• Title, Summary, Keyword: National interest

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Effects of Innate Innovativeness and Product Interest on Product-Specific Consumer Innovativeness (내재적 혁신성과 상품 관심이 특정 상품에 대한 소비자 혁신성에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Ihn Hee;Cho, Yun Jin
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.167-174
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    • 2018
  • This study investigated consumer innovativeness by examining a relationship model of innate innovativeness, product interest, product-specific innovativenss, and actualized innovativeness for eight product items as well as observed gender differences in the variables. The eight product items for the survey were smartphones, movies, clothing, cars, skin care products/cosmetics, traveling, AI products, and books. An online survey was conducted in January 2018, and 400 responses from male and female consumers in their twenties and thirties, were analyzed using reliability test, descriptive statistics, regression, and ANCOVA. The positive effect of innate innovativeness and product interest on product-specific innovativeness, and positive effect of innate innovativeness and product-specific innovativeness on actualized innovativeness were confirmed. Product interest was found to have a stronger power on product-specific innovativeness than innate innovativeness. Gender differences in product interest, product-specific innovativeness, and actualized innovativeness were identified as hypothesized. Female consumer's clothing interest, clothing innovativenss, and actualized clothing innovativeness were higher than male consumers; in addition, male consumer's cars and AI interest, cars and AI innovativenss, and actualized cars and AI innovativeness were higher than female's. The controversial results that indicated the higher innate innovativeness of male consumers useful to further in-depth discussion and research. This study contributed to the theory construction of consumer innovativeness research areas and offered practical implications for new product launching and customer relationship management.

A Study on Clothing Behavior by Clothing Involvement (의복관여도에 따른 의복행동에 관한 연구)

  • Ku, Yang-Suk;Choo, Tae-Gue
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.131-143
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate clothing involvement and clothing behavior of women and to indentify the relationship between clothing behavior and clothing involvement. The data were analyzed using percentage, frequency, factor analysis, ANOVA, Scheffe test, t-test, and Multiple Regression. The results of the study were as follows: 1. Five dimensions of clothing involvement were derived by factor analysis such as fashion, interest pleasure, symbolism, and perceived buying risk. 2. There were significant relationships between clothing involvement dimensions and demographic characteristics such as age, educational background and family income level. Those who were younger and not married showed positive relationship among fashion, interest and pleasure of clothing involvement dimensions. Those who had higher educational background showed positive relationship with clothing involvement. Those who were empolyed showed higher clothing involvement with symbolism and perceived buying risk. 3. Age, marital status, and educational background showed important variables as factors that exert influence on clothing behavior: Those who were younger and not married attached importance to interest aesthetics, psychological dependence, and fashion. Those who were older and married attached importance to modesty and comfort. The more educated respondents were more concerned about interest aesthetics, symbolism, psychological dependence, and fashion. 4. The fashion of clothing involvement showed positive relationship in fashion, interest, symbolism, and psychological dependence of clothing behavior, and negative relationship in modesty and comfort. The interest of clothing involvement showed positive relationship in aesthetics and interest, and negative relationship in modesty and comfort of clothing behavior. The pleasure of clothing involvement showed positive relationship in psychological dependence, management, interest, and pleasure of clothing behavior. The symbolism of clothing involvement showed positive relationship in symbolism, modesty, conformity, psychological dependence, and fashion of clothing behavior. The perceived buying risk of clothing involvement showed positive relationship in management, conformity, and comfort and negative relationship in symbolism and fashion of clothing behavior.

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The Economic Analysis of Notional and Global Interest Politics for International Environmental Standards

  • Hwang, Uk
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.103-127
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    • 2007
  • This study presents the political economics models to explore the political landscape of special interest groups influencing the government's decision making process for implementing international environmental standard. Starting with the popular menu-auction types of lobbying frameworks in the literature, the study extends its scope of research to multi-principal and multi-agency based international interest group politics and its hybrid case in order to bring the interaction of the relevant interest politics to the fore. Within a specific factor model of international trade between 2 small open economies, we compare the political equilibrium environmental standards in different institutional frameworks which can be feasible in the sense of recently growing role of environmental interest group. Although the conventional finding suggests that cooperative bargaining between the two countries can attain the globally optimal level of the standard, the paper rather explains that the cooperation between the national interest groups and the hybrid case also generate the stricter standard then national interest politics usually do.

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Research on The Students' Interest in Science Subjects (과학교과에 대한 학생들의 흥미도 실태 조사)

  • Kim, Sang-Dal;Lee, Sang-Gyun;Choi, Sung-Bong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.191-197
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    • 2010
  • Students' emotional attitude not only affects their achievement in a meaningful way but also is an important educational goal in its own right. This research investigated how students' interest in science varies among elementary, middle and high-school students based on a survey and reviews of previous research results. We analyzed students learning attitude in terms of interest in and enjoyment of science, instrumental motivation in science, science learning anxiety, and self-concept in science. Major findings are students showed more negative attitudes in intrinsic motivation, instrumental motivation, value perception of science, and confidence in science as they move in to a higher school level. According to students' explanation, science classes got bored in a higher grade because of difficult contents, lack of experiments and activities, and teachers' monotonous explanations. Based on the results, recommendations on how to improve students' attitudes towards science are suggested. First of all we need to secure more science instructional hours in the school curriculum than the 7th national curriculum to implement improved science teaching and learning methods.

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Primary School Teachers' Interest and Understanding of Bioethical Issues and Bioethics Teaching (생명윤리와 생명윤리교육에 대한 초등학교 교사의 인식 조사)

  • Park Inok;Park Jeeyoung;Cho Eun Hee;So Kyung-Hee;Kim Heui-Baik
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.571-582
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    • 2005
  • This study aims to examine primary school teachers' interest and understanding of bioethical issues, and to analyze their perception of bioethics teaching in the primary school education. For this purpose, the questionnaires were constructed. The data were collected from 553 primary teachers in the whole country. Major findings of the studys are as follows. First, most primary school teachers showed high level of interest about bioethical issues, but they had the limited understanding about bioethical issues. Primary teachers showed the highest interest about' respect for human life' and the lowest understanding of 'awareness of current biotechnology' Second, the prior reasons why primary teachers wanted to teach specific bioethical issues in the classes were that 'they were closely related to social phenomena' and 'they were appropriate for enhancing students' awareness of the value of life'. Third, the lack of the teachers' knowledge about bioethics and limited supply of teaching materials were found to be barriers, which prevent them from teaching bioethical issues. The implications of these results are discussed for the improvement of bioethics teaching in primary school education.

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The Relationship between Clothing Involvement and Fashion Leadership of Early Adolescents (전기 청소년의 의복관여와 유행선도력과의 관계)

  • Choo, Tae-Gue;Ku, Yang-Suk
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.18-25
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between clothing involvement and fashion leadership of early adolescents. A questionnaire was administered to 232 9th grade students living in Taegu during April of 1998. Data were analyzed by using Factor analysis, Correlation, t-tests, ANOVA, Scheffe test, and Regression analysis. Clothing involvements were factor analyzed resulting five factors such as interest, importance, fashionability, symbolism, and risk perception. Four factors except risk perception factor were used in data analysis. Four clothing involvement factors showed highly positive relations with total clothing involvement. Interest, importance, and fashionability factors showed highly positive relationship each other. Fashionability and interest factors had effect on fashion leadership. Female adolescents were more concerned about clothing interests than male. Adolescents who were high clothing-interested and fashion-oriented purchased more clothing items. Adolescents who showed high clothing involvements such as interest, importance, and fashionability paid much more on purchasing clothes.

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Interest in Smoking Cessation and Its Related Factors in Male Smokers (남성 흡연자의 금연에 대한 관심도 및 관련 요인)

  • Shin, Taek-Soo;Lim, Young-A;Cho, Young-Chae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.362-373
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between interest in smoking cessation and factors that define this interest. The study subjects were 593 male civil servants who work at D metropolitan city and were smokers at the time of the survey. The research method was a survey using a self-administered questionnaire in October 2015. Interest in smoking cessation of study subjects showed that 28.3% had no interest in smoking cessation, 45.7% were interested in smoking cessation, but had no intention to quit within six months, and 26.0% were interested in smoking cessation and intended to quit within six months. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the factors influencing interest in smoking cessation with explanatory powers of 23.6% were employment type, age when first starting smoking, number of cigarettes smoked per day, time from when you wake up until you smoke your first cigarette, recognition of susceptibility to lung cancer, and benefits to smoking cessation. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the odds ratio of recognition of susceptibility for lung cancer, benefits to smoking cessation, and barriers to smoking cessation were significantly increased in the group with interest in smoking cessation and intention to quit within six months vs. the group with no interest in smoking cessation. Taken together, these results suggest that cancer prevention due to smoking and awareness of the seriousness of health problems caused by smoking were factors increasing interest in smoking cessation.

Modified regularized Newton-Raphson algorithm for Electrical Impedance Tomography in Region Of Interest

  • Nam, Il-Hwan;Kang, Byung-Chae;Kim, Ji-Hun;Choi, Bong-Yeol
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.134-137
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    • 2003
  • Newton-Raphson is most used algorithm in EIT(electrical impedance tomography), cross-sectional distribution of resistivity is reconstructed by mean of both generating and sensing electrodes attached onto the surface of the object. EIT has been suffered from the severe ill-posedness which is caused by the inherent low sensitivity of boundary measurements to any changes of internal resistivity values. In this paper, we propose modified cost function and weighting factor that compensate for low sensitivity between boundary measurements and internal resistivity and improve performance of Newton-Raphson for EIT in region of interest.

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Personalized Travel Path Recommendations with Social Life Log (소셜 라이프 로그를 이용한 개인화된 여행 경로 추천)

  • Paul, Aniruddha;Lim, Jongtae;Bok, Kyoungsoo;Yoo, Jasesoo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.453-454
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    • 2017
  • The travellers using social media leave their location history in the form of trajectories. These trajectories can be bridged for acquiring information, required for future recommendation for the future travelers, who are new to that location, providing all sort of information. In this paper, we propose a personalized travel path recommendation scheme based on social life log. By taking advantage of two kinds of social media such as travelogue and community contributed photos, the proposed scheme can not only be personalized to user's travel interest but also be able to recommend a travel path rather than individual Points of Interest (POIs). It also maps both user's and routes' textual descriptions to the topical package space to get user topical package model and route topical package model (i.e., topical interest, cost, time and season).

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History and Advanced Market Trends of Aqua-Pet Industry in JAPAN (일본 관상어의 역사와 관련용품 산업의 동향)

  • Lee, Kyoung-Hoon;Park, Seong-Wook;Kim, Hyung-Seok
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.44-55
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    • 2012
  • The aqua-pet industry has been growing rapidly in the world's developed countries as well as Japan and Europe, but it was a small scale in compared with fisheries part, and political interest came mainly limited to food industry and research in Korea so that it has not been activated. Recently, a paradigm change for fisheries policy bring to have a interest in the aqua-pet industry as future growth power source. Therefore, this study shows that the advanced aqua-pet industry of Japan would be researched and analyzed in historical background, national interest and current aquarium market scale in order to predict the domestic aqua-pet industry rapidly developed in Korea.