• Title, Summary, Keyword: National interest

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Foreign Affairs, the National Interest, and Secular-Religious Identities in Israel

  • Hamanaka, Shingo
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.176-197
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    • 2016
  • Despite being a key concept of International Relations theory, there is no consensus about what the national interest is. It is almost impossible for political leaders of democratic states to make a crucial decision in foreign policies when considering only the national interest without public support. Rather, we are unable to imagine the national interest without public opinion. In general, international crises galvanize people who held different opinions and unify social cleavages, such as secular-religious identities, into a nation that acts in its national interest. The author proposes a method to operationalize the key concept and describes a relationship between the national interest and religious identities in a democratic state. The selected case is the state of Israel. It is believed that Israel is a good example to think about the association between foreign affairs and political attitudes since it is characterized as a socio-religious divided society and has often waged war against Arab military forces.

Comparison of Environmental Attitude between Interest Groups in Gayasan National Park (가야산 국립공원의 이해집단 간 환경태도 비교)

  • Han, Jae-Gyeong;Woo, Hyung-Taek
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.27 no.11
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    • pp.1049-1057
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to analyze and compare environmental attitudes of interest groups, including visitors, local residents, Buddhist monks, and staff of the Korea National Park Service in Gayasan National Park. To achieve this purpose, five hypotheses were formulated and tested. While three hypotheses were statistically rejected, two were accepted. In every interest group, the environmental attitude level of women was higher than that of men. Local residents particularly showed statistically significant differences in accordance with occupation. The difference in environmental attitude between visitors and local residents was not statistically significant. Finally, the environmental attitude level between interest groups was divided into three groups. The staff of the Korea National Park Service showed the highest level of environmental attitude, followed by Buddhist monks, and a group of visitors and residents recorded the lowest. However, the average level of environmental attitude of every interest group scored above the mid-point of 3. Therefore, it can be concluded that there exists no difference between or conflicts among interest groups related to strengthening conservation and management policies regarding the protection of Gayasan National Park.

A Fast Interest Point Detection Method in SURF Algorithm (SURF알고리듬에서의 고속 특징점 검출 방식)

  • Hwang, In-So;Eom, Il-Kyu;Moon, Yong-Ho;Ha, Seok-Wun
    • IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.49-55
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we propose a fast interest point detection method using SURF algorithm. Since the SURF algorithm needs a great computations to detect the interest points and obtain the corresponding descriptors, it is not suitable for real-time based applications. In order to overcome this problem, the interest point detection step is parallelized by OpenMP and SIMD based on analysis of the scale space representation process and localization one in the step. The simulation results demonstrate that processing speed is enhanced about 55% by applying the proposed method.

Rediscovering the Interest of Science Education: Focus on the Meaning and Value of Interest (과학교육의 재미에 대한 재발견 -재미의 의미와 가치를 중심으로-)

  • Shin, Sein;Ha, Minsu;Lee, Jun-Ki
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.705-720
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to shed light on the meaning and value of interest (in Korean 'Jae-mi') in science education through literature analysis. Literature analyses were conducted on literature related to interest in various fields such as Korean language, psychology, philosophy, and education. Specifically, this study discussed the meaning of interest, the characteristics of the context of experiencing interest, the educational value of interest in science education, and the direction of science education to realize the value of interest. First, it was found that interest is an experience of emotional activation that can be felt through interaction with a specific object, and it is an emotional experience caused by the complex combination of various psychological factors, which is oriented sense, relationship, self, and object. Second, to understand the context of experience of interest, we conducted a topic modeling analysis with 1173 research articles related to interest. As a result of the analysis, it was confirmed that the context of interest is closely related with playfulness. And we addressed that this kind of playfulness is also found in science. Third, the educational values of interest in science education were discussed. In science education, fun is not only an instrumental value to induce science learning behavior, it is also one of the universal experiences that learners feel lively in science teaching-learning, and driving force of individual students' emotional development related to science. The students' active attitude to feel interest lead to creative thinking and action. Finally, we argued that the interest that should be aimed in science education should be active interest and experienced at trial and error, not passive interest induced by external stimuli. And science education culture should be encouraged to respect those who enjoy science. In particular, this study discussed the importance of each student's unique interest experience based on the philosophy of philosopher Deleuze (1976).

The Impact Factors and Longitudinal Change of Interest on Scientific Subject (과학교과 흥미도의 종단적 변화와 그 영향요인)

  • Kim, Kyung-Sik;Lee, Hyun-Chul
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.100-110
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    • 2009
  • This study analyzes the factors influencing interest on scientific subject and its change in Korean youth by using a sample from KEEP(Korea Education and Employment Panel 1-4) data. The results are as follows: First, the interest on scientific subject of Korean youth show quadratic curve. Also, the interrelationship between intercept and slope of subject interest is -.205 but it is not statistically significant Second, analysis of Latent Growth Models shows that self-esteem, academic achievement, school culture/climates and high school tracks are found to be a statistically significant factor on the intercept of subject interest These findings indicate that the interest on scientific subject of the Korean youth show a quadratic curve and various factors such as self-esteem, academic achievement and school culture/climates are much more influential on it.

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The Differences of the Big Five Personality among Clusters of Children according to Interests to Living Things (생물에 대한 흥미에 따른 초등학생들의 군집 유형별 성격 5요인 차이)

  • Kim, Heung-Tae;Jeon, Min-Jeong;Kim, Jae Geun
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.646-654
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the patterns of the elementary school students' interests to animals and plants based on affinity toward animals and plants, and curiosity about animals and plants by using a cluster analysis. In addition, the differences of the big five personality traits by the identified clusters was examined. A total number of 411 elementary school students participated in the study. The students were clustered into four distinct interest groups with respect to the level of interests to animals and plants. Cluster 1 'Developed Interest to Organisms group' showed high levels in the interest to both animals and plants. Cluster 2 'Developed Interest to Animals group' showed high interest to animals and relatively low interest to plants whereas cluster 3 'Developed Interest to Plants group' showed high interest to plants and relatively low interest to animals. Lastly, cluster 4 were identified as 'Lack of Interest to Organisms group' by showing low levels of interest to both animals and plants. The four identified groups also showed different distributions of students according to gender and school year. These results support gender difference in the interest to animals and plants and suggest the decreased and specialized interest with school year. The Big Five personality traits excluding neuroticism were positively related with the interest to organisms and the identified groups showed significant differences in the traits. These findings indicate that agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, and openness can be significant predictors of the interests to animals and plants.

Effect of Clothing Interest on Party Preference and the Construction of Party Unities according to Party Wear Types (의복 관심이 파티 선호에 미치는 영향과 파티복 유형별 파티 통일체 구성)

  • Kwon, Yeji;Kim, Na Young;Chung, Ihn Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.733-745
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated the effect of clothing interest on party preference and suggested four party unities according to party wear types. A hypothesized model based on consumer innovativeness, clothing interest, party benefit, party interest and party preference was tested to determine the effect of clothing interest on party preference. Party unities were constructed according to party wear types along with party place, party food, and party music. Data was collected through two online surveys. The population of the survey was female consumers in their twenties. Descriptive statistics, factor analysis, reliability, correlations, and regressions were applied to the data of 305 samples. As a result, positive tendency toward consumer innovativeness, clothing interest, party benefit, party interest and party preference was observed in young female consumers with significant relations among five variables. Party preference was well-explained from the hypothesized research model, but the direct path from clothing interest to party interest was identified as insignificant. The most preferred party elements of place, food, music and wear was garden, barbecue, house music and mini dress, respectively. Four party unities according to party wear types were constructed and suggested based on the correlation analysis results between party wear and other party elements. The concept of party unity is useful to establish marketing strategies such as advertising and experience marketing in the party wear industry.

The Effect of TV Drama Clothing Interest, Fashion Involvement, Self-consciousness Level on PPL (TV드라마 의상관심도, 유행관여도, 자의식 수준이 PPL(Product Placement)효과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Gyoung-A;Lee, Jin-Hwa
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.281-288
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate how clothing interest, fashion involvement, and self-consciousness affect brand recall, brand attitude and buying intension of the product placed on TV drama. The data were collected using a self-administered and structured questionnaire on subject of 270 middle school students and 260 high school students in Pusan. Frequency analysis, $X^2$-test, t-test, and multiple regression were used to conduct the data analysis on 524 out of 530 questionnaires. Clothing interest and the level of self-consciousness had significant influence on brand recall and emotional brand attitude of the product placed on TV drama. Self-consciousness affected cognitional brand attitude. Moreover, TV drama clothing interest and fashion involvement had a significant influence on buying intension. Therefore, TV drama clothing interest was the main factor which affected brand recall, brand attitude and buying intension of the product placed on TV drama.

Study on Elementary Pre-Service Teachers' Interest in Biological Topics and Activities (초등 예비 교사들의 생물 주제 및 활동에 대한 흥미 조사 연구)

  • Shim, Kew-Cheol;Kim, Jung-Min;Yeau, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.468-474
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the elementary pre-service teachers' interest in biological topics and activities. The instrument to survey the interest of them consists of 8 domains containing 27 topic items and 7 domains containing 12 activity items(three-point from 0 to 2 Likert scale). Data were collected from 108 pre-service teachers. The interest level in the topics was high, but the interest level in the activities was average. There was not different between interest levels of females and males in both topic and activity components (p > .05). Among the topics, the 'genetics' domain correlated strongly with the domains of 'nutrition and digestion', 'circulation', 'respiration' and 'nervous system', and the 'respiration' domain correlated with the 'circulation' domain(r >.450, p<.01). The correlation between the domains of 'out-of class experience activity' and 'visual information activity', and 'experimental performance following procedure' and 'discussing and debating'(r >.450, p<.01). This results suggested that the educational contents including learning materials and experiential activities be developed to activate the interest of elementary pre-service teachers in biology.

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An Exploratory Study on the Configuration and Characteristics of Fashion Power Blogs as a Source of Information (전문 정보원으로서의 패션 파워블로그의 구성과 특징에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Hong, In-Sook;Lee, Bo-Ram;Oh, Ji-Young;Lim, Jung-Eun;Roh, Sun-Young
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.1031-1048
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of domestic and foreign power blogs that serve as professional source of information and to clarify the difference of the criteria for the certification and selection of power blogs. The study also analyzed the configuration of contents and the characteristic of categories of the power blogs. Eleven domestic blogs were examined, of which ten were certified as power blogs on several portal sites and one blog was operating in English. Furthermore twelve foreign blogs were examined, of which ten blogs were selected from the graded list of www.alexa.com for the Fashion Power Blog TOP 20 adopted on www.telegraph.co.uk in 2009, and two noticeable blogs were selected additionally. Data were analyzed by both theoretical and exploratory studies. The exploratory study was conducted by fourteen majors, who took interest in the blogs and were divided into two groups to look at the domestic and foreign sites, from 12 October to 12 November in 2010. The types of blogs were classified by frequency analysis of interactivity, interest provision, information provision and purchase capability. The investigators checked the type of the contents of each blog and the frequencies were used for the classification type. The analysis showed that the frequencies were in the order of information provision, followed by interest provision, and purchase capability for foreign blogs, while interest provision was followed by information provision for domestic blogs. Interactivity, interest provision, information provision and purchase capability were generally reflected in foreign blogs. Rather than interest provision and information provision, however, interactivity and purchase capability were reflected relatively weakly in domestic blogs.