• Title, Summary, Keyword: Necessary degree

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The Role Behaviors of Oncology Nurse Specialist (종양전문간호사의 역할규명을 위한 연구)

  • Kim, Min-Young;Park, Sung-Ae
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.24-44
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    • 2003
  • The purposes of this study was to identify and propose the expected role of the oncology nurse specialist by embodying role theory to oncology nurse specialist. The subjects of this study were 149 persons in 14 hospitals, who were classified to 4 groups, oncology nurse specialists(ONS) group, head nurses and charge nurses(HN & CN) group in hemato-oncology ward, registered nurses(RN) group in hemato-oncology ward, and hematologists & oncologists(H&O) group. The questionnaire which was consisted of 89 items for role of oncology nurse specialist, was made by researcher with a field study and literature review about role of oncology nurse specialist and verified by matrix delphi technique about content validity and construct validity. The data were collected from October 22, 2002 to November 5, 2002. All 4 groups proposed that ONS should perform an expert practitioner role first of all. But ONS group, RN group and H&O group proposed orderly expert practitioner, educator, researcher, consultant, and administrator & change agent, but HN & CN group did expert practitioner, educator, consultant, researcher, administrator & change agent. Expert practitioner had the most highest necessary degree in all groups and most highest performance degree in ONS group. That was consistent with results that all groups proposed role of expert practitioner at first. 4 items out of 20 items showed the meaningful differences between groups. For role of educator, oncology nurse specialist group proposed necessary degrees over 4.0 point out of 5.0 in all items. 4 items out of 18 items showed the meaningful differences between groups. For role of researcher, 3 nurses groups proposed a high necessary degree, but performance of ONS group was most lowest among 5 roles. 6 items out of 14 items showed the meaningful differences between groups. The role of consultant had high necessary degree in some items related to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. 2 items out of 17 items showed the meaningful differences between groups. In nursing behaviors of administrator & change agent, those items about enacting principle, cost development and participation of professional academy had a high necessary degree. 4 items out of 18 items showed the meaningful differences between groups. Oncology nurse specialists group performed 5 roles orderly, expert practitioner, consultant, educator, administrator & change agent, researcher. This result was different from expected role of themselves as well as the other groups. There was a different necessary degree between role and embodied nursing behaviors of role. ONS group and RN group proposed orderly educator, researcher, administrator & change agent, expert practitioner, consultant, but the other groups did educator, expert practitioner, researcher, consultant, administrator & change agent. The expected standards of oncology nurse specialist in this study were usually master's degree, total career of 5-7 years, oncology career of 3-5 years and certification. But for the post, qualification and qualification institution, various opinions were suggested. In the conclusion, there was a different necessary degree between role and embodied nursing behaviors of role. All groups proposed expert practitioner at first in abstract role, but educator at first in embodied nursing behaviors of role. So we have to consider this difference carefully in the future research. ONS acted the role of expert practitioner first of all, but we should develope and expand the roles of researcher, and administrator & change agent. We should enact roles by role behaviors induced from mutual agreements in necessary degree and performance degree, and bargain the role behaviors that showed the meaningful differences between groups But, we should consider carefully which group's opinion we have to select. I suggested 36 items out of 89 items, in which ONS proposed necessary degree over 4.0 out of 5.0 and half of them performed as the nursing behaviors of oncology nurse specialist that did not induce role stress. For the future, We should role bargain the role with other groups based on these items.

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A Study on the Job Description and Necessary Abilities for Consumer Affairs Department in Business (기업 고객상담실의 직무내용과 필요능력에 관한 연구 - 고객상담실 직원을 대상으로 -)

  • 이승신;이기춘;박명희;송인숙;이은희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.115-136
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to find out job description and necessary abilities for Consumer Affairs Department Service in business. This study was done using survey by mail to the representatives in Consumer Affairs Department in business. 354 representatives were used for the sample. The business was selected 32 among 107 in OCAP(Organization of Consumer Affairs Professionals in Business), from September 25 to October 5, 2000. The results were analyzed from 96 representatives, 23 business. The results of this study are as follows: 1. The degree of importance and participation on the job description in Customer Service Department was analyzed. The most important job was related to consulting. Consumer management and information collect & provision were next important job in consumer affairs. 2. When the degree of participation on the job description compared to the degree of importance, we found that the general level of participation on the job was a little lower than the degree of importance on the job. Especially, the biggest difference was found in the formation of focusing customer. The smallest difference was found in the field of consulting. 3. The most necessary ability for the representative of consumer affairs department in business was responsibility and sincerity, communication skill. The big difference of present ability and necessary ability of representative was persuasive power and communication skirt.

Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for the Existence of Decoupling Controllers in the Generalized Plant Model

  • Park, Ki-Heon;Choi, Goon-Ho
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.706-712
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    • 2011
  • Necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of diagonal, block-diagonal, and triangular decoupling controllers in linear multivariable systems for the most general setting are presented. The plant model in this study is sufficiently general to accommodate non-square plant and non-unity feedback cases with one-degree-of-freedom (1DOF) or two-degree-of-freedom (2DOF) controller configuration. The existence condition is described in terms of rank conditions on the coefficient matrices in partial fraction expansions.

Causes of high unemployment among the people with disabilities : productivity, or discrimination? (장애인 실업의 원인 : 생산성 또는 차별?)

  • Yu, Dong-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.48
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    • pp.333-358
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze empirically the causes of high unemployment among the people with disabilities, focused on productivity and discrimination. In order to pursue such goal this study adopts human capital theory, screening theory, job contest theory, taste theory and statistical discrimination theory as theoretical background. The major findings are: (1) Among the human capital variables Education degree and job training are not statistically significant on employment. Only degree of activity limit has significant effect. (2) Among the discrimination related variables only discrimination experiences variable has negative effect on employment. (3) Between degree of activity limit and discrimination experiences, both have similar effect on employment. But the degree of activity limit can be thought as discrimination related element. Because' not giving resonable accommodation' is regarded discrimination in ADA or DDA. These mean that it is important for society to compel the employment of the disabled and to put focus on eliminating prejudice rather than accomplishing education and job training programs to improve the employment of the disabled. In order to accomplish this it is necessary to increase the levy for disabled persons' employment promotion of the disabled persons' employment promotion act and to establish the disability discrimination act. Also, integrated education starting from infancy is necessary. Education system should be changed, and Job training must focused on industry which demand more labor force.

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A regularity condition for asymptotic tracking in discrete-time nonlinear systems

  • Song, Yongkyu
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.138-143
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    • 1993
  • A well-defined relative degree, which is one of the basic assumptions in adaptive control or nonlinear synthesis problems, is addressed. It is shown that this is essentially a necessary condition for asymptotic tracking in discrete-time nonlinear systems. To show this, tracking problems are defined, and a local linear input-output behavior of a discrete-time system is introduced in relation to a well-defined relative degree. It is then shown that if a plant is invertible and accessible from the origin and a compensator solves the local asymptotic tracking problem, then the plant necessarily has a well-defined relative degree at the origin.

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Structure stability study for existing subway tunnel segment of Seoul-Busan high-speed railroad (Daegu - Busan) construction (경부고속철도(대구-부산) 도심통과 노반신설 공사중 기존 지하철 터널구간의 구조적 안정성 검토)

  • Kong, Byung-Seung;Kim, Min-Ho
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1752-1759
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    • 2007
  • In the new Seoul-Busan high speed railroad construction specially city center passage roadbed establishment is recommended the staibility for the existing subway tunnel segments of Busan subway line No. 1 and No.2. regarding the appearance condition, a quality condition and the durability of the objective facility site exact inspection, and it evaluates the numerical analysis which uses MIDAS GTS it leads and there is the objective of the place where the stability of the objective facility and this tunnel it investigates. To immediacy of the on-the-spot inspection result whole facility it is a condition where the reinforcement which is simple not to be hindrance is necessary, 2nd Line case it is a condition which transfer is good but the general defect and the damage which occur from the tunnel of NATM type were confirmed part. While roadbed establishment constructing that the continuous maintenance is necessary, it is judged. The result of 1st, 2nd Line maximum sinkage, unequal sinkage and the lining stress of numerical analysis are within permission and the damage degree is appearing with the fact that the degree it will can disregard it is slight. But it enforces necessary Pre-grouting in order to minimize an actual tunnel face conduct and when the tunnel is excavated it is judged with the fact that necessary to minimize the outflow possibility.

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Approximate conversion using the degree reduction of NURBS (NURBS의 차수 감소 방법을 이용한 근사변환)

  • 김혁진
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2003
  • Because some systems limit the supported maximal degree, the degree reduction of NURBS is necessary in Parametric curves and surfaces of the different geometric modeling systems. Therefore an approximate degree reduction method of NURBS curves was introduced in this research. Also the existing Eck's B$\'{e}$zier degree reduction method and knot removal algorithm were used to reduce data in the degree reduction process. Finally we found that this method was stable, efficient for implementations, and easy to use algorithms.

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A Kinematic Analysis of Morote-Seoinage(two-handed shoulder throw) According to the Kumi-kata Types in Judo[ I ] (유도 맞잡기 유형에 따른 양손업어치기의 동작의 운동학적 분석[ I ])

  • Kim, Ji-Tae;Heo, Seong-Gyu
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze exercise related mechanical variables according to performance levels and Kumi-kata types in elite judo players (G1) and non-elite judo players, namely university players (G2). To achieve this purpose, three players in G1 whose main special skill was Morote-Seoinage and three university judo players(G2) was selected as comparative group. Then they were examined for distinguishing A and B types of Kumi-kata. Analyzed variables were the time required to show skills, knee degree, elbow degree. After analysing this study, conclusions were derived as follows. 1. In total necessary time of showing skills according to group of Kumi-kata type, G2 was longer than G1 in both A type (20.9%) and B type (23.7%). In necessary time of phase, in only 3P, G1 was shorter than G2 in A type (50%) and B type (75%). There was no difference in time required of 1P and 2P according to Kumi-kata type of group and in only 3P, B type was shorter than A type in both B type (75%) of G1 and B type (50%) of G2 2 There was no difference in elbow degree of offensive arm according to group of Kumi-kata type, however in A and B types, G1 could use skills by extending in kake phase, but G2 could use skills by bending. Elbow degree of offensive arm according to Kumi-kata type of group showed difference in E1. and F2 of G1. A and B types of G1 extended elbow degree in Kake phase, but G2 bent elbow degree so exercise program which could movable range extensively in Kake phase is needed.

An Experimental Analysis of Approximate Conversions for B-splines (B-spline에 대한 근사변환의 실험적 분석)

  • Kim Hyeock Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2005
  • The degree reduction of B-splines is necessary in exchanging parametric curves and surfaces of the different geometric modeling systems because some systems limit the supported maximal degree. In this paper, We provide an our experimental results in approximate conversion for B-splines apply to degree reduction. We utilize the existing Bezier degree reduction methods, and analyze the methods. Also, knot removal algorithm is used to reduce data in the degree reduction Process.

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The education evaluation of basic CPR on middle school students (중학교 재학생의 기본 심폐소생술 교육 효과 평가)

  • Kim, Youl
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.71-77
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    • 2006
  • This study is focused on middle school students who are composed of a factor in medical emergency system. In the case of cardiac failure, it is to make its basic data and develop its education program of CPR(cardiopulmonary resuscitation) which can increase the patient's survival rate before his hospitalization. The findings of this study is as follows. The subject of study is composed of 117 persons who are 54 boy-students(46.2%) and 63 girl-students(53.8%) in sex and 72 first-grade students(61.5%) and 45 second-grade students (38.5%) in a school year. In the accuracy degree, the practice of artificial respiration is $42.28{\pm}34.42%$ in case of basic CPR(cardiopulmonary resuscitation). The accuracy degree of the thorax pressure is $82.17{\pm}15.40%.$ In the accuracy degree, the practice of artificial respiration is $92.16{\pm}25.68%$ in boy-students and $20.38{\pm}24.16%$ in girl-students, the second-grade students is $58.40{\pm}33.29%$, which is higher than the first-grade students' $32.21{\pm}31.14%$. In the accuracy degree, the thorax pressure is $92.16{\pm}3.91%$ in boy-studetns and $73.61{\pm}16.41%$ in girl-students. In the accuracy degree of the thorax pressure, the second-grade students are $82.60{\pm}16.54%$ and the first-grade students $81.91{\pm}3.91$, which doesn't show any significant difference in school year. The satisfaction degree after theory & practice education is $2.12{\pm}.85$. In the satisfaction degree of its basic CPR, girl-students are $2.14{\pm}.83$ and boy-students are 2.11. In the satisfaction degree of its basic CPR, the second-grade students are $2.40{\pm}.61$ and the first-grade students are $1.95{\pm}.94$. This study is to lead to some suggestions. First, it is necessary to develop the education program and educate its knowledge & technology in proportion to student's characteristics of sex and school year. Second, education authorities should develop a subject of the accident prevention and first-aid treatment in its curriculum and provide the practical education of CPR for adults, adolescents and children. Third, it is necessary to study the education program as well as the education evaluation of CPR further on.

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