• Title, Summary, Keyword: News reports

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Techno Populism and Algorithmic Manipulation of News in South Korea

  • Yoon, Sunny
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.33-48
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    • 2019
  • The current Moon Jai-in administration in South Korea is facing serious challenges as a result of a scandal involving the manipulation of news online. Staff in Moon's camp are suspected of manipulating public opinion by creating millions of fake news comments online, contributing to Moon being elected president. This South Korean political scandal raises a number of theoretical issues with regard to new platform technologies and media manipulation. First, the incident exposes the technological limits of blocking manipulation of the news, partly because of the nature of social media and partly because of the nature of contemporary technology. Contemporary social media is often monopolistic in nature; with the majority of people are using the same platforms, and hence it is likely that they will be subject to forms of media manipulation. Second, the Korean case of news manipulation demonstrates a unique cultural aspect of Korean society. News comments and readers' replies have become a major channel of alternative news in Korea. This phenomenon is often designated as "reply journalism," since people are interested in reading the news replies of ordinary readers equally to reading news reports themselves. News replies are considered indicators of public opinion and are seen as affecting trias politica in Korean society. Third, the Korean incident of news manipulation implicates a new form of populism in the 21st century and the nature of democratic participation. This article aims to explicate key issues in media manipulation by including wider technological, cultural, and political aspects in the South Korean news media context.

Language Network Analysis of 'Marine Environment' in News Frame (언론의 '해양환경'에 대한 의제설정 언어 네트워크 분석)

  • Kim, Ho-Kyung;Kwon, Ki-Seok;Jang, Duckhee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.385-398
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    • 2016
  • This research analyzed domestic newspapers' agenda setting trend and meaning construction process on the issue of marine environment by year. The research conducted a language network analysis and used R program and Netminer program to analyze four major daily newspapers' news coverages (Dong-A, Joongang, Hanhyoreh, and Kyunghyang) for the last ten years (2005-2014). The results show that the issue of marine environment in Korean media reports are signified in the economic context. For the last ten years, news reports are mainly focused on the 'development' issue of marine environment, without distinction of year. The core key words of the networks are "development", "plan", and "project." However, diverse strategies for 'preservation' are not covered in media reports as a major issue. The importance of effective preservation and reasonable development should be considered in a balanced way. Korean media coverages mainly concentrate on the development issue, and it has a strong influence on considering the marine environment area as an object of development. Future direction and implication of the press reports related to marine environment are discussed.

How the Three Major Korean Network Television News Report on Issues Involving their Own Interests A Content Analysis (방송은 자사의 이익과 관련된 이슈에 대해 어떻게 보도하는가? 광고총량제, 700MHz 대역 주파수 재분배, 수신료 인상 보도 내용 분석)

  • Kim, Dokyung;Yoon, Youngmin
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.74
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    • pp.109-135
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the news report tendency and frame by three major Korean television networks(KBS, MBC, and SBS) in their news reports on issues involving their own interests and considering in social level. The three issues chosen for this study are 'advertising regulations for total amount', 'the reallocation of 700MHz spectrum' and 'raising TV license fee'(this issue applicable only to KBS). By using content analysis method, this study identified extremely weighted tendency toward themselves by the network television channels. They have used highly biased tone and sources to reinforce their private interests in news reports about the three controversial issues. In terms of story content, the news reports have used attribution of responsibility frame dominantly in 'advertising regulations for total amount' issue, whereas the moral frame was dominant in the other two issues.

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Kakao Deep Reading Index: Consumption Time as a Key Factor in News Curation Algorithm

  • Lee, Dongkwon;Kim, Daewon
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.13 no.10
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    • pp.4833-4848
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    • 2019
  • This paper introduces the structure and effects of Kakao's news curation algorithm, which is created based on the Deep Reading Index (DRI). The DRI examines the extent of deep reading through content reading time, that is, the duration of reader engagement with an article. Current news curation algorithms focus on reader choice, with the click-through rate or pageviews as the gauge for consumption frequency. DRI is a product of the challenge of introducing and adopting a new factor called 'consumption time' instead of 'frequency of consumption', which is the basis of existing curation algorithms. The analysis of DRI-based services proves that the new algorithm can act as a curation system that is more effective in providing in-depth and quality news reports.

An Analysis of Card News and Deconstructing News Values in Curated News Contents in the Digital Era

  • Hong, Seong Choul;Pae, Jung Kun
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.105-111
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    • 2017
  • This paper explores the characteristics of curated news content. With content analysis of 1020 news clips, the study found that news values immersed in card news differed from those of traditional news. Specifically, timeliness was not regarded as a key factor in newsworthiness. Rather, information and social impacts were highly emphasized. Considering news consumers depend on traditional news for timely news, curated news content was not a replacement for traditional news but a supplement. By refurbishing photos from previous news reports and googling the web for related information, curated news reiterates social meaning and provides relevant information. Furthermore, salience of human interest can be explained by entertaining characteristics of curated news. In story forms, the list technique has several important points to stress, and was more frequently used than inverted pyramids. Another key finding of this study is man-on-the street as the most quoted main sources in the curatorial context.

A Comparative Analysis of TV News Frame based on the Public Enterprise: The Korean Grand Canal Project (한반도 대운하 건설에 대한 방송뉴스 보도 분석)

  • Im, Yang-June
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.52
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    • pp.5-26
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    • 2010
  • This study explores how major Korean television evening news report, interpret and evaluate the Korean Grand Canal Project(KGCP). For this research, 488 news clips regarding the KGCP are selected among the MBC, KBS and SBS daily evening news. As a result, the findings are as follows: First, the ratios of analyzing reports for MBC, brief reports for KBS, and straight news for SBS are outstanding. At the same time, the three news companies show that they are against the KGCP through the reporting attitudes. However, the most frequently broadcasted news frames is the authoritative political execution for both MBC and KBS, and the political agenda for SBS news respectively. In terms of the most frequently interviewed group for all three news is the government and ruling Grand National Party; they are the most favor of the authoritative political executions and the political agenda news frames. However, the NGO groups and the opposition parties which are against the KGCP support "Process" in terms of the frames activity. Finally, MBC speaks out the frame activity of "Process", supporting the political opposition parties and NGO groups. On the country, both KBS and SBS speak up the government and ruling party, supporting the KGCP, stressing frame activity of "Aspiration". This it concludes that both KBS and SBS are short of the social responsibilities as a social media mediator for the social disputes between the government and the NGO groups, including opposition parties.

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A semantic network analysis of news reports on an emerging infectious disease by multidrug-resistant microorganism (언어 네트워크 분석을 이용한 신종 감염병 보도 분석: 다제내성균 보도 사례를 중심으로)

  • Park, Kisoo;Lee, Guiohk;Choi, Myung-Il
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.343-351
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    • 2014
  • The present study performed semantic network analysis of the keywords in the headlines of newspapers to investigate the media coverage of the multidrug-resistant microorganisms(MDROs) which is resistant to antibiotics. For this purpose, 229 news stories on MDROs in 28 newspapers from June 1, 2010 to December 31, 2011 were analyzed. The news stories were gathered from the Korea Press Foundation's news database, KINDS (www.kinds.or.kr) and websites of Korean newspapers. The analysis of the keywords revealed 'superbacteria' appeared most frequently (n=155) followed by 'infection' (n=63) which arouses fear among readers. While network was structured with the keywords such as 'domestic', 'multidrug-resistant microorganisms', 'first', 'antibiotics', 'outbreak' and 'infection', the keywords such as 'MDROs related stocks', 'medical staff', and 'safety' were on the periphery of the network.

Fake News Detection for Korean News Using Text Mining and Machine Learning Techniques (텍스트 마이닝과 기계 학습을 이용한 국내 가짜뉴스 예측)

  • Yun, Tae-Uk;Ahn, Hyunchul
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.19-32
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    • 2018
  • Fake news is defined as the news articles that are intentionally and verifiably false, and could mislead readers. Spread of fake news may provoke anxiety, chaos, fear, or irrational decisions of the public. Thus, detecting fake news and preventing its spread has become very important issue in our society. However, due to the huge amount of fake news produced every day, it is almost impossible to identify it by a human. Under this context, researchers have tried to develop automated fake news detection method using Artificial Intelligence techniques over the past years. But, unfortunately, there have been no prior studies proposed an automated fake news detection method for Korean news. In this study, we aim to detect Korean fake news using text mining and machine learning techniques. Our proposed method consists of two steps. In the first step, the news contents to be analyzed is convert to quantified values using various text mining techniques (Topic Modeling, TF-IDF, and so on). After that, in step 2, classifiers are trained using the values produced in step 1. As the classifiers, machine learning techniques such as multiple discriminant analysis, case based reasoning, artificial neural networks, and support vector machine can be applied. To validate the effectiveness of the proposed method, we collected 200 Korean news from Seoul National University's FactCheck (http://factcheck.snu.ac.kr). which provides with detailed analysis reports from about 20 media outlets and links to source documents for each case. Using this dataset, we will identify which text features are important as well as which classifiers are effective in detecting Korean fake news.

The Effects of Suicide Ideation on Suicide Reports of Mass Media and Social Support in College Students (대중매체의 자살보도 및 사회적 지지가 대학생의 자살생각에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Su-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.133-142
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of suicide reports by mass media and social support on suicide ideation for college students. Methods: Participants are 350 undergraduate students in one university. This study uses three questionnaires: Perception and Attitude toward Suicide Reports, Social Support, and Suicidal Ideation. The SPSS/WIN 12.0 program is used to analyze the data. In particular, the participants' biographical data are analyzed into frequency and percentage. The degrees of suicide reports, social support, and suicide ideation are calculated into Mean and SD. Moreover, the suicide ideation by suicide report and social support are analyzed by the two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results: This study reveals that college students have an average of 30 minutes to one hour news time a day (38.9%) and have at least one suicide report in a month (30.3%). 79.7% participants believe that the suicide report of mass media results in the cause of the copycat suicide. In terms of suicide report and suicide ideation, the types of mass media (F (4,340)=2.41, p<.05) and suicidal urge (F (1,340)=31.23, p<.01), respectively, have significant influences on suicide ideation. On the other hand, the social support and suicide ideation, whether college students have their mentors (F (1,328)=13.26, p<.001) and/or careres (F (1,328)=26.84, p<.001) have significant influences on suicide ideation. Conclusion: College students have higher suicide ideation at news by internet site rather than by radio, TV, and so on. Moreover, college students who have a suicide feeling in the last one year, have more suicide ideation than who have not. On the other hand, college students who have a mentor and carer tend to have less suicide ideation.

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한국 열관리사 협회보-제73호

  • The Korea Heat Energy Engineers Association Reports
    • The Korea Energy Engineers Association Reports
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    • no.73
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    • pp.1-20
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    • 2008
  • 창간 6주년 축사/지부소식/포토뉴스/Company-(주)수국/뒤돌아본 열관리사협회보 6년/Pwople-송기정 서울지부장/'2008년 한국열관리사협회 교육프로그램 안내"/2008년도 법정교육일정/보일러 조종자 특별교육 안내/2008년도 보일러조종자 특별교육 안내/2008년도 자격 검정일정 안내/mocie news/What's up/Boiler Q&A

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