• Title, Summary, Keyword: Neap tide

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Saltwater Intrusion Characteristics in Seomjin River Estuary using EFDC (3차원 수치모델을 이용한 섬진강 하구역의 염수침입 특성)

  • KANG, Bo-Sik;PARK, Hyo-Bong;KIM, Jong-Kyu
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.1842-1853
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    • 2015
  • The behavior characteristics of the saltwater intrusion in the Seomjin River Estuary by the inflow of fresh water were analysed by the field observation using CTD in the neap tide in January, June, and August 2013 as well as a numerical model, EFDC (Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code). As a result, Seomjin River Estuary is found that the saltwater intrusion is sensitive to the tide and tidal and freshwater flow. The results of field observation and numerical model were similar in the range of salt, but the results of salt wedge distribution were quite different. The observation of tide and tidal current as well as hydrographic surveying the Seomjin River Estuary will be jointly conducted for the accurate analysis.

Countermeasure and Outbreak Mechanism of Cochlodinium polykrikoides red tide 1. Environmental characteristics on outbreak and disappearanceof C. polykrikoides bloom (Cochlodinium polykrikoides 적조 발생기작과 대책 1. Cochlodinium polykrikoides 적조 발생과 소멸의 환경특성)

  • Park, Young-Tae;Kim, Young-Sug;Kim, Kui-Young;Park, Jong-Soo;Go, Woo-Jin;Jo, Yeong-Jo;Park, Seong-Yoon;Lee, Young-Sik
    • The Sea:JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF OCEANOGRAPHY
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.259-264
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    • 2001
  • Typhoon and neap tide on Cochlodinium polykrikoides bloom and water temperature on disappearance of C. polykrikoides bloom were investigated to elucidate the outbreak mechanism of C. polykrikoides blooms at Naro and Namhae coastal area in South Sea of Korea. The first observation of C. polykrikoides blooms were observed when thermocline was disappeared by typhoon, tide, etc. The first blooms of C. polykrikoides were observed on neap tide or before one day from neap tide in 1996-1998 and 2000. However, thermocline was disappeared by typhoon in 1994 and 1999, the first blooms were observed early 12-30 day than 1996-1998 and 2000. The main reason of disappearance of C. polykrikoides blooms after typhoon on 1997-2000 seems to be other environmental change by typhoon rather than low water temperature. In the future, the first C. polykrikoides bloom will be appear around the first neap tide of latter part of August with breaking down of thermocline, but if the thermocline be collapsed by typhoon in July, the C. polykrikoides bloom will be appear at beginning of August. The outbreak of C. polykrikoides blooms will be explain as follows: The vegetative cells, which was germinated by environmental change or already exist in surface water at low level, input to the surface water, and then nutrients and trace metals which were suppled from out side of C. polykrikoides bloom area inflow to surface. The vegetative cells are growth by the nutrients and trace metals at suitable environmental conditions e.g. water temperature, salinity, and sufficient light.

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A Study on the Transport of Anchovy Engraulis japornicus Egg-larvae in the South Sea of Korea (한국 남해안의 멸치(Engraulis japornicus) 난자치어 수송에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Sun;Bae, Sang-Wan
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.20 no.11
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    • pp.1403-1415
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    • 2011
  • To understand the transport of anchovy egg-larvae, an integrated model consisting of a hydrodynamic model and a three-dimensional Lagrangian diffusion model was used for the anchovy Engraulis japornicus egg-larvae trace. Fist, in order to determine the circulation characteristics of the South Sea of Korea, residual flow according to tide, density and wind effect was investigated. In offshore regions, tide-induced residual current tends to flow eastward during the spring tide and westward during the neap tide. Residual flow is irregular due to the bottom topography in the coastal area. No special tendency was apparent in the open sea. Especially, the flow in the offshore regions showed results similar to that of the Tsushima Warm Current. The transport of anchovy egg-larvae is decided the physical properties of sea water. It is estimated that anchovy eggs spawned near the Jeju Island travels offshore, rather than to coastal areas, and grow in the front area between the coastal sea and offshore regions.

Estimation of Extreme Sea Levels Reflecting Tide-Surge Characteristics (조석-해일 특성을 반영한 극치해면고 산정)

  • Kang, Ju Whan;Kim, Yang-Seon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.103-113
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    • 2018
  • Tide-surge characteristics of the West/South domestic coasts were analyzed with a tool of EST (empirical simulation technique). As a result, stations of Incheon, Gunsan, Mokpo and Busan are categorized as tide-dominant coasts, while Yeosu, Tongyoung and Busan are as surge-dominant coasts. In the tide-dominant coasts, extreme sea level of less than 50-yr frequency is formed without typhoon-surge, while only 10-yr extreme sea level is formed in the surge-dominant coasts. As the results of casual condition of extreme sea level formation considering the relative degree of surge on tide, the regional characteristics were detected also. Three methods for estimating the design tide level were compared. The AHHW method shows an unrealistic outcomes of the concern of over estimate design. Furthermore, the probability distribution function method has been concerned as causing missing data if a huge typhoon occurs in a neap tide or a low tide. To cope with these drawbacks, the applicability of the EST method is proved to be suitable especially in tide-dominant coasts.

Structures and Variability of the T-S field and the Current across the Korea Strait (대한해협 횡단면 상의 수온-염분과 해류의 구조 및 변동)

  • RO, YOUNG JAE;PARK, MOON-JIN;LEE, SANG-RYONG;LEE, JAE CHUL
    • 한국해양학회지
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.237-249
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    • 1995
  • To understand the cross-sectional structures of temperature, salinity and current across the Korea Strait, field measurements were carried out for the period of May 2 to 20, 1994. Using the R/V Tam Yang, detailed CTD profiles and ADCP records were obtained and used to examine the mean and variability field on two time scales (15 days and 25 hours). A sharp coastal front in the middle of the Korea Strait exists across which two different water masses, i.e., warm and saline water in the eastern side and cold and less saline water in the western side are neighboring. We observed highly variable field of T and S apparently caused by the westward movement of warm and saline water mass. Short-term fluctuations of T and S in the middle layer are remarkable and their importance was analysed as the first Eigen mode accounting for more than 50% of total variances. The currents in th Korea Strait are strongly influenced by tidal currents with spring and neap variation whose maximum speed ranges 80-90 and 60-70 cm/s respectively near the central portion of the channel. Strong southward tidal current could even mask the Tsushima Current completely. Results of harmonic analysis show that the magnitudes of semidiurnal, diurnal and mean components of currents are comparable to each other at spring and neap tide conditions. The volume transport across the western channel of the Korea Strait were estimated to be 2.1 Sv at neap tide condition and 3.4 Sv at spring tide condition.

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Critical Limits of Commercial Diving on the Construction of Tidal Current Power in Jangjuk Channel (장죽수로 조류발전건설시 작업특성에 따른 산업잠수 작업한계)

  • Kim, Won-Seok
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.733-742
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    • 2013
  • The Korea has significant tidal current energy resources, but it is so hard to work underwater for tidal turbine installation. Therefore commercial diving work is very important for tidal current generator. Also, Jangjuk channel is vary famous as proper area to generate tidal current energy. Nevertheless, no one is studied about characteristics of commercial diving works with installation of tidal current generator. The purpose of this study is to introduce commercial diving with work types and investigate critical limits of diving working under the conditions, which are working only to minutes at slack tide during the neap tide. As the results, work types are five as like mooring installation, OMAS(Offshore Maintenance Access System), support structure installation, cable and turbine installation. Here, the original construction period is expected about 4 months, but the construction take 18 months to complete. The cause of extends construction period is insufficiency of researching tidal current conditions at the site and ignorance of slack tide which need to secure diving working time. Total diving working times are 110th during 18 months, the highest percentage of diving times is turbine installation about 43.6 %, and cable, mooring installation and support structure construction are 27.3 %, 15.5 %, 13.6 %, respectively. On the basis of this study, estimation of times of commercial diving is possible with work types of tidal current power, and has a significance as basic data to determining construction period.

Inter-annual Variation of Tides on the Western Coasts of Korea (서해 연안에서 조석특성의 경년변화)

  • Jung, Tae Sung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.81-91
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    • 2016
  • Harmonic analysis of tide data observed on the western coasts has been conducted. The changing trends of harmonic constants were reviewed. Overall, amplitudes of semidiurnal tide are not changed and present phases are faster than in the past. In Mokpo located in a semi-enclosed bay, the amplitudes have been greatly increased and the phases have become earlier due to construction of sea-dike and seawalls. Harmonic constants of diurnal tide have not been changed except Mokpo. In Mokpo the phases of diurnal tide have been earlier. Tidal ranges in spring tide and neap tide have not been significantly changed except Mokpo. In Mokpo tidal ranges have been increased and tidal flats widened. Approximate higher high water has been overall rising. Therefore, Korean western coasts can be easily inundated than before.

Tidal Influence on Physical Parameters and Phytoplankton Size Structure in Youngsan River Estuary during Neap Tide (조석에 따른 영산강 하구의 물리적 환경 및 식물플랑크톤 크기구조: 소조기)

  • Park, Geon-Woo;Lee, Da-Hye;Shin, Yongsik
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.325-334
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    • 2017
  • To understand the changes in physical parameters and phytoplankton size structure caused by tides, a fixed station in the Youngsan River estuary was monitored at 2-h intervals, on April 28, 2012 and August 12, 2012. No clear relationship was observed between the temperature and salinity changes and tidal levels in April. However, in August, temperature decreased during the ebb tide and increased during the flood tide, while salinity showed the opposite trend. In addition, there was no specific change in the phytoplankton biomass corresponding to tidal levels in April. In August, the total chlorophyll a and the biomass of net phytoplankton (>$20{\mu}m$) increased almost 20 times during the ebb tide and decreased during the flood tide. The biomass of nanophytoplankton (<$20{\mu}m$) showed a similar variation in response to tidal level changes. In April, the relationship between percent contributions of phytoplankton size structure and tidal levels was not clear. In August, the net phytoplankton was dominant in the early stage and nanophytoplankton was dominant in the later stage, while contribution of nanophytoplankton and net phytoplankton increased at high tide and low tide, respectively. Therefore, in April, other factors such as freshwater discharge were more important than the tide, whereas in August, when no freshwater discharge was recorded, the changes in semidiurnal tides influenced the physical parameters and phytoplankton dynamics. These results could contribute to the understanding of phytoplankton dynamics in the Youngsan River estuary.

A Study on the Distribution of Summer Water Temperature in Wando Using Time-Series Analysis and Numerical Experiments (시계열 분석 및 수치실험을 통한 완도의 하계 수온분포)

  • Jang, Chan-Il;Jeong, Da-Woon;Kim, Dong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.188-195
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    • 2018
  • Time series analysis was conducted to identify the factors affecting short-term variation of water temperature in Wando. Spectrum analysis showed that air temperature peaks at diurnal period, while water temperature and tide level peak at both semi-diurnal and diurnal periods. Coherence between water temperature and the tide level presented 0.92 at semi-diurnal period. Numerical experiment were carried out to understand the spatio-temporal distribution of water temperature in the study area. Average water temperature difference between maximum ebb and flood was $0.3^{\circ}C$ in spring tide, but $0.13^{\circ}C$ in neap tide. The reason for the large difference in spring tide is that relatively cold water entered with strong tidal currents at flood tide and flowed out at ebb tide. Water temperature on coasts was higher than out at sea. This is because the depth in the coast is shallower than at sea, and water temperature increases rapidly due to solar radiation.

천안호 침몰해역의 해상조건 분석

  • Lee, Jung-U;Kim, Gyu-Gwang;Kim, Gang-Min;Gwon, So-Hyeon;Lee, Hyeong-Ha
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.227-230
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    • 2010
  • 2010년 3월 26일 21시 45분경, 백령도 서남쪽 1.6km(1마일)해상에서 대한민국 해군의 초계함 천안함이 원인 미상의 사고로 침몰한 사건이 발생하였다. 이에 연안공학자의 입장에서는 수색 및 구조에 필요한 기초자료인 해상조건들을 제공하고 시뮬레이션을 통한 보다 자세한 예측 및 유추가능한 자료를 제공한다는 것은 뜻깊은 일임에 틀림없다. 이에 본 연구에서는 백령도-대청도 부근해역의 기상, 파랑, 조석 및 조류, 저질, 부유사 상태등을 조사 분석하고 이를 기초로 해역특성을 분석하였다. 사건당시의 유속상황은 소조기(neap tide)-중조기 (mean tide) 사이에 해당하며 3월 26일이 지나고 4월 3~4일까지는 유속이 가장 강한 대조기 (spring tide)가 진행되는 시점으로 수색 및 구조작업에 에로사항이 있는것으로 파악되었다. 또한, 21:00-22:00 경은 낙조가 진행 중에 있기 때문에 물질이동은 남동쪽이 우세할 것으로 보이며 특히, 불규칙한 해저지형으로 인하여 급격한 와류 등이 존재할 것으로 판단되어 입자추적실험을 수행하였다. 수행 결과, 입자는 유속상황에 따라서, 초기에는 남동쪽으로 이동하지만 장기 예측결과, 외해쪽으로 흘러가는 것으로 나타났다. 이를 통하여 추후, 수색작업의 범위를 외해쪽으로 확대시켜야 할 것으로 사료된다.

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