• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ni catalyst

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Catalytic Hydrogenation of Triglyceride in a Semi-batch Reactor (Semi-batch 반응기에서의 트리글리세라이드 접촉 수소화 반응)

  • An, Jae-Yong;Lee, Choul-Ho;Jeon, Jong-Ki
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 2019
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of an Ni-SA catalyst, which was prepared from nickel, kieselguhr, and alumina, for the hydrogenation of triglyceride in a bench-scale reactor. Ni-SA powders were prepared by precipitating nickel precursors on a silica and alumina support. The powder was reduced in a hydrogen flow, mixed with a saturated palm oil, and then cooled to prepare an Ni-SA catalyst tablet. The sizes of NiO crystals of a commercial Pricat catalyst and the Ni-SA catalyst prepared in this study were $35{\AA}$ and $38{\AA}$, respectively. The pore volume and pore size of the Ni-SA catalyst was much larger than the pore volume and pore size of the Pricat catalyst. In addition, the average particle size of the Ni-SA catalyst was much smaller than that of the Pricat catalyst. The triglyceride hydrogenation reaction was carried out in a semi-batch reactor using catalysts impregnated with oil and molded into tablets. It was found that the Ni-SA catalyst was superior to the commercial Pricat catalyst in triglyceride hydrogenation, which could be ascribed to the raw material and the products being less influenced by the diffusion resistance in the pores of the Ni-SA catalyst. The Ni-SA catalyst prepared in this study has the potential to replace the Pricat catalyst as a catalyst for use in the commercial process for hydrogenation of triglyceride.

The Effect of Carrier in CO2 Reforming of CH4 to Syngas over Ni-based catalysts

  • Seo, Ho Joon;Kang, Ung Il;Yu, Eui Yeon
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.63-68
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    • 1999
  • The activities of Ni(20wt%)/$La_2O_3$, Ni(20wt%)/${\gamma}-Al_2O_3$, and Ni(20wt%)/$SiO_2$ catalyst for $CO_2$ reforming of $CH_4$ were investigated in a fixed bed flow reactor under atmospheric condition. Catalyst characterization using XRD, TEM, SEM, BET analysis were also conducted. The catalytic activity of Ni(20wt%)/$La_2O_3$ catalyst has relatively superior to that of Ni(20wt%)/${\gamma}-Al_2O_3$ and Ni(20wt%)/$SiO_2$ catalyst. The good activity of Ni(20wt%)/$La_2O_3$ catalyst seems to depend on reduced $Ni^{\circ}$ phases of NiO($\rightarrow$ Ni + O), $LaNiO_3$($\rightarrow$ $Ni+La_2O_3$), Ni crystalline phases, and decoration of Ni phases by lanthanum species is also an important factor. Ni(20wt%)/${\gamma}-Al_2O_3$ and Ni(20wt%)/$SiO_2$ catalyst due to surface acidity resulted in the deposition of wisker type and encapsulate carbon on the surface of catalyst, but Ni(20wt%)/$La_2O_3$ catalyst did not show carbon on the surface of catalyst up to 8.5hr reaction.

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Charateristics of Hydrogen Iodide Decomposition using Ni-Pt Bimetallic Catalyst in Sulfur-Iodine Process (황-요오드 열화학 수소 생산 공정에서 니켈-백금 이원금속 촉매를 이용한 요오드화수소 분해 특성)

  • Kim, Soo-Young;Go, Yoon-Ki;Park, Chu-Sik;Bae, Ki-Kwang;Kim, Young-Ho
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2012
  • This study was performed to develop a low Pt content catalyst as a catalyst for HI decomposition in S-I process. Bimetallic catalysts added various amounts of Pt on a silica supported Ni catalyst were prepared by impregnation method. HI decomposition was carried out using a fixed bed reactor. As a result, Ni-Pt bimetallic catalyst showed enhanced catalytic activity compared with each monometallic catalyst. Deactivation of Ni-Pt catalyst was not observed while deactivation of Ni monometallic catalyst was rapidly occurred in HI decomposition. The HI conversion of Ni-Pt bimetallic catalyst was increased similar to Pt catalyst with increase of the reaction temperature over a temperature range 573K to 773K. From the TG analysis, it was shown that $NiI_2$ remained on the Ni(5.0)-Pt(0.5)/$SiO_2$ catalyst after the HI decomposition reaction was decomposed below 700K. It seems that small amount of Pt in bimetallic catalyst increase the decomposition of $NiI_2$ generated after the decomposition of HI. Consequently, it was considered that the activity of Ni-Pt bimetallic catalyst was kept during the HI decomposition reaction.

Effect of the Ni Catalyst Size and Shape on the Variation of the Geometries for the As-grown Carbon Coils

  • Jang, Chang-Young;Kim, Sung-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean institute of surface engineering
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.175-180
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    • 2013
  • Carbon nanofilaments (CNFs) could be synthesized using $C_2H_2/H_2$ as source gases and $SF_6$ as an incorporated additive gas under thermal chemical vapor deposition system. Ni powders were used as the catalyst for the formation of the CNFs. During the initial deposition stage, the initiation of the CNFs on the Ni catalyst was investigated. The geometries of the as-grown CNFs on Ni catalyst were strongly dependent on the size and/or the shape of Ni catalyst. Small size catalyst (<150 nm in diameter) gives rise to the unidirectional growth of the CNFs. On the other hand, large size catalyst (150~500 nm), the bidirectional growth of the CNFs could be observed. Particularly, the well faceted parallelogram-shaped Ni catalyst could give rise to the bidirectional growth of the CNFs having the symmetrically opposite direction. Eventually, these bidirectional growths of CNFs were understood to form the well-developed carbon microcoils (CMCs). Based on these results, the optimal shape and the size of the Ni catalyst to form the CMCs were discussed.

CH4 Dry Reforming on Alumina-Supported Nickel Catalyst

  • Joo, Oh-Shim;Jung, Kwang-Deog
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.23 no.8
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    • pp.1149-1153
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    • 2002
  • CH4/CO2 dry reforming was carried out to make syn gas on the Ni/Al2O3 catalysts calcined at different temperatures. The Ni/Al2O3 (850 $^{\circ}C)$ catalyst gave good activity and stability w hereas the Ni/Al2O3 $(450^{\circ}C)$ catalyst showed lower activity and stability. The NiO/Al2O3 catalyst calcined at $850^{\circ}C$ for 16 h (Ni/Al2O3 $(850^{\circ}C))$ formed the spinel structure of nickel aluminate, which was confirmed by TPR. The carbon formation rate on the Ni/Al2O3 $(850^{\circ}C)$ catalyst was very low till 20 h, and then steeply increased with reaction time without decreasing the activity for CH4 reforming. The Ni/Al2O3 $(450^{\circ}C)$ catalyst showed high carbon formation rate at the initial reaction time and then, the rate nearly stopped with continuous decreasing the activity for CH4 reforming. Even though the amount of carbon deposition on the Ni/Al2O3 $(850^{\circ}C)$ catalyst was higher than that on the Ni/Al2O3 $(450^{\circ}C)$ catalyst, the activity for CH4ing was also high, which could be attributed to the different type of the carbon formed on the catalyst surface.

Electrophoretic Deposition for the Growth of Carbon nanofibers on Ni-Cu/C-fiber Textiles

  • Nam, Ki-Mok;Mees, Karina;Park, Ho-Seon;Willert-Porada, Monika;Lee, Chang-Seop
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.35 no.8
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    • pp.2431-2437
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    • 2014
  • In this study, Ni, Ni-Cu and Ni/Cu catalysts were deposited onto C-fiber textiles via the electrophoretic deposition method, and the growth characteristics of carbon nanofibers on the deposited catalyst/C-fiber textiles were investigated. The catalyst deposition onto C-fiber textiles was accomplished by immersing the C-fiber textiles into Ni or Ni-Cu mixed solutions, producing the substrate by post-deposition of Ni onto C-fiber textiles with pre-deposited Cu, and passing it through a gas mixture of $N_2$, $H_2$ and $C_2H_4$ at $700^{\circ}C$ to synthesize carbon nanofibers. For analysis of the characteristics of the synthesized carbon nanofibers and the deposition pattern of catalysts, SEM, EDS, BET, XRD, Raman and XPS analysis were conducted. It was found that the amount of catalyst deposited and the ratio of Ni deposition in the Ni-Cu mixed solution increased with an increasing voltage for electrophoretic deposition. In the case of post-deposition of Ni catalyst onto substrates with pre-deposited Cu, both bimetallic catalyst and carbon nanofibers with a high level of crystallizability were produced. Carbon nanofibers yielded with the catalyst prepared in Ni and Ni-Cu mixed solutions showed a Y-shaped morphology.

Characteristics of NOx Reduction on NSR(NOx Storage and Reduction) Catalyst Supported by Ni, Ru-ZSM-5 Additives (Ni, Ru-ZSM-5를 첨가한 NSR 촉매의 NOx 정화 특성)

  • Choi, Byung-Chul;Lee, Choon-Hee;Jeong, Jong-Woo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.105-111
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    • 2007
  • In this study, we investigated the conversion performance of de-NOx catalyst for lean-burn natural gas engine. As a de-NOx catalyst, NOx storage reduction catalyst was composed of Pt, Pd and Rh with washcoat including Ba and Ni, Ru-ZSM-5. Ni, Ru-ZSM-5, which was regarded as a NOx direct decomposition catalyst, was made up of ion exchanged ZSM-5 by 5wt.% Ni or Ru. The performance of de-NOx catalyst was evaluated by NOx storage capacity and catalytic reduction in air/fuel, $\lambda=1.6$. The catalytic reaction was also observed when the added fuel was supplied to fuel rich atmosphere by fuel spike period of 5 seconds. The NOx conversion of the catalysts with Ni-ZSM-5 or Ru-ZSM-5 was mainly caused by the effect of NOx adsorption of Ba rather than the catalytic reduction of Ni, Ru-ZSM-5. Ni, Ru-ZSM-5 catalysts can not use for the NSR catalyst because they have quick process in thermal deactivation.

Chemical Poisoning of Ni/MgO Catalyst by Alkali Carbonate Vapor in the Steam Reforming Reaction of DIR-MCFC

  • 문형대;임태훈;이호인
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.20 no.12
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    • pp.1413-1417
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    • 1999
  • Chemical poisoning of Ni/MgO catalyst was induced by hot alkali carbonate vapor in molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), and the poisoned (or contaminated) catalyst was characterized by TPR/TPO, FTIR, and XRD analysis. Carbonate electrolytes such as K and Li were transferred to the catalyst during DIR-MCFC operation at 650 ℃. The deposition of alkali species on the catalyst consequently led to physical blocking on catalytic active sites and structural deformation by chemical poisoning. TPR/TPO analysis indicated that K species enhanced the reducibility of NiO thin film over Ni as co-catalyst, and Li species lessened the reducibility of metallic Ni by chemical reaction with MgO. FTIR analysis of the poisoned catalyst did not exhibit the characteristic ${\vector}_1$$(D_{3h})$ peaks (1055 $cm^{-1},\;1085\;cm{-1})$ for pure crystalline carbonates, instead a new peak (1120 $cm^{-1})$ was observed proportionally with deformed alkali carbonates. From XRD analysis, the oxidation of metallic Ni into $Ni_xMg_{1-x}O$ was confirmed by the peak shift of MgO with shrinking of Ni particles. Conclusively, hot alkali species induced both chemical poisoning and physical deposition on Ni/MgO catalyst in DIR-MCFC at 650 ℃.

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Hydrogen Generation from $NaBH_4$ Hydrolysis on Co-Ni-P-B/Ni Foam Catalyst (Co-Ni-P-B/Ni foam 촉매에서 $NaBH_4$ 가수분해를 통한 수소 발생)

  • Park, Da-Ill;Kim, Tae-Gyu
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.383-389
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    • 2010
  • Co-B, Co-P-B, Co-Ni-B and Co-Ni-P-B catalysts supported on Ni foam were prepared using electroless plating in the present study. The surface morphology of the catalysts/Ni foam was observed using SEM and EDS analysis. The Co-Ni-P-B/Ni foam catalyst showed the superior performance on hydrogen generation due to the uniform formation of catalyst particles on the Ni foam surface. The characteristics of hydrogen generation with Co-Ni-P-B/Ni foam catalyst was investigated at the variety of $NaBH_4$ and NaOH concentrations. Durability test was performed, resulting in the stable hydrogen generation for 6 hours.

The Effect of K Promoter on Ni-Co (Bimetallic) Catalyst for Dry Methane Reforming

  • Dharmasaroja, Nichthima;Phongaksorn, Monrudee;Tungkamani, Sabaithip;Ratana, Tanakorn;Sornchammi, Thana
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.110-117
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    • 2015
  • 10 wt% (Ni-Co) catalysts with different Ni and Co content : 10%Ni, 9%Ni1%Co, 7%Ni3%Co, 5%Ni5%Co, 3%Ni7%Co, and 10%Co; were prepared using sol-gel method followed by incipient wetness impregnation method. To investigate the catalytic activity including the stability, dry methane reforming were demonstrated over the pelletized catalysts at $620^{\circ}C$ under atmospheric pressure in a $CH_4:CO_2:N_2$ feedstock for 360 min. The results showed that bimetallic catalysts with the Co content equal to or greater than 3% were more stable than monometallic catalysts (10%Ni and 10%Co). The temperature programmed hydrogenation interpreted that the additional of Co into Ni catalyst improved the carbon resistance from methane cracking. Promoted this type of bimetallic catalyst using 1wt% K (trimetallic catalyst) prevented the carbon formation on the catalyst. The temperature programmed desorption of $CO_2$ indicated that this trimetallic catalyst has a greater number of strong basic sites. Moreover, the appearance of K lowered the number of weak basic sites and decreased the conversion of methane by 12 %.