• Title, Summary, Keyword: Myelochroa

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A Taxonomic Study of the Genus Myelochroa in South Korea

  • Jayalal, Udeni;Joshi, Santosh;Oh, Soon-Ok;Koh, Young Jin;Hur, Jae-Seoun
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.217-224
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    • 2012
  • Myelochroa (Asahina) Elix & Hale is a common foliose lichen genus found on the Korean Peninsula. Since it was first recorded nearly two decades ago, no detailed taxonomic or revisionary study of the genus has been conducted. Thus, the current study was conducted to carry out a detailed taxonomic and revisionary study of Myelochroa in South Korea. This study was based on specimens deposited in the Korean Lichen Research Institute (KoLRI). Detailed taxonomic studies and a literature review confirmed the presence of twelve species of Myelochroa from S. Korea, including one new record, Myelochroa xantholepis (Mont. & Bosch) Elix & Hale. Descriptions of each species with their morphological, anatomical and chemical characters together with a key to all known Myelochroa species are presented.

Revision of the lichen genus Myelochroa (Ascomycotina: Parmeliaceae) in Korea

  • Moon, Kwang Hee;Ahn, Chorong;Kashiwadani, Hiroyuki
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2015
  • Korean species of the genus Myelochroa are revised taxonomically and the following eight species are recognized: M. aurulenta (Tuck.) Elix & Hale, M. entotheiochroa (Hue) Elix & Hale, M. galbina (Ach.) Elix & Hale, M. hayachinensis (Kurok.) Elix & Hale, M. irrugans (Nyl.) Elix & Hale, M. leucotyliza (Nyl.) Elix & Hale, M. metarevoluta (Asahina) Elix & Hale and M. perisidians (Nyl.) Elix & Hale. Myelochroa ibukiensis K.H. Moon et al. is reduced to a synonym for M. aurulenta. Myelochroa denegans (Nyl.) Elix & Hale, M. indica (Hale) Elix & Hale and M. xantholepis (Mont. & Bosch) Elix & Hale are excluded from the lichen of Korea. In addition, a key for the species of the Korean Myelochroa is provided.

Detection of Endolichenic Fungi Producing Antifungal Compound (항진균성 물질을 생산하는 지의류 내생 곰팡이의 탐색)

  • Kim, Eun-Sung;Choi, Kap-Seong;Choi, Sang-Ki
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.23-29
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    • 2012
  • To isolate a novel antifungal compound, we obtained 100 kinds of endolichenic fungi from Korean Lichen & Allied Bioresources Center and examined their antifungal capability. Three fungi Usnea rigidula (2326), Parmotrema pseudotinctorum (2202) and Myelochroa sp. (2292) showed high antifungal activity against Candida albicans when they grew in both liquid and solid media. We extracted the culture supernatants of these three fungi with chloroform and then with ethyl acetate. Chloroform fraction exhibited the highest antifungal activities when those fractions were examined for the growth inhibition of Candida albicans with disc diffusion method. The chloroform faction was on further analysis with $C_{18}$ column chromatography to see whether the inhibitors are already known or not. Two peak fractions were collected from 4-day culture extract for Usnea rigidula and from 6-day culture extract for Parmotrema pseudotinctorum on the HPLC. A peak fraction from chloroform extracts of 4-day culture filtrate of Parmotrema pseudotinctorum showed higher antifungal activities against C. albicans and C. glabrata than another peak fraction. It appears that the antifungal materials are relatively nonpolar as usnic acid often found in lichenic fungi.