• Title, Summary, Keyword: NDMS(National Disaster Management System)

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Development of a Customer Friendly GIS-based Disaster Management System in South Korea

  • SONG, Wanyoung;CHOI, Junho;LEE, Dongkwan;CHOI, Choongik
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study explored the improvement and the direction of the smart disaster management system newly attempted in South Korea by analyzing the utilization of the existing system. This study focuses on making it easy to apply to user tasks and improving on site information. Research design, data and methodology: Problems were identified through field surveys with administrators in charge of administration and public institutions based on GIS based status board for NDMS which is widely used in Korea. Also, this study attempted to generalize to specialists in disaster management who are more likely to use the system in the future. Results: We derived improvement plans and verified the results through expert feedback. The results show that the GIS based status board for NDMS is cumbersome to use due to the vast array of unnecessary information compared to the high expected utilization. Conclusions: We found that improving the speed and accuracy of the smart disaster management information delivery system is necessary. Also, it is important to identify reasons for not improve the willingness to use this technology in disaster management and to figure out the process by which field personnel makes decisions that smart disaster information cannot be used for disaster management.

Constructing the integrated information system for the coast disaster area management using 3D web GIS technology

  • Jo Myung-Hee;Shin Dong-Ho;Pak Hyeon-Cheol;Hae Young-Jin;Kim Hyoung-Sub;Kim Jin-Sub
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.318-321
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    • 2004
  • The damage scale and damage area in the coast have been increased dramatically because of calamities such as typhoon. tidal wave. flood and storm. Especially. 409 cases. which reach to about $40.9\%$ of natural disasters of 1,000 cases for the recent 15 years have happened on coast area. More than $40\%$ of natural disasters also occurred every year is happening in coastland. Therefore, there is a great need to construct all related GIS database such as atmospheric phenomena (typhoon. tidal wave, flood and storm). harbor facility, harbor traffic and ebb and flow. Furthermore. the certain system should be developed and integrated with NDMS (National Disaster Management System) by using 3D web GIS technology. In this study. the coast disaster area management system was designed and developed by using 3D web GIS technique so that the coast disaster area could be monitored and managed in real time and in visual. Finally. the future disaster in coast area could be predicted scientifically.

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Efficient Methods for the Distributed Disaster Prevention Resources (효과적인 분산 방재자원 관리 방안)

  • Lee, Changyeol
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.294-304
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    • 2011
  • Disaster prevention resources consist of persons, equipments, goods, and facilities. Specially, equipments and goods are internally managed in the regional office, and may be leased to the inter-offices. National Disaster Management System(NDMS) managed the resources in the separated system. That is, one system is managed by regional disaster prevention system, the other is managed by the central disaster prevention system which receives the data from the regional disaster prevention system. Because the regional disaster prevention system updates the resource information quarterly, it is difficult to confirm the exact information. In this study, we propose the model which makes to supply in timely the resource to the disaster using the managed resource with RFID technology. Firstly, we classified the resources based on the resource types for the easily search. After then, we defined ID and attributes information of the resources. From the information, we described the management model for the real time resource.

Development of Work Process on Natural Disaster Damage Investigation using Smartphones (스마트폰 기반 자연재난 피해조사 업무 프로세스 개발)

  • Choi, Woong Jung;Cho, Jae Woong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Disaster and Security
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2012
  • Natural disasters are occurring frequently due to typhoon and flood. Especially, damage scales are increasing these days because of climate change. When natural disasters occur, civil engineering officers investigate them for the recovery. If public facilities are damaged, the disaster damage investigation must be finished within 7days. Currently, natural disaster damage investigation is done on two levels, field investigation and data input into NDMS. However, having those two overlapped most of the time, and we must do subsidiary works things to register field investigation data into system. Work efficiency is decreased due to repetition of additional work. So, many civil engineering officers indicated problems such as lack of manpower and time. In this study, We developed work process on natural disaster damage investigation that involves using smart phone to solve problems such as shortage of time and manpower.

A study on development of disaster-risk assessment criteria for steep slope -Based on the cases of NDMS in Ministry of Interior and Safety- (급경사지 재해위험도 평가 기준 개선 방안 연구 -행정안전부 급경사지 관리시스템 사례를 중심으로-)

  • Suk, Jae-Wook;Kang, Hyo-Sub;Jeong, Hyang-Seon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.372-381
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    • 2019
  • In this study, the National Disaster Management System (NDMS) was analyzed to evaluate the disaster impact assessment standards for steep slopes. Problems in the assessment methods and systems were discovered, which could be reasons for poor reliability. The disaster-risk evaluation index needs improvement to evaluate various types of retaining walls, such as concrete/reinforced soil walls and reinforcing stone masonry. Additionally, using the same score for overturning, bulging, and efflorescence could be reasons for poor reliability, and different weighting factors are needed. Assessment methods are needed to subdivide the social influence evaluation index while considering environmental conditions of steep slopes, such as railroads and reservoirs. For the evaluation of steep slopes, standards for start and end points of steep slopes should be created for effective management, and disaster impact assessment needs to be performed after redevelopment from an advanced index for protection and reinforcement. These problems were derived from a current evaluation system, so a disaster impact assessment is necessary to supplement the results of this study.

An Investigation of Classification System in Disaster Resources Management (방재자원 분류체계 현황 조사)

  • Kim, Jung-Soo;Roh, Sub;Kim, Nak-Seok;Yoon, Sei-Eui
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.526-529
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    • 2007
  • Storm and flood damage management systems in national disaster management system(NDMS) were organized into three operation systems. They are prevention, preparation, response, and recovery systems. Disaster resources in each system must be promptly and exactly applied to minimize casualties and loss of properties. However, the disaster resources in current management system can not be immediately used in calamity situation due to the lack of efficiency in statistical data. In this study, the classification system of the disaster resources in storm and flood damage systems was examined to develop the a standard technology in disaster resources management. Problems and reformation points of the classification system were also presented to improve the classification technique and to construct the data base.

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An Investigation of Classification and Management of Emergency Restoration Equipment (응급복구장비의 분류와 운용방안 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Soo;Yoon, Young-Noh;Kim, Nak-Seok;Yoon, Sei-Eui
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.605-608
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    • 2008
  • Storm and flood damage management systems in national disaster management system(NDMS) were organized into three operation systems. They are prevention, preparation, response, and recovery systems. Disaster resources in each system must be promptly and exactly applied to minimize casualties and loss of properties. However, the disaster resources in current management system can not be immediately used in calamity situation due to the lack of efficiency in statistical data. Therefore, it is necessary to classify the emergency restoration equipment for efficient management and mobilization of disaster resources in disaster situation. In this study, field survey was executed to appropriately classify the emergency restoration equipment. Problems and reformation points of the disaster resources system were also presented to improve the classification technique and to construct the data base.

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A Research on the needed-capacity of Volunteers in Disaster Relief Activity (재해구호 자원봉사자 활동의 실태분석을 통한 필요 역량에 관한 연구)

  • Sung, Ki-Whan
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.395-398
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    • 2008
  • There was heavy rains that happened for 23 days consecutively in 2006. Many regions have suffered because of rains and among them In-Je and Pyung-Chang area are the most suffered areas at that time. I conducted field survey at those two regions. The case of other damaged regions also reviewed in this paper and volunteer activity of volunteer groups is reviewed. I intended to make clear the volunteer activity system through analysing need capacity of volunteers. Main suggestions are as below. In management system, the nexts are discussed. Improving the ability of village headmen and volunteer groups that manage relief stuffs at the first level and cooperating method with companies are discussed. Supporting system for isolated regions and necessity about developing operating manual are suggested. In education system, specialized education for different disaster areas, field orientation education, and training managerial positions are suggested. In supporting system, improving NDMS(National Disaster Management System), computerized program for volunteer management, insurance for volunteers, issuing a confirmation of volunteering activity, securement of emergency communication system, budget for prevention and donation are also suggested.

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Analysis and Implications on Volunteer Activity System of Disaster Relief (재난구호 자원봉사활동체계 실태분석 및 정책적 함의)

  • Sung, Ki-Whan;Han, Seung-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.93-102
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    • 2008
  • This research is to make clear the volunteer activity system through analysing activity of volunteers. Main suggestions are as below. In management system, integrated cooperating system, improvement of delivering system of relief goods and developing operating manual of volunteering management are discussed. In education system, specialized education for different disaster areas, field orientation education, and training managerial positions are suggested. In supporting system, improving NDMS(National Disaster Management System), computerized program for volunteer management, insurance for volunteers, issuing a confirmation of volunteering activity, securement of emergency communication system, budget for prevention and donation are also suggested.

Development of Web-GIS based Real-Time Natural Disaster Damage Information Management System (웹GIS를 이용한 실시간 자연재해 피해정보 관리시스템 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Tae-Hoon;Kim, Kye-Hyun;Shim, Jae-Hyun;Choi, Woo-Jung
    • Journal of Korea Spatial Information System Society
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.103-107
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    • 2008
  • This study mainly focused on the development of real-time based damage investigation system using web-GIS. The study area was Gangseo-Gu in Busan where frequently has relatively higher magnitude of damages from natural disasters. GIS DB was built to provide geospatial data such as 1:1,000 and 1:5,000 topographic maps and IKONOS high resolution satellite data. The web-GIS system has demonstrated the higher contribution for the better response and recovery against any type of natural disasters through real-time communication and data dissemination among government agencies and personnel. However, further researches need to be made to improve system capabilities. In addition, for more effective system operation and maximizing the benefits of exploiting web-GIS system, linkage with national DB such as NDMS is essential.

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