• Title, Summary, Keyword: National interest

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The Relation of Youth-pursuing, Media Appearance Information Interest, and Media Contact Response of Middle-aged Women -Influence of Chronological Age and Cognitive Age- (중년 여성의 젊음추구와 미디어 외모정보관심, 미디어 접촉반응의 관계 -실제연령과 인지연령의 영향력 분석-)

  • Jun, Ji Hyun;Rhee, Young Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.631-640
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    • 2016
  • The youth-pursing syndrome is especially amplified through a variety of media due to medical technology development, increases in social activities, and influence. This study discusses the relationship of youth-pursuing, media appearance information interest, and media contact responses focused middle-aged women. Data were collected from 245 females aged 40-65 in Seoul, Daejeon and Chungbuk area residents. The SPSS WIN 21.0 program analyzed the data by descriptive statistics, factor analysis, and regression analysis. Youth-pursuing derived social, psychological, and outward factors. Only an outward factor of these three dimensions influenced a significant media appearance information interest, and media contact response. The regression analysis results for chronological age and cognitive age, cognitive age influenced all variables significantly (three factors of youth-pursuing, media appearance information interest, and media contact response). But chronological age influenced significantly only the media appearance information interest. This study verified the relationship of youth-pursuing and media variables (media appearance information interest and media contact response).

Cross-border Relationship Analysis Between Base Interest Rates and Construction Investment (국경을 넘어선 기준금리와 건설투자 간의 관계 분석)

  • Kim, Toseung;Lee, Hyeon-soo;Park, Moonseo
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Structure & Construction
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.47-56
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    • 2019
  • As the zero interest rate era was over with the end of quantitative easing, the economy of several global markets observed the fluctuations of the base interest rate. Interest rate, which is the change of money value with respect to time, is negatively correlated with construction investment. Considering the characteristics of interest rates and construction investment as economic variables, the necessity of cross-border analysis between base interest rate and construction investment was suggested in this paper. Cross-correlation analysis between base interest rates and construction investment crossing the border was performed. The effective correlations were confirmed with values varying by countries. Similar characteristics were also observed among countries with similar economy, which were then divided into three groups. Additionally, identifying the base interest rate that affects the construction investment of a particular country was made possible by reflecting a self-cycle of base interest rates. Lastly, from the result of examining the influence of each rise and fall of the interest rate, it was verified that the difference was more than twice as large in some countries. These results are expected to contribute to construction-related policy makers or investors to make decisions in response to the economic status of the construction market.

Will Middle-Aged Korean Women Buy Jeans Again?

  • Kang, Won Sook;Kwon, Yoo Jin
    • International Journal of Costume and Fashion
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.49-62
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of the study was to investigate jean consumption among middle-aged Korean women and the characteristics of consumers as potential jean consumers. The data were collected from the survey of 238 Korean women aged 45 to 64 years old. The respondents prefer outlet store to other retail outlets and wear jeans mainly for travel, grocery shopping, and outing. The main reason for not wearing jeans is body change, which leads to poor fit in abdomen and waist area. The sample was clustered into two groups based on interest in jeans: high-interest and low-interest group. From the examination of group differences, the high-interest group rated conformity/brand reputation, scarcity, and attractiveness of appearance significantly higher compared to the low-interest group among the five clothing benefits pursued. No difference was found in obesity and body satisfaction. Group differences were found in recent purchase, price, number of jeans owned, and frequency of wearing jeans. The results suggest the characteristics of the potential jean market among middle-aged women in Korea. Implications are discussed.

The Development and Use of Science Modules for Facilitating Students' Understanding of Science-Technology-Society: Students' Perception and Interest of News Article-Based Lessons (과학-기술-사회 관련성에 대한 이해 촉진을 위한 초등 과학 모듈의 개발 및 적용: 신문기사 활용수업에 대한 학생들의 인식과 흥미 조사)

  • Seo, Ji-Hye;Lee, Yong-Bok;Jang, Shin-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.83-92
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    • 2008
  • In this study, we developed elementary science education modules for facilitating students' understanding of the connected nature of Science-Technology-Society. For these modules, we particularly used news articles to make connections among science, technology, and society. We set up the development criteria as followings: connecting science-technology-society, aligning with national science curriculum, respecting students' interest, and appropriating the difficulty levels in terms and concepts. We also studied 4th grade students' perception of using these modules in science lessons. Most students perceived that using the modules in their science classes helped them link science-technology-society intimately and enhance their interest and motivation, as well as their self-esteem for studying science.

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Theoretical conceptualizations of Educational Interest Focused on Mathematics Learning (교육적 흥미 이론이 수학교육에 주는 의미 고찰)

  • Choi, JiSun
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to theorize the conceptualizations of educational interest focused on mathematics learning and to investigate the directions of increasing students' interest in mathematics. This study reconsiders the interest theory of Dewey, classification of situational interest and individual interest, and the experimental research of mathematical interest. The conceptions of educational interest on mathematics learning are as follows. First, mathematical interest refers to the total experiences that an individual feels the need to engage in mathematical objects. Second, making a distinction between situational interest and individual interest is effective in suggesting educational interventions in order to improve students' learning interest. Third, interest is characterized by affect, cognition, and value. According to the conceptions of educational interest on mathematics learning, this study suggests that we should develop or construct good mathematics tasks to increase students' interest in mathematics. Good mathematics tasks consider both students' understanding and students' affection and provide activity's goals or values to be noticed by students.

Tenth Graders' Ideas concerned with Earth's Rotation according to Interest and Learning style (흥미와 학습양식에 따른 고등학교 1학년 학생들의 지구의 자전 관련 개념)

  • Jeong, Jin-Woo;Jung, Jae-Gu;Moon, Sang-Yeon;Moon, Byoung-Chan
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.25 no.7
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    • pp.532-544
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the concept concerned with Earth's rotation as passed by tenth graders whose interest in earth's rotation and learning styles were varied. To examine student's interest in the Earth's rotation, 4students (visual-verbal learning style student with much interest, visual learning style student with much interest, visual learning style student with little interest, and verbal learning style student with little interest) were chosen for study. Personal interview was used for this study. To probe students' conception in varied ways, they were allowed to make gesture and draw pictures through data collection process, except for interviews. And the data were analyzed one by one. The result of this study were as follows: First, the student with much interest was faster to answer the questions about Earth's rotation than the one with little interest. Also he comprehended better and was able to explain reasons coherently. Second, there was little difference according to student's learning style. Third, one of the repeated misconception was direction. For thinking that is the right side is the east side, students have misconception that the sun goes from right to left and stars in north sky move clock-wise.

PRICING CONVERTIBLE BONDS WITH KNOWN INTEREST RATE

  • Kim, Jong Heon
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.185-202
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, using the Black-Scholes analysis, we will derive the partial differential equation of convertible bonds with both non-stochastic and stochastic interest rate. We also find numerical solutions of convertible bonds equation with known interest rate using the finite element method.

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Multiple Region of Interest Coding using Maxshift Method

  • Lee Han Jeong;You Kang Soo;Jang Yoon Up;Seo Duck Won;Yoo Gi Hyoung;Kwak Hoon Sung
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.853-856
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    • 2004
  • Image data processing on the region of interest (ROI) for providing the primary information is needed the view of saving search time and bandwidth over image communications related to web browsing, image database, and telemedicine, etc. Hence, the issue on extracting the region of interest is drawing a plenty of attention for the communication environment with a relatively low bandwidth such as mobile internet. In this paper, we propose a improved standard Maxshift method. The proposed algorithm compress image that includes multiple ROI using Maxshift method in Part 1 of JPEG2000. Simulation results show that proposed method increases PSNR vs. compression ratio performance above the Maxshift method.

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An Investigation of SL-BIS/BAS and the Interest in Science among Elementary, Middle & High school Students and an Analysis of the Correlation between them (초, 중, 고 학생들의 과학학습 행동억제체계 및 행동활성화체계와 과학흥미도 조사 및 상관관계 분석)

  • Yang, Il-Ho;Shim, Hyeon-Seop;Lim, Sung-Man
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.40-49
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate a motivation system about science learning and interest in science among elementary, middle & high school students and analyze on the their relations. For this, the questionnaires on interest in science that developed by Kind et al., (2007) were selected and translated. After that, second-grade 80 students, fourth-grade 87 students, sixth-grade 107 students, eighth-grade 123 students and eleventh-grade 128 students were required to accomplish a questionnaire on behavioral inhibition system/behavioral activation system about science learning (SL-BIS/BAS), interest in science. Based on these materials, SL-BIS/BAS by student's variables and relations of between the system to interest in science have been analyzed. The result of this study shows the followings. First, the sensitivity about SL-BIS was no significant difference in School levels. But sensitivity about SL-BAS and interest in science in elementary and high school was higher than it in middle school. Second, there were low negative correlation with SL-BIS and interest in science, and relatively high positive correlation with SL-BAS and interest in science. Through the results of this study, relations of motivation to related variables, and the motivation by student's variables are identified. These results would be helpful for teachers to understand the difference about motivation by students' variables and to make a plan for the appropriate strategies for learners.

The Impact of Economic Hardship on Domestic Violence among Low-Income Korean Households: Investigating the Moderation Effect of Debts (저소득층의 경제적 어려움과 가정폭력: 유형별 부채사용의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Son, Jiyeon;Park, Jooyung
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.599-611
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of increased debt on the incidence of domestic violence over the two-year interval 2014-2016. To investigate Korean low-income households with economic hardships, we analyzed the 9th and the 11th waves of the Korea Welfare Panel Study, which is jointly sponsored by the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs and the Institute of Social welfare, Seoul National University. The study analysis was based on data from 2,786 households with less than 60% of median income. The main study findings are as follows. First, increases in economic hardships incur domestic violence for low-income households, while increases in low-interest debt decrease the incidence of the domestic violence when controlling for economic hardships. All other things being equal, economic hardship works as a stressor and low-interest debt works as an alleviator influencing domestic violence. Second, when low-income households are experiencing economic hardships, low-interest debt fails to work as an alleviator. Under this circumstance, high-interest debt actually acts as a stressor influencing domestic violence. Thus, we can speculate that use of debt under economic hardships will occur domestic violence for low-income households. This study differs from previous studies in that it examines the effect of increase in debt on the incidence of the domestic violence across different types of debt: low interest, high interest, and credit card. We can conclude that debt can function as a stressor or an alleviator for low-income households, depending on the interest rate and the households' financial situation.