• Title, Summary, Keyword: Neap tide

Search Result 107, Processing Time 0.044 seconds

Topographical Change Monitoring of the Sandbar and Estimation of Suspended Solid Flux in the Nakdong River Estuary - Focused on Jinudo - (낙동강 하구역 사주지형 변동과 부유사(SS) 수송량 산정 - 진우도를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, I.C.;Lim, S.P.;Yoon, H.S.;Kim, H.T.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.70-77
    • /
    • 2008
  • In this study, to establish countermeasure from marine casualties as a basic study fur long-term prediction of topographical change around Jinudo in the Nakdong river estuary, spatio-temporal topographical change monitoring was carried out. Also, in order to estimate the deposition variations concerning SS (Suspended Solid) flux which moved at St.S1 during neap and spring tide, respectively. From the topographical monitoring, it was found that the annual mean ground level and deposition rate were 141 mm and 0.36 mm/day and all parts except the northern part of Jinudo had the active topographical changes and a tendency to annually deposit. From vertical distribution of SS net fluxes, $SS_{LH}$ (latitudinal SS net flux) during spring tide overall flows average 28 $kg/m^2/hr$ (eastward), and $SS_{LV}$ (longitudinal SS net flux) flows average 11.1 $kg/m^2/hr$ (northward). And, $SS_{LH}$ overall flows average 4.8 $kg/m^2/hr$ (eastward), and $SS_{LV}$ flows average 1.5 $kg/m^2/hr$ (northward) during neap tide similar with spring tide. The depth averaged values of the latitudinal and longitudinal SS net fluxes during spring tide were approximately 6 times higher than those during neap tide. As result of, it was considered that topographical change of southern part of Jinudo was affected by resuspension of bottom sediments due to strong current in bottom layer during flood flow.

  • PDF

Environmental Characteristics According to the Depth in Deukryang Bay , Culturing Ground of Pen Shell ( Atrina Pectinata ) (수심에 따른 득량만 키조개 어장의 환경특성)

  • 최용규
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
    • /
    • v.31 no.2
    • /
    • pp.127-141
    • /
    • 1995
  • The distribution of water mass in Deukryang Bay was investigated using observational data obtained on July 12 (spring tide) and 19 (neap tide) in 1994. In characteristics of water mass at the bay the area is divided into three ones by a vertical attenuation coefficient k and a stratification parameter, log sub (10) (H/U super (3)), was H is depth, and U mean velocity in the bay. The contour of k=0.6 has a similar distribution to the isobath of 10m depth in spring tide, and of 5m depth in neap tide, respectively. This indicates that the water mass in the area between the isobath of 5m and 10m depth is changed by tidal periods. The stratification parameter corresponding to k=0.6 was 2.1~2.2. In the shallow water of 5m depth the characteristics of water mass was distributed in temperature of 25.5~31.$0^{\circ}C$ and salinity of 32.8~33.8PSU(Practical Salinity Unit), the temperature was high and the salinity distributed widely. In the deep water of 10m depth it was the temperature of 22.0~29.5$^{\circ}C$ and the salinity of 33.0~33.6PSU, the temperature was low and the salinity distributed narrowly. In the middle depth water of 5m to 10m depth, the temperature of 22.0~30.$0^{\circ}C$ and the salinity of 32.8~33.5PSU, its values showed the middle between the values of the deep area and the values of the shallow area.

  • PDF

Numerical Study on Spring-Neap Variability of Net Volume Transport at Yeomha Channel in the Han River Estuary (한강하구 수로별 순 수송량과 대.소조기 변화에 따른 염하수로의 순 수송량 변동에 관한 수치해석적 연구)

  • Yoon, Byung-Il;Woo, Seung-Buhm
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.257-268
    • /
    • 2012
  • The EFDC model with find grid resolution system connecting the Gyeong-Gi bay and Han River estuary was constructed to study on spring-neap variability of net volume transport at each channel of the Han River estuary. The simulation time of numerical model is 124 days from May to August, 2009 with freshwater discharge at Han, Imjin and Yeseong River. The calibration and verification of model results was confirmed using harmonic components of water level and tidal current. The net volume transport was calculated during 30 days with normal freshwater conditions at Seokmo channel and Yeomha channel around Ganghwado. The ebbing net volume transport of 44% and 56% is drained into Gyeong-Gi bay through Yeomha and Seokmo channel, respectively. The ebbing net volume transport nearby Seodo at Yeomha channel convergence flooding net volume transport at Incheon harbor, and drain (westward direction) through channel of tidal flat between Ganghwado and Yeongjongdo to the Gyeong-Gi bay. The averaged net volume transport during 4 tidal cycles was compared to variation of spring-neap periods of the Yeomha channel. The convergence position is moved up- and down-ward according to spring-neap variability. The movement of the convergence zone is appeared because 1) increasing of discharged rate tidal flat channel between Ganghwado and Yeongjongdo at the spring period, 2) The growth of barotropic forcing with downward direction at the spring tide, and 3) The strength of the baroclinic pressure gradient is greater than spring with mixing processes.

Estimation of Extreme Sea Levels with Consideration of Tide and Monsoon by Using EST at the East Coast (조석과 계절풍을 고려한 EST에 의한 동해연안의 극치해면 산정)

  • Kang, Ju-Whan;Kim, Yang-Seon;Park, Seon-Jung;Shim, Jae-Seol
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
    • /
    • v.24 no.3
    • /
    • pp.210-216
    • /
    • 2012
  • EST has been applied to the East Coast to estimate extreme sea levels. Surge heights induced by 51 typhoons which have occurred last 60 years were calculated by ADCIRC model. The training set which is consist of surge heights by both typhoon and monsoon was constructed. The maximum surge height of the year excluding the one by typhoon is considered to be the surge height by monsoon. High/low tide conditions and spring/neap tide conditions were considered for constructing input vectors of typhoon and monsoon, respectively. The annual tide is also considered in response vectors for each case. The result is in accord with Jeong et al. (2008), which implies validity of the present study.

Understanding the Flow Properties by a Numerical Modeling in the South Sea of Korea (수치모델을 이용한 한국 남해의 유동특성 이해)

  • Bae, Sang-Wan;Kim, Dong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
    • /
    • v.18 no.4
    • /
    • pp.295-307
    • /
    • 2012
  • In order to understand the flow properties of the South Sea of Korea, tidal currents, wind-driven currents, density-driven currents and residual flows were investigated by using 3-dimensional numerical model(POM). In offshore regions, tide-induced residual current tends to flow eastward during the spring tide and westward during the neap tide. Total residual flow is irregular due to the bottom topography in the coastal area. The density-driven currents in the coastal area showed to be relatively weak, with little seasonal differences. The special tendency was apparent in the open sea. That is, the flow in the offshore regions showed results similar to that of the Tsushima current. The wind-driven currents in the coastal area showed to be much stronger than in offshore regions. Vertically, the flow of the surface layer was much stronger than that of the bottom layer. Through these results, material transport and diffusion in the south coast, as a basis for predicting the spread of use is expected to be available.

Flow Characteristics Induced by Shift and Modification of Submerged Weir at Han River Estuary (수중보 이설 및 변형에 따른 한강 하구 흐름 특성)

  • Baek, Kyong Oh;Yim, Dong Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
    • /
    • v.31 no.2B
    • /
    • pp.109-119
    • /
    • 2011
  • In this study, the flow characteristics of Han River Estuary were investigated by using a two-dimensional numerical model according to the assumption of shift and modification of the Shingok submerged weir. The two-dimensional analysis has contributed to our understanding of the hydraulic effects induced by shift of the weir on the topography, especially wetlands. The tide and flow discharge of 2007 were adopted as an input data for the simulation. The tidal data contained both spring and neap tide, and the flow discharge condition was divided into monsoon and normal seasons. The boundaries of this study were Hangang Bridge, Tongil Bridge, and Yu island. The simulation results showed that influence area of seawater changed depending on the weir shift, and the water level at particular station fluctuated according to the condition of tide and flow discharge.

Formation and Evolution of Turbidity Maximum in thd Keum Estuary, West Coast of Korea (금강 하구에서의 최대혼탁수 형성 및 변화에 대한 연구)

  • 이창복;김태인
    • 한국해양학회지
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.105-118
    • /
    • 1987
  • A series of anchor stations were occupied along the Keum EAstuary during six different periods of tidal and fluvial regimes. The results clearly show that the formation and evolution of the turbidity maximum play an important role in the sedimentary processes in this environment. The turbidity maximum in the Keum Estuary is primarily related to the tidal range at the mouth and is caused by the resuspension of bottom sediments. In this estuary, the turbidity maximum is not a permanent feature and shows semidiurnal, fortnightly and seasonal variations. Repetition of deposition and resuspension of fine sediments occur in response to the variation in current velocity associated with semidiurnal tidal cycles. The core of turbidity maximum shifts landward or seaward accordion to the flood-ebb succession. The turbidity maximum also shows a fortnightly variation in response to the spring-neap cycles. Thus, the turbidity maximum degenerates during neap-tide and regenerates during spring-tide. The freshwater discharge is also an important factor in the formation and destruction of the turbidity maximum. The increase in freshwater discharge in rainy season can create an ebb-dominant current pattern which enhances the seaward transport of suspended sediments, resulting in the shortening of residence time of suspended materials in the estuary. Thus, under this high discharge condition, the turbidity maximum exists only during spring-tide and starts to disappear as the tidal amplitude decreases.

  • PDF

Variation of Tidal Front in the Southwestern Sea of Korea (한국 남서해역 조사전선의 변화)

  • 조양기;최병호;정홍화
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
    • /
    • v.7 no.2
    • /
    • pp.170-175
    • /
    • 1995
  • To investigate the variation of tidal front in the southwestern sea of Korea, tidal currents were simulated. Tidal front proposed by a criterion parameter (log H/U$^3$)=1.5-2.0 was found further offshore by about 30-50 km in spring tide than in neap tide. This variation is comparable with the observed about 20-60km by satellite image of sea surface temperature (SST). Observed front by satellite is further offshore by about 10-30km than calculated region in southwestern region.

  • PDF

Prediction of Influence of Polluted Water Discharged from Saemankeum Lake (새만금 간척지구 담수호 건설에 따른 담수배출의 영향범위 예측)

  • Kim, Dae-Geun;Seo, Il-Won;Baek, Gyeong-O
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
    • /
    • v.30 no.6
    • /
    • pp.649-659
    • /
    • 1997
  • The influence of polluted water discharged from the Saemankeum Lake is predicted by using two-dimensional finite element model. The simulation results show that influence of the Polluted water to the northern part of the Kckunsan Islands is small during flood time. The reason is because lock gates are located in the south of the Kokunsan Islands so that tidal current directing north is blocked by these Islands. However, during the ebb time, the influence of the polluted water is extended to the whole southern part of the Kokunsan Islands. When the amount of ten percent of the total volume of polluted water is discharged from the Saemankeum Lake, equi-concentration contour line of one tenth of initial discharge concentration includes the inner area surrounded by Sinsi Island, Munyeo Island, Bian Island, and Daehang-Li. In general, peak concentration near the lock gates is found out to be higher during the spring tide than the neap tide.

  • PDF

Periodic characteristics of long period tidal current by variation of the tide deformation around the Yeomha Waterway (염하수로 인근에서 조석 변형과 장주기 조류성분의 변동 특성)

  • Song, Yong-Sik;Woo, Seung-Buhm
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
    • /
    • v.23 no.5
    • /
    • pp.393-400
    • /
    • 2011
  • The mass transport is very complicated at the area which has the macro tide and complex geometry such as Gyeonggi bay. Especially, the long period current has a strong influence on the estuarine ecosystem and the long-term distribution of substances. The long period current is caused by several external forcing, whose unique characteristic varies spatially and temporally. The variation characteristics of long period current is analysed and its generation mechanism is studied. The tidal nonlinear constituents such as overtide and compound tide are generated due to nonlinear interaction and it causes mean sea level setup. The tidal wave propagating up into estuary is transformed rapidly by decrease of cross-sectional area and depth. Therefore the mean sea level is getting rise toward upriver. The high and low tide level is similar between down-river(Incheon) and up-river(Ganghwa) during neap tide when the tidal deformation is decreased. The tidal phase difference between two tidal stations causes a periodic fluctuation of sea level difference. The low water level of Ganghwa station during spring tide does not descend under EL(-)2.5 m, but the low water level of Incheon fall down under EL(-)4.0 m. The variation of tidal range and its sea level are increased during spring tide. It is found that the long period current $M_{sf}$ is quite similar to that of sea level difference between the two tidal stations. It means that the sea surface inclination caused by the spatial difference of tidal deformation is important forcing for the generation of long period current.