• Title, Summary, Keyword: Need for Cognition

Search Result 185, Processing Time 0.032 seconds

Effect of Health Information Awareness on Desire for Healing According to Food Preferences of Night Shift Workers (야간 근로자의 식품선택유형에 따른 건강정보 인지수준이 힐링 욕구에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Yeo wool;Jeong, Hee Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
    • /
    • v.35 no.2
    • /
    • pp.156-166
    • /
    • 2020
  • In this study, 594 questionnaires administered to men and women residing in the capital metropolitan area who work night shifts were analyzed in order to study the effect of health information cognition on healing needs in accordance with the type of food selection criteria of the night worker. The results of confirmatory factor analysis in deriving food selection type identified four categories, a safety seeking type, a food exploratory type, a habitual seeking type, and a rational type, and the cognition types on health information were classified into physical cognition and psychological cognition. The need for healing, which was the investigated factor, was found to have a high correlation between questionnaire items with high reliable consistency. The results of this study were as follows. First, the food selection types of safety seeking type and habitual food seeking type had significant positive effects on the cognitive level of physical health information, and food exploratory type and habitual seeking type had significant positive effects on the cognitive level of psychological health information. In addition, it was shown that food exploratory type and rational type had significant positive effects on healing needs. As a result of this study, it was found that the cognition level of physical and psychological information was different according to food selection type, and the higher the cognitive level, the higher the healing needs. In particular, the result that the level of psychological health information significantly affected healing needs signifies that there is a demand to develop programs and menus that satisfy various needs related to healing and recovery from fatigue. In addition, further interest and study on the health and healing of night workers are required.

A Study on the Cognition of Puerperants in postpartum and Maiden girls about Postpartum care (일부 산후조리원 재원 산모와 미혼여성의 산후조리에 대한 인식조사)

  • Jung, Jae-Joong;Kim, Dong-Il
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
    • /
    • v.19 no.4
    • /
    • pp.117-130
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose : We studied to analyze the cognition and realities of postpartum care and to aid the spread of oriental medicine in postpartum care and to get a basic guideline of postpartum care home and K.M.D.'s role model of postpartum care. Methods : We has made questions about the cognition and realities of postpartum care to 2 groups they are puerperants in postpartum care home at Gangdong-gu or Songpa-gu and maiden girls from December 2005 to April 2006. And then we analyzed collected data by using statistics analysis program, SPSS. Results : Almost of 2 group felt sympathy for importance of postpartum care. Puerperants pay postpartum care for without regard to economic state. Essential factors to choice a postpartum care home were sanitary condition and professionalism at taking care of infant and puerperant. 60.4% of puerperants in postpartum care home wanted segregation of infant and puerperant. The reason is for taking rest and lack of confidence at taking care infant. 69.2% of puerperants Would like to taking Herb-medicine for postpartum care. Only 13.4% of puerperants need postpartum care home is operated by K.M.D. Conclusion : It is hard to open postpartum care home by K.M.D. independently. But Puerperants has well-expectation in postpartum care by Korean medicine.

  • PDF

The Cognition Study of the Freshman in College About Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (미용성형외과에 대한 대학신입생들의 인지도 조사)

  • Ahn, Ki Young;Chang, Jae Hoon;Park, Dae Hwan;Shin, Im Hee
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
    • /
    • v.32 no.2
    • /
    • pp.161-167
    • /
    • 2005
  • Recently, as standard of living has been improving and awareness of well-being has been generalized, people's desire pursuing beauty has been spreading across the world. We made a survey with 184 graduating high school girls in December 2003. According to the survey. 57.6% of them knew about plastic surgery, 41.8% of them knew well about whole field of plastic surgery, and 60.3% of them wanted to have an aesthetic surgery. 44.6% got an information about an aesthetic surgery from general public and 27.6% from TV, respectively. Regarding the use of aesthetic surgery, 59.8% answered that it makes them more confident about themselves rather than just to be beautiful. 78.8% of them have complaints about how they look. Finally, as the personal desire to make themselves look beautiful to others increases, so does the interest in aesthetic plastic surgery. In conclusion, as the society of plastic and reconstructive surgeons, we still need more effort for the correct cognition and awareness of plastic surgery among general public.

The Research on Security Cognition and Management Status of Technology Outflow about Small-medium Companies in New IT Environment (신정보화 환경에서 중소기업 기술유출에 대한 인식과 관리 실태에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ki Ho;Ha, Kyu Soo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.11 no.11
    • /
    • pp.305-312
    • /
    • 2013
  • This research suggests the security countermeasures for solving technology outflow of small-medium companies in New IT Environment through level comparison of security cognition and security management between small-medium companies and major big companies. According to analysis results, it is poor for small-medium companies' level of security cognition and security management compared with major big companies. Small-medium companies need to manage technology outflow to major big companies' level in New IT Environment. Small-medium companies has started to build New IT Environment recently and it must build the appropriate security system for small-medium companies at the same time. Small-medium company has more problem with budget and proffessionals to maintain the security of technology outflow. Therefore government has to support systematic management for the security of technology outflow to Small-medium companies

Cognition of Elementary School Student to Teaching Method and Management of Physical Education (교사의 체육수업지도에 따른 초등학생의 인식)

  • Hwang, Sun-Hee;Park, Ik-Ryeul
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.8 no.12
    • /
    • pp.449-456
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to study the student cognition toward the subject of physical education and toward the method of teaching in the class. For the statistical measurement, the population has been chosen as the fifth and sixth grade 319 students(160 male; 159 female) from four different elementary schools in Seoul, Korea. In terms of the teaching method and management of students, the results show that they agree with controlled participation in class and appreciate teachers ability such as explanation, skill demonstration, knowledge, evaluation, maintaining order and participating class. However, there were no statistical difference male and female except for teacher's explanation. This study clearly indicates that the students want more affirmative and cooperative class environment and they expect to be evaluated not only by skill itself, but also by class participation and activity in their physical education class. The cognition and preference toward the class between male and female students did not show any difference in this study. After all, Teachers need to have more understanding, more compassion and more sensitivity towards their elementary students for interesting, effective and affirmative class.

A Study on the Impacts of users' Needs for Cognition(NFC) on the Online Brand Community and Brand Loyalty (사용자의 인지욕구 특성이 온라인 커뮤니티 충성도와 브랜드 태도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sun-Ro;Cho, Jung-Hyun;Cho, Sung-Min
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1-29
    • /
    • 2007
  • The brand-based online community recently plays an important roles for consumers to facilitates searching and sharing information among them. Firms often find such a brand community as a critical channel to gain collective intelligence for developing new ideas and products. As a new web platform such as web 2.0 has been introduced, consumers could more easily participate in the new social networks created by sharing mutual value and belief among themselves. Accordingly firms began to recognize potentials of online brand assets and pay attention to the importance of online brand community loyalty. Previous research related to online community tends to focus on identifying the antecedents of community loyalty and their subsequent impacts on brand. They, however, tend to neglect the importance of individual characteristics of online community users. As integrating the fragmented variables with an individual characteristics, therefore, this study reexamined the impacts of interactivity, information, reward, and personalization services provided by an online brand community on the sense of community, community loyalty, and brand attitude. Also, this study investigated how users' individual characteristics(need for cognition: NFC) can play moderating roles among the variables identified in the previous research. A field survey was administrated and 671 valid samples were collected. In order to test the hypothesis we conducted the multi-sample structural equation modeling(MSEM) between two groups(a group with high vs. a group with low level of NFC). Results show that previously identified variables such as interactivity, information, reward, and personalization services have significant effects on the sense of community as previous research demonstrated. Subsequently, the sense of community positively influences the community loyalty and brand attitude. However, when considering the NFC as a moderating variable, we found that the effect of interactivity and reward service on the sense of community was stronger for a group with a lower level of NFC compared to a group with a higher level, while the effect of information providing service on the sense of community was stronger for a group with a higher level of NFC compared to a group with a lower level. This research revealed that NFC can affect the degree of individual perception on the sense of community which has been considered as an important indicator for the community loyalty and brand attitude. Hence, when firms developing customer relation strategy through building an online brand community, they need to reflect customers' NFC and accordingly provide varying degree of interactivity, information, reward, and personalization services.

A study of subjective oral health actual condition in elementary school teachers, Daegu area (대구광역시 일부 초등학교 교사들의 주관적인 구강보건실태)

  • Choi, Sung-Suk;Kim, Jae-Do;Ryu, Hae-Gyum
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.9 no.3
    • /
    • pp.248-261
    • /
    • 2009
  • Objective : This study was performed in order to figure out Oral Health Actual Condition in Elementary School Teachers in Deagu area. This study was conducted from March through May 2008. Method : A total of three hundred and ten Elementary School Teachers were surveyed. The collected data were analyzed by Oral Health Actual Condition and cognition, Diet habit or living and one's own intellect health state, Oral disease sign symptoms of percent and 2-test and One-way ANOVA test by using SPSS12.0 Program. Results : 1. The most of result Frequencies of tooth brushing per one day were 3 over 91.0% and Oral Examination, Oral Health Education need. 2. The result of oral disease sign and symptom were hypersensitivity due to cold food(39.0%), halitosis(21.6%), gingival bleeding tendency(21.3), clicking sound on TMJ(18.7%), hypersensitivity due to tooth burshing(17.1%), easy crown fracture and to be fine(10.0%), pain on TMJ or limitation of mouth opening(7.1%). 3. The most of result age a group oral hygiene assistance article age 20 for interdental tooth brushing(46.4%), age 50 over not used interdental tooth brushing 38.5%. 4. The result of sign and symptom and snack following was statistically significant(P<0.05), health of own cognition and Oral health of own cognition was statistically significant(P<0.001). Conclusion : The study of understanded the Subjective Elementary School Teachers Oral Health Actual Condition and Promotion of Oral Health follow up Oral examination and Oral Health Education have to system groping.

  • PDF

The correlation between cognition and depression of urban and rural elderly people (도시와 농촌 노인의 인지와 우울의 상관관계 연구)

  • Kim, Mijin;Han, Jinsook;Kwon, Myoungjin;Kim, Younghee
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.341-346
    • /
    • 2013
  • Objectives: This study was designed to provide basic data that would be helpful in planning mental health programs designed to help elderly people have a satisfying life as an elder by identifying the factors that affect cognition of urban and rural elderly people. Methods: Subjects included 160 elderly people on Daejeon and Geumsam. Structured questionnaires were used for data collection from march 2, 2011 to July 30, and descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and hierarchical regression analysis of SPSS 18.0 program were performed for data analysis. Results: A significant difference in cognition was observed between two groups(t=-2.232, p=.029). Cognition & depression didn't have correlation(urban area(r=.021, p=.860), rural area(r=.-131, p=.271)). Significant factors influencing cognition included education(t=4.069, p<.001) and age(t=-2.812, p=.001) in urban area and sex(t=-3.011, p<.001), age(t=-4.866, p<.001), education(t=3.525, p<.001) in rural area. These factors explained 26.1% and 57.2% of the variance. Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest the need for development of appropriate nursing strategies depending on the difference of the environment to increase cognitive function and to decrease the incidence of depression in elderly people.

Convergence factors among their physical state, function and activities influencing on the cognition of elderly residents in a community (지역사회 재가 노인의 인지수준에 영향을 미치는 신체상태와 기능 및 활동의 융합요인)

  • Park, Jin-Kyoung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
    • /
    • v.6 no.6
    • /
    • pp.153-162
    • /
    • 2015
  • A descriptive research is studied to identify the physical factors affecting to cognitive function among elderly residents over 65 years old in a community. The data were collected from 352 participants as part of a health-related survey by home visits in Seoul in 2010-2012. Their cognitive function was measured using the Korean form of Hasegawa Dementia Scale(HDS-K) and the collected data were analyzed by using t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis. From the analysis, the prevalence rate of cognitive impairment was 13.6%. Elderly residents in a community showed different cognition levels by the status of age, change of weight, change of BMI, walking and flexibility exercise. Especially, the lowest cognition level was found in the normal BMI group with decreased BMI change by over 3. The factors influencing on cognition level of the elderly with normal BMI were age, change of weight, change of BMI, and walking exercise. The variance indicated 12.2% as their cognition level. Therefore, for preventing the cognitive impairment of the elderly that were rapidly decreased of BMI, we need the program to manage their nutrition and walking exercise.

The Relationship of Caregiving Appraisal and Family Function among Senile Dementia Patients' Families using In-home Services for the Long-Term Care Insurance (노인장기요양보험 재가보호서비스를 이용하는 노인성 치매환자 가족의 돌봄평가와 가족기능과의 관계)

  • Lee, Jungeun;Ko, Il Sun
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
    • /
    • v.9 no.8
    • /
    • pp.319-330
    • /
    • 2018
  • The aim of this study was to identify the relationship of caregiving appraisal and family function among senile dementia patients' families using in-home services for the Long-Term Care Insurance(LTCI). The participants were 121 family caregivers of senile dementia patients using in-home services for the LTCI. The participants' mean age was $53.80{\pm}10.86years$, all middle-aged women(75.2%). When negative cognition's burden and neutral one's demand in their caregiving appraisal were low and positive cognition's satisfaction and mastery in their caregiving appraisal were high, emotional function in their family function was high. There is a need to develop nursing interventions for strengthening positive cognition's satisfaction and decreasing neutral one's demand in their caregiving appraisal to improve emotional function and communication of senile dementia patients' families.