• Title, Summary, Keyword: Myoglobin

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A Study on the Serum Myoglobin Levels in Thyroid Diseases (각종 갑상선질환(甲狀腺疾患)에서의 혈청(血淸) myoglobin 치(値)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Cho, Bo-Yeon;Chang, Youn-Bok;Cho, Kyong-Sam;Chung, Soon-Il;Kim, Sam-Yong;Koh, Chang-Soon;Lee, Mun-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.41-44
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    • 1980
  • To evaluate the change of serum myoglobin in the thyroid disease, we measured serum myoglobin by radioimmunoassay in 24 normal subjects, 34 patients with hyperthyroidism (20 untreated, 14 treated) and 5 patients with hypothyroidism. The mean values of serum myoglobin in 24 normal control, 20 untreated hyperthyroidism, and 14 treated hyperthyroidism were $50.9{\pm}17.0ng/ml,\;39.1{\pm}20.3ng/ml\;and\;51.0{\pm}18.3ng/ml$ respectively. The serum myoglobin level of untreated hyperthyroidism seemed to be lower than that of normal control without statistical significance. The serum myoglobin levels in 5 patients with hypothyroidism ranged 28-156 ng/ml, and 3 patients showed increased serum myoglobin level. We observed one case with severe degree of thyrotoxic myopathy whose serum myoglobin level was markedly elevated initially and was decreased to normal range after treatment. This results suggests that the determination of serum myoglobin might be useful in the evaluation of thyrotoxic myopathy.

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A experimental study on the physiological effects of electrical stimulation treatment of serum myoglobin and aldolase in human body (인체에 적용한 전기자극이 Serum myoglobin과 Aldolase에 미치는 영향에 대한 생리학적 효과)

  • Kim, Soon-Hee;Chon, Ki-Young;Choi, Young-Deok
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 1999
  • Prior studies have revealed that several stimulation to the muscle have released serum myoglobin into the blood vessel and increased aldolase activity. The present authors carried out a study which effect of electrical stimulation treatment (induced a isotonic wrist exerceise) on serum myoglobin(Mb) levels and aldolase(Al) activity were investigated in 6 healthy female. There were four groups of female: 1. no electrical stimulation control: 2. electrical stimulation 10min (EST10'); 3. electrical stimulation 20 min (EST20'); 4. electrical stimulation 30min (EST30'). Each groups is all the same one. Radioimmunoassay and Ultraviolet Spectrophotometry were performed to increased or decreased of serum myoglobin and aldolase. Serum myoglobin significantly increased in electrical stimulated groups[EST10' $(30.20{\pm}5.27ng/ml)$, EST20'$(31.65{\pm}3.96ng/ml)$, EST30'$(31.95{\pm}2.0ng/ml)$] to be compared with control group$(24.43{\pm}2.20ng/ml)$. Aldolase significantly increased in electrical stimulated groups [EST10' ($6.85{\pm}1.17$ Sigma U/mL), EST20'($6.70{\pm}1.46$ Sigma U/mL), EST30'($6.56{\pm}1.01$ Sigma U/mL)) to be compared with control group($5.03{\pm}1.86$ Sigma U/mL). The results of this study show that isotonic exercise result in electrical stimulation treatment increased serum myoglobin content and aldolase activity. In conclusion, our results support that stimulation release serum myoglobin and increase aldolase activity.

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Effect of γ-Irradiation on the Molecular Properties of Myoglobin

  • Lee, Yong-Woo;Song, Kyung-Bin
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.590-594
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    • 2002
  • To elucidate the effect of gamma-irradiation on the molecular properties of myoglobin, the secondary and tertiary structures, as well as the molecular weight size of the protein, were examined after irradiation at various irradiation doses. Gamma-irradiation of myoglobin solutions caused the disruption of the ordered structure of the protein molecules, as well as degradation, cross-linking, and aggregation of the polypeptide chains. A SDS-PAGE study indicated that irradiation caused initial fragmentation of the proteins and subsequent aggregation, due to cross-linking of the protein molecules. The effect of irradiation on the protein was more significant at lower protein concentrations. Ascorbic acid protected against the degradation and aggregation of proteins by scavenging oxygen radicals that are produced by irradiation. A circular dichroism study showed that an increase of the irradiation decreased the a-helical content of myoglobin with a concurrent increase of the aperiodic structure content. Fluorescence spectroscopy indicated that irradiation increased the emission intensity that was excited at 280 nm.

The Relationship between Meat Color (CIE L* and a*), Myoglobin Content, and Their Influence on Muscle Fiber Characteristics and Pork Quality

  • Kim, Gap-Don;Jeong, Jin-Yeon;Hur, Sun-Jin;Yang, Han-Sul;Jeon, Jin-Tae;Joo, Seon-Tea
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.626-633
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    • 2010
  • This study examined the relationship between meat color and myoglobin content, and evaluated their influence on muscle fiber characteristics and overall pork quality. Four groups of pigs were classified by lightness (CIE $L^*$) and redness (CIE $a^*$): HH, high lightness and high redness; HL, high lightness and low redness; LH, low lightness and high redness; LL, low lightness and low redness. Myoglobin content ranged from 1.2 mg/g to 2.1 mg/g, and was highest in the LH group and lowest in the LL group (p<0.05). Myoglobin content correlated significantly with redness (CIE $a^*$) (r = 0.45, p<0.01). Fiber compositions of type I and IIA were closely related to lightness and redness. Pork with higher sizes of type IIA and IIB fibers had lower lightness and redness, respectively, which was tougher than the other pork. Pork having the highest lightness and lowest redness, often considered "pale", has higher values in drip loss than the other classes of pork tested.

Adsorption Property of Shrimp Shell Chitosan to Water Soluble Proteins (수용성 단백질에 대한 새우껍질 Chitosan의 흡착 특성)

  • 손병일;김경삼
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.242-248
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    • 2000
  • 수산물 가공시 흘러나오는 폐수 중에 함유되어 있는 수용성 단백질을 chitosan에 흡착시키기 위하여 albumin과 hemoglobin, albumin-myoglobin 혼합단백질을 이용하여 chitosan과의 흡착 및 chitosan 제조조건에 따른 흡착효과와 chitosan의 수용성 단백질 흡착에 미치는 인자를 살펴본 결과는 다음과 같다. Chitosan위 탈아세틸화 조건을 60, 70, 80%로 달리하여, albumin, hemoglobin, albumin-myoglobin 혼합용액에 적용했을때 chitosan의 탈아세틸화도가 높을수록 chitosan과 단백질 사이의 흡착률은 높게 나타났다. 초음파 처리에 의하여 chitosan의 분자량이 작을수록 chitosan과 단백질 사이의 흡착률은 높게 나타났다. pH변화에 따른 chitosan과 수용성 단백질의 흡착률은 albumin 및 albumin-myoglobin 혼합용액에서는 pH 4.0에서, hemoglobin용액에서는 pH 7.0에서 흡착률이 높게 나타났다 chitosan과 수용성단백질과의 흡착에서 반응시간은 albumin및 albumin-myoglobin 혼합용액에서는 4시간, hemoglobin용액에서는 3시간까지 흡착률이 증가하였고, 그 이후의 시간이 경화하여도 흡착률의 증가는 거의 보이지 않았다. 수용성 단백질 용액에 NaCl 농도를 0.1M에서 1.0M로 증가시켜 첨가했을때 염의 농도가 높을수록 chitosan과 단백질 사이의 흡착이 잘 일어나지 않았다.

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Tests for Acute Coronary Syndrome (급성관동맥증후군 관련 검사)

  • Kim, Kyung-Dong
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.13-29
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    • 2001
  • The enzyme activities of creatine kinase (CK), its isoenzyme MB (CK-MB) and of lactate dehydrogenase isoenzyme 1 (LD-1) have been used for years in diagnosing patients with chest pain in order to differentiate patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) from non-AMI patients. These methods are easy to perform as automated analyses, but they are not specific for cardiac muscle damage. During the early 90's the situation changed. First, creatine kinase ME mass (CK-MB mass) replaced the measurement of CK-MB activity. Subsequently cardiac-specific proteins, troponin T (cTnT) and troponin I (cTnI) appeared and displacing LD-1 analysis. However, troponin concentrations in blood increase only from four to six hours after onset of chest pain. Therefore a rapid marker such as myoglobin, fatty acid binding protein or glycogen phosphorylase BB could be used in early diagnosis of AMI. On the other hand, CK-MB isoforms alone may also be useful in rapid diagnosis of cardiac muscle damage. Myoglobin, CK-MB mass, cTnT and cTnI are nowadays widely used in diagnosing patients with acute chest pain. Myoglobin is not cardiac-specific and therefore requires supplementation with some other analyses such as troponins to support the myoglobin value. Troponins are very highly cardiac-specific. Only the sera of some patients with severe renal failure, which requires hemodialysis, have elevated cTnT and/or cTnI without there being any evidence of cardiac damage. The latest studies have shown that elevated troponin levels in sera of hemodialysis patients point to an increased risk of future cardiac events in a similar manner to the elevated troponin values in sera of patients with unstable angina pectoris. In addition, the bedside tests for cTnT and cTnI alone- or together with myoglobin and CK-ME mass can be used instead of quantitative analyses in the diagnosis of patients with chest pain. These rapid tests are easy to perform and they do not require expensive instrumentation. For the diagnosis of patient with chest pain, routinely myoglobin and CK-ME mass measurements should be performed whenever they are requested (24 h/day) and cTnT or cTnI on admission to the hospital and then 4-6 and 12 hours later and maintained less than 10% in imprecision.

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Effects of Gamma Irradiation on Pigments of Beef (감마선 조사가 한우육의 색소에 미치는 영향)

  • Yook, Hong-Sun;Lee, Ju-Woon;Lee, Kyong-Haeng;Kim, Sung;Byun, Myung-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.1184-1188
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    • 1998
  • Effects of gamma irradiation on pigments of beef was investigated by determination of the Hunter's color values and pigments such as myoglobin, metmyoglobin and oxymyoglobin after gamma irradiation up to 5 kGy in air or vacuum package for 7 days. 'L' and 'b' values increased but 'a' value decreased with the elapse of the storage period. But, 'L', 'a' and 'b' values of irradiated beef were lower than non-irradiated beef. Myoglobin decreased but oxymyoglobin and metmyoglobin increased with the elapse of the storage period. Myoglobin decreased but oxymyoglobin and metmyoglobin increased with gamma irradiation up to 5 kGy. In regard to packaging methods, vacuum package did not affect pigment of the beef as did air package.

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Effect of centrifugation on tryptic protein digestion

  • Kim, Soohwan;Kim, Yeoseon;Lee, Dabin;Kim, Inyoung;Paek, Jihyun;Shin, Dongwon;Kim, Jeongkwon
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.96-101
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    • 2017
  • This study investigated the effect of centrifugation on tryptic digestion. This was done by applying different centrifugation speeds (6,000, 8,000, 10,000, 20,000, and $30,000{\times}g$) over various durations (0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 min) to digest two model proteins - cytochrome c and myoglobin. The intact proteins and resulting peptides were identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Centrifugation greatly improved the tryptic digestion efficiency of cytochrome c, where either an increase in centrifugation speed or in digestion duration significantly improved the digestion of cytochrome c. However, centrifugation did not noticeably improve the digestion of myoglobin; 16 h of centrifuge-assisted tryptic digestion at $30,000{\times}g$ barely removed the myoglobin protein peak. Similar results were also obtained when using conventional tryptic digestion with gentle mixing. When acetonitrile (ACN) was added to make 10% ACN buffer solutions, the myoglobin protein peak disappeared after 6 h of digestion using both centrifuge-assisted and conventional tryptic digestions.

Skeletal Ryanodine Receptor 1-Heterozygous PSE (Pale, Soft and Exudative) Meat Contains a Higher Concentration of Myoglobin than Genetically Normal PSE Meat in Pigs

  • Obi, T.;Matsumoto, M.;Miyazaki, K.;Kitsutaka, K.;Tamaki, M.;Takase, K.;Miyamoto, A.;Oka, T.;Kawamoto, Y.;Nakada, T.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.23 no.9
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    • pp.1244-1249
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    • 2010
  • Comparisons of properties between skeletal ryanodine receptor 1 (sRyR1)-heterozygous-mutated and normal types of meat were carried out in pigs using PSE (pale, soft and exudative) meat found during the butchering process. All samples considered to be PSE meat showed irregular running and disorder of the muscle fibers and a wider inter-fiber space upon light microscopic observation. Electron microscopy revealed disintegration, twisting, and disorder of the myofibril arrangement and elimination of the Z line in PSE meat, compared with normal meat. Meat property tests demonstrated greater decreases in water holding capacity, moisture and sarcoplasmic protein, and higher $L^*$ values for the meat color index in PSE meat than in normal meat, but there were no differences in these factors between genetically normal and sRyR1-heterozygous PSE meat. On the other hand, higher $a^*$ and $b^*$ values were observed in sRyR1-heterozygous than in normal PSE meat, and similar alterations to the a* value were observed in terms of the amount of myoglobin and density of the 17-kDa protein band, corresponding to the molecular mass of myoglobin, on SDS-PAGE gels. These results suggest that sRyR1-heterozygous PSE pork contains much more myoglobin than genetically normal PSE meat.