• Title, Summary, Keyword: Nicotine Dependency

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Cigarette Smoking, Stage of Smoking Cessation, Nicotine Dependency, and Urine Nicotine Among Smoking Adults with Diabetes (흡연 당뇨병환자의 흡연정도, 금연행동단계, 니코틴 의존도 및 소변 니코틴에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ok Soo
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.737-745
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the level of smoking, process of smoking cessation, and nicotine dependency, and urine nicotine among adults with diabetes which are smokers and to examine the relationship among those variables. Method: The subjects consisted of 62 adult men smokers with diabetes mellitus. FTQ and NicCheck 1 were used to measure the level of nicotine dependence. The amount of cigarette smoking was measured by the number of cigarette packs use per week. The stage of smoking cessation was measured by the Prochaska's method. Results: The Subjects smoked cigarettes with a mean of 5.97 packages per week. Seventy-seven percent of the subjects had a nicotine dependency. Fifty-two percent had a high level of nicotine dependency in urine nicotine. Nineteen percent were in the precontemplation stage. The level of cigarette consumption was related to nicotine dependence and urine nicotine. Also, nicotine dependency was related to urine nicotine. Conclusion: A tailored smoking cessation program is needed to prevent the chronic complication for diabetes smokers. Self-reported smoking and nicotine dependency seemed to do equally well as NicCheck 1 in assessing nicotine intake.

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The Effects of a Quit Smoking Program Using the Web and Short Message Service on Exhaled Carbon Monoxide, Self-efficacy and Depression according to Nicotine Dependency Level in Undergraduate Students (웹과 문자메시지를 활용한 대학생 금연프로그램이 니코틴 의존도 집단에 따라 호기 일산화탄소 농도, 자기효능감, 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hea Shoon;Song, Mi Ryeong
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.173-181
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of a quit smoking program using the Web and short message service on exhaled carbon monoxide, self-efficacy, and depression according to nicotine dependency level in undergraduate students. Methods: In this study a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was applied. The participants included 90 students (52 in the low nicotine dependency group and 38 in the high nicotine dependency group) who succeeded in quitting smoking. Data were collected on 3 occasions, that is, before the program, immediately after the program, and 3 weeks after the program. Collected data were analyzed using independent t-test, repeated measure ANOVA, and paired t-test with SPSS 20.0. Results: Exhaled carbon monoxide was higher in the high nicotine dependency group than in the low nicotine dependency group. Self-efficacy significantly increased 3 weeks after the program in the low nicotine dependency group and significantly increased immediately after the program in the high nicotine dependency group. Depression significantly decreased 3 weeks after the program in the low nicotine dependency group. Conclusion: Self-efficacy may be enhanced when it is dealt with during an early phase of the quit smoking program for the high nicotine dependency group. Long-term intervention and persistent intervention are needed with regard to depression during a quit smoking program.

Knowledge on Cardiovascular Prevention and Nicotine Dependency among Smoking Male College Students (흡연 남자대학생의 심뇌혈관질환에 대한 예방 지식과 니코틴 의존도)

  • Hwang, Seon Young;Park, Kyongok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify the level of knowledge on preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and nicotine dependency among smoking male college students, and to examine the predicting factors of nicotine dependency. Methods: This study was conducted as cross-sectional descriptive research using structured questionnaires. Data were collected from 411 smoking male college students ($22.5{\pm}2.59$ yr) at two universities located in two cities in Korea from September 2012 to April 2013. Logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate age-adjusted odds ratios of nicotine dependency. Results: The mean value of nicotine dependency was $4.2{\pm}1.96$ and the percentage of participants who had strong nicotine dependency (${\geq}7$) was 10.7%. Logistic regression analysis showed that, when adjustment was made for age, nicotine dependency was predicted by the frequency of alcohol drinking (${\geq}3$ times/week), knowledge on CVD prevention, the age starting drinking, and the total length of smoking. Conclusion: Nicotine dependency was strongly related to the frequency of drinking alcohol and lower knowledge on CVD prevention. Therefore, male college students who have a dependent smoking habit and drink alcohol frequently need to take more interest in health through educational counseling to modify their lifestyle behaviors and to have preventive knowledge related to CVD.

Effect of a Smoking Cessation Program on the Stop-smoking Rate and Nicotine Dependency for the Adult Smoker (금연프로그램이 성인 흡연자의 금연 및 흡연행위 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyun-Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.5-16
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: This study was to compare the stop-smoking rate and nicotine dependency for an adult smoker after implementing the smoking cessation program. Method: Fourty-six adult smokers participated. Self report questionnaire and telephone interview were conducted at the pretest, 6 months later, 1 year later, 2 years later, 3 years later. Result: 1. Stop-smoking rate of smoking cessation program participants was 43.5% 6 months later, 35.6% 1 year later, 24.4% 2 years later, 45.5% 3 years later. 2. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 6 months later(paired-t=4.719, p=.000). 3. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 1 year later(pired-t=4.296=.000). 4. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 2 years later(paired-t=2.778. p=.000). 5. The mean of nicotine dependency for continuing smokers was significantly decreased 3 years later(paired-t=2.795. p=.000). Conclusion: The smoking cessation program was effective to induce cessation in the adult smoker, and to decrease nicotine dependency in the continuing adult smoker.

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Influence of Stress, Self-efficacy for Smoking Cessation, Smoking Temptation and Nicotine Dependency in Male College Students who Smoke (흡연 남자대학생의 스트레스, 금연에 대한 자기효능감 및 흡연유혹이 니코틴 의존도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Nam-Jo;Hong, Hae-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the levels of stress, self-efficacy for smoking cessation, smoking temptation, and nicotine dependency, and to identify factors influencing nicotine dependency among male college students who smoke. Methods: In this study, a cross-sectional survey design was adopted for 283 male college students who smoke in D city, Korea. Data was analyzed for descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression using the SPSS 20.0 program. Results: The mean score of stress was $27.00{\pm}6.28$, self-efficacy for smoking cessation was $25.61{\pm}6.71$, smoking temptation was $53.87{\pm}11.02$, and nicotine dependency was $3.63{\pm}1.96$. There was a significant positive correlation between stress and nicotine dependency (r=.58, p<.001) and between smoking temptation and nicotine dependency (r=.59, p<.001). There was a significant negative correlation between self-efficacy for smoking cessation and nicotine dependency (r=-.59, p<.001). The significant factors influencing nicotine dependency were stress (${\beta}=.357$, p<.001), self-efficacy for smoking cessation (${\beta}=.359$, p<.001), and smoking temptation (${\beta}=.297$, p<.001). This model explained 60.3% of variance in nicotine dependency (F=105.59, p<.001). Conclusion: The results suggest that an intervention program is needed to reduce the perception of stress and smoking temptation, and to increase the ability of self-efficacy for smoking cessation among male college students who smoke with the intention to quit smoking.

The Effects of Anxiety, Depression and Self-Esteem on Smoking and Nicotine Dependency Among Unmarried Woman Smokers (미혼 흡연여성들의 불안, 우울 및 자아존중감이 흡연양 및 니코틴 의존도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ok-Soo;Kim, Ae-Jung;Kim, Sun-Wha;Baik, Sung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.509-516
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    • 2001
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of anxiety, depression and self-esteem on the amount of smoking and nicotine dependency among woman smokers. Method: The convenience sample consisted of 121 unmarried woman smokers. The STAI, the CES-D Scale, the Self-Esteem scale and the FTQ were utilized to measure the level of anxiety, depression, self-esteem, and nicotine dependency. The amount of smoking was calculated based on the number of cigarette used. Results: Results indicated that woman smokers were depressed. Nicotine dependency was relatively low. Subjects had smoked a mean of 9.58 cigarettes per day. The level of depression influenced on smoking and nicotine dependency. Self-esteem influenced on the amount of smoking and anxiety influenced on nicotine dependency. Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that the amount of smoking of unmarried woman smokers was very high. Both the amount of smoking and nicotine dependency were affected by levels of depression. Education programs and campaigns are needed to prevent smoking of young adult women.

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Influence of Self- efficacy for Smoking Cessation, Depression, Social Support and Nicotine Dependency in the College Male Smoker (남자 흡연 대학생의 금연 자기효능감, 우울 및 사회적 지지가 니코틴 의존도에 미치는 영향)

  • Yi, Ji-Eun;Lee, Jung-Wha;Hong, Ju-Young
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.249-258
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the influence of self- efficacy for smoking cessation, depression, social support and nicotine dependency in the college male smoker. This survey design was adopted for 149 male college students in Gyeongbuk. Data were gathered from September 7 to 18, 2016. Data was analyzed for descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression. There was a significant positive correlation between depression and nicotine dependency. There was a significant negative correlation between self-efficacy for smoking cessation and nicotine dependency and between social support and nicotine dependency. The significant factors influencing nicotine dependency were self-efficacy for smoking cessation and depression. This model explained 34% of variance in nicotine dependency. The results suggest that an intervention program is needed to reduce the depression and to increase the ability of self-efficacy for smoking cessation in the college male smoker.

The Effect of Acupressure on the Spots of Auricular with Semen Sinapis Albae for Nicotine Dependency (이개혈(耳介穴)의 백개자(白芥子) 자극요법이 니코틴 의존도에 미치는 효과)

  • Kjm, Eun Sil;Kjm, Yeong Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.129-137
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was performed to verify the effect of acupressure on the spots of auricular with semen sinapis albae in male grown up employees for nicotine dependency. Method: The subjects investigated for this study were fifty male grown up employees(the 25 subjects belong to experimental group and the remaining 25 subjects belong to control group) who are employed at a company. The experimental group(N=25) underwent acupressure on the spots of auricular with semen sinapis albae and the control group(N=25) underwent no treatment. Result: The nicotine dependency of experimental group who underwent acupressure with semen sinapis albae on the spots of auricular decreased much more than in those of control group who didn't undergo acupressure with semen sinapis albae on the spots of auricular. Conclusion: Accounting from the research, it was proved that the acupressure on the spots of auricular with semen sinapis albae is very effective for nicotine dependency.

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Analysis of Smoking Temptation, Nicotine Dependency, Perceived Health Status corresponding to Stage of Change in Smoking Cessation in Middle Aged Men (중년흡연남성의 금연단계에 따른 흡연유혹, 니코틴의존도)

  • Chang Sung-Ok;Park Chang-Seung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.69-80
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    • 2001
  • This study was done to investigate the relation of smoking temptation, stage of change in smoking cessation, nicotine dependency and perceived health status in middle aged men. Convenience samples of 176 subjects who were either smoked or used to smoke, aged between 30 to 64, living in Seoul and Kyungi province area in Korea were selected for the study. The data was collected from December 1, 1999 to June 30, 2000. The research instrument were Stage of Change of Smoking Cessation Measure (DiClemente et al. 1991). Smoking Temptation Measure (Velicer, DiClemente, Rossi, Prochaska. 1990), Perceived Health Status Measure (McDowell & Newell, 1996), and Nicotine Dependency Scale (FTQ: Fagerstrom, 1978). The data were analyzed using the SAS Program. The result of the study are as follows : 1. The analysis of variance and multiple comparison showed that according to the stage of change, there were significant mean differences in the three sub-factors of smoking temptation; 'positive affect situation (F=12.64, p=.0001)', 'negative affect situation (F=16.01, p=.0001)', 'habitual craving situation (F=14.43, p=.0001)' and nicotine dependency (F=4.12, p=.0033) The mean score for smoking temptation for the subjects who were in the precontemplation stage outweighed the mean score for smoking temptation for subjects who were in the maintenance stage. 2. Through discriminant analysis, it was found that negative affect situation was the most influential variable of the smoking temptation sub-factors which can be used to discriminate stage of change. 3. The analysis of Pearson correlation coefficients showed that there was a significant positive relation between nicotine dependency and negative affect situation of smoking cessation((r=0.2182, p=0.0045) and a significant negative relation between nicotine dependency and perceived health status(r=-0.2115, p=0.0059).

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The Effects of a Smoking Cessation Program on Nicotine Dependency and Self-Efficacy for Adolescents (금연프로그램이 청소년 흡연자의 니코틴 의존도와 자기효능감에 미치는 영향)

  • Paek, Kyung-Shin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.282-288
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was to verify the effects of a smoking cessation program for adolescents. Method: This study was designed to use one group with one pre-test and two post-tests. One post-test was done immediately after the completion of the program and the other after eight weeks. The subjects were 21 male high school students who were smokers when this study was carried out. The smoking cessation program consisted of 5 sessions with smoking cessation education and e-mail service after the program. Variables in this research were nicotine dependency (using Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire) and self-efficacy. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Wilcoxon signed rank test. Results: Immediately after the program and eight weeks later, nicotine dependency for continuous smokers decreased significantly (after the program: Z=-2.319, p=.020, eight weeks later: Z=-1.999. p=.046) and self-efficacy increased significantly (after program: Z=-3.024. p=.002. eight weeks later: Z=-2.381. p=.017). Conclusions: The smoking cessation program was effective in decreasing nicotine dependency in the continuous adolescent smokers and in increasing their self-efficacy, Further study needs to be made with a lager number of smoking adolescents using control group design.

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