• Title, Summary, Keyword: News Framing

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News Analysis of the Fukushima Accident: Lack of Information Disclosure, Radiation Fears and Accountability Issues

  • Lazic, Dragana
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.19-34
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    • 2013
  • Previous research assessed media reporting on nuclear accidents and risks, whilst studies about the Fukushima accident focused on the impact of the Internet on coverage of the incident. However, little research has addressed news framing or comparisons of the perceptions of journalists in relation to reporting nuclear accidents. The aim of this study is to apply framing analysis to news content in The New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, and USA Today about the Fukushima accident. It explores the question of how journalists view reporting on complex events. Content analysis of these three newspapers shows that conflict, responsibility, and economic consequences were the most frequently used frames. According to the journalists interviewed, the biggest problem was the inability to assess information due to contrary positions held by experts. It is argued that the Fukushima accident was framed as a conflict of experts and officials' opinions, utility and government officials' responsibility, and economic consequences for the United States. Adherence to professional norms of objectivity and impartiality was signified as the best approaches to risk reporting.

An Analysis of the Relationship between the Level of Elaboration Likelihood and the News Framing Effects (수용자의 인지정교화 가능성 수준이 프레이밍 효과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Ha-Yong;Je, Bang-Hoon
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.46
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    • pp.75-107
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    • 2009
  • Nevertheless reported the same events, news audience have diverse sense of sights and opinions about the events because of the different news frames. This notion was repeatedly evi nnced by several framing studies. This pa wa tried to analyse an interacting relationship between viewer’s level of elaboration likelihood and the effects of the news frames. This pa wa sfrrted with a discussion about the framing effects, then compared them with Elaboration Likelihood Ms notraming effely. And this study conducted an ex waiment selecting indivi ual dispngitions (involvement and cognitive complexity) and message characteristics(number of cues and arguments) as intermediating variables on the message framing effects. This study found out that, the more involvement about the issues the viewers had, the more their thoughts coincided with the issue's frame. On the other hand, when the viewers had low involvement about the issues and cognitive complexity, the framing effects were not found because they processed the messages through the peripheral route. Although the viewers' cognitive complexity was a factor in choosing the central route, but it was not directly connected to the framing effect. Both the number of cues and argument diversity in the messages had positive relationships with the framing effects.

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A Review of Media Framing on the Discourse of Safety Accidents Occurring during Outdoor Educational Activities : Focusing on the Press Release Example of Marine Corp Camp (야외교육활동 안전사고 담론에 관한 미디어 프레이밍 고찰 : 사설해병대 캠프사고 보도 사례를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Woo-Jin;Lim, Tae-seoung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.726-738
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    • 2016
  • This study selected the Marine Corps camp accident in 2013 as its subject and analyzed it in order to explore the relevance of media framing on discourse on the safety of outdoor experience activities. Data were collected from search sites provided by news coverage data from March 26, 2010 when the sinking of the South Korean Navy corvette Cheonan occurred in South Korea, which had seen a surge in Marine Corps experience camps, to July 21, 2013, a few days after the Marine Corps camp accident. Data about a total of 211 cases 138 cases before the Marine Corps camp accident, and 73 cases after the accident were inductively analyzed. According to the results, news coverages on the Marine Corps camp were largely divided into positive framing that glamorized outdoor experience activities before the accident and negative framing after the accident. To put it concretely, the framing before the accident tended to glamorize outdoor experience activity as the best educational program which helped the participants to enhance their patience and sense of independence through boot camp experience, thereby increasing their self-esteem and arousing their cooperative spirit as members of society. However, after the accident media framing tended to publicize insensitivity to safety. The media framing characterized by dualistic coverage is considered to be an obstacle to the spread of safety culture, which is required in South Korean society. Therefore, media need to maintain more cool-headed and objective attitudes when reporting news.

The Role of Evaluative Language in News Translation : Focusing on Soft and Hard News

  • Ban, Hyun;Noh, Bokyung
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.65-71
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    • 2018
  • In the digital era, news consumption is not confined in geological boundaries. Technological advances bring the instant dissemination of news into life and allow news audience to consume events that occur far away almost in real time. The transmission has blurred the boundary between traditional media and new media, and the one between physical and virtual world. That is, what if a journalist applies news framing to the news translation process? This paper aims to investigate the gap between the ST and the TT created when the source news texts undergo a translation process. To achieve this aim, the appraisal theory developed by White (2003) is employed to identify a difference between the ST and the TT. Furthermore, we have attempted to identify differences between soft news stories and hard news stories while the STs from both news stories are translated into the TTs. Two time-sensitive events, Hugh Grant's marriage and a U.S. and North Korea summit, were selected. The former (a soft news story) is extracted from the Telegraph and the latter (a hard news story) is from the Washington post. As a result, it was found that such strategies as attitude, engagement, and judgment were used when the source news texts from the hard news story are translated into the target news texts. Under the appraisal theory, the strategies involve evaluative language which refers to positive or negative language that judges the worth of entities. In general, it is said that a journalist frames the SS (especially from the hard news story) to convey his ideology to news consumers. Hypothetically, we assume that a similar framing process takes place in deriving the TT from the SS of the hard news story. Thus, we could conclude that the TT from the hard news story differs from the TT from the soft news story and that the difference can be explained within the framework of White's appraisal theory.

Examining News Report Research Trends Using Keyword Network Analyses (국내 뉴스 보도 연구 동향에 관한 주제어 연결망 분석)

  • Cho, Yiyoung;Ahn, Dohyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.278-291
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    • 2016
  • This study examined research trends via network analyses of keywords appeared in academic research articles about news reports in South Korea during the last 10 years from 2006 to 2015. Keyword network analyses of 4410 keywords from 1108 articles suggested that framing, agenda setting, third-person effect, selective exposure, and uses and gratification were main theories but most studies used framing theory. Research areas included news reports on politics, economics, science, world issues, or tour. However, research on news reports covering culture, sports or daily life were not identified. In terms of media, research on both traditional and emerging media were ample. Research on broadcasting new, online news, and social media were frequently observed.

The Interaction Effects between News Frames and Community Structure on Vote Choice (지역공동체 구조와 뉴스프레임이 투표행위에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Cheong-Yi
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.17
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    • pp.37-60
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    • 2001
  • This study attempted to demonstrate the interaction effects between attitudinal frames of nine daily newspapers and community structure in the 1994s Michigan gubernatorial election. It was theoretically guided by framing research and the self-presentation theory of social-cognition perspective and empirically tested with archival data. For the purpose of this study, content analysis of nine statewide daily newspapers was employed in order to provide data on news framing. Data on voting rates for John Engler, winner of the 1994 Michigan Gubernatorial election, in each county of Michigan were used for vote choice while Michigan census data were used for constructing an Index of community structural differentiation. The results indicated that majority compliance frames were slightly more related with vote choice in homogeneous com-unities rather than were majority compliance frames in heterogeneous communities while social identification frames tended to have an influence on vote choice in heterogeneous communities more than did social identification frames in homogeneous communities.

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The Effects of Media Framing and Image Restoration Strategies on the Public's Crisis Perceptions (언론 프레이밍과 이미지 회복 전략이 공중의 위기 인식에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Eun-Hae;Kim, Yung-Wook
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.38
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    • pp.73-118
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this research is to figure out the effects of media framing and image restoration strategies on the public's crisis perceptions. The literature review revealed that the public perceives crises through the media lens and image restoration strategies heralded by the organization interact with media frames in the process of the public's perceiving the crisis. The news content analysis and the experiment were conducted to accomplish the research purpose. Also food-related crises were selected for a research case because they have a great impact on the society. The content analysis showed that image restoration strategies designed by the crisis organization tend to be conveyed through anecdote-type news frames. Most image restoration strategies were close to defensive communications and not differentiated by the crisis type. The experiment outcomes demonstrated that the organization's image restoration strategies were not consistent with what the public preferred in the crisis situation. Such public perceptions also were changed according to media frames. Media frames and image restoration strategies have an interaction effect on the public's crisis perception.

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An Analysis of News Trends for Libraries in Korea: Based on 1990~2018 News Big Data (도서관에 대한 언론 보도 경향: 1990~2018 뉴스 빅데이터 분석)

  • Han, Seunghee
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.7-36
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    • 2019
  • In this study, quantitative and content analysis was conducted on 37,818 news articles that were reported on the subject of 'library' for 29 years from 1990 to 2018 in order to analyze the tendency of media coverage about 'library'. First, the quantitative change in media coverage was analyzed according to the criteria by time, subject and media type. In addition, keyword frequency analysis and semantic network analysis were conducted to analyze the trends of the contents of the press and the frames inherent in the press. The results showed that the media showed a major interest in the library's informational, educational, and cultural functions, and the trend of the subject's interest was generally consistent with that of the library community, except for the issue of librarianship. Lastly, the main attitudes that the media take toward the reporting of library articles were the reporting and advertising functions.

A Comparative Analysis over News Framing of the Abolition of the Family Headship (Hoju) System: Examining Three Major Korean Dailies: Chosun, Kukmin, Hankyoreh (호주제 폐지에 대한 뉴스 프레이밍 비교 연구: 조선일보, 국민일보, 한겨레신문을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Min-Kyu;Kim, Su-Jeong
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.34
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    • pp.132-160
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    • 2006
  • The main purpose of this study is based on the comparative analysis over news framing of the family headship(Hoju) abolition in Korean society. This study examined the newspaper articles involving the Hoju abolition, which had been printed on the three major dailies, Chosun, Kukmin, Hankyoreh through February of 1990 to July of 2005. First, the news articles were analyzed and classified on the basis of their lengths, news types, main characters, news framing and systematic framing. Second, the articles that this study looked into were divided into the five major periods when the issue of the Hoju abolition in Korean society surfaced as a main social agenda to be discussed. Third, the main differences between the noticeable frame and unnoticeable frame in each period were analyzed through the three different perspectives which can also can be sub-divided into the six different attributes. This study found that the Hoju abolition as an attribute had developed into political, legal and social fields. The analysis of the research shows that the articles related to the patriarchy abolition showed more dominant frame which reflected the social change or the general tendency of the times. However, the analysis indicates that the articles in the level of an attribute included more dominant frame which mirrored a male chauvinism society. It also points out that the articles contained more dominant frame which was be used as a standard to find out the readers' political inclination. The articles also showed the dominant frame which included the revision and legal process of family laws before presidential or general election campaigns. The study also found that there were major differences among the three dailies. First of all, Chosun, regarded the Hoju as a custom by stressing that 'it is necessary to keep Hoju system to intensify the role and crisis of family if the Hoju will be abolished'. However, Hankyoreh recognized the issue as an important one to improve feminism and female rights by maintaining that 'it is the time to balance the inequality out between men and women with the abolition of patriarchy'. Finally, Kukmin treated the issue as an first step to acknowledge the dignity of females by emphasizing that 'a revision of the law is essential to accept the changing ethics of the times'.

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An Analysis of the 9.11 Terror Attack News Reports on the Daily Newspapers in the U.S., Korea, and China (미국, 한국, 중국 일간지의 '9.11 테러' 뉴스보도 비교분석)

  • Yu, Sae-Kyung;Kim, Mi-Ra
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.18
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    • pp.165-198
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    • 2002
  • By comparing and analyzing the September 11 terror attack news reports on the daily papers in the U.S., Korea, and China, this research found that national ideology and international relationship concerned have affected news report frames about international dispute matters. Both quantitative and qualitative researches identify differences in news framing. For example, after the September 11 terror attack, the most pages of the USs The New York Times and Korean Chosunilbo were covered with related articles(382 and 192 reports, respectively), whereas Chinese Inminilbo cur down to only 32 reports about the issue. Also in content, both The New York Times and Chosunilbo viewed the September 11 terror attack as evil acts which threatened world peace and justified military action against Afghanistan as inevitable revenge and justice for such evil acts, in the point of the USs official view. However, Inminilbo gave out news only based on facts in a neutral viewpoint. Moreover, regarding American military intervention, the Chinese newspapers held very different news frame from the other two by describing considerable sacrifice and pain of innocent people of Afghanistan seriously. For the story composition, daily newspapers in all three countries took the same way to report focusing on specific events with episodes.

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