• Title, Summary, Keyword: Naididae

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Freshwater Oligochaetes(Oligochaeta, Tubificida, Naididae) from Several Swamps in Kyungsangnam-do, Korea (경남 자연늪에 서식하는 담수 빈모류 (빈모강, 실지렁이목, 물지렁이과))

  • Seong Myeong Yoon;Hak Bae Kong;Won Kim
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.239-255
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    • 2000
  • Seven freshwater naidid oligochaetes are recorded on the basis of the materials collected from four lowland swamps, Upo-neup, Oisong-neup, Chilnal-neup, and Chunam-ji, in Kyungsnagnam-do, Korea during the period from February 1988 to September 1991 : Chaetogaster diastrophus (Gruithuisen), C. diaphanus (Gruithuisen), Amphichaeta asiatica Liang, Pristina longiseta Ehrenberg, P. biserrata Chen, Stylaria fossularis Leidy, Slavina appendiculata (d'Udekem). These species are redescribed and illustrated with a key to the species and genera of the family Naididae in Korea. This is the first taxonomic record on the freshwater naidid oligochaetes in Korea.

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Two Aquatic Oligochaete Species, Dero dorsalis and Allonais pectinata (Annelida: Clitellata: Naididae), New to Korea

  • Lee, Jeounghee;Jung, Jongwoo
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.119-123
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    • 2014
  • The genera Dero and Allonais belong to the family Naididae. Most species in the genus Dero have unique morphological characters including a branchial fossa and/or gills at the posterior end of the body. The genus Allonais has no eyes unlike its close relative the genus Nais. Of these genera, one species of Dero, D. obtusa, was recently reported in Korea. However, the genus Allonais has not been recorded in Korea. Here, we report Dero dorsalis Ferroni$\grave{e}$re, 1899 and Allonais pectinata (Stephenson, 1910) with a diagnosis and illustrations.

Six Korean New Records of the Nais Species (Annelida, Clitellata, Naididae)

  • Lee, Jeounghee;Jung, Jongwoo
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.153-159
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    • 2015
  • The oligochaete worms in the genus Nais are common to freshwater habitats. These worms have a highly-developed prostomium and pigmented eye spots. All species have hair chaetae, bifid or single pointed needle chaetae on the dorsal side and ventral chaetae beginning in II with bifid crotchets. Most species of Nais genus live in areas where bottom is covered by sand, gravel or organic matter in aquatic plants. Currently, 26 species of Nais have been recorded worldwide. From the recent faunal studies, 3 species of Nais have been newly reported in Korea. Here, we newly report 6 species of Nais with diagnosis, illustrations and identification keys to Korean Nais species: N. behningi, N. pseudobtusa, N. simplex, N. bretscheri, N. stolci and N. elinguis.

New Record of a Naidid Oligochaete Species, Ripistes parasita (Annelida: Clitellata: Naididae) from Korea

  • Jung, Jong-Woo
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.137-139
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    • 2012
  • An aquatic oligochaete species, $Ripistes$ $parasita$ (Schmidt, 1847) collected from Ganghwado Island in Korea, is described and illustrated. Specimens inhabiting on aquatic vegetation at the edge of the streams were collected with a plankton hand net. Morphological features of present specimens such as the number of long hair chaetae per bundle and their length in VI-VIII, and shape and size of ventral chaetae are concordant with those of previous reports on this species. The genus $Ripistes$ contains one species, $R.$ $parasite$ which is distributed over, Europe, North America and eastern part of Asia including China and Japan. This is the first record of $R.$ $parasita$ in Korea.

The Sterilization Effect of Methylene Blue, Formalin, and Iodine on Egg and Adult Stage of Marine Medaka, Oryzias dancena

  • Park, In-Seok;Baek, Se-Won;Moon, Ki Hwan
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.199-211
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    • 2019
  • The sterilization effects of methylene blue (MB), formalin, and iodine on the egg of marine medaka, Oryzias dancena, were investigated for disinfecting naididae worm, Chaetogaster diastrophus through sterilization. To determine harmfulness of MB, formalin, and iodine, lethal concentrations 50 ($LC_{50}$) of three chemicals were analyzed in the eggs of marine medaka. The sterilized periods of each chemical were set at 1 hr. Sterilized rates of naididae worm in each chemical were significantly affected and increased drastically as the concentration of each chemical increased (p<0.05). Sterilization abilities of naididae worm were most effective for formalin, but survival rates of egg and hatched rates for formalin were lowest among each chemical. The $LC_{50}$ of MB over 96 hrs were 185.26, 103.84, and 127.15 ppm for adults, juveniles, and eggs respectively. The toxic effects of MB were clearly dose dependent for each life stage (p<0.05). The toxicity sensitivity of juveniles to MB was dramatically higher than that of other groups. In 48 hrs after sterilization, cortisol and glucose concentrations of the adult group with MB treatment were significantly higher than those of the adult group with no treatment (p<0.05). This research provides useful data on sterilization effect of MB, formalin, and iodine, acute toxicity in marine medaka egg and toxicity, sensitivity of life stage of MB in marine medaka.

Naidid oligochaetes (Annelida: Clitellata) from the Seokhyeoncheon and Changreungcheon Streams with New Record of Nais variabilis

  • Jung, Jong-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.407-410
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    • 2011
  • Aquatic Oligochaeta is a notable animal group in freshwater environment such as streams, rivers and lakes in view of its biomass and species richness. Taxonomic studies of this group, however, have hardly been performed in Korea. Here five naidid oligochaete species are reported - Slavina appendiculata, Pristina longiseta, Pristina biserrata, Chaetogaster diaphanus and Nais variabilis - from the Seokhyeoncheon Stream in Yangju and from the Changreungcheon Stream in Goyang, Gyeonggi-do. Aquatic oligochaetes attaching on aquatic vegetations were collected with a plankton hand net. An image and description on Nais variabilis new to Korea are provided.

Aquatic Oligochaete (Annelida: Clitellata) Fauna from the Jungnang Stream in Seoul, Korea, with Eight New Korean Records

  • Park, Hyung Joon;Timm, Tarmo;Bae, Yeon Jae
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.507-512
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    • 2013
  • Aquatic oligochaetes were investigated from a small amount of sediment sampled from the Jungnang Stream, an urban stream in Seoul, Korea, in November 2012. Sorted oligochaetes were observed under a light microscope in a drop of carbonated water, and then preserved in 70% ethanol. Some specimens were slide mounted using glycerin and Eupharal. As a result, the following 12 species were identified including 8 new Korean records, Bothrioneurum vejdoskyanum Stolc, Branchiodrilus hortensis (Stephenson), Chaetogaster cristalinus Vejdosky, Nais communis Piguet, Nais pardalis Piguet, Dero obtusa d'Udekem, Piguetiella denticulata Liang, and Haemonais waldvogeli Brescher and 4 additional known species, Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri Cleparede, Branchiura sowerbyi Beddard, Chaetogaster diastrophus (Gruithuisen), and Stylaria fossularis Leidy. This study shows how freshwater oligochaetes are diverse even in urban streams in Korea, if a proper sampling and examining method is employed.