, accompanied by dysphagia, hoarseness or tenderness, with its most common histologic type being the diffuse large B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We have experienced a case of thyroid lymphoma arising from Hasimoto's thyroiditis in a 57-year-old woman, who presented with an anterior neck mass. We present this case with a review of the literature.

Mantle Cell Lymphoma: A North Indian Tertiary Care Centre Experience

  • Das, Chandan Krushna;Gogia, Ajay;Kumar, Lalit;Sharma, Atul;Sharma, Mehar Chand;Mallick, Saumya Ranjan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.10
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    • pp.4583-4586
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    • 2016
  • Background: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, with a pathognomonic chromosomal translocation t (11;14). Prognosis is uniformly dismal but there is a paucity of information on MCL from India. Materials and methods: We retrospectively analysed clinicopathological information on all treated patients with MCL at our centre. STATA 14.0 was used for analysis. Survival was assessed by Kaplan-Meier analysis and the Cox's proportional hazards method. Statistical significance was defined as a P value of < 0.05. Results: Fifty-one patients with MCL were reviewed. The median age at presentation was 57.0 years. Extranodal involvement was seen in 39.0 (74.0%) while bone marrow positivity at presentation was found in 27.0 (54.0%). Initial treatment was chemotherapy with or without rituximab. Patients receiving rituximab-based therapy (n = 24) had 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) of 21.0 (88.0%), compared with 14.0 (61.0%) for those not receiving rituximab (n = 23, P = 0.036). Twenty-three patients were alive with a median follow-up of 20.7 months (range 2.5-89.2). PFS at 1 and 2 years was 51.0% and 27.0%, and overall survival (OS) 78.0% and 72.0%, respectively. Use of more than 2.0 lines of therapy, use of bendamustine-rituximab, and high TLC (>10,000.0/cu.mm) significantly affected PFS. Conclusions: In our experience, MCL patients from north India have an early age at presentation. When treated with regimens including rituximab results in an improved response rate and PFS. This study provided comprehensive insights into the treatment of MCL in a developing country.

Indolent B-Cell Lymphoid Malignancy in the Spleen of a Man Who Handled Benzene: Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma

  • Lee, Jihye;Kang, Young Joong;Ahn, Jungho;Song, Seng-Ho
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.315-317
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    • 2017
  • We present the case of a 45-year-old man with a history of benzene exposure who developed splenic marginal zone lymphoma. For 6 years, he had worked in an enclosed space cleaning instruments with benzene. He was diagnosed with splenic marginal zone lymphoma 19 years after retirement. During his time of working in the laboratory in the 1980s, working environments were not monitored for hazardous materials. We indirectly estimated the cumulative level of past benzene exposure using job-exposure matrices and technical assumptions. Care must be taken in investigating the relevance of occupational benzene exposure in the occurrence of indolent B-cell lymphoma. Because of the long latency period and because occupational measurement data do not exist for the period during the patient's exposure, the epidemiological impact of benzene exposure may be underestimated.

Radiation Therapy In Management Of Primary Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Of Central Nervous System (원발성 중추신경계 림프종에 대한 방사선치료)

  • Hong, Seong-Eon
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 1994
  • From 1982 to 1991, sixteen Patients with primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the central nervous system(CNS) were seen at Kyung Hee University Hospital. The most common subtypes were large, noncleaved cell lymphoma and immunoblastic lymphoma of B cells. Lesions most commonly involved were the parietal lobes and/or deep nuclei. Positive cerebrospinal fluid cytology was rare at initial presentation. Sixteen patients were treated with surgical biopsy or resection followed by whole brain radiotherapy at a median dose of 40 Gy(range=30-50 Gy) with variable boost doses. Of 16 patients who underwent surgery and postoperative radiotherapy, fourteen patients died between 2 and 49 months following treatment, and two are alive with no evidence of disease at 8 and 22 months. The 1-and 2-year survival rates were 55.6$ \% $ and 34.7$ \% $, respectively with 12 months of median survival. Patterns of failure were analyzed in eleven patients of total 16 patients. Failure at the original site of involvement was uncommon after radiotherapy treatment. In contrast, failure in the brain at sites other than those originally invovled was common in spite of the use of whole brain irradiation. Failure occurred in the brain 11/16(68.7$ \% $), in spinal axis 4/16(25.0$ \% $). The age, sex, location of involvement within CNS, numbers of lesion, or radiation dose did not influence on survival. The authors conclude that Primary CNS lymphoma is a locally aggressive disease that is poorly controlled with conventional radiation therapy. The limitation of current therapy for this disease are discussed, and certain promising modality should be made in regarding the management of future patients with this disease.

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Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue(MALT) Lymphoma of Palatine Tonsil (구개편도에서 발생한 MALT 림프종 1례)

  • Jang, Young-Do;Lee, Yong-Man;Oh, Cheon-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.174-177
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    • 2007
  • Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue(MALT) lymphoma is the most common extranodal B cell lymphoma among peripheral one. Although palatine tonsil is common origin among Waldeyer's ring, there is no presented case in Korea. This lymphoma is known to be less invasive than other subtype of low grade B cell Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Because MALT lymphoma has a tendency of localizing one area for a long time, there are many cases treated by local treatment like radiotherapy, or local excision and radiotherapy. We report a case of MALT lymphoma originated from left tonsil.

Occupational Exposure to Trichloroethylene and Non-hodgkin Lymphoma Risk (직업적 트리클로로에틸렌 노출과 비호지킨림프종의 연관성)

  • Chun, Jae-Buhm;Han, So-Hee;Yoon, Hyung-Suk;Lee, Eun-Jung;Lee, Kyoung-Mu
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.358-368
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: In order to evaluate the association between occupational exposure to chloroethylene (TCE) and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), we conducted a meta-analysis of retrospective cohort studies and casecontrol studies and attempted to summarize the evidence of the association from molecular-epidemiological studies and experiments with human cells. Methods: In the meta-analysis, we restricted the analysis to those studies with data for chlorinated solvents, degreasers, or TCE. Studies involving dry cleaners or launderers were excluded from the analysis because use of TCE as a dry cleaning fluid has been rare since the 1960s. The data were combined using a random-effects model to estimate the summary risks (OR and RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Molecular evidence of the effect of TCE on human immune system were also reviewed and summarized. Results: Occupational exposure to TCE was strongly associated with NHL among cohort studies (number of studies=13, summary RR=1.33, 95% CI=1.04-1.70) whereas the association was not statistically significant among case-control studies (number of studies=15, summary OR=1.10, 0.98-1.23). When exposure level was considered, it became statistically significant for the highest exposure level (number of studies=5, summary OR=1.70, 1.25-2.32). Molecular evidences showed that TCE exposure in human or cultured human cells may cause a significant decrease immune cell subsets and changes in hormone levels related to immune response. Conclusions: Our results from meta-analysis and additional molecular evidence suggest that occupational exposure to TCE may cause NHL. However, unmeasured potential confounding and unclear dose-response relationships warrant further study on the role of TCE exposure in NHL carcinogenesis.

Radiotherapy Results of the Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma in the Head and Neck (두경부에 국한된 Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma의 방사선치료 성적)

  • Kim Jung Soo;Kim Il Han;Ha Sung Whan;Park Charn Il;Suh Eun Hee;Ahn Geung Hwan;Bang Yung Jue;Kim Noe Kyeong
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.113-121
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    • 1985
  • This is a retrospective analysis of 54 patients with stage I or II Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma involving the head and neck region treated with curative radiotherapy in the Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Seoul National University Hospital during the period of February 1979 through September 1982. The minimum follow-up period was 24 months. The review of histologic slides was available in 36 cases. Waldeyer's ring was the most common extranodal sites $(40\%)$. $41\%$ of patients were in the stage 1 and $59\%$ in the stage II by Ann Arbor classification. Of the 44 patients who responded after radiotherapy, 24 patients$(54.4\%)$subsequently relapsed. Regional recurrence rate was $29\%$, distant metastasis was $54\%$ and simultaneous regional recurrence and distant metastasis was $17\%$. The survival rate and disease free survival at 2 years were $57\%\;and\;45\%$ respectively. Those patients with a large primary lesion (over 6cm in diameter), multiple conglomerated, extranodal site and diffuse ceil type, experienced a high rate of distant metastasis. Therefore it seems desirable to study the use of adjuvant chemotherapy in those patients with a high probability of distant metastasis.

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Diagnostic and Prognostic Relevance of Bone Marrow Microenvironment Components in Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma Cases Before and After Therapy

  • Soliman, Amira H
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.5273-5280
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    • 2016
  • Objective: To evaluate stromal cells of the bone marrow microenvironment (BMM) in bone marrow trephine biopsy (BMTB) specimens, with a focus on fibronectin, tumor necrosis factor- alpha (TNF-${\alpha}$) and L-selectin in Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients, before and after therapy. Materials and Methods: A total of 80 de novo NHL patients, 64 with B-cell lymphomas 80%, (follicular cell lymphoma (FCL) in 32, chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) in 12, and diffuse large cell lymphoma in 20) and 16 with T-cell lymphomas (20%) all diagnosed as T-Lymphoblastic lymphomas, were evaluated before and after therapy. For comparison, 25 age and sex matched BM donors, were included as a control group. BMTB material and BM aspirates were taken for morphological assessment of stromal cells, the plasma of these samples being examined for $TNF{\alpha}$ and L-selectin by ELISA, and fibronectin by radial immunodiffusion (RID). Results: BM stromal cells comprising reticular macrophages and fibroblasts were elevated in 53.3% of NHL cases at diagnosis, while BM fibronectin levels were decreased and BM $TNF{\alpha}$ and L-selectin were higher than in controls (p<0.05). In NHL cases, elevated values of BM $TNF{\alpha}$ and BM L-selectin were associated with signs of aggressive disease, including >1 extra nodal sites, detectable B symptoms, high grade, BM and CNS invasion, and a high International prognostic index (IPI) (p<0.05). Conclusion: BMM components, $TNF{\alpha}$, L-selectin and fibronectin, in NHL can be useful in evaluating disease activity, extent and response to treatment and as prognostic markers according to the IPI.

Pediatric follicular lymphoma of the parotid gland

  • Choi, Jangyoun;Choi, Hyuk Joon;Yim, Kwangil;Kwon, Ho;Byeon, Jun Hee;Jung, Sung-No
    • Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.279-282
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    • 2018
  • Primary malignant lymphoma rarely presents as a mass in the salivary gland. It accounts for about 1% of salivary gland tumors. The lymphomas of the parotid gland are mainly non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of B-cell follicular type. It usually occurs in male adults and is very rare in children. In contrast to the intractable disease course of adult parotid follicular lymphoma, when occurred in children or adolescent, its prognosis is very good when it is first treated with surgical excision. Thus, a solitary follicular lymphoma in an extranodal site that has occurred in children is termed separately as pediatric follicular lymphoma (PFL). We share our treatment experience of a 16-year-old PFL patient through surgical removal combined with superficial parotidectomy. In line with the few previous case reports of PFL, we suggest that active surgical removal should be undertaken for solitary, extranodal follicular lymphoma of the pediatric and adolescent population.

A Case of Primary Gastric Lymphoma in Puberty (청소년기에서 발생한 원발성 위 림프종 1례)

  • Kim, Hyoung-Jun;Ham, Yong-Dae;Jung, Jin-Hwa;Lee, Jung-Ho
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.217-221
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    • 1999
  • Primary gastric lymphoma is relatively uncommon, accounting for 3% to 8% of all malignancies arising in the stomach. The most common symptom is abdominal pain, closely followed by weight loss, anorexia, weakness due to anemia, nausea, and vomiting. The diagnosis of gastric lymphoma usually requires a biopsy at the time of gastroscopy or laparotomy. Microscopically, the vast majority of gastric lymphoid tumors are non-Hodgkin's lymphomas of B cell origin. Survival rates for all types of gastric lymphoma generally exceed those for adenocarcinoma and other malignancies of the stomach. We experienced one case of primary gastric lymphoma in puberty with a brief review of the literature.

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