• Title, Summary, Keyword: Need for Cognition

Search Result 185, Processing Time 0.057 seconds

A Study on Credit Card Cognition and Use of College Students (대학생들의 신용카드 인식 및 사용에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
    • /
    • v.5 no.2
    • /
    • pp.99-107
    • /
    • 1996
  • This study has been peformed on the consumption tendency, and knowledge and cognition of credit cards among college students. A total of 327 subjects from the college students was surveyed in Pusan area. The major findings of this study were summerized as follows; First, the rate of credit card possession of the students was 19.6%. The card possession showed significantly different in age, personal expense, income. Second, the level of knowledge of the credit card was low(23.1 points). Also, the level of knowledge was significantly different in sex, age, major, personal expense, income and credit card ownership. Third, the cognition of credit cards was medium(51.3 points). The cognition of the credit cards was significantly different only in the card possession. Fourth, the behavior of credit card was not significantly different in the group. Fifth, there were significant relationships between the knowlege and cognition. This result implied that the group with higer levels of knowlege tended to show more favor of credit cards. For the rational consumption of the college students, the students need to be educated about advantage and disadvantages of the credit cards.

  • PDF

The Effect of Cognition Degree of Green Life on Green Consumer Behavior (녹색생활관련 인지정도가 녹색소비행동에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Jung, Joo-Won;Cho, So-Yeon
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.23 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1455-1462
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to examine green consumer behavior (green product purchasing behavior and green consumption life) affected by demographical characteristics, and cognition degree of green life (cognition of a green indicator, a green life catalyst system, and environmental problems). It's also to promote strategy and suggest effective activation plans for the vitalization of green consumer behavior. To carry out the task, verification of credibility, multiple regression analysis, two-step cluster analysis, and multinomial logistic analysis were used. The results are as follows: First, the factors that effect green product purchasing behavior were gender, age, cognitive of a green indicator, carbon points system, electricity peak hour system, and seriousness of environmental damage due to lifestyle. Second, the factors that effect green lifestyle were gender, age, carbon grade indicator system, cognition of a green system, and the seriousness of environmental damage due to lifestyle. Third, the comparative group characteristic analysis showed low rates for careless green consumer behavior groups compared to the passive green consumer behavior groups in cognition of a green indicator, green system, and environmental problems. For active green consumer behavior groups, the analysis showed high rates in cognition of carbon grades, eco-labeling, electricity peak hour system, and environmental damage due to lifestyle. In order to encourage green consumer behavior, it's evident that cognition of a green indicator, a green life catalyst system, and environmental problems need to be improved through strategic education and continuous encouragement.

An Exploratory Study on the Information Recipients' Acceptance(Comprehension) and Diffusion: According to the Authenticity of the News(Real News vs. Fake News) and Need for Cognition (뉴스진위 및 인지욕구에 따른 정보수용자의 수용(이해)과 확산영향에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Cho, Ara;Kwon, Soonjae
    • Knowledge Management Research
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.87-103
    • /
    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the factors influencing acceptance (e.g., comprehension,) and diffusion of information recipients' by depending on the authenticity of news. Specifically, this study has examined the effects of the news contents(political vs. general), need for cognition(high vs. low) and authenticity of the News(real news vs. fake news) on both acceptance and diffusion of news. Based on previous work, this study has developed a conceptual model to present each research hypothesis and tested it by conducting experiments as the follows. As a result, according to the authenticity of the news and the contents of the news (political and general), the acceptance of political contents was high regardless of the authenticity of the news, and the acceptance of real news was higher than that of fake news. However, in the proliferation (comment), both the political contents and the general contents showed the characteristic of spreading (commenting) fake news rather than real news. contrary to this, the cognitive level did not show any significant difference in acceptance (understanding) and proliferation (comment, sharing, recommendation). This study provides academic implications in that it examines the influences of accepting (comprehension) and diffusion (comment, sharing, recommendation) of real news and fake news. It also provides practical implications for responding to fake news and new marketing strategies in an environment where contents are delivered through diverse social media.

A Study on the Cognition of Elementary School Students of Biological Resources (생물자원에 대한 초등학생의 인식 조사 연구)

  • Choi, Hyeh-Sook;Yeau, Sung-Hee;Kil, Ji-Hyon
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.26-39
    • /
    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate cognitions of elementary school students of the biological resources. Subjects were 252 elementary school students in Seoul and Busan. An instrument that measures cognitions consists of 3 components: kinds of biological and non-biological resources, values of biological resources and interest of using biological resources. The three components were composed of 46 items. They had less cognition of living things than non-biological resources as resources. But, most of them conceived ecological environment to be resources. Almost 80% elementary school students thought that biological resources had values contributing to the existence and health of human beings, but less economic values except ecological values. They had cognition of biological resources which we should manage and research in. It is time to need the educational approach to integrate nature, economy and environment in environmental education. As concrete cases of biological resources are proposed, it activate elementary school students to get cognition of biological resources. In conclusion, values of biological resources will be materials for environmental education.

  • PDF

Effects of Self-Explanation and Prompts Depend on the Students' Need for Cognition (인지욕구와 자기설명이 학습 수행에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hyo-Hee;Do, Kyung-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Cognitive Science Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.25-30
    • /
    • 2010
  • 자기설명이 학습을 촉진시키려면 무엇을 설명해야 하는지 판단해야 하고, 그에 대해 적절한 설명을 산출해내어야 한다. 본 연구에서는 촉진자극(propmpt)를 제공해서 무엇을 설명해야 하는지에 대해 도움을 주면 자기설명 효과가 얻어지는지 알아보았다. 또한 자기설명과 촉진 자극의 효과가 학습자의 인지욕구(need for cognition)와 상호작용하는지 알아보기 위해 인지욕구 수준을 상하로 나누어 3 요인 실험을 실시하였다. 촉진자극과 자기설명의 효과는 과제와 학습자의 인지욕구 수준에 따라 다르게 나타났다. 기억검사에서는 인지욕구가 낮은 학습자에게서만, 자기설명의 효과와 촉진자극의 효과가 관찰되었다. 반면에 이해검사에서는 인지욕구의주효과가 유의하였고, 3 요인상호작용 효과가 경향을 보였다. 즉 촉진 자극을 제공하는 것은 인지욕구가 높은 학습자에게서만 학습을 향상시켰다. 이 결과는 인지부하가 학습에 영향을 미치는 것으로 해석되었다.

  • PDF

Regret after purchasing fashion goods - Need for cognition and fashion leadership as antecedents and dissatisfaction, regret solving process and re-buying intention as consequences - (패션제품 구매 후 후회 - 선행변수로서의 인지욕구, 유행선도력과 결과변수로서의 불만족, 후회해소과정 및 재구매의도 -)

  • Cho, Nam Hae;Park, Soo Kyeong
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
    • /
    • v.23 no.5
    • /
    • pp.846-860
    • /
    • 2015
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate the influences of need for cognition (NFC) and fashion leadership on regret after purchasing fashion goods in female consumers and examine the relationships between regret and its dependent variables (i.e., dissatisfaction, regret resolution, and rebuying intentions). Data collection was conducted through a survey for females in their 20s~40s, and 642 questionnaires were used for final data analyses in which frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, and regression were applied using SPSS 14.0. The results were as follows. The higher NFC was or the lower fashion leadership was, the higher the degree of regret, as NFC and fashion leadership both had a significant influence on regret. In terms of the dependent variables, the higher the degree of regret, the higher the degree of dissatisfaction and ultimately the lower the rebuying intentions. In addition, the influence of regret on regret resolution and the influence of regret resolution on rebuying intentions were significant. This study verified that consumers' characteristics and feelings of regret had a significant influence on their buying behavior of fashion goods. The results suggest that consumers' feelings of regret (which influence consumer satisfaction and rebuying intentions) should be considered in terms of competitive marketing strategies at fashion companies.

Dental Hygienists' Work Cognition and Demand for Related Legislation (치과위생사 업무인지와 법률화 필요 요구도 조사 연구)

  • Hyeong, Ju-Hee;Jang, Yun-Jung;Ju, On-Ju
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.18 no.5
    • /
    • pp.693-705
    • /
    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study aimed to identify the importance of the directivity of reflecting on a realistic task when aiming to reorganize a relevant law for dental hygienists through examining dental hygiene students' perceived need for a relevant law on dental hygiene related work. Methods: A survey was conducted targeting dental hygiene students from March 28 to April 30, 2018. The following findings were obtained. The results were summarized as follows. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS WIN 21.0 statistical program. Results: With reference to the influence of the need for a work-related legislation on dental hygienists' awareness of their legal rights, findings revealed that the latter was higher when there was higher involvement in precision impression procedures, higher involvement in occlusal adjustment in the middle stage, and higher perceived need for legislation on a comprehensive dental hygiene course (all p<0.05). Conclusions: Based on these findings, it is considered necessary to pursue a national solution for modifying the relevant legal system to provide institutional support for dental hygienists' work. Additionally, the worry in the whole dentistry in order to establish dental hygienists' task.

Influence of Personality Types on Ttelevision Contents Preference (개인성향과 텔레비전 프로그램 유형 선호도의 관계 연구)

  • Yang, Moon-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.11 no.12
    • /
    • pp.230-240
    • /
    • 2011
  • The personality types has been emphasized as one of the influential factors for the program selection by viewers in the multi-channel and multimedia era. However, there have been few empirical studies on this issue. The current study investigated how the audience personality influence the program preference. Specifically, this study focused on both need for cognition and sensation seeking which are related to the television viewing motivation. To examine the influence of personality on program preference, four types of drama and five types of entertainment programs were used. The results of the web survey showed that viewers personality type seem to have effect on their program preference. Indeed, it appeared that there was positive relationship between need for cognition and sensation seeking. The implications of this study's findings were discussed.

Vascular Dementia (혈관성 치매)

  • Kim, Tae Woo;Kwak, Kyung Phil
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.80-88
    • /
    • 2016
  • Vascular dementia is a very frequent form of dementia. Debates over classification and diagnostic criteria, and controversy over identifiable treatment targets will continue until distinct pathophysiological mechanism of vascular dementia is found. Clinical diagnostic criteria are sufficiently strong to be useful for clinical trials, but need further refinement. Cognitive changes in vascular dementia are more variable than other disorders, and are dependent on the vascular pathology. Accurate diagnosis of vascular dementia is known to need the presence of reliable cerebrovascular disease on brain imaging. Although it seems obvious that cerebrovascular disease causes pathological damage and impaired cognition, it is very difficult to find the accurate contribution of cerebrovascular pathology to cognitive decline. Most studies have shown a small but significant benefit of cholinesterase inhibitors on cognition, the significance of this effect has been slight and benefits on global functioning, activities of daily living, and behaviour have not been consistently reported. Management of vascular dementia should focus on identifying and managing vascular risk factors.

A Interdisciplinary Study about Voice Change of the Presidential Candidate and Cognition Change of the Voters (선거 연설에서 대통령 후보자의 목소리 변화에 따른 유권자의 인지 변화에 대한 융합 연구)

  • Hahm, Sang-Woo;Park, Hyungwoo
    • The Journal of the Institute of Internet, Broadcasting and Communication
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.193-200
    • /
    • 2018
  • In a formal speech, the speaker's voice has a variety of effects on the listener. Depending on the voice characteristics, the effectiveness and efficiency of the speech change as well. In the presidential election, the candidate's voice characteristics will affect the cognition of voters. Thus, we need to understand about the a more effective voice of candidate. This study proves whether voters will change their cognition if the candidate changes owe voice. If the cognition of voters can be changed according to the changed voice characteristics of the candidate, we will be able to explain what voices are needed for the candidate. We will also be able to suggest the necessary voice change strategies for effective speech. We describe cognition change of the voters according to the change of the voices of the presidential candidates by the dimension of the sori-engineering and the cognitive dimension. Hence, this study explains the voice characteristics and change strategies needed for candidates for effective speech.