• Title, Summary, Keyword: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

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Distribution of Ki67 Proliferative Indices among WHO Subtypes of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: Association with other Clinical Parameters

  • Hashmi, Atif Ali;Hussain, Zubaida Fida;Faridi, Naveen;Khurshid, Amna
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.20
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    • pp.8759-8763
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    • 2014
  • Background: Non-hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a diverse group of disease encompassing divergent tumor types with contrasting clinical behaviors. We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of Ki67 index in segregating indolent from aggressive NHL and its association with clinical parameters. Materials and Methods: During a study period of 4.5 years, a total of 215 cases of lymphomas were diagnosed among of which 172 cases were NHL. Ki67 immunohistochemical staining was performed by the DAKO envision method. Average proportion of tumor cells stained was calculated to determine the proliferative index. Results: The mean age at diagnosis was 46.2 years +19.8 (3-81) with a male to female ratio of 1.5:1. Mean Ki67 index for indolent NHL included 23% for small cell, 25% for mantle cell, 28.5% for marginal zone and 34.6% for follicular lymphoma. On the other hand, mean Ki67 index for aggressive lymphomas were 66.4%, 66.9%, 80.3%, 83.3% and 94.4% for diffuse large B cell, T cell (NOS), anaplastic large cell, lymphoblastic and burkitts lymphoma respectively. No significant correlation was found between Ki67 index and other clinical parameters like age and extra nodal involvement. Conclusions: Ki67 index is a valuable IHC marker to distinguish indolent from aggressive lymphomas especially in small needle biopsies where exact typing may not be possible.

Cytologic Features of Malignant Lymphoma of the Uterine Cervix - A case report - (자궁경부 악성 림프종의 경부-질 도말소견 - 1 증례 보고 -)

  • Kim, Nam-Hoon;Park, Chan-Kum;Ko, Young-Hyeh;Park, Moon-Hyang;Lee, Jung-Dal
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.76-79
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    • 1995
  • The uterine cervix is an uncommon site of primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Although the cytologic findings of NHLs are well known, most cervicovaginal smear of uterine NHLs give lower diagnostic yield than common epithelial malignancy because abnormal cells do not appear in the sample in the absence of surface ulceration. Herein, we describe cytologic findings of a case of uterine cervical NHL which was initially diagnosed by cervicovaginal smear. The tumor cells were relatively uniform, isolated, large-sized with scanty cytoplasm and round or indented nuclei. The nuclei had stippled chromatin and small nucleoli. Histologically and immunohistochemically the tumor was proven to be large cell lymphoma of T-cell lineage.

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Dietary and Lifestyle Factors and Risk of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma in Oman

  • Ali, Amanat;Al-Belushi, Buthaina S.;Waly, Mostafa I.;Al-Moundhri, Mansour;Burney, Ikram A.
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.841-848
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    • 2013
  • Background: The incidence of various types of cancers including the non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) has increased during the recent years. Diet and lifestyle factors have been reported to play an important role in the etiology of NHL. However, no such data are available from the Middle Eastern countries, including Oman. Materials and Methods: Forty-three histologically confirmed cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) diagnosed at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH) and the Royal Hospital (RH), Muscat, Oman and forty-three age and gender matched controls were the subjects of this study. Frequency matching was used to select the control population. Information on social and demographic data as well as the dietary intake was collected by personal interviews, using a 117-items semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Results: A non-significant increased risk of NHL was observed with higher body mass index (BMI) (OR=1.20, 95%CI: 0.45, 2.93), whereas a significantly decreased risk of NHL was associated with a higher educational level (OR=0.12, 95%CI: 0.03, 0.53). A significantly increased risk was observed for higher intake of energy (OR=2.67, 95%CI: 0.94, 7.57), protein (OR=1.49, 95%CI: 0.54, 4.10) and carbohydrates (OR=5.32, 95%CI: 1.78, 15.86). Higher consumption of daily servings from cereals (OR=3.25, 95%CI: 0.87, 12.09) and meat groups (OR=1.55, 95%CI: 0.58, 4.15) were also found to be associated with risk of NHL, whereas a significantly reduced risk was associated with higher consumption of vegetables (OR=0.24, 95%CI: 0.07, 0.82). The consumption of fruits, milk and dairy products however showed no significant association with the risk of developing NHL. Conclusion: The results suggest that obesity, high caloric intake, higher consumption of carbohydrate and protein are associated with increased risk of NHL, whereas a significantly reduced risk was observed with higher intake of vegetables.

A Case of Nasal T/NK-cell Lymphoma (비강 T/NK 세포형 림프종 1례)

  • Lee, Jung Bok;Jeon, In-sang;Im, Ho Joon;Oh, Young Ha;Kim, Ji Hye
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.46 no.12
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    • pp.1266-1270
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    • 2003
  • The advance of the immunobiology clarifies the nature of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma(NHL). In addition the proceed in the immunophenotyping renders the classification of NHL. According to the Revised European American Lymphoma(REAL) classification, classified by the etiologic factors, molecular biological characteristics, immunophenotype, cytogenetics and histologic feature, nasal T/NK-cell lymphoma(=angiocentric lymphoma) belongs to the category of peripheral T-cell and natural killer cell lymphoma. Nasal T/NK-cell lymphoma is a distinct clinicopathologic entity characterized by progressive necrotic lesions in the nasal cavity, nasopharynx, and palate. The cellular origin of this tumor has been controversial. Although most nasal T/NK-cell lymphomas are of NK-cell lineage, being CD56+, negative for surface CD3(Leu4), and unassociated with rearrangements of the T-cell receptor genes, other minor variants have been reported. This lymphoma is a rare disease and usually experienced in adult. Recently, we experienced a rare type lymphoma, nasal T/NK-cell lymphoma, in 14 years old boy. His soft mass occupied the right nasal cavity including the nasal septum and turbinate. Pathologically this nasal mass showed the infiltration into the vascular wall, illustrating angiodestructive lesion. The cellular origin was NK-cell lineage, being CD56+ and negative to CD3. Now, we report the case with a brief review of related literatures.

Phase III of Study of R-CHOP-21 vs R-CHOP-14 for Untreated Stage III and IV B-cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: a Report from Iran

  • Payandeh, Mehrdad;Najafi, Safa;Shojaiyan, Fateme-Zahra;Sadeghi, Masoud
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.1513-1517
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    • 2016
  • Background: A combination of rituximab to cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) is one of the most effective front-line therapies to treat B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). The aim of this trial was to evaluate overall survival (OS), progression free survival (PFS) and toxicity of R-CHOP-14 compared to R-CHOP-21 in untreated stage III and IV B-cell NHL patients with Iranian ethnicity. Materials and Methods: In phase III trial, patients with previously untreated stage III and IV indolent and aggressive B-cell NHL were randomly assigned by using a minimization method to receive six to eight cycles of either R-CHOP-21 (administered every 21 days) or R-CHOP-14 (administered every 14 days with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor). Results: A total of 143 patients were randomly enrolled in our study (66 patients in R-CHOP-14 group and 77 patients in R-CHOP-21), between 2011 and 2014. The mean follow-up was 45 months at the time of treatment analysis. The 2-year and 5-year PFS rates for the R-CHOP-14 group were 83.6% vs 73.6% and for R-CHOP-21 group were 75% vs 54%. The 2-year and 5-year OS rates for R-CHOP-14 group were 98% vs 89% and for R-CHOP-21 group were 84.4% vs 67.5%. There was a significant correlation for PFS and OS in the two arms. There was no significant difference between adverse events with the two regimens. Conclusions: In our research improved survival was found with CHOP-14 as compared to CHOP-21. It is possible that drug metabolism in different races/ethnicities may be one important factor.

Primary T-cell Lymphoma of the Lung Presenting with Bilateral Hilar Lymphadenopathies and Diffuse Pulmonary Infiltration (폐문 임파절 종대를 동반한 양측성 미만성 폐침윤)

  • Kim, Bo Kyoung;Kim, Chi Hong;Moon, Hwa Sik;Song, Jeong Sup;Park, Sung Hak
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.203-208
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    • 1997
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma arising in lung comprises 0.5% of primary lung tumor and 3% of extranodal lymphoma. The most common radiographic abnormalities of pulmonary lymphoma include pulmonary nodule and consolidation, but hilar lymphadenopathy is rarely observed Recently we experienced primary pulmonary T-cell lymphoma presenting with bilateral hilar lymphadenopathies and diffuse pulmonary infiltration A 39-year-old man was admitted to the hospital because of fever, cough, and severe dyspnea. Chest PA obtained on admission revealed bilateral hilar lymphadenopathies and diffuse bilateral pulmonary infiltration. The diagnosis of sarcoidosis was strongly suggested and empirical treatment with corticosteroids resulted in dramatic clinical and radiological improvement for a short time. Eventually, CT-guided lung biopsy was performed and the specimen disclosed primary pulmonary Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of T-cell origin, diffuse small lymphocytic with focal plasmacytoid differentiation.

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Hepatitis C Virus Associations with Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma: Insights on Inflammation/Angiogenesis and CD Markers

  • El-Maadawy, Eman A;Talaat, Roba M;Sadek, Rawia F;El-Sherbini, Sherif M;Abdel-Bary, Naser;Abdel-Aziz, Amal A
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.4415-4420
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    • 2016
  • We aimed to investigate any association between hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in the view of cytokines that control inflammation/angiogenesis and their correlation with certain CD markers. NHL patients with or without HCV infection were studied. CD5, CD30, CD3, CD20 and CD45 were immunohistochemically evaluated. Plasma levels of vascular endothelial and platelet derived growth factors (VEGF, and PDGF), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-${\alpha}$), transforming growth factor (TGF-${\beta}$), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, IL-4, IL-12 and interferon gamma (IFN-${\gamma}$) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). HCV+ve NHL patients showed a significant reduction in VEGF, PDGF, IFN-${\gamma}$, CD5 and CD45 and a significant increase in IL-12 and IL-8. In conclusion, there was a significant change in cytokine secretion and expression of CD markers in HCV+ve NHL patients. Based on our results, HCV infection in NHL patients requires more in-depth investigations to explore any role in lymphoma progression.

The effect of the dexamethasone, cytarabine, and cisplatin (DHAP) regimen on stem cell mobilization and transplant outcomes of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma who are candidates for up-front autologous stem cell transplantation

  • Jeon, So Yeon;Yhim, Ho-Young;Kim, Hee Sun;Kim, Jeong-A;Yang, Deok-Hwan;Kwak, Jae-Yong
    • The Korean journal of internal medicine
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.1169-1181
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    • 2018
  • Background/Aims: Data on dexamethasone, cytarabine, and cisplatin (DHAP) as a mobilization regimen, compared to high-dose cyclophosphamide (HDC), for up-front autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is limited. Methods: Consecutive patients with aggressive NHL treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) or rituximab-CHOP who underwent chemomobilization using HDC or DHAP plus granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) for up-front ASCT were enrolled from three institutions between 2004 and 2014. Results: Ninety-six patients (57 men) were included. Sixty-five patients (67.7%) received HDC; and 31 (32.3%), DHAP. The total CD34+ cells mobilized were significantly higher in patients receiving DHAP (16.1 vs. $6.1{\times}10^6/kg$, p = 0.001). More patients achieved successful mobilization with DHAP (CD34+ cells ${\geq}5.0{\times}10^6/kg$) compared to HDC (87.1% vs. 61.5%, respectively; p = 0.011), particularly within the first two sessions of apheresis (64.5% vs. 32.3%, respectively; p = 0.003). Mobilization failure rate (CD34+ cells < $2.0{\times}10^6/kg$) was significantly higher in patients receiving HDC (20.0% vs. 3.2%, p = 0.032). On multivariate analysis, the DHAP regimen (odds ratio, 4.12; 95% confidence interval, 1.12 to 15.17) was an independent predictor of successful mobilization. During chemomobilization, patients receiving HDC experienced more episodes of febrile neutropenia compared to patients receiving DHAP (32.3% vs. 12.9%, p = 0.043). Conclusions: The DHAP regimen was associated with a significantly higher efficacy for stem cell mobilization and lower frequency of febrile neutropenia. Therefore, DHAP plus G-CSF is an effective for mobilization in patients with aggressive NHL who were candidates for up-front ASCT.

CNS Involvement in the Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (중추신경계 악성임파종)

  • Suh, Chang Ok;Kim, Gwi Eon;Park, Chang Yun;Kim, Byung Soo
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 1983
  • Two cases of primary malignant lymphoma of the brain and six cases of secondary CNS lymphoma seen at Yonsei cancer center, radiotherapy department for recent 4 years are presented. Primary lymphomas revealed single tumor mass on corpus callosum area and secondary lymphoma were intracranial (3 cases) or leptomeningeal type (3 cases). Histology of primary lymphoma were reticulum cell sarcoma and secondary lymphomas were either diffuse histiocytic or diffuse poorly differentiated lymphocytic lymphoma. All patients showed good response to radiation. Two patients with primary CNS lymphoma and two of six secondary CNS lymphoma are alive after radiotherapy (34, 31, 26, 12 months). But the prognosis of secondary CNS lymphoma is grave, because of progressive systemic disease. Incidence, risk factors, diagnosis and therapeutic management of CNS involvement are also discussed.

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