• Title, Summary, Keyword: Night-purge control

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Night Purge Control Strategies With Outdoor Air Temperature Conditions for Central Cooling System (중앙냉방시스템의 외기온도조건을 고려한 나이트 퍼지 제어방안에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Jin-Won;Ahn, Byung-Cheon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.6759-6765
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    • 2015
  • In this study, the effects of control strategies of night-purge control system on control characteristics and energy consumption for central cooling system in building are researched by simulation. The start time and set-point temperature for night-purge control with outdoor temperature changes and building cold storage performance are obtained. The system analysis modelling is done by using TRNSYS program package, and the control performances with suggested night-purge control method are compared with the existing control ones. As a result, the suggested night-purge control method shows maximum 16.8% and 28.6% energy saving in comparison with existing control method and conventional one without night-purge control, respectively.

Energy Saving Effect of the Night Purge Control using ERV in a School Building (전열교환형 환기시스템을 이용한 학교건물의 나이트 퍼지 적용 효과 분석)

  • Kim, Su-Yeon;Won, Jung-kwan;Kim, Jae-Hyung;Song, Doo-Sam
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.28 no.11
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    • pp.421-427
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    • 2016
  • The indoor temperature of a building increases during the day due to solar radiation. This behavior is significant in school buildings that are finished with high thermal capacity materials. Moreover, in school buildings, windows cannot be opened until the class has finished owing to the security policy of schools. Consequently, classrooms maintain a high temperature throughout the morning. It is thus important to remove the indoor heat before the commencement of classes in order to reduce the cooling energy needed. The Energy Recovery Ventilator (ERV) system is currently being installed in school buildings for ventilating the classrooms. Night-purge control using ERV can be a good strategy to cool the classroom in advance of the operation of the cooling system. However, the optimal operation method of the ERV for night-purge control has not yet been reported. In this study, the effect of night-purge control with ERV in school buildings is analyzed by simulation method. The results of this study showed that the energy saving effect of night-purge control with ERV is most effective in the case of 2 hours operation prior to the commencement of the first lass and when enthalpy based outdoor air cooling is used.

Recent Progress in Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Research : A Review of Papers Published in the Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering in 2016 (설비공학 분야의 최근 연구 동향 : 2016년 학회지 논문에 대한 종합적 고찰)

  • Lee, Dae-Young;Kim, Sa Ryang;Kim, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Dong-Seon;Park, Jun-Seok;Ihm, Pyeong Chan
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.327-340
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    • 2017
  • This article reviews the papers published in the Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering during 2016. It is intended to understand the status of current research in the areas of heating, cooling, ventilation, sanitation, and indoor environments of buildings and plant facilities. Conclusions are as follows. (1) The research works on the thermal and fluid engineering have been reviewed as groups of flow, heat and mass transfer, the reduction of pollutant exhaust gas, cooling and heating, the renewable energy system and the flow around buildings. CFD schemes were used more for all research areas. (2) Research works on heat transfer area have been reviewed in the categories of heat transfer characteristics, pool boiling and condensing heat transfer and industrial heat exchangers. Researches on heat transfer characteristics included the results of the long-term performance variation of the plate-type enthalpy exchange element made of paper, design optimization of an extruded-type cooling structure for reducing the weight of LED street lights, and hot plate welding of thermoplastic elastomer packing. In the area of pool boiling and condensing, the heat transfer characteristics of a finned-tube heat exchanger in a PCM (phase change material) thermal energy storage system, influence of flow boiling heat transfer on fouling phenomenon in nanofluids, and PCM at the simultaneous charging and discharging condition were studied. In the area of industrial heat exchangers, one-dimensional flow network model and porous-media model, and R245fa in a plate-shell heat exchanger were studied. (3) Various studies were published in the categories of refrigeration cycle, alternative refrigeration/energy system, system control. In the refrigeration cycle category, subjects include mobile cold storage heat exchanger, compressor reliability, indirect refrigeration system with $CO_2$ as secondary fluid, heat pump for fuel-cell vehicle, heat recovery from hybrid drier and heat exchangers with two-port and flat tubes. In the alternative refrigeration/energy system category, subjects include membrane module for dehumidification refrigeration, desiccant-assisted low-temperature drying, regenerative evaporative cooler and ejector-assisted multi-stage evaporation. In the system control category, subjects include multi-refrigeration system control, emergency cooling of data center and variable-speed compressor control. (4) In building mechanical system research fields, fifteenth studies were reported for achieving effective design of the mechanical systems, and also for maximizing the energy efficiency of buildings. The topics of the studies included energy performance, HVAC system, ventilation, renewable energies, etc. Proposed designs, performance tests using numerical methods and experiments provide useful information and key data which could be help for improving the energy efficiency of the buildings. (5) The field of architectural environment was mostly focused on indoor environment and building energy. The main researches of indoor environment were related to the analyses of indoor thermal environments controlled by portable cooler, the effects of outdoor wind pressure in airflow at high-rise buildings, window air tightness related to the filling piece shapes, stack effect in core type's office building and the development of a movable drawer-type light shelf with adjustable depth of the reflector. The subjects of building energy were worked on the energy consumption analysis in office building, the prediction of exit air temperature of horizontal geothermal heat exchanger, LS-SVM based modeling of hot water supply load for district heating system, the energy saving effect of ERV system using night purge control method and the effect of strengthened insulation level to the building heating and cooling load.