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Development of Project-based Robot Education Program for Enhancing Interest toward Robots and Computational Thinking of Elementary School Students

  • Kim, Seong-Won;Lee, Youngjun
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.247-255
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, we propose the effect of project-based robot education program on the interest toward robots and the computational thinking of elementary school students. Software education is being actively carried out around the world in order to cultivate software talents in accordance with the 4th industrial revolution. As a result, the importance of robots in education has increased, and education using robots has been actively introduced. However, the activities of simply assembling and repeating robots in schools were not effective in enhancing elementary school students' interest toward robots and computational thinking. Therefore, it is necessary to overcome traditional teaching-learning methods and to develop robot education. So, in this study, the robot education program that introduces project-based learning was developed for improvement of interest toward robots and computational thinking of elementary school students. In order to verify the developed education program, 114 elementary six grade students were selected as research subjects and the traditional teaching-learning method and project-based learning were applied to the experimental and control group. As a result, project-based learning was more effective for elementary school students' interest toward robot than traditional teaching-learning method. In computing thinking, the experimental group showed a significant improvement, but there was no statistically significant difference in the post-test.

High School Students' Interest on Minerals and Rocks (고등학생들의 광물과 암석에 대한 흥미도)

  • Choi, Jun-Kyong;Wee, Soo-Meen
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.23 no.8
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    • pp.625-631
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate high school students' interest on minerals and rocks. Seven hundred and eighty three students from four different regions (i.e., Seoul, Kyunggi, Chungbuk and Jeju) participated in this study. The results can be summarized as follows: (1) The students have somewhat low interest about minerals and rocks. In addition, the students lose the interest because they have been forced to learn minerals and rocks theoretically. (2) Girls' interest on minerals and rocks was higher than that of boys.

The Effects of MBL Programs on Academic Achievement and Science-Related Affective Characteristics of Elementary School Students in Laboratory Instructions (과학 실험 수업에서 MBL의 적용이 초등학생의 학업 성취도 및 과학 관련 정의적 특성에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Sang-Yong;Park, Jae-Keun;Yeo, Sang-Ihn
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.454-464
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to develop MBL(Microcomputer Based Laboratory) programs for sixth-grade elementary students in science laboratory instructions and to ascertain the effects of this program on academic achievement and science-related affective characteristics. In laboratory instructions, using the MBL was found to be effective in improving academic achievement for elementary students, especially in the domain of knowledge. In addition, it helped students to improve science-related affective characteristics. The experimental group showed higher levels, especially in the domains of cognition and interest. When our findings were analyzed in detail, the sub-domains that showed positive effects included 'cognition of science' in the domain of cognition, and interest toward science', 'interest toward science learning', 'interest toward science related activities', and 'anxiety for science' in the domain of interest. Male students exhibited improvement in the domain of cognition while female students showed improvement in the domain of interest. In conclusion, utilizing MBL programs as an experimental measurement in the real field of elementary science education can be said to be both positive and desirable.

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The Influence of Expected Values for Appearance Management on Interest in Make-up and Cosmetics Evaluation Criteria (외모관리 기대가치가 화장관심도와 화장품 선택기준에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Eunhee;Cho, Hyonju
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.22-36
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of expected values for appearance management on interest in make-up and cosmetics evaluation criteria. Questionnaires are being administered to 244 college students from the Deagu Metropolitan City and Kyungbook province. The frequency, factor analysis, reliability analysis, regression analysis, and t-test are used for data analysis. Expected values of appearance management are categorized into pleasure/satisfaction, other-expectancy, power value and conformity. Interest in make-up factors are found to be leadership in make-up, others-oriented, and appearance satisfactions. Cosmetics evaluation criteria are categorized into 4 factors such as skin suitability, pursuit of utility, non-essential attributes and symbolism. Pleasure/satisfaction, and conformity are the sub-variables of expected values for appearance management and have significant effects on leadership in make-up and others-oriented sub-variables for interest in make-up. Pleasure/satisfaction, and conformity, being the sub-variables of expected values for appearance management, have significant effects on skin suitability, the sub-variables of cosmetics evaluation criteria. And conformity has significant effects on symbolism, the sub-variables of cosmetics evaluation criteria. This indicates that women show high conformity for expected values of appearance management, leadership in make-up and others-oriented sub-variables for interest in make-up, and skin suitability of cosmetics evaluation criteria.

Recognition of the national health insurance for dental scaling and change in oral health care interest (스케일링 건강보험 급여화 사업에 대한 인식 및 구강건강관리 관심도 변화)

  • Jung, Eun-Seo;Kim, Min-Ji;Park, Ga-Young;Kim, Min-Ji;Park, Ju-Hyun;Kim, Soo-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.177-189
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: To provide necessary information for stable establishment of the national dental scaling reimbursement system. Methods: This study was conducted in 380 adults in their twenties or older for about one month from July 2017. The questionnaires were composed of general characteristics, recognition (awareness) of dental scaling, knowledge of the dental scaling reimbursement program, changes in perception before versus after introduction of the dental scaling reimbursement program, and interest in oral health. To investigate into any factors affecting changes of interest in oral health care after introduction of the dental scaling reimbursement program, a multiple regression analysis was performed. Results: The investigation into any factors affecting changes of interest in oral health care after introduction of the dental scaling reimbursement program showed that higher usual interest in oral health (p<0.001) and the consideration that the dental scaling charges have been affordable after introduction of the scaling reimbursement program (p<0.01) led to more changes in interest in oral health care. Conclusions: The above-mentioned results suggest that the dental scaling reimbursement program has brought favorable changes in the perception of dental scaling. It is expected that the said program will contribute significantly to the improved national oral health, and the Government should make constant efforts to develop it as a long-term policy for oral health improvement.

The Effects of Activity-Based STEAM Education program on Middle School Students' Interest in Science Learning (활동 중심 STEAM 프로그램이 중학생들의 과학 학습 흥미도에 미치는 효과)

  • Kang, changik;Kang, Kyunghee;Lee, Sangchil
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.338-347
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    • 2013
  • The purposes of this study were to develop the activity based STEAM education program and to investigate the effects of the developed program on students' interest in science learning. The program was applied to 7th grade science club. This study was planned to single group pre-post test design. Test tool was the questionnaire of interest on science learning. In the results of t-test, there was statistically significant difference on the pretest and posttest of interest in science learning. Also there was significant difference on attitude toward science, recognition and strategy on science learning that were subdomains of interest on science learning. The results indicated that activity-based STEAM education program was effective in improving students' interest in science learning. In future, studies should be conducted that examine the effect of STEAM program on creativity and problem-solving activity. Therefore studies on the effectiveness of activity-based STEAM education programs should be made continuously.

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Science-Related Attitudes of Korean Housewives

  • Kim, Heui-Baik;Min, Jin-Seon;Park, Jee-Young;Heo, Nam-Young;Song, Jin-Woong
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.183-192
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this research is to suggest the way to promote housewives' understanding of science and technology, based on the survey results of the attitude toward science and technology, the scientific attitude, and the interest in science and technology of housewives in Korea. The questionnaire was developed by researchers and administered to housewives who live in Seoul to get basic information. Housewives showed slightly positive attitudes toward science and technology, and similarly positive scientific attitudes. These scores were increased as monthly income and education level were raised. Housewives' interest of the science-technology related topics (foods, health, education, leisure, social issues, cooking, housing, everyday activity) was relatively high, and the interest of foods, health, education, and leisure was significantly correlated with the scores of housewives' attitude towards science and technology and their scientific attitudes. Housewives are shown to be curious to know these topics when they were asked by their children or do not know the terms appeared in media, or purchase home appliances and food. And they get the answers in a passive way by asking their family members or by watching TV or newspapers. They preferred TV program for enhancing their understanding of science. But such program could be proper to present science knowledge but not fulfill the role to promote scientific literacy. Specially designed programs through science centers or science museums would be suggested for their lifelong education.

The Role of Anomalous Data in Concept Learning (개념 학습에서 변칙 사례의 역할)

  • Noh, Tae-Hee;Jeong, Eun-Hee;Kang, Suk-Jin;Han, Jae-Young
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.586-594
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    • 2002
  • In this study, the relationships among cognitive conflict, situational interest, and conceptual change in studying boiling point were investigated. The differences in the relationships by gender were also investigate. Students of 7th grade(N=370) participated in this study. First, a preconception test was administered to choose students who possessed the misconception studied. After presenting anomalous data, test of response to anomalous data and state interest test were administered. After the instruction with a CAI program, a conception test was administered immediately. The conception test was administered again as a retention test four weeks later. The scores of both cognitive conflicts and state interest test were found to be significantly correlated with the scores of the conception test and the retention test. The results of multiple regression analysis indicated that state interest was significantly more important than cognitive conflict in prediction the degrees of conceptual change and retention of conception. For male students, state interest was the only significant predictor of conceptual change and retention of conception. In contrast, cognitive conflict was the only significant predictor for female students.

A Study on Interest and Application Ability in Meal Management of the middle School Students (남.녀 중학생의 식생활관리 단원에 대한 관심도 및 실행 능력)

  • Lee, Gwang-Hee;Im, Yang-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.383-394
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree of interest and application ability in meal management chapters of the middle school students, and to provide basic informations for the improvements of Home Economics curriculum and teaching projects. The subjects were 555 middle school students(275 males, 280 females) in Chunchon area, Kangwon-do. Research data were collected by means of the questionnaire and statistically analyzed by frequency, percentage, standard deviation, t-test, F-test and correlation analysis using SPSS/win. The results of this study were summarized as follows: There were significant differences in the degree of interest and application ability according to gender, school years, home economics scholastic achievements, and father's role in preparing meal. The degree of interest and application ability was significantly higher in female than male. First grade students showed more interest and higher application ability than the third year. In general, the higher home economics scholastic achievement was, the higher the degree of interest and application ability was. The more father's role was in preparing meal, the higher student's degree of interest and application ability was. There was significant correlation between the degree of interest and the degree of application ability.(r=0.853, p< .001)

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