• Title, Summary, Keyword: Natto

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The Effects of Natto Mucilage on Serum Nitrogen Compounds in Rats (낫도(Natto) 점질물이 흰쥐의 혈청 질소화합물에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Song-Chon;Kim, Man-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.320-326
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    • 2002
  • Natto, one of Japanese traditional food is made from steamed whole soybeans fermented with Bacillus natto. In this study, the effects of Natto mucilage- feeding on griwth, organ weight and serum nitrogen compounds of rats were investigated. Male rats in Sprague-Dawley strain were fed on basal diets supplemented with aqueous Natto mucilage of several percentages for 10 weeks. Natto mucilage had no significant effects on the body and organ weights. The levels of GOT, GPT, LDH. and total bilirubin in serum of rats fed Natto mucilage diets were significantly lower than those in the control group ' The levels of total protein and albumin were higher than those in the control group. The level of calcium in serum indicates a growing tendency. but creatinine, uric acid, and BUN had declining. And the most component of free am1no acids in Natto mucilage were glutamin acid.

Changes of Saccharides and Amino Acids in Natto Added with Spice during Fermentation (향미성 Natto 제조과정중 당류 및 아미노산 함량 변화)

  • 김복란;박창희;윤복만;정민철;이상영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.114-120
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    • 1995
  • Natto is a Japanese traditional food made from whole soybenas by fermentation of Bacillus natto. This study was attempted to improve the taste of Natto. Natto was compared with the changes in the various chemical properties after it had been produced by the addition of garlic and red pepper oleoresin. the remained content of total sugar fo Natto added with red pepper oleoresin decreased than other groups during 24hours fermentation. The remained content of reduced sugar of Natto added with garlic, red pepper oleoresin increased than other groups. The amount of total free sugar showed almost no differences in the case of garlic and red pepper oleoresin added. Amino type nitrogen content increased gradually after 24 hour fermentation in all samples. Free amino acid content increased in conventinal Natto.

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Nattokinase, ${\gamma}-GTP$, Protease Activity and Sensory Evaluation of Natto Added with Spice (향미성 Natto의 Nattokinase, ${\gamma}-GTP$, Protease 활성도와 관능적 평가)

  • 김복란;이상영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.228-233
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    • 1995
  • To make Natto, tradiational Japanese food fermented by Bacillus natto, more acceptable to Koreans, garlic(2%) and/or red pepper oleoresin(0.2%) were mixed with Natto. Through out the fermentation period, the changes in enzyme activities and sensory evaluation were compared with those of conventional Natto. Nattokinase activities were detected from 12 hour fermentation in all samples. After that period, steady increased in Nattokinase activity was observed. The activity of nattokinase decreased slightly when garlic and/or red pepper oleoresin was added. Changes in ${\gamma}-glutamyl$ transpeptidase(${\gamma}-GTP$) was not significant among samples and the similar tendency was observed in nattokinase activity. With addition of garlic, production of protease reached maximum after 8 hour of fermentation whereas it took 16 hour when red pepper oleoresin was added. However, after 24 hour of fermentation, any significant differences in protease activity were not observed. Sensory evaluation indicated that the tastes of Natto with either garlic and red pepper oleoresin or red pepper oleoresin only were much more acceptable than conventional Natto or one with garlic only.

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Quality Characteristics of the Chungkookjang Fermented by the Mixed Culture of Bacillus natto and B. licheniformis (Bacillus natto와 B. licheniformis 혼합 Starter로 제초된 청국장의 품질특성)

  • 연규춘;김동호;김정옥;육홍선;조재민;변명우
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.204-210
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    • 2002
  • The quality characteristics and sensory evaluation of chungkookjang were investigated. The samples were prepared and fermented by the inoculation of Bacillus strains; B. subtilis, B. natto and B. licheniformis as a single starter, and mixed culture of B. natto and B. licheniformis on the industrialized model system. It was shown that microbial growth, protease activity, contents of amino-and ammonia-nitrogen and contents of organic acid were higher in B. subtilis inoculated sample, and were lower in B. licheniformis inoculated one. General quality characteristics of sample inoculated by mixed culture of B. natto and B. licheniformis took a middle position between each B. natto and B. licheniformis inoculated one. Fifty eight species of odor components were identified. Ethanol, 3-methyl-1-butanol, acetic acid, benzaldehyde and alkyl pyrazines were identified in all samples and most of other flavor components were strain specific. The contents of unpleasant smell components, alkyl pyrazines and benzaldehyde, were lower in B. licheniformis inoculated sample. The sensory evaluations showed that chungkookjang manufactured from mixed culture of B. natto and B.licheniformis was most acceptable. Therefore, results indicated that chungkookjang manufactured from mixed culture of B. natto and B. licheniformis induced better sensory quality than that of the control.

Effect of Fermented Soybean, "Natto" on the Production and Qualities of Chicken Meat

  • Fujiwara, K.;Miyaguchi, Y.;Feng, X.H.;Toyoda, A.;Nakamura, Y.;Yamazaki, M.;Nakashima, K.;Abe, H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.21 no.12
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    • pp.1766-1772
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    • 2008
  • Natto is a Japanese traditional soybean product fermented by Bacillus natto. The effect of natto supplement on the production and qualities of chicken meat was studied since the effective use of various waste foods is required in Japan. Dried natto prepared by heating at $60^{\circ}C$ was added to a basic diet at an amount of below 2%. The supplementation of dried natto did not influence the weights of the carcass, breast and thigh meat, fillet or abdominal fat. Growth of the thighbone such as the length, thickness of cortex bone, and Ca/P ratio in bone ash were not altered by the addition of natto. However, the pH of male meat decreased following the supplementation of dried natto from days 28 to 80. The water-soluble protein content in male thigh meat increased in the group fed 2% natto from days 28 to 80. Free peptides increased in male thigh meat by feeding 2% natto from days 0 to 80. The supplementation of natto increased free glutamic acid in thigh meat regardless of sex. Moreover, the supplementation of natto specifically decreased meat cholesterol in female chickens though the effect was not shown in male chickens.

Effects of Spice Added Natto Supplementation on the Lipid Metabolism in Rats (향미성 Natto의 섭취가 흰쥐의 지질 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 김복란;김종대;함승시;최용순;이상영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.121-126
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Natto supplementation on lipid metabolism in rats. Male rats were fed on casein(CON group), steamed soybean(SS group), conventional Natto(N-1 group), garlic(2%) added Natto(N-2 group), red pepper oleoresin(0.2%) added Natto(N-3 group) and galic(2%) and red pepper oleoresin(0.2%) added Natto(N-4 group) as a protein source for 4 weeks. Serum and liver cholesterol levels were significantly lower in the experimental groups than in the control group. Especially, dietary N-2, N-3 and N-4, compared with CON, reduced markedly the concentration of serum cholesterol. The concentration of serum HDL-cholesterol was higher markedly in the N-4 group than in the control group. The concentration of serum triglyceride was significantly lower in the N-1, N-2, N-3 and N-4 groups than in the control group. Garlic and red pepper added Natto fed groups(N-2, N-3, N-4) showed more excreion of fecal bile acid when compared with those values of casein fed group. The results indicate that spice added Natto supplementation may have more beneficial roles in lipid metabolism through reduced cholesterol levels and increased fecal bile acid excretion.

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The Effects of Natto Mucilage on the Components of Serum Lipid in Rats (낫도(Natto) 점질물이 흰쥐의 혈청 지질성분에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Song-Chon;Lee, Sung-Hoon;Wi, Sung-Jang
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.63-67
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    • 2002
  • Natto is a Japanese traditional food made from whole soybeans by the fermentation of Bacillus natto. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Natto mucilage on lipid metabolism in rats. The levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglyceride in serum of rats fed Natto mucilage diets were lower than those in control rats, but serum HDL-cholesterol and phospholipid were higher than those in control rats. The results indicate that Natto mucilage may have more beneficial roles in lipid metablism because it decreased serum cholesterol and increased bilirubin excretion.

The Antithrombotic and Fibrinolytic Effect of Natto in Hypercholesterolemia Rats

  • Park, Kum-Ju;Kang, Jung-Il;Kim, Tae-Seok;Yeo, Ik-Hyun
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.78-82
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    • 2012
  • Antithrombotic and fibrinolytic activity of natto was evaluated on platelet aggregation in vitro and in vivo. Natto showed inhibitory effects on platelet aggregation induced by adenosine 5’diphosphate (ADP) and collagen. Orally administered natto also showed fibrinolytic activity in hypercholesterolemia rats. Normal levels of natto, when administered for four weeks, shortened euglobulin clot lysis time (ECLT) and prolonged partial thromboplastin time (PATT) significantly compared to non-treated group. In addition, the natto treatment decreased total cholesterol in serum. These results showed that intake of normal levels of natto can elicit antithrombotic and fibrinolytic effects, suggesting its consumption may improve blood circulation.

A Study on the Manufacturing of Soysauce by the Combined use of Aspergillus sojae and Bacillus subtilis (단백질분해세균(蛋白質分解細菌)을 병용(倂用)한 간장제조(製造)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Ze-Uook;Cho, Sung-Hwan
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1975
  • In order to study on the preparation of improved soysauce, Koji(soybean and wheat mash fermented by the strain Aspergillus sojae), Koji-Natto(mixed with the various proportion of Koji to Natto; 8 : 2, 6 : 4, 4 : 6, 2 : 8) and Natto (prepared using the strain: Bacillus subtilis) were prepared as soysauce materials. Sensory evaluation for the soysauces made from above-mentioned soysauce materials and the contents of total nitrogen, amino nitrogen, ammonia nitrogen, reducing sugar, total acid and enzyme activity were determined. The results were summarized as follows: 1. Protease activity of Natto was over twice higher than that of Koji and amylase activity of Koji was three times higher than that of Natto. Koji-Natto showed successive increase of amylase activity and successive decrease of protease activity as Koji proportion was increased to Natto. 2. The contents of total nitrogen and amino nitrogen in all the soysauce mashes displayed linear increases or no changes of these contents as aging. The contents of total nitrogen and amino nitrogen in the mahes were higher as Natto proportion increase to Koji during the aging period. 3. In Natto soysauce mash and Koji-Natto soysauce mashes the contents of ammonia nitrogen were gradually increased until $1{\sim}2$ months and rapidly reduced after that period, while Koji soysauce mashes were continuatively increased. 4. In all the soysauce mash the reducing sugar increased preeminently until the two months and after then there was a rapid decrease as aging the contents of reducing sugar in the mash were higher as Natto proportion increased to Koji during aging period. 5. The total acid of Koji and Koji-Natto (8 : 2) soysauce mash showed gradual increase as aging, while contents of total acid in Natto and other Koji-Natto soysauce mashes increased preeminently until 50${\sim}$70 days aging, after then decreased. 6. The results of sensory evaluation for three-month-fermented soysauces showed the most excellent in Koji-Natto (6 : 4) and successive order in the soysauces consisting of Koji and Natto proportion: 8 : 2, 10 : 0, 4 : 6, 2 : 8, 0 : 10.

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Effect of Fermented Soybean "Natto" Supplement on Egg Production and Qualities

  • Fujiwara, K.;Miyaguchi, Y.;Toyoda, A.;Nakamura, Y.;Yamazaki, M.;Nakashima, K.;Abe, H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.21 no.11
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    • pp.1610-1615
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    • 2008
  • Natto is a Japanese traditional soybean product fermented by Bacillus natto. The effects of dried fermented soybean (natto) supplement on egg production and egg qualities of layer chickens was studied with regard to the effective use of various waste foods in Japan. Dried natto, prepared by heating at $60^{\circ}C$, was added to a basic diet at a level of up to 3%. Forty 166-wk-old layer chickens (Rhode Island Red) were randomly divided into 4 groups and five layer chickens were used in each group with two replicates. Layer chickens in group 1 were fed a basic diet as the control. The remaining 3 groups were fed the basic diet supplemented with dried natto at levels of 1, 2, and 3% (w/w), respectively. The result did not show improvements in egg production or feed conversion ratio of layer chickens even when 3% dried natto was added to the control diet. The egg qualities including egg weight, eggshell strength and thickness, yolk color, yolk weight, albumen height, and Haugh unit were also not improved. However, the feeding of dried natto changed the cholesterol content in the egg yolk. The supplementation of dried natto showed the tendency to decrease the yolk cholesterol after 12-wk of feeding compared to the control diet though it did not change plasma cholesterol levels in the blood. On the other hand, yolk cholesterol decreased significantly after 12-wk of feeding 3% dried natto (p<0.05).