• Title, Summary, Keyword: Neap tide

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Temporal and Spatial Variations of Sea Surface Temperature in Jinju Bay in the South Coast of Korea (진주만 해역 수온의 시공간적 변동 특성)

  • Choo, Hyo-Sang;Yoon, Eun-Chan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.315-326
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    • 2015
  • Temporal and spatial variations of surface water temperature in Jinju Bay for the period of 2010~2011 were studied using the data from temperature monitoring buoys deployed at 17 stations in the south coast of Korea. Water temperature shows the maximum late in January and the minimum early in August. Seasonal variation of water temperatures at the north part of the bay is smaller than the middle and the south. In summer, the lowest and the highest of maximum water temperature are distributed around Jijok Channel which is located at the south of the bay. The fluctuations of water temperatures at Noryang and Daebang Channel are smaller than others because of vertical mixing caused by passage of strong tidal currents. Wind and strong currents affect on the stratification of the surface water layer near Daebang Channel. High temperatures come in frequently around the north area when eastward constant flows appear at neap tide as blowing westerly in the springtime at Noryang Channel. Spectral analyses of temperature records show significant peaks at 7~20 day periods at Noryang Channel, 7~20 day and semidiurnal at the west coast of Changsun Island and Jijok Channel and 7~20 day and diurnal at the middle of the bay. Temperature fluctuation at Noryang Channel shows high coherence and has leading phase with those at other stations in the bay. However, the phase of temperature fluctuation at Noryang Channel falls behind that at Daebang Channel. Daebang Channel has an influence on the temperature fluctuation only at the west and middle part of the bay. Cross-correlation analyses for the temperature fluctuation show that Jinju Bay could be classified into six areas; Noryang Channel, the area of convergence and divergence at the north, Daebang Channel, the west coast of Changsun Island, the mixing area at the middle of the bay and the south inside of the bay, respectively.

Enhancement of FLDWAV Model for Its Application to the Main Reach of the Han River (한강 본류에의 적용을 위한 FLDWAV 모형의 개선)

  • Jun, Kyung-Soo;Kim, Jin-Soo;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.135-146
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    • 2007
  • FLDWAV model was modified such that it can adequately simulate the effect of Jamsil and Singok submerged weirs in the main reach of the Han River. The enhanced model combines weir-type discharge equations for overflow at fixed weir and Manning equation for fluvial-type flow at the movable weir. Equations for weir overflow include those for submerged weir flow and free overflow. Gates of the movable weir may be open or closed for the simulation. In order to test the simulation capabilities, the enhanced model was applied for various flow conditions at submerged weirs. Backwater effect due to Jamsil and Singok submerged weirs were well simulated. Simulations were carried out for spring and neap tides extracted from artificial tide generated by combining $M_2\;and\;S_2$ tidal constituents. Simulation results cleared indicated that tidal effect extends further upstream as the flood discharge decreases. Low flow simulation capabilities of the enhanced model was tested. Discontinuities of water surface elevation due to the submerged weirs were successively simulated.

A Study on the Tidal Energy Yield Capability according to the Yaw Angle in Jangjuk Strait (장죽수도에서의 요각변화에 따른 조류에너지 생산량에 관한 연구)

  • Tran, Bao Ngoc;Choi, Min Seon;Yang, Changjo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.25 no.7
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    • pp.982-990
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    • 2019
  • The interest of researchers and governments in exploiting tidal energy resources is increasing. Jangjuk strait is a place with high tidal energy density potential and is therefore appropriate for the constructing of a tidal turbine farm. In this study, a numerical approach is presented to evaluate the current flow and power potential in Jangjuk strait with an ADCIRC model. Then, the tidal field characteristics are utilized as input parameters for tidal resource calculation with an in-house program. The 1 MW scale tidal energy converter devices are employed and arranged in 4 layouts to investigate the annual energy yield as well as flow deficit due to the wake ef ect at the surveyed area. The best-performed array generates an annual energy yield up to 12.96 GWh/year (without considering the wake effect); this value is reduced by 0.16 GWh/year when accounting for the energy loss caused by the flow deficit. Moreover, by altering the turbine yaw angle during the flood and ebb tides, the impacts of this factor on the energy extraction are analyzed. This indicates that the turbine array attains the maximum tidal power when the turbine yaw angle is at 346° and 164° (clockwise, to the North) for the spring and neap tide in turns.

Characteristics of Mass Transport Depending on the Feature of Tidal Creek at Han River Estuary, Gyeong-gi Bay, South Korea (경기만 염하수로에서의 비정규 격자 수치모델링을 통한 조간대 조수로의 고려에 따른 Mass Transport 특성)

  • Kim, Minha;Woo, Seung-Buhm
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.41-51
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    • 2013
  • The tidal creek dependent mass transport characteristic in Gyeong-Gi Bay (west coast of Korea) was studied using field measured data and numerical model. Gyeong-Gi Bay consists of 3 main tidal channels and contains a well-developed vast tidal flat. This region is famous for its large tidal difference and strong current. We aim to study the effect of tidal creek in the tidal flat on the mass exchange between the estuary and the ocean. For numerical application, the application of unstructured grid feature is essential, since the tidal creek has complicated shape and form. For this purpose, the FVCOM is applied to the study area and simulation is performed for 2 different cases. In case A, geographic characteristics of the tidal creek is ignored in the numerical grid and in case B, the tidal creek are constructed using unstructured grid. And these 2 cases are compared with the field measured cross-channel mass transport data. The cross-channel mass transport at the Yeomha waterway mouth and Incheon harbor was measured in June, 9~10 (Spring tide) and 17~18 (Neap tide), 2009. CTD casting and ADCP cross-channel transect was conducted 13 times in one tidal cycle. The observation data analysis results showed that mass transport has characteristic of the ebb dominance Line 1 (Yeomha waterway mouth), on the other hand, a flood dominant characteristic is shown in Line 2 (Incheon harbor front). By comparing the numerical model (case A & B) with observation data, we found that the case B results show much better agreement with measurement data than case A. It is showed that the geographic feature of tidal creek should be considered in grid design of numerical model in order to understand the mass transport characteristics over large tidal flat area.

Analysis of Flood Control Effect by Applying the Connecting Channel in Estuary Area Including the Confluence of Two Rivers (2개의 하천이 합류하는 하구역에서의 연결수로 통수능에 따른 홍수위저감효과 분석)

  • Kim, Sooyoung;Kim, Hyung-Jun;Yoon, Kwang Seok
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.48 no.12
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    • pp.1065-1075
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    • 2015
  • In the estuary where the structure such as river-mouth weir has been installed, the flow is developed very complicatedly due to river water from upstream, tide of the sea and floodgate operation. Especially, if basin outlets more than one exists in one estuary, the boundary conditions will be significantly more complex form. Saemangeum(SMG) project area in Korea is the most typical example. There are Mankyung river and Dongjin river in upstream. The water of them inflows into SMG project area. In the downstream, river flow was drained from inland to sea over the SMG sea dike through the sluice. The connecting channel was located between Mankyung and Dongjin basins. It functions not only as transportation by ship in ordinary period but also as flood sharing by sending flood flow to each other in flood period. Therefore, in order to secure the safety against flood, it is very important to understand the flood sharing capacity for connecting channel. In this study, the flood control effect was analyzed using numerical simulation. Delft3D was used to numerical simulation and simulated period was set up with neap tide, in which the maximum flood stage occurred due to poor drainage. Actually, three connecting channels were designed in land use plan of the SMG Master Plan, but they were simplified to a single channel for conciseness of analysis in this study. According to the results of numerical analysis, the water level difference between two basins was increased and the maximum flood stage at dike sluice was also upraised depending on decrease of conveyance. And the velocity induced by same water level difference was decreased when the conveyance became smaller. In certain conveyance above, there was almost no flood control effect. Therefore, if the results of this study are considered for design of connecting channel, it will be expected to draw the optimal conveyance for minimizing dredging construction cost while maximizing the flood control effect.

Analysis on the volume variation of bag-net in set-net by acoustic telemetry (음향 텔레메트리에 의한 정치망 원통의 체적 변화 해석)

  • Tae, Jong-Wan;Shin, Hyeon-Ok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.115-125
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    • 2004
  • An experiment to measure the volume variation of bag net in a set-net by acoustic telemetry system was conducted in Jaran Bay, Gosung, Korea on 10 April to 23 April 2003. The long baseline telemetry system consists of three radio-acoustic linked positioning (RAP) buoys, a time controller with a personal computer and seven pingers. Six pingers were attached on the bottom of the bag-net and the other one was fixed on the sea bed. The results obtained are summarized as follows : 1. The average RAP buoy fixing errors of x-axis, y-axis, and z-axis were 0.2m, 0.4m, and 0.1m, respectively. 2. In the neap tide the minimum and maximum volume of the bag-net on 11 April 2003 were 4,173$m^3$(17:00) and 4,757$m^3$(12:00), respectively. The average current direction and speed at those times were 99.9$^{\circ}$, 12.9cm/s and 104.0$^{\circ}$, 2.4cm/s, respectively. 3. In the spring tide on 17 April 2003, the minimum and maximum volume were 2,016$m^3$(18:30) and 4,454$m^3$(15:00), respectively. The average current direction and speed at those times were 315.6$^{\circ}$, 16.1cm/s and 289.0$^{\circ}$, 5.7cm/s, respectively. 4. In conclusion the maximum variation of the volume on 17 April to 20 April 2003 was 3,552$m^3$ and it was larger 1.4 times than time on 11 April to 16 April 2003.

Diel Horizontal Migration of Planktonic Copepods in the Surf Zone of Yongil Bay, Korea (영일만 쇄파대에 나타나는 부유성 요각류의 주야 수평이동)

  • Suh Hae-Lip;Yu Ok-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.527-536
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    • 1996
  • The patterns of diel horizontal migration (DHM) of 7 copepod species are compared as part of a general investigation of the zooplankton adaptations to the surf zone habitats. In a sandy shore surf zone of Yongil Bay, 3 sites such as the bottom and surface of 1 m water depth and water's edge are sampled with a sledge net(n=108). The surf zone copepod assemblage is dominated by 7 species; Acartia hudsonica, Fseudodiaptomus marinus, Paracalanus indicus, Calanus sinicus, Oithona similis, Sinocalanus tenellus and Labidocera bipinnata. Threefold variations in copepod abundance are observed within a diel cycle. Abundances of 7 dominant species and total copepods captured in the surface exhibit significant diel differences, but those taken in the bottom are not significantly affected by diel period. It is shown that about $90\%$ of the surf zone copepods performed DHM. The nocturnal high densities of copepods occurred for a neap tide when the offshore winds prevailed, suggesting the animals' ability for horizontal orientation and an active locomotion without invoking passive transportation by currents. Photoreactive behavior of copepods triggered by relative changes in light intensity may be a primary factor inducing DHM by aggregating in the surf zone during the night and spreading out at day; then copepods may reduce encounters with visual predators. In A. hudsonica, ontogenetic variations in timings of DHM are evident. Such variations are likely to minimize intraspecific competition for diets. Data on shoreward migration of copepods indicate that A. hudsonica, P. indicus, O. similis and S. tenellus can maintain swimming velocities of about $20m\;h^{-1}$ for durations of more than an hour. Our observations of strong diel difference in abundances point out the need for both day and night samplings in surf zone habitats, if the importance of these habitats to planktonic copepods are to be fully understood.

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