• Title, Summary, Keyword: Navigation lights

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Design and Fabrication of LED Navigation Lights (LED 항해등의 설계 및 제작)

  • Kim, Il-Kwon;Kim, Dong-Geon;Kil, Gyung-Suk;Cho, Heung-Gi;Cho, Kyu-Lyong
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.25 no.9
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    • pp.743-749
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, we designed and fabricated LED navigation lights which can replace the existing ones immediately and overcome disadvantages due to use of conventional lamps. To decide the best arrangement and position of a LED module, optical systems of existing navigation lights were analyzed and refracted routes of rays were simulated. The electrical and optical characteristics of the fabricated LED navigation lights were measured and analyzed with a goniophotometer. To calculate ranges of visibility, the vertical and horizontal luminous intensity distributions were evaluated in accordance with the COLREGs (convention on the international regulation for preventing collisions at Sea). From the results, the proposed LED navigation lights showed suitable characteristics for marine environment with the power consumption reduced by 90% and the maximum luminous intensity increased by 20% compared to the existing navigation lights.

Study on Installation of Sector Lights for the Establishment of Safe Navigation Environment in Busan Port (부산항 안전항해환경 조성을 위한 지향등 설치방안 연구)

  • JEONG, Hae-Sang;LEE, Jong-Cheol;KIM, Jeong-Rok;GUG, Seung-Gi
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.87-88
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    • 2019
  • Leading Lights and Sector Lights provide a navigable channel, heading reference and a visual indication. Mariners can take easily a reference bearing or line of position. The Busan North Port needed to install a sector light to resolve blind sections because of Busan Port Redevelopment Project D-1 Block Construction Plan. And also the busan new port needed to install a sector light to give safety indication because navigation conditions will be changed due to removal of the to-island. For this reason, design development was made for installation of sector lights. In addition, the results of design development were compared with the AtoN simulation and verified. This paper is expected to be very useful for installing Sector Lights to guide the vessel to port safely in Korea.

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A Study on the Improvement of Abnormal Lighting of Supersonic Aircraft Navigation Light (초음속 항공기 항법등의 이상점등 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sang-Hoon;Choi, Jae-ho;Lee, Jin-won;Kwon, Na-Eun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.215-221
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    • 2020
  • Navigation lights used in supersonic aircraft are used to identify the direction and location of the aircraft. The color of the navigation lights and location of installation are defined by aviation law as red for the left wing, green for the right wing, and white for the tail. Navigation lights operate in BRT and DIM modes. BRT is the brightest mode, and DIM is an output with dimmed brightness. Navigation lights serve to prevent aircraft collisions and are very important for stability and location identification. One phenomenon is that the inlet and tail navigation lights flicker abnormally. In this study, fault tree analysis was performed in two stages. The first step was derived from three causal factors, the second step developed five improvements, and the optimal improvement plan was drawn. The navigation lights confirmed that the initial input power was unstable as the main cause of abnormal flickering. As an improved method, the circuit was adjusted to stabilize the initial power, and it was confirmed that flickering did not occur as a result of the tests under the same conditions.

An Accelerated Life Test of LED Lights for Aviation Taxiway (항공유도로등화용 LED 광원의 가속수명시험)

  • Min, Kyong-Chan;Yun, Yang-Gi;Kim, Myung-Soo
    • Journal of Applied Reliability
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.127-140
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    • 2011
  • This paper presents an accelerated life test of aviation taxiway lights installed in the airport to help safe navigation of airplanes at night or in bad weather. Recently halogen lamps of taxiway lights are replaced by LED ones and their reliability needs yet to be verified. Thus, effective test conditions are designed reflecting the failure modes and mechanisms from the previous studies on LED, which include the accelerated degradation process. The test is performed under the temperature $70^{\circ}C$ and $90^{\circ}C$ for two types of LED lights, taxiway center line lights(TCLL) and taxiway edge lights (TEDL). The failure time data were analyzed using lognormal distribution and Arrhenius model to find the life-stress relationship, acceleration factor and life characteristics under the normal condition temperature $30^{\circ}C$.

Localization of Mobile Users with the Improved Kalman Filter Algorithm using Smart Traffic Lights in Self-driving Environments

  • Jung, Ju-Ho;Song, Jung-Eun;Ahn, Jun-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.67-72
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    • 2019
  • The self-driving cars identify appropriate navigation paths and obstacles to arrive at their destinations without human control. The autonomous cars are capable of sensing driving environments to improve driver and pedestrian safety by sharing with neighbor traffic infrastructure. In this paper, we have focused on pedestrian protection and have designed an improved localization algorithm to track mobile users on roads by interacting with smart traffic lights in vehicle environments. We developed smart traffic lights with the RSSI sensor and built the proposed method by improving the Kalman filter algorithm to localize mobile users accurately. We successfully evaluated the proposed algorithm to improve the mobile user localization with deployed five smart traffic lights.

A Study of the Marine Traffic Safety using the LED Flashing Number Plate for Light Buoys (등부표 식별용 LED 발광 번호판을 활용한 해상교통 안전에 관한 연구)

  • Shim, Moo-Jun;Lee, Tae-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.448-452
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    • 2010
  • The traditional Aids to Navigations(AtoN) have been ensuring the safety of ships by indicating the passage and dangers by depending on the flashing lights. But the more the industrial complex behind port which is all over the country involving the Ulsan port developed, the more the lights behind port is stronger, and then the distinguishment of the signal of AtoN from the lights behind port is more difficult. And It is urgently needed to prepare the counterplan about the ensurement of safety because the authorities levels up the limit tonnage of the ships which are sail in and out during night to improve the operation of port through reducing of the traffic jam So, the method of direct lighting like LED non-neon is applied to unmanned lighthouses or light beacon, and the LED flashing number plate is applied to light buoys whose light power is weaker than to improve distinguishment and to be easy positioning of ships. As a result, the users of Ulsan port comment favorably on this item and the development of AtoN must be continuos to overcome the lights behind port.

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Selection of Light Character for Marking with Lights on Offshore Wind Farms (해양풍력발전단지 표지등광의 등질선정에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Hyoung-Seon
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.105-110
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    • 2014
  • Korean government sets up a goal that jumps up to the third ranked powerful nation of offshore wind in the world until 2020 and announced "The plan for 2.5-gigawatt wind farm off the south-west coast by 2019". Such above, according to green energy policy, offshore wind farms(OWF) will be increased continuously. The development of OWF should be taken account of wind volume as well as marine traffic environment. Specially aids to navigation of OWF play a significant role in preventing collision between vessels navigating near waters and structures. For purpose of distinguishing OWF, IALA recommendations define installation of lights on SPS and IPS. However, there is no mention of light character that plays important role in identification of lights as marking offshore wind farm. Also the research on selection of proper light character has been insufficient state. Therefore in this paper, we analyzed internal and external regulations concerned marking with light on SPS and IPS in OWF. And suggested patterns and rhythms of light having not only easily recognized feature but also no confusion with other light of aids to navigation. The proposed light characters were verified by simulation, and the results were analysed that synchronism flickering of "Fl Y(4) 12s(SPS)" and "Fl Y 6s(IPS)" would be useful in combination of both lights.

Analysis of LED signal lights Characteristic for Marine (해상용 LED 등명기 특성 분석)

  • Jeong, Jae-Hoon;Ahn, Jong-Ryeol;Kim, Jong-Kook;Kim, Hyun-Jo;Kim, Jong-Hun;Yu, Chung-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.439-442
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    • 2009
  • 해상용 200mm 등명기를 대체하기 위해 2003년 최초로 국내에서 LED 등명기가 개발되었다. LED 등명기는 개발되어진 이래로 그 수요가 계속 증가하고 있으며, 기능 또한 많이 개선되어지고 있다. 그러나 현재까지 LED 등명기에 관한 심도 있는 분석이 이루어지고 있지 않다. 본 논문은 LED 등명기의 사용전검사시 색상별 부동광도 및 정기검사(3년) 시 부동광도 감소율 등을 통계조사를 통해 알아보고, 현재 진행중인 LED 등명기 수명실험의 2차년도까지의 결과를 토대로 현단계에서의 개선점을 찾아보기 위해 작성되었다. 또한 향후 계속적인 LED 등명기 성능 기선 연구에 기초자료를 제공하고자 한다.

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Real-time Identification of Traffic Light and Road Sign for the Next Generation Video-Based Navigation System (차세대 실감 내비게이션을 위한 실시간 신호등 및 표지판 객체 인식)

  • Kim, Yong-Kwon;Lee, Ki-Sung;Cho, Seong-Ik;Park, Jeong-Ho;Choi, Kyoung-Ho
    • Journal of Korea Spatial Information System Society
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.13-24
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    • 2008
  • A next generation video based car navigation is researched to supplement the drawbacks of existed 2D based navigation and to provide the various services for safety driving. The components of this navigation system could be a load object database, identification module for load lines, and crossroad identification module, etc. In this paper, we proposed the traffic lights and road sign recognition method which can be effectively exploited for crossroad recognition in video-based car navigation systems. The method uses object color information and other spatial features in the video image. The results show average 90% recognition rate from 30m to 60m distance for traffic lights and 97% at 40-90m distance for load sign. The algorithm also achieves 46msec/frame processing time which also indicates the appropriateness of the algorithm in real-time processing.

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Application and Analysis of 2D FRI (Finite Rate of Innovation) Super-resolution Technique in Vision Navigation (영상 항법에서의 2D FRI (Finite Rate of Innovation) Super-resolution 기법 적용 및 분석)

  • Yoo, Kyungwoo;Kong, Seung-Hyun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2015
  • In urban area, since multipath and signal attenuations frequently occur due to street trees, street lights and buildings, it is difficult to obtain accurate navigation solution using GPS. As these problems also impact negatively on the INS/GPS coupled system, implementing advanced transportation systems such as autonomous navigation system and Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) become quite hard. For this reason, to alleviate deterioration of navigation system performance in urban area, direction information extraction algorithm using vision system is proposed in this paper. 2D Finite Rate of Innovation (FRI) technique is applied to extract lane edges. The proposed technique is simulated using road images and feasibility of proposed technique is analyzed through the simulation results.