• 제목, 요약, 키워드: National interest

검색결과 4,330건 처리시간 0.058초

Foreign Affairs, the National Interest, and Secular-Religious Identities in Israel

  • Hamanaka, Shingo
    • Asian Journal for Public Opinion Research
    • /
    • v.3 no.4
    • /
    • pp.176-197
    • /
    • 2016
  • Despite being a key concept of International Relations theory, there is no consensus about what the national interest is. It is almost impossible for political leaders of democratic states to make a crucial decision in foreign policies when considering only the national interest without public support. Rather, we are unable to imagine the national interest without public opinion. In general, international crises galvanize people who held different opinions and unify social cleavages, such as secular-religious identities, into a nation that acts in its national interest. The author proposes a method to operationalize the key concept and describes a relationship between the national interest and religious identities in a democratic state. The selected case is the state of Israel. It is believed that Israel is a good example to think about the association between foreign affairs and political attitudes since it is characterized as a socio-religious divided society and has often waged war against Arab military forces.

가야산 국립공원의 이해집단 간 환경태도 비교 (Comparison of Environmental Attitude between Interest Groups in Gayasan National Park)

  • 한재경;우형택
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.27 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1049-1057
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study aims to analyze and compare environmental attitudes of interest groups, including visitors, local residents, Buddhist monks, and staff of the Korea National Park Service in Gayasan National Park. To achieve this purpose, five hypotheses were formulated and tested. While three hypotheses were statistically rejected, two were accepted. In every interest group, the environmental attitude level of women was higher than that of men. Local residents particularly showed statistically significant differences in accordance with occupation. The difference in environmental attitude between visitors and local residents was not statistically significant. Finally, the environmental attitude level between interest groups was divided into three groups. The staff of the Korea National Park Service showed the highest level of environmental attitude, followed by Buddhist monks, and a group of visitors and residents recorded the lowest. However, the average level of environmental attitude of every interest group scored above the mid-point of 3. Therefore, it can be concluded that there exists no difference between or conflicts among interest groups related to strengthening conservation and management policies regarding the protection of Gayasan National Park.

SURF알고리듬에서의 고속 특징점 검출 방식 (A Fast Interest Point Detection Method in SURF Algorithm)

  • 황인소;엄일규;문용호;하석운
    • 대한임베디드공학회논문지
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.49-55
    • /
    • 2015
  • In this paper, we propose a fast interest point detection method using SURF algorithm. Since the SURF algorithm needs a great computations to detect the interest points and obtain the corresponding descriptors, it is not suitable for real-time based applications. In order to overcome this problem, the interest point detection step is parallelized by OpenMP and SIMD based on analysis of the scale space representation process and localization one in the step. The simulation results demonstrate that processing speed is enhanced about 55% by applying the proposed method.

과학교육의 재미에 대한 재발견 -재미의 의미와 가치를 중심으로- (Rediscovering the Interest of Science Education: Focus on the Meaning and Value of Interest)

  • 신세인;하민수;이준기
    • 한국과학교육학회지
    • /
    • v.38 no.5
    • /
    • pp.705-720
    • /
    • 2018
  • 이 연구에서는 과학교육에서 재미의 의미와 가치에 대해 문헌분석을 통해 이론적으로 고찰해보고자 하였다. 문헌분석은 재미와 관련된 국어학, 심리학, 철학 등 다양한 분야의 문헌을 대상으로 이루어졌다. 구체적으로 이 연구에서는 재미의 의미, 재미를 경험하는 맥락의 특성, 과학교육에서 재미의 가치, 재미의 가치를 실현하기 위한 과학교육의 방향성에 대해 논의하고자 하였다. 연구 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 재미는 특정한 대상과의 상호작용을 통해 느껴지는 정서적 고양 상태를 의미하는 표현으로서, 감각, 관계, 자아, 대상 중심의 다양한 요소들의 복합적 작용으로 유발되는 정서적 경험임을 확인하였다. 둘째, 재미 경험의 맥락에 대해 이해하기 위하여 재미와 관련된 선행 문헌들에 대해 토픽모델링이라는 분석을 수행하였다. 분석 결과 재미와 관련 경험은 유희적 특성을 지니고 있음을 확인하였다. 이러한 유희적 특성은 과학에도 존재함을 논증하였다. 셋째, 과학교육의 재미의 교육적 가치와 지향점에 대해 논의하였다. 과학교육에서 재미는 단순히 학습행동을 유도하는 도구로서의 가치뿐만 아니라, 학습자가 과학 교수-학습 과정에서 생동감을 얻을 수 있는 보편적인 경험 중 하나이며, 학생 개개인이 과학과 관련된 정서적 발달의 원동력이 되며, 재미를 추구하는 태도와 행동은 창의적인 사고와 행동으로 이어 진다는 점에서 교육적 가치가 있음을 논증하였다. 마지막으로, 과학 교육에서 지향해야할 재미는 외부의 자극으로부터 유발되는 수동적인 재미가 아닌 노력하고 시행착오 끝에 경험할 수 있는 능동적인 재미여야 하며 과학을 즐기는 이들 또한 존중할 수 있는 과학교육 문화가 장려되어야 함을 주장했다. 특히 이 연구에서는 철학자 Deleuze(1976)의 철학을 바탕으로 학생 개개인의 고유한 재미 경험의 중요성을 논의하였다.

과학교과 흥미도의 종단적 변화와 그 영향요인 (The Impact Factors and Longitudinal Change of Interest on Scientific Subject)

  • 김경식;이현철
    • 과학교육연구지
    • /
    • v.33 no.1
    • /
    • pp.100-110
    • /
    • 2009
  • 본 연구의 목적은 한국교육고용패널(KEEP: Korean Education & Employment Panel) 자료를 활용하여 한국 청소년들의 과학교과 흥미도의 종단적인 변화와 그 영향요인을 분석하고자 한다. 이를 위해 시간의 변화에 따른 종단적인 개인의 변화와 차이를 분석할 수 있는 잠재성장모형(LGM)을 적용하였다. 연구의 결과는 먼저 한국 청소년들의 과학에 대한 흥미도가 변화하고 있으며, 그 변화의 패턴은 이차곡선적인 변화를 보이고 있음을 확인하였다. 그리고 그러한 과학교과 흥미도의 초기치와 변화율의 상관이 부적으로 나타났지만 통계적으로 무의미하였다. 또한 이러한 교과교과 흥미도의 변화에 영향을 주는 요인을 살펴보면 자아관, 학업성취, 학교생활 및 풍토 그리고 진학계열이 주요하게 영향을 주는 것으로 확인할 수 있다.

  • PDF

생물에 대한 흥미에 따른 초등학생들의 군집 유형별 성격 5요인 차이 (The Differences of the Big Five Personality among Clusters of Children according to Interests to Living Things)

  • 김흥태;전민정;김재근
    • 한국초등과학교육학회지:초등과학교육
    • /
    • v.33 no.4
    • /
    • pp.646-654
    • /
    • 2014
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the patterns of the elementary school students' interests to animals and plants based on affinity toward animals and plants, and curiosity about animals and plants by using a cluster analysis. In addition, the differences of the big five personality traits by the identified clusters was examined. A total number of 411 elementary school students participated in the study. The students were clustered into four distinct interest groups with respect to the level of interests to animals and plants. Cluster 1 'Developed Interest to Organisms group' showed high levels in the interest to both animals and plants. Cluster 2 'Developed Interest to Animals group' showed high interest to animals and relatively low interest to plants whereas cluster 3 'Developed Interest to Plants group' showed high interest to plants and relatively low interest to animals. Lastly, cluster 4 were identified as 'Lack of Interest to Organisms group' by showing low levels of interest to both animals and plants. The four identified groups also showed different distributions of students according to gender and school year. These results support gender difference in the interest to animals and plants and suggest the decreased and specialized interest with school year. The Big Five personality traits excluding neuroticism were positively related with the interest to organisms and the identified groups showed significant differences in the traits. These findings indicate that agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion, and openness can be significant predictors of the interests to animals and plants.

의복 관심이 파티 선호에 미치는 영향과 파티복 유형별 파티 통일체 구성 (Effect of Clothing Interest on Party Preference and the Construction of Party Unities according to Party Wear Types)

  • 권예지;김나영;정인희
    • 한국의류학회지
    • /
    • v.40 no.4
    • /
    • pp.733-745
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study investigated the effect of clothing interest on party preference and suggested four party unities according to party wear types. A hypothesized model based on consumer innovativeness, clothing interest, party benefit, party interest and party preference was tested to determine the effect of clothing interest on party preference. Party unities were constructed according to party wear types along with party place, party food, and party music. Data was collected through two online surveys. The population of the survey was female consumers in their twenties. Descriptive statistics, factor analysis, reliability, correlations, and regressions were applied to the data of 305 samples. As a result, positive tendency toward consumer innovativeness, clothing interest, party benefit, party interest and party preference was observed in young female consumers with significant relations among five variables. Party preference was well-explained from the hypothesized research model, but the direct path from clothing interest to party interest was identified as insignificant. The most preferred party elements of place, food, music and wear was garden, barbecue, house music and mini dress, respectively. Four party unities according to party wear types were constructed and suggested based on the correlation analysis results between party wear and other party elements. The concept of party unity is useful to establish marketing strategies such as advertising and experience marketing in the party wear industry.

TV드라마 의상관심도, 유행관여도, 자의식 수준이 PPL(Product Placement)효과에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of TV Drama Clothing Interest, Fashion Involvement, Self-consciousness Level on PPL)

  • 김경아;이진화
    • 한국의류산업학회지
    • /
    • v.10 no.3
    • /
    • pp.281-288
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate how clothing interest, fashion involvement, and self-consciousness affect brand recall, brand attitude and buying intension of the product placed on TV drama. The data were collected using a self-administered and structured questionnaire on subject of 270 middle school students and 260 high school students in Pusan. Frequency analysis, $X^2$-test, t-test, and multiple regression were used to conduct the data analysis on 524 out of 530 questionnaires. Clothing interest and the level of self-consciousness had significant influence on brand recall and emotional brand attitude of the product placed on TV drama. Self-consciousness affected cognitional brand attitude. Moreover, TV drama clothing interest and fashion involvement had a significant influence on buying intension. Therefore, TV drama clothing interest was the main factor which affected brand recall, brand attitude and buying intension of the product placed on TV drama.

초등 예비 교사들의 생물 주제 및 활동에 대한 흥미 조사 연구 (Study on Elementary Pre-Service Teachers' Interest in Biological Topics and Activities)

  • 심규철;김정민;여성희
    • 한국초등과학교육학회지:초등과학교육
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.468-474
    • /
    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the elementary pre-service teachers' interest in biological topics and activities. The instrument to survey the interest of them consists of 8 domains containing 27 topic items and 7 domains containing 12 activity items(three-point from 0 to 2 Likert scale). Data were collected from 108 pre-service teachers. The interest level in the topics was high, but the interest level in the activities was average. There was not different between interest levels of females and males in both topic and activity components (p > .05). Among the topics, the 'genetics' domain correlated strongly with the domains of 'nutrition and digestion', 'circulation', 'respiration' and 'nervous system', and the 'respiration' domain correlated with the 'circulation' domain(r >.450, p<.01). The correlation between the domains of 'out-of class experience activity' and 'visual information activity', and 'experimental performance following procedure' and 'discussing and debating'(r >.450, p<.01). This results suggested that the educational contents including learning materials and experiential activities be developed to activate the interest of elementary pre-service teachers in biology.

  • PDF

전문 정보원으로서의 패션 파워블로그의 구성과 특징에 대한 탐색적 연구 (An Exploratory Study on the Configuration and Characteristics of Fashion Power Blogs as a Source of Information)

  • 홍인숙;이보람;오지영;임정은;노선영
    • 복식문화연구
    • /
    • v.19 no.5
    • /
    • pp.1031-1048
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of domestic and foreign power blogs that serve as professional source of information and to clarify the difference of the criteria for the certification and selection of power blogs. The study also analyzed the configuration of contents and the characteristic of categories of the power blogs. Eleven domestic blogs were examined, of which ten were certified as power blogs on several portal sites and one blog was operating in English. Furthermore twelve foreign blogs were examined, of which ten blogs were selected from the graded list of www.alexa.com for the Fashion Power Blog TOP 20 adopted on www.telegraph.co.uk in 2009, and two noticeable blogs were selected additionally. Data were analyzed by both theoretical and exploratory studies. The exploratory study was conducted by fourteen majors, who took interest in the blogs and were divided into two groups to look at the domestic and foreign sites, from 12 October to 12 November in 2010. The types of blogs were classified by frequency analysis of interactivity, interest provision, information provision and purchase capability. The investigators checked the type of the contents of each blog and the frequencies were used for the classification type. The analysis showed that the frequencies were in the order of information provision, followed by interest provision, and purchase capability for foreign blogs, while interest provision was followed by information provision for domestic blogs. Interactivity, interest provision, information provision and purchase capability were generally reflected in foreign blogs. Rather than interest provision and information provision, however, interactivity and purchase capability were reflected relatively weakly in domestic blogs.