• Title, Summary, Keyword: Need for Cognition

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Attitudes and Performance of Workers Preparing for the Fourth Industrial Revolution

  • Hahm, SangWoo
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.12 no.8
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    • pp.4038-4056
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    • 2018
  • Recently, the most frequently studied topics related to the fourth industrial revolution (FIR) are Big data, AI, Cloud Computing and Internet of Things- these four components are collectively known as the main components of the FIR (henceforth MCs). The MCs have a wide range of effects on workers' performance. As such it is imperative that these components are properly understood. This understanding will lead to a proper recognition of the attitudes that workers need to adopt to the MCs. Specifically, the attitudes of workers to several variables need to be examined, including importance, intention to use, belief in improvement, efficacy to use, and negative cognition. Each of these variables plays a role in determining how worker's performance in the FIR era will change. The performance-related variables such as self-efficacy, expectations, and acceptance of change are also crucial. These variables are related to creation of new opportunities, and can greatly influence performance in the FIR era. This study explains how specific attitudes to MCs improve performance-related factors for FIR. The adoption of these attitudes will ultimately lead to more successful adaption to the FIR era.

Correlation between ACLT and FIM, MMSE-K, and MFT in Stroke Patients (뇌졸중 환각에서 알렌인지수준과 일상생활활동, 인지기능 및 상지기능의 상관관계)

  • Lee, Sang-Heon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.9
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    • pp.287-294
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this research is to test the relationship between ACLT(Allen Cognitive Level Test) and FIM(Functional Independence Measure), MMSE-K(Mini-Mental State Examination), and MFT(Manual Function Test). 38 elderly persons with stroke were recruited. Pearson Correlation Coefficients is used for correlation test. There is statistically significant correlation between ACLT and FIM, MMSE-K, and MFT(p<.05). This results identified the relationship between cognitive function and activities of daily living, indicated the usability of ACLT as a cognition assessment tool and the need of research for it's application in stroke patients.

Investigation on Media Literacy of China Government Officials: Under the View of Public Opinion Guidance

  • Yang, Ting;Seo, Sangho
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.10-17
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    • 2018
  • China media environment has drastically changed leading to the an inevitable change of public opinion ecology. Empirical studies have focused less on public opinion guidance, which forms an important component of the government officials' media literacy. This study applied quantitative method in the investigation of media literacy in China. Ideally, media literacy is measured from media cognition, media contact, media usage under the view of public opinion guidance. The findings reveal that the existing problem on 1) incorrect media cognition and public opinion guidance; 2) insufficient contact of personal social media 3) improper tendencies in the use of media to guide the public opinion, especially, on confidential information. Consequently, in order to improve media literacy in China government officials, enhancement of their basic knowledge on news diffusion and public opinion is necessary. Secondly, to effectively deal with "agenda settings", it is important for the government to consider the provision of valuable information and platforms to effectively spread information. So they need to learn how to personally and officially use social media platforms such as Weiboa and Wechat. This ensures they have maximized their potential to acquire valuable information and spread them on valuable platforms. Thirdly, government officials should be able to analyze and understand public opinion trends for official and personal use. Finally, they should understand the development of public opinion and the how online public opinion laws are formed and the target group.

The Effect of Group Validation Therapy(V/T) in the Elderly with Dementia (집단인정치료(Group validation therapy)가 치매노인에게 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Chang, Woo-Shim
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.1023-1039
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a group validation therapy(V/T) which could be implemented for the elderly with dementia in nursing home, and to evaluate the effectiveness of the program on cognition, ADL(Activity of Daily Living), depression, problematic behavior and QOL(Quality of Life). Subjects were recruited from 4 nursing homes in D city. The sample comprised forty elderly with dementia, capable of verbal communication. Each twenty were in an experimental and control groups. However, four elders with dementia dropped out in experimental and control groups due to personal affairs. Experimental group completed twelve consecutive group validation therapy sessions that combined centering, asking factual questions, rephrasing, identifying and using the preferred sense, asking the extreme, imagining the opposite, reminiscing, touching, maintaining eye contact and a caring tone of voice, observing, matching and expressing the emotion with emotion, using ambiguity, linking behavior with a basic human need, using music and mirroring techniques. Following the intervention, experimental group experienced a significant improvement in cognition, ADL, depression, and QOL. But it is a nonsignificant in problematic behavior on statistically. As a result, a group validation therapy should be applied as an effective and practical psychosocial intervention for the elderly with dementia.

Study of the Relationship between Impulsive Internet Shopping Tendency and Personality (인터넷 쇼핑 충동구매성향과 개인성향의 관계 연구)

  • Yang, Moonhee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.710-719
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    • 2016
  • Impulsive buying has been considered as one of the major negative shopping behavior. Indeed, it happened more easily in the Internet shopping area. This study attempted to examine the influence of personality on the compulsive buying tendency of college students who are actively shopping clothing and apparels through Internet. The results of the current study showed that there are four types of compulsive buying tendency such as 'diversion', 'no-plan', 'buyer/ product-stimuli' and 'promotion-stimuli.' It seemed that personality such as sensation seeking, need-for cognition, self-esteem, and face-consciousness had influence on the impulsive buying tendency. More specifically, people with low self-esteem and high face-consciousness tend to have more impulsive buying tendency. The relationship between each of the impulsive buying tendency and personality had been discussed.

University Students' Cognitive Adaptation types in The Traditional Korean Education Based on the Grounded Theory (근거 이론(Grounded theory)에 따른 한국 전통 교육에 대한 인식 고찰)

  • Kim, Min-Jung;Kim, Dae-Ho
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.105-111
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This is the study about the experiences of university students in traditional Korean education. Methods and process: This study was based on the grounded theory method(Strauss & Corbin, 1998). Interviews and observations were conducted with 20 adults who were thought by the researcher as the teacher. They are 21 or 33 years old. This paper had conducted during 14 weeks, Results: The core category of this study is 'university students' adaptation and overcome the conflicts in the every situation. Based on the core category, three types of students' experiences were found. Three types of students are 'negative-cognition', 'positive-cognition', 'indifference'. Conclusions: For making globalizational period, we need the teachers who can understand the traditional Korea education. And we have to change them.

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The Cognition Level on Patient Safety and Safe Nursing Activities According to Nurse-patient Ratios (간호관리료 등급별 환자안전 및 안전간호활동 인식 비교)

  • Nam, Mun Hee;Choi, Sook Hee
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Nursing Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.138-149
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The objective of this research was to explore levels of patient safety and safe nursing activities depending on the level of nurse staffing, in order to provide effective management of nurse personnel. Methods: The research was conducted with 455 nurses from eight hospitals in B city. Data were collected according to the level of nurse personnel from second (nurse vs. patient ratio of 2.0-2.5) to fifth (ratio of 3.5-4.0) rank. The survey tools were, 'Questionnaire on Patient Safety, a Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture developed by AHRQ (2007), and 'Questionnaire on Patient Safety Nursing Act, in which the questions were selected from nursing-related items (Medication 6 & Safety Nursing Assurance Act 4) in the Safety Evaluation developed by Evaluation Institute of Medical Institution. Data were analyzed with SPSS PC 12.0 program using descriptive statistics, $x^2$ test, ANCOVA and $Scheff{\grave{e}}$. Results: The nurses' overall cognition level on patient safety and safe nursing activities showed that nurses who are in the second and third rank had higher scores than those in lower ranks. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that hospitals need a higher ratio level for nurse personnel in order to assure patient safety and safe nursing activities.

Effective directional signs for the clear cognition of directions -2-D expression of directional sighs in 3-D spaces (효과적 방향인지를 위한 유도사인에 관한 연구 -3차원 공간에서의 2차원적 방향표식을 중심으로)

  • 심은미;백진경
    • Archives of design research
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2003
  • At public spaces, signs have purposes of communicating their information clearly. Especially directional signs point out the proper route showing our surroundings. The present directional signs which are indicating 3-dimensional direction in a 2-dimensional mode seem to be difficult to understand as we are moving. This study has the purpose of investigating the role of present signs and suggesting visually effective directional signs, in particular arrows. Firstly, this study surveyed the user's attitude on directional signs in case of subway station. The research shows that the present directional signs hardly perform their roles to communicate the directional information, which means the need of newly expressed arrows. In this study we consider a new effective expression on the viewpoint of human cognition mechanism. So it is thought that those trials are helpful to efficient sign system.

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The Function of Meta-affect in Mathematical Problem Solving (수학 문제해결에서 메타정의의 기능)

  • Do, Joowon;Paik, Suckyoon
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.563-581
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    • 2016
  • Studies on meta-affect in problem solving tried to build similar structures among affective elements as the structure of cognition and meta-cognition. But it's still need to be more systematic as meta-cognition. This study defines meta-affect as the connection of cognitive elements and affective elements which always include at least one affective element. We logically categorized types of meta-affect in problem solving, and then observed and analyzed the real cases for each type of meta-affect based on the logical categories. We found the operating mechanism of meta-affect in mathematical problem solving. In particular, we found the characteristics of meta function which operates in the process of problem solving. Finally, this study contributes in efficient analysis of meta-affect in problem solving and educational implications of meta-affect in teaching and learning in problem solving.

A Study on Psychophysiology and Psychopathology of Korean Medicine -Focus on Emotion and Thought in Huangdineijing (한의학의 정신 생리와 병리에 대한 소고 -황제내경의 오신, 칠정을 중심으로-)

  • Choi, Woo-Jin
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.21-34
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to understand the theories about the psychophysiology and psychopathology of Korean Medicine. Methods: The concepts and functions of spirit (神), soul (魂魄), five spirits (五神), and seven emotions (七情) occurring in the Huangdineijing have been interpreted, and the correlation between thought and emotion considered. Results and Conclusions: (1) Spirit (神) refers to the source and discipline of vital activity and mental activity. (2) With soul (魂魄), ethereal soul (魂) manifests itself as the mental process, and corporeal soul (魄) as the physical sensory interaction, such as the nervous system. (3) In the five spirits, ethereal soul (魂) is the recognition process of drawing out memories. Spirit (神) is the process of creative thought. Cognition (意) is the ability to recognize and integrate information. Corporeal soul (魄) is the process of selecting what is important and choosing it. Will (志) is the process of storing memories. Ethereal soul (魂) and corporeal soul (魄) of the five spirits (五神) and soul (魂魄) use the same characters, but the meaning differs. Also, spirit (神) and the spirit (神) in five spirits (五神) are the same character, but, because the meaning is different, they need to be interpreted according to the context. (4) Heart (心), Cognition (意), Will (志), Thought (思), Consideration (慮), and Wisdom(智) are all cognitive processes, like perception, recognition, and thinking. (5) Psychopathology is when excessive emotion affects the five viscera, harming the Energy (氣) and Blood (血) and eventually affecting the five spirits, which causes problems in thinking. Therefore, for healthy mental functioning, not only must the emotions be regulated so that they do not become excessive, but the five viscera also need to be kept healthy.