• Title, Summary, Keyword: Need for Cognition

Search Result 185, Processing Time 0.03 seconds

The Effect of Individual Differences in Need for Affective and Cognitive on Health Advice in Virtual Reality (감성 욕구와 인지 욕구의 개인차가 가상현실의 건강 조언에 미치는 영향)

  • Yu, Sanghyeong;Jung, Yujin;Han, Kwanghee
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.77-90
    • /
    • 2019
  • In this study, we investigated which message provider is effective in a virtual reality (VR) environment for individuals with different needs with regard to affect (need for affect [NFA]) and cognition (need for cognition [NFC]). According to Haddock et al (2008), individuals with high NFA were more influenced to change their behavior by the emotional aspects of a message, whereas individuals with high NFC were more influenced by the cognitive aspects of the same message. We hypothesized that individual differences in needs could affect not only receipt of the message but also the acceptability of the message provider. For example, someone with high NFA might accept messages more easily from an acquaintance than from experts. In the VR environment, the appearance of the message provider could be manipulated in a way that makes him or her more familiar to the person receiving the message. Accordingly, in order to promote the effectiveness of message providers in a VR environment according to the individual difference in needs, we measured the level of the preference and self-efficacy according to needs (NFA or NFC), type of message provider (expert, significant other, or other), and VR device (text or VR). Contrary to what we expected, the results showed that there was no matching effect between the needs and the message provider. However, we found that level of preference and self-efficacy were significantly high when a VR device was worn only by participants with high NFA. This result suggests that a VR environment is more suitable for providing health advice to people with high NFA. In addition, the novelty of this study is that we tried to find the tailored message provider on health advice in VR environment and it is in the early stage of the research.

A Study of Educational Situation, Operation, and Cognition of Oriental Nursing (한방간호교육에 대한 실태조사)

  • Wang, Myoung-Ja;Kim, Jeong-Hwa;Kim, Yoon-Hee;Paik, Seung-Nam;Cha, Nam-Hyun;Kim, Jeong-Ah;Park, Jee-Won;Ahn, Ok-Hee;Choi, Hee-Chung
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.126-135
    • /
    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study is a descriptive investigation study to identify oriental nursing curricular data, situation, and cognition which are ongoing in our country's educational institutions. Method: Data were collected from a hundred and seventeen nursing institutions(sixty four of three-year course and fifty three of four-year course) after distributing fourteen questionnaires by mail and collecting them by phone and internet browsing from Mar. 2. 2003 to Nov. 11. 2003 to identify oriental nursing educational situation. Results: 1) Oriental related subjects included mostly oriental nursing, introduction of oriental nursing, and introduction of oriental medicine. The credits were mostly two credits for four-year course, however, there were similar number of three-year courses of schools opening with one credit(53.5%) and two credits(46.5%). 2) The educational purpose of oriental subject was for reasons of citizen's increasing concern to the oriental medicine, need of integration of east-west medicine, and method of own traditional treatment. 4) In the prospect of oriental nursing, opinion of needs of continuous education to develop the theory and practice was the most, and there was opinion of progress of oriental nursing in accordance with oriental medicine, while there was one of no need of education also. Conclusion: Accordingly, we suggest a development of a program for developmental oriental nursing education and practice such as professional oriental nursing course for nursing leaders and nurses. and need for aggressive studies on oriental nursing for paradigm shift. In addition, it is prospective that the development of oriental nursing theory and practice could be recognized as an internationally competitive one of our own nursing knowledge system in world nursing market.

  • PDF

A Study on the Evaluation System of Universal Design Space Environment using Weighted Values of Universal Design Principles (기본원칙의 중요도를 반영한 유니버설디자인 공간환경 평가체계)

  • Park, Cheong-Ho;Woo, Chang-Youn
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea
    • /
    • v.36 no.11
    • /
    • pp.85-92
    • /
    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to develop the evaluation system for the universal design space environment using weighted values as universal design principles for everyone. The basic principles for the universal design was drawn to equity, clarity, safety, convenience, and placement through focused group interview and arrangement of key words of precedent scholars' theories and the enacted ordinances. Then, a one-sample t-test was conducted for the various user and experts in the relevant fields to verify the suitability of the basic principles and components used as evaluation indicators. An analysis result of the AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) to experts, The basic principle is that equity and safety are important, and the evaluation indicators is shown as accessibility, safe, low physical effort, intuitive cognition, simplicity, crime prevention, continuity of space, compatibility of function, and exchange and participation. Based on the above results, it suggests the need to rethink the meaning of universal design in urban architectural spaces. In order to create and spread a space where all citizens can live safely and conveniently, it presents the need for awareness education for experts as well as the participation of various users in implementing universal design policies.

Study on the relationship between the flow experience art purchase intention when navigating World Wide Web (WWW 항해시의 Flow 경험과 구매의도와의 관계 연구)

  • 김병철
    • Proceedings of the Technology Innovation Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.296-327
    • /
    • 1999
  • Nowadays, there is a huge need of an extensive study to understand features and behavior modes of consumers who have an indefinite potential of purchase and to make EC a bullish market, Recently, the flow construct has been proposed as important for understanding consumer behavior on the cyber space. The purpose of this study is threefold. To investigate (1) the effect of the flow experience when navigating Internet shopping-mall sites and Internet on purchase intention and relational factors of this (2) the difference in the flow experiences between during the time of navigating Internet and during the time of navigating Internet shopping-mall sites. (3) the difference in purchase intention and relational factors of this between an experiential flow and a purposeful flow. The results show that (1) increase of the purchase intention on EC (or relational factors of this) in proportion to the degree of cognition of users' flow experience (2) By the separate motive of searching Internet shopping-mall sites, the flow experiences during the time of navigating Internet lead to different results (3) Although the difference in the purchase intention on EC between subjects is nonsignificant, it suggests that we need to focus on the fact that the correlation between the purchase intention on EC and the purposeful flow experience on Internet shopping-mall sites is greater than any other correlation. In the end of this study, The theoretical and practical implications of the study, limitations of the study, and future research implications are discussed.

  • PDF

Perception of paramedic students on core competence and methods of disaster response (응급구조학과 학생들의 재난대처핵심역량과 재난대처방법에 대한 인식)

  • Jung, Ji-Yeon
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.23-33
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose: To investigate the perception of paramedic students about core competence and methods of disaster response. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 210 paramedic students in Jeollado from March 2 to April 2, 2018. It comprised 57 questions on topics such as general characteristics (6), related experience (11), cognition of core competence (15), and knowledge of disaster response methods (25). Data were analyzed by means of a frequency analysis, a t-test, an ANOVA, and the Pearson's correlation coefficient using SPSS WIN 21.0. Results: The average score of the participants on disaster response core competence was 3.21. The statement "In case of a disaster, I know the duties of medical staff" scored the second highest, at 3.58, and "In the case of disaster, I can conduct the basic treatment" scored the highest ar 3.59. The average score for the disaster response methods was 3.31. Within the section, the statement "I know what I need to do in the case of burn patients" scored 3.59 and "I know what I need to do in the case of a cardiac arrest patient" scored the highest at 3.93. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop a training module considering the diverse types of disasters and a standardized education program for simulation similar to real-life situations.

Women's perceptions of physical deformation from aging and demand on postural correction wear (노화에 따른 여성의 신체변화 자각과 자세교정 기능성 의류 수요 특성)

  • Lee, Suyeon;Chun, Jongsuk
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
    • /
    • v.20 no.5
    • /
    • pp.725-735
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study investigated the demand for functional clothing that compensates for the physical deformation of women due to aging. For this, the degree of perception of physical deformation at the new silver generation was examined. The demand for functional clothing that corrects body shape and posture according to differences in age and degree of perception was analyzed. Study participants(n=138) were women who ranged from 55 to 65 in age. Perception of physical deformation was investigated in the categories of deformation of body posture, cognition of joint pain, and deformation of body shape. Analysis results showed that cognition of joint pain was the largest of the three elements of body deformation, and each element had a high correlation between each other. Perception for degree of body deformation for women in their 50's and 60's was similar. These results show that changes in posture or body shape occur severely from the late 50's, and this appears as joint pain. The group with a high perception of posture deformation showed an especially high demand for functional clothing that corrects body shape and posture. The group with a high perception of body shape deformation had high demand for functional clothing that corrects body shape by lifting the hips and the breasts, and making the abdomen and waist slimmer. The results of this study show that women of the new silver generation are attuned to deformations in body shape and posture as well as joint pain beginning in their mid-fifties. There is a need to develop functional clothing to correct posture and body shape for the new silver generation women.

The Effect of Animation on Comprehension and Interest (애니매이션이 이해와 흥미에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Sung-il;Whang, Sang-min;Barbara Tversky;Julie Morrison
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Cognitive Science Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.85-91
    • /
    • 2002
  • This study was conducted to investigate the interaction effects of various presentation types of graphics and the individual differences in need for cognition on comprehension, interestingness, and motivation. The depiction of the operation of a bicycle tire pump was presented in one of the following conditions, (a) simultaneous presentation, (b) successive presentation, (c) self-pace presentation, (d) animation. For younger students, animated graphics are rated more enjoyable and motivating only when they are low in NFC. If they are high in NFC, animated graphics are not more effective than static graphics in terms of comprehension, interest, and motivation. On the other hand, for older students, self-paced static graphics are more interesting and enjoyable than the animated graphics regardless of their NFC score. These results suggest that the animated graphics are not always beneficial for loaming and motivation.

  • PDF

The Cognition of Job Importance and Educational Needs according to Workers of the Disabled Residential Facilities(Small and Medium-sized Organization Organization) in Gyeonggi (경기지역 장애인거주시설 종사자(중소기관)의 직무 중요도와 교육 필요도 인식)

  • Shin, Jae-Eun;Song, Yun-Hee
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
    • /
    • v.7 no.4
    • /
    • pp.151-157
    • /
    • 2017
  • Recently, the expertise of workers in residential facilities for the disabled has been emphasized and the need for education has increased. Therefore, this study analyzed cognition of job importance and educational needs according to workers of the disabled residential. Data were collected from 162 workers of the residential facilities for the disabled in Gyeonggi and were analyzed using t-test and IPA analysis. As results of this study, case management practice (basic), case management practice (advanced), life support for disabled persons (basic), program development (basic), business planning and evaluation (basic), business planning and evaluation (advanced) were both job importance and education needs high. The results of this study can be used as a basic reference for the direction of the education system of the residents of the disabled.

A Study on the Monitoring Evaluation of Elementary School Complex Facilities - Focusing on Elementary Schools in Seoul - (초등학교 복합화시설 모니터링 평가연구 - 서울시 초등학교를 중심으로 -)

  • Mok, Jeong-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
    • /
    • v.16 no.5
    • /
    • pp.3-10
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to provide an remodification method for elementary school complex facilities in Seoul Metropolitan city. This study analyzes the questionnaire survey for 568 entire elementary schools and the questionnaire survey for school facility complex project operated 44 elementary schools. Then the result of this study was deduced from the comparison between the 568 entire survey data and 44 survey data in terms of the cognition of school facility complex project, the required type of facility and the problems of complex facility maintenance and operation. Four major findings were revealed as the result of research. First, there is a very high agreement with the school facility complex projects. Second, it was need that the process of planning and design was remodified to enhance participation of parents of students and local residents for selecting an appropriate complex facility. Third, education environment and student safety should be protected from any other school facility complex environments. Fourth, an agreement and regulation is needed for more effective maintenance and operation of school complex facilities.

A Study on a Plan for Adaptation according to the Change of a Bodyguard's Social Cognition (경호직 근무자의 업무능력 증대방안에 관한 고찰)

  • Kim, Chang-Ho
    • Korean Security Journal
    • /
    • no.8
    • /
    • pp.65-83
    • /
    • 2004
  • In modern society, the enterprises or the public organization have devised consistent means and methods with keen competition in high intelligence, high specialization and high competition for surviving in the struggle for existence. In the rapidly changing modern society like that, guard services are not free any more in the simple business. It will be survived only with consistent self-development and various abilities. Recently, it is on a trend that the enterprise including venture business requires the man of ability having many-sided thought, knowledge and capacity. That is, the era of a man with multi-function has come. The guards engaged in their present posts have to make efforts self-development consistently. And they have to work for self-development with theoretical knowledge acquirement about the expert knowledge escaping from simple function and business. The constitution including universities that train the guard should not adjust to the demand of quantitative manpower required in the enterprise organization with the training of the guard with simple functions only. It needs settlement as a curriculum with technology like ideology and knowledge breaking from short curriculum centered on function only in order to come to stay the recognition about guard services as expert services that the industrial society requires. The education centered on simple function should be replaced in the use of a high school, private academy and special guard institution. In addition, it requires a quality as the auxiliary, division, decision-making and spokesman according to the business role. Also, it requires the martial arts capacity, the communicative capacity, the sports or reports capacity, the guard driving capacity, the policy and assistant capacity and the information and analysis capacity, etc in individual. Lastly, it need each guard's change of cognition most of all. As part of the guard's adaptive plan according to the social change, it was enumerated like the mentioned above. It is important for the guard to prepare for the change of era and to build up quality and capacity before anything else.

  • PDF