• Title, Summary, Keyword: Needs

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Needs Fulfillment Management of Institutional Households (공공가정의 욕구충족관리에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Sun-Woo;Kim, Ran-Do
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.43 no.12
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    • pp.43-59
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    • 2005
  • Needs fulfillment is one of the most critical concepts in defining and managing an Institutional Household (IH). Though most major studies in the field have emphasized the importance of needs fulfillment, few studies have focused on the concrete concept and/or strategy for needs fulfillment. This study delved into elaborated concepts and management strategies for needs fulfillment in IH. First, the paper redefined the concept of customers' needs for IH by contrasting the basic needs as a human being with those provided by the family and the employees' needs within IH. The paper dimensionalized the needs and matched them with specific management aspects of IH. Based on the refined concepts of needs, the second part of the paper dealt with the management strategies for needs fulfillment in IH. Needs fulfillment management strategies were discussed in three aspects: needs assessment, needs fulfillment program performance, and program evaluation. Finally, the authors discussed how needs fulfillment management discussed in this paper could be applied to the curriculum development for educating and licensing IH Managers.

A Study on the Nursing Needs of Parents with Hospitalized Child (소아과에 단기 입원한 환아 부모의 간호 요구도 조사)

  • Yoo, Kyung-Hee;Kim, Ae-Ja
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.323-332
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    • 2001
  • This study was to investigate the level of nursing needs of parents who have hospitalized child. The subjects for this study were 70 parents who have hospitalized child at pediatric ward in S University Hospital, and the period of data collection was from June 5, 2000 to July 15, 2000. The research instruments used in this study was the Nursing Needs Scale and the cronbach's $\alpha$ of this scale was .92. This instrument had four dimensions : physical nursing needs, therapeutic nursing needs, emotional nursing needs and educational nursing needs. In data analysis, SPSSWIN 10.0 program was used for descriptive statistics. The results were as follows. 1) The range of nursing needs scores was from 104 to 156 and the mean score of the nursing needs was 132.64. 2) The mean score of the therapeutic nursing needs dimension was the most with 3.56 compared to emotional nursing needs(3.25), educational nursing needs(3.25), physical nursing needs(3.14). 3) There was a significant difference in nursing needs of parents according to the level of child's physical function(F=3.39, p<.05). 4) There was a significant correlation between nursing needs and child's physical function(r=-.262, p<.05).

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Types of Lexicographical Information Needs and their Relevance for Information Science

  • Bergenholtz, Henning;Agerbo, Heidi
    • Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.15-30
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    • 2017
  • In some situations, you need information in order to solve a problem that has occurred. In information science, user needs are often described through very specific examples rather than through a classification of situation types in which information needs occur. Furthermore, information science often describes general human needs, typically with a reference to Maslow's classification of needs (1954), instead of actual information needs. Lexicography has also focused on information needs, but has developed a more abstract classification of types of information needs, though (until more recent research into lexicographical functions) with a particular interest in linguistic uncertainties and the lack of knowledge and skills in relation to one or several languages. In this article, we suggest a classification of information needs in which a tripartition has been made according to the different types of situations: communicative needs, cognitive needs, and operative needs. This is a classification that is relevant and useful in general in our modern information society and therefore also relevant for information science, including lexicography.

Comparison of Factors Affecting Perceived and Objective Dental Needs

  • Ahn, Eunsuk;Han, Ji-Hyoung;Kim, Ki-Eun
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.147-153
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    • 2019
  • Background: With increased interest in oral health, several efforts have been made to improve oral health conditions. To achieve this, needs for oral health must be precisely determined and accurately measured. Therefore, factors influencing both objective unmet dental needs, which were determined by experts, and perceived unmet dental needs, which were determined by patients, were examined in this study. Methods: Responses of 17,735 respondents aged greater than 19 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey collected using the fifth (2010~2012) rotation sample survey were analyzed. Based on the information collected from the survey and dental examination, we determined the associations between the independent (sex and socioeconomic level) and dependent variables using a chi-squared test. Moreover, ordinal logistic regression analyses on multiple categorical values were performed using perceived and objective dental needs as the dependent variables. Results: Generally, factors influencing both perceived and objective dental needs were similar. These included sex, household income, educational level, private insurance, and subjective oral health status. However, the high-income groups had lesser perceived and objective dental needs compared to the low-income groups. Furthermore, factors such as sex, educational level, and marital status had different influence on both needs. Conclusion: Generally, factors that affect perceived and objective dental needs were similar. To minimize unmet dental needs, factors influencing both perceived and objective dental needs should be examined for a broad dental insurance coverage, and efforts to prevent oral diseases are also required.

Needs of Hospice Care in Families of the Hospitalized Terminal Patients with Cancer (입원한 말기 암환자 가족의 호스피스 요구)

  • Sohn, Sue-Kyung
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the needs of hospice care in families of the hospitalized patients with terminal cancer. Method: The data were collected from April to July, 2008. The participants were 100 family caregivers of hospitalized terminal patients with cancer recruited from two general hospitals in 2 cities in Korea. Needs of hospice care were measured using the 'Needs Assessment Instrument for Hospice Care in Families of the Patients with Cancer'. Results: The mean of needs score was 76.6, which meant degree of the needs was very high. Among the categories of the needs, the mean of category 'emotional care' was the highest. There were significant differences in the needs of hospice care according to sex and type of present therapy. Conclusion: Health care providers in hospital and hospice facilities must assess the needs of families as well as the patients in order to meet their specific needs. Additionally, they need to have deeper understanding of the need of emotional care and to apply emotional care to hopice patients and their families.

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Factor Analysis of the Seriously-ill Patient인s Family Needs (중환자 가족의 요구 요인 분석 연구)

  • 권성복;이미라
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.122-136
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    • 1987
  • A group of studies revealed that family members of the seriously ill patient had some needs during the period of patient's hospitalization. Needs of the seriously-ill patient family could be classified into three aspect, i. e. needs on the prognosis of patient, needs on the well-being of family members themselves and needs on hospital environment. Several instrument were developed to measure the needs of the seriously ill patient, but their content tended to overemphasize the aspect of the prognosis of patient. The purpose of this study was to develop a new instrument to measure the needs in the aspect of the seriously ill patient's family themselves in details to increase the cummulative Percentage of the scale. Subjects were 134 family members of the seriously-ill patients, who were bung cared in ICU of seven university hospitals and data were collected from march 16, 1987 to April 11, 1987. The instrument used in this study was made by the author on the basis of results of literature review. Content valitity of the instrument was tested by a professor majoring in nursing and reliability by calculation of Cronbach's α with data of the respondents. Data was analyzed as follows, using SAS, computer system. Factor structures of the seriously ill patients' family needs were elicited by factor analysis. The programme was the Principal Component Factor Analysis Method of factoring employing Varimax Orthogonal Rotation. The influences of the demographic variables on the degree of the seriously-ill patients' family need were analyzed by t-test and P-test. Results were as follows. 1. Needs of the seriously-ill patients' family elicited and their cummulative percentage were: Needs to be supported emotionally, 29.2% Needs to be informed on facilities available, 9.6% Needs to be informed on the patient's prognosis, 7.7%. Needs to be supported spiritually, 5.1%. Needs to be informed on hospital environment, 4.2%. Needs to be helped to spare time, 3.9%. Needs to be informed on their role, 3.5%. Needs to be present near patient, 3.3%. 2. Educational background was found to influence on some factors. College-graduate group had higher Bevel of needs to be . informed on facilities available to be informed on the patient's prognosis, needs to be supported spiritually, needs to be helped to spare time, needs to be informed on their role than high school graduate group. 3. Among the parents, sons and daughters and the relative groups, the parents of the seriously ill patient had highest level of needs to be present near patient. Suggestions for further studies were as follows. 1. As the instruments used in the previous studies had high cummulative percentages in the aspect of the prognosis of patient and that in this study in the aspect of the prognosis of patient and that in this study in the aspect of the seriously ill patient's family themselves, development of a new instrument which combined the items of both of them is needed. 2. A study to clarify the influence of type and number of admission on need to be supported emotionally is needed.

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Home Care Nursing Needs of Welfare Solitude Elderly Person in Pusan City (부산시 생활보호대상 독거 노인의 가정간호 요구 조사)

  • 김기련
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.425-436
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to assess home health care needs for welfare of solitude elderly person. The subjects of this study were 90 welfare solitude elderly person in Pusan City. Data were obtained by interview and observation using a structured questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA with SAS program. The results are as follows. 1. Among the home care nursing needs, environmental nursing needs topped the list, followed by spiritual, physical, psychological, communication & health knowledge and ADL nursing needs. 2. Home care nursing needs showed a significant differences by the general characteristic of the respondents. .In the age, there were significant differences in physical and communication & health knowledge nursing needs. .In the religion, there were significant differences in spiritual nursing needs. .In the marital status, there were significant differences in environmental nursing needs. .In the nursing provider, there were singificant differences in ADL, environmental and communication & health knowledge nursing needs. .In the medical benefit, there were significant differences in ADL, environmental, physical and communication & health knowledge nursing needs. .In the disease, there were significant differences in ADL nursing needs.. .In the household maintenance, there were significant differences in environmental nursing needs.

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Factors Associated with the Types of Unmet Health Care Needs among the Elderly in Korea (우리나라 노인들의 미충족 의료 유형별 관련요인)

  • Choi, Hee-Young;Ryu, So-Yeon
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.65-79
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : This study aimed to investigate the types of unmet health care needs of the elderly and factors affecting them. Methods : This study used data from the 2012 Community Health Survey. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify the relevance between each type of unmet health care needs and predisposing, enabling, and needs factors, based on the cases without unmet health care needs. Results : Persons with unmet health care needs were 4,460 (9.5%) of the total sample. By types of unmet health care needs, 1,171 (2.5%), 1,026 (2.2%), and 2,263 (4.8%) persons reported inaccessibility, non-accommodativeness, and unaffordability respectively. It was concluded that the there were differences in the associated factors according to the types of unmet medical needs. Conclusions : It is suggested that unmet health care needs in the elderly should be examined from diverse angles rather than from a single aspect of partial limits. In particular, diverse types of unmet health care needs for health care in the elderly according to limited accommodation shoulder be examined. Finally, strategies to decrease unmet health care needs that reflect the associated factors should be developed.

Activities of Daily Living and Nursing Needs of the Elderly in Nursing Home (요양시설 노인의 간호요구도 및 일상생활 수행능력)

  • Kim, Kwuy-Bun;Lee, Hye-Kyung;Sok, So-Hyune R.
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The study was a survey study to identify the Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and nursing needs of the elderly in the nursing home and derive the fundamental data for offering the better quality of nursing service to them. Methods: The subjects were the 111 elderly aged over sixty five living in the nursing home located in Seoul. Measures were the nursing needs scale and ADL scale. The data were analyzed by SAS 11.0. Results: First, with regard to the nursing needs, the general need was scored average 3.0, and the emotional' social need was 3.7, and the physical need was 3.1, and the informational need was 2.7. Second, the ADL was scored at the average of 2.7, bathing 1.9,. eating 3.1. Third, In correlation between the nursing needs by area, the informational nursing needs showed the sheer correlation with the physical nursing needs, emotional' social nursing needs. The physical nursing needs showed the sheer correlation with the informational. social nursing needs, and the inverse correlation with the ADL. Conclusion: It is necessary that it should improve the service to meet the emotional and social nursing needs and develop the extensive nursing programs satisfying their desires based on the general traits of the elderly.

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The Comparison of the Perceived Needs between Patients with Cancer, their Caregivers, and Nurses According to the Cancer Patient,s Phases of Illness (질병단계에 따라 암환자, 돌보는 가족원, 간호사의 간호요구 지각 비교)

  • 양영희
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.787-795
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    • 1997
  • This descriptive study was conducted to ascertain whether the needs of patients with cancer, their caregivers and their nurses changed according to the illness phases and if the perceived needs of the three groups were different for three categories of nursing needs. At two hospitals in Seoul and Choongnam, three groups of subjects, -patients with cancer(79), caregivers(92), and nurses(72) - responded to a questionnaire consisting of items on educational need(11 items), physical need(8 items), emotional need(9 items) using a 4-point Likert scale. The patients and caregivers were selected according to the phase of the cancer (initial, intermediate or recurred, terminal phases). Finding revealed that the level of perception and degree of satisfaction of the needs were low, just around two points in patients and caregivers. Of the three categories of needs, physical needs were received the highest score and the degree of satisfaction of physical needs was also the highest. There was no significant difference between the level of perception and satisfaction of needs in patients and caregivers according to the phases of the illness and the degree of per reception and the satisfaction of the patients were not significantly different and caregivers showed the same result. There was a significant difference in the level of importance of the needs of nurses according to the phases of the cancer. They perceived emotional needs were the most important in first phase and second phase, physical needs in third phase and the educational needs were more important in the first phase than in any other phase. The degree of importance of needs was significantly lower than the degree to which needs were addressed, according to the nurses response. In a comparison of patient and caregiver's perceived degrees of need, and need satisfaction, and nurse's perceived degree of need provision, patient and caregiver scores were lower than the nurses.

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