• Title, Summary, Keyword: National interest

Search Result 4,330, Processing Time 0.045 seconds

The Influences of Cognitive Conflict and Non-Cognitive Variables on Conceptual Change and the Sources of Situational Interest Induced by a Discrepant Event (인지갈등과 비인지적 변인이 개념변화에 미치는 영향 및 변칙사례에 의해 유발된 상황 흥미의 근원)

  • Kang, Hun-Sik;Kim, Min-Kyoung;Noh, Tae-Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.18-27
    • /
    • 2007
  • This study examined the influences of cognitive conflict and non-cognitive variables induced by a discrepant event on process of conceptual change, and the processes that a discrepant event lead to situational interest. Seventh graders participated in this study. A preconception test was administered to select students possessing misconceptions about density. The tests of cognitive response and situational interest to a discrepant event were administered. After learning with a CAl program, the tests assessing attention and effort allocated to the CAl, and conceptual understanding were also administered. A path analysis revealed that cognitive conflict induced by a discrepant event caused situational interest, which in turn increased attention and/or effort and thus, resulted in conceptual change. The results of the path analysis on the processes in which a discrepant event led to situational interest suggested that novelty may be a primary source of situational interest. Novelty influenced situational interest directly as well as through attention demand, exploration intention, and instant enjoyment. Moreover, novelty exerted a direct effect on challenge, which in turn had negative effects on instant enjoyment directly as well as through cognitive conflict, and thus, decreased situational interest. However, the path coefficients of the latter were relatively smaller than those of the former. Educational implications are discussed.

A Way of Teaching Listening Comprehension through Tasks and Activities

  • Im, Byung-Bin;Kim, Ji-Sun
    • Korean Journal of English Language and Linguistics
    • /
    • v.1 no.1
    • /
    • pp.163-185
    • /
    • 2001
  • Listening comprehension is an integrative and creative process of interaction through which listeners receive speakers' production of linguistic or non-linguistic knowledge. Improving listening comprehension requires continual attentiveness and interest. .Listening skill can be extended systematically only when students are frequently exposed to a wide range of listening materials with an affective, cultural, social, and psycholinguistic approach. Therefore, teachers should help students learn how to comprehend intactly the overall meaning of intended messages. Practical classroom teaching necessitates a systematic procedure in which students should take part in meaningful tasks and activities. This study purposes to investigate the effects of task-based listening comprehension instruction on improvement of EFL learners' listening comprehension and their attitude and interest. 74 freshmen who enrolled in College English conversation classes in Kongju National University participated in this study. The participants were administered listening comprehension tests and questionnaires. The results show that the listening comprehension instruction through tasks and activities has a positive impact on EFL learners' improvement of listening comprehension and their attitude and interest toward the target language as well.

  • PDF

Difference of Product Interest and Relation to Innate Innovativeness, and Perceptive Construct of Products according to Consumers' Gender (소비자 성별에 따른 상품 유형별 관심도 차이, 내재적 혁신성과의 상관관계 및 상품 지각 구조 분석)

  • Chung, Ihn Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
    • /
    • v.39 no.4
    • /
    • pp.505-516
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study investigated difference of product interest and its relation to consumers' innate innovativeness according to gender as well as compared the perceptive construct of products between male and female consumers. A survey involving male and female college students was conducted in the Daegu and Gyeongbuk areas in December 2013. Subsequently, 400 responses were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlations, independent sample t-test, reliability analysis, ANCOVA, and multidimensional scaling. Among 45 products, male respondents showed a significantly high degree of interest over 12 categories such as watches, desktop computers, cars, sports products, and video games compared to females. The female sample showed a significantly high degree of interest for 29 product categories such as clothing, movies, skin care shops, cosmetics, eating-out, teeth whitening, coffee, cameras, and performances compared to males. Innovative male consumers were interested in traveling, movies, clothing, eating-out, running shoes, and wallets; however, female consumers' innovativeness was significantly related to previously determined items of interest. Two dimensions explaining the male consumers' products perception construct were 'hard versus soft' and 'usual versus special'. Instead, female consumers' were 'special versus usual' and 'expressive versus functional'.

The Effect of the Reduction in the Interest Rate Due to COVID-19 on the Transaction Prices and the Rental Prices of the House

  • KIM, Ju-Hwan;LEE, Sang-Ho
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
    • /
    • v.11 no.8
    • /
    • pp.31-38
    • /
    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study uses 'Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average Model' to predict the impact of a sharp drop in the base rate due to COVID-19 at the present time when government policies for stabilizing house prices are in progress. The purpose of this study is to predict implications for the direction of the government's house policy by predicting changes in house transaction prices and house rental prices after a sharp cut in the base rate. Research design, data, and methodology: The ARIMA intervention model can build a model without additional information with just one time series. Therefore, it is a time-series analysis method frequently used for short-term prediction. After the subprime mortgage, which had shocked since the global financial crisis in April 2007, the bank's interest rate in 2020 is set at a time point close to zero at 0.75%. After that, the model was estimated using the interest rate fluctuations for the Bank of Korea base interest rate, the house transaction price index, and the house rental price index as event variables. Results: In predicting the change in house transaction price due to interest rate intervention, the house transaction price index due to the fall in interest rates was predicted to change after 3 months. As a result, it was 102.47 in April 2020, 102.87 in May 2020, and 103.21 in June 2020. It was expected to rise in the short term. In forecasting the change in house rental price due to interest rate intervention, the house rental price index due to the drop in interest rate was predicted to change after 3 months. As a result, it was 97.76 in April 2020, 97.85 in May 2020, and 97.97 in June 2020. It was expected to rise in the short term. Conclusions: If low interest rates continue to stimulate the contracted economy caused by COVID-19, it seems that there is ample room for house transaction and rental prices to rise amid low growth. Therefore, In order to stabilize the house price due to the low interest rate situation, it is considered that additional measures are needed to suppress speculative demand.

Robust Lip Extraction and Tracking of the Mouth Region

  • Min, Duk-Soo;Kim, Jin-Young;Park, Seung-Ho;Kim, Ki-Jung
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.927-930
    • /
    • 2000
  • Visual features of lip area play an important role in the visual speech information. We are concerned about correct lip area as region of interest (ROI). In this paper, we propose a robust and fast method for locating the mouth corners. Also, we define a region of interest at mouth during speech. A method, which we have used, only uses the horizontal and vertical image operators at mouth area. This searching is performed by fitting the ROI-template to image with illumination control. Most of the lip extraction algorithms are dependent on luminosity of image. We just used the binary image where the variable threshold is applied. The variable threshold varies to illumination condition. In order to control those variations, the gray-tone is converted to binary image by threshold, which is obtained through Multiple Linear Regression Analysis (MLRA) about divided 2D special region. Thus we obtained the region of interest at mouth area, which is the robust extraction about illumination. A region of interest is automatically extracted.

  • PDF

How a Luxury Brand Can Enhance its Product Attractiveness in Retail Environment?

  • Ahn, Sungsook;Lee, Jeonghoon
    • The Journal of Distribution Science
    • /
    • v.13 no.12
    • /
    • pp.5-11
    • /
    • 2015
  • Purpose - The purpose of this research is to investigate the influence of social status perception and interest in social issues on the authenticity perceived by consumers of the corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities of premium brands. Research design, data, and methodology - Behavioral experiments were performed to observe the impact of consumers' social status perception and interest in social issues on their perceived authenticity of CSR motivation related to premium brands and consumer behavior. Results - We found that the possibility of social mobility and the degree of individuals' interest in the environment and CSR enable them to reconsider the authenticity of CSR motivation, thereby having positive effects on purchase intention, willingness to recommend the product, and brand value. This research also showed that proactive customers who seek to move up the social ladder have a stronger interest in social issues such as the environment or CSR. Conclusions - Our research suggests that when conducting a consumer segmentation analysis for the launch of CSR products (products released for CSR), a positive mind-set toward social mobility serves as an effective criterion.

Interest based-participation requiring accountability in greening

  • Park, Mi Sun
    • Forest Science and Technology
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.169-180
    • /
    • 2018
  • The Republic of Korea (ROK) has had a successful experience in greening its land because of strong state policy and public participation. This paper aims to analyze the interest positions, participation, and accountability of multiple actors in the process of greening movements in the ROK. These movements were divided into two phases: forest rehabilitation (1973-1997) and urban greening (1998-2017). During the first phase, farmers caused deforestation by slash-and-burn farming and illegal logging, and governmental agencies acted as helpers controlled the farmers' deforestation activities. During the second phase, government agencies and enterprises caused deforestation with urban development projects, including construction of housings and roads. Multiple actors including citizens, NGOs, and enterprises helped urban greening through campaigns, donations, and monitoring. As a result, managing interest positions is significant to motivate multiple actors to participate in the greening movement. Participation with clear accountability is meaningful for successful greening. Therefore interest-based participation requiring accountability contributes to greening. This phenomenon indicates interconnection for interest positions, participation and accountability should be considered in designing greening policies.

Analysis of the Factors that Generate Scientific Interest in Middle School Students' Observation Activity on Life Phenomenon (중학생의 생명현상 관찰활동에서 과학적 흥미 발생 요인 분석)

  • Yu, Kyung-Jin;Chun, Jae-Sun;Jeong, Jin-Su
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.30 no.5
    • /
    • pp.594-608
    • /
    • 2010
  • This research attempts to extract the factors that generate scientific interest, and verify the effect of extracted factors on the generation of scientific interest in middle school students' observation activity on life phenomenon. In order to analyze interest-generating factors, observation programs were applied four times in the science class of 3rd grade middle school students. And an interview was conducted towards students who had strong scientific interest among students who participated in the observation activity. After classifying the interview results according to the types, and 21 interest-generating factors were extracted. Interest-generating factors were classified into 5 categories; the characteristics of the observation object, the characteristics of the observation activity, the characteristics of the observation result, the characteristics of the observer, and the characteristics of the extrinsic factor. It was verified that interest-generating factors have an effect on the generation of scientific interest in the observation activity. First of all, in order to confirm whether the extracted generation factors would have an effect on the generation of interest in observation activity, as survey of interest-generating factors was drawn up. The observation activity program of 4 times' volume was applied towards third grade middle school students, and survey paper on interest-generating factor was input. Analysis result showed that factors have effect on the generation of interest. That is, it was confirmed that extracted interest-generating factor has a significant effect on the generation of scientific interest. The cause analysis on the uninteresting observation activity was possible, and it would play an essential role in developing an interesting observation activity.

Foreign Exchange Return Predictability: Rational Expectations Risk Premium vs. Expectational Errors

  • Moon, Seongman
    • East Asian Economic Review
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.467-505
    • /
    • 2018
  • We propose a simple identification scheme for the causes of the violations of uncovered interest parity. Our method uses the serial dependence patterns of excess returns as a criterion for judging performance of economic models. We show that a mean reverting component in excess returns, representing a violation of uncovered interest parity, mainly contributes to generating different serial dependence patterns of excess returns: rational expectations risk premium models tend to generate negative serial dependence of excess returns, while expectational errors models tend to generate positive serial dependence.

The Influences of Cognitive Conflict and Situational Interest by a Discrepant Event on the Conceptual Change Process in Learning the Concept of Combustion (연소 개념 학습에서 변칙 사례에 의한 인지 갈등 및 상황 흥미가 개념 변화 과정에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Sook-Yeong;Kang, Suk-Jin;Noh, Tae-Hee
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
    • /
    • v.28 no.8
    • /
    • pp.779-785
    • /
    • 2008
  • In this study, we investigated the role of a discrepant event from both cognitive and motivational perspectives in learning the concept of combustion. A preconception test, a test of response to a discrepant event, and a situational interest questionnaire were administered to 433 eighth graders. After learning the concept of combustion, the tests of attention, effort, and conceptual understanding were administered as post-tests. The reponses of 208 students who had been found to possess the target misconception were analyzed. The percentages of rejection and exclusion responses were relatively high compared to the previous studies about density concept, whereas a proportion of belief change was low. The results of the path analysis indicated that situational interest after presenting an alternative hypothesis had a direct effect and an indirect effect via attention and effort on conceptual understanding. Situational interest induced by a discrepant event directly influenced cognitive conflict after presenting an alternative hypothesis.