• Title, Summary, Keyword: Musculoskeletal diseases

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Effects of ProBody Massage on Body Alignment and Plantar Pressure Balance in Middle-aged Men with Musculoskeletal Diseases

  • Oh, Se-Jin;Lee, Joong-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.213-220
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of an 8-week ProBody massage program on body alignment and plantar pressure balance in middle-aged men with musculoskeletal diseases. Method: The subjects of this study were 20 middle-aged men with musculoskeletal diseases in B Metropolitan City who participated in an 8-week ProBody massage program conducted twice a week. Physical characteristics (height, weight, and body mass index), body alignment, and plantar pressure were assessed before and after the experiment. Results: The 20 middle-aged men with musculoskeletal diseases who underwent the ProBody massage program showed positive changes in physiological characteristics, body alignment, and plantar pressure balance. Conclusion: Consequently, the 8-week ProBody massage program was suggested to be effective for improving and preventing postural imbalance in middle-aged men with musculoskeletal diseases. The ProBody massage program could also be utilized to improve the body alignment and plantar pressure balance in middle-aged women with musculoskeletal diseases.

Relationships between physical pain and preventive actions against musculoskeletal diseases among dental hygiene students (치위생과 재학생들의 신체통증과 근골격계질환 지식 및 예방행위)

  • Jung, You-Sun
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.45-56
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    • 2009
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate the relationships between the degree of physical pain and the knowledge and preventive actions of musculoskeletal diseases among dental hygiene students with a potential risk of contracting those diseases and thus to help them prevent them. A survey was taken among 207 sophomores and juniors specializing in dental hygiene at S1 and S2, Gyeonggi Province in the area of physical pain, knowledge of musculoskeletal diseases, and preventive actions against them. The findings were as follows: 1. The mean scores of the sophomore in the knowledge of musculoskeletal diseases were $6.20{\pm}2.21$, and those of the juniors were $6.72{\pm}2.29$. The mean scores of the sophomores and juniors in the preventive actions against musculoskeletal diseases were $22.50{\pm}2.37$ and $22.29{\pm}3.01$, respectively. 2. The subjects displayed severe physical pain in the lower back, shoulder, and neck in the descending order and medium physical pain in the neck, shoulder, and lower back in the descending order. 3. The higher level knowledge of musculoskeletal diseases they had, the less physical pain they felt. And there were significant differences among the shoulder, lower back, hip, ankle, and foot. 4. There were relationships between physical pain and the preventive actions against musculoskeletal diseases in "placing the hands at the height of the elbows during treatment", "reducing such positions as bending and extending during treatment", "narrowing the distance with the patient", "taking regular breaks during treatment for recovery", "trying not to incline the neck, back, arm, and wrist as much as possible", and "trying to keep the torso in the neutral position." 5. As for the education about musculoskeletal diseases, 74 sophomores(88.10%) and 102 juniors(89.74%) answered they received no such education. The results suggest that there should be some instructions to help dental hygiene students practice the preventive actions against musculoskeletal diseases and further prevention programs against those diseases.

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Prevalence and Indicators of Musculoskeletal Diseases on Nurses: An Integrated Review (통합적 고찰을 통한 간호사들의 직업 관련 근골격계 질환 유병률과 예측요인)

  • Choi, Eun Hee
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore prevalence and causal factors of musculoskeletal diseases on nurses. Methods: This study was an integrated review. Documentations were searched through electric databases using SAGE journals, EBSCOhost, Pubmed, RISS, NDSL and KCI. Terminology for this review was "Nurse" and "Musculoskeletal" and language versions were Korean or English. Number of final articles was 70 (Korean articles were 11 and english versions were 59). Results: Studies related to musculoskeletal diseases on nurses started in Sweden and USA from 1995. Subjects of studies were general hospital nurses in 50 out of 70 studies. Lower back in Korea and waist in other countries were highest areas of muculoskeletal disease's prevalence. Revisable factors of musculoskeletal diseases on nurses included physical, psychosocial and environmental factors that were more than unrevised factors. Conclusion: This study suggests to develop programs for preventing musculoskeletal disease of lower back or waist in general hospitals because of high frequency. Interventions to prevent musculoskeletal diseases need to consider prevalence and quality indicators on nurses.

Application of Clinical Laboratory Tests in Musculoskeletal Diseases (근골격계 질환에서 진단의학검사의 활용)

  • Ha, Won-Bae;Geum, Ji-Hye;Shin, Seon-Ho;Lee, Jung-Han
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine for Spine and Nerves
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.109-125
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    • 2018
  • Objectives : It is difficult to make accurate diagnosis of musculoskeletal disease because of its multiple, subjective and non-specific symptoms. It is possible to reduce errors of differential diagnosis through detailed history taking and physical examination in parallel with laboratory tests based on clinical decision. Methods : Korean and foreign on-line databases(Pubmed, Cochran Library, NDSL, KISS and OASIS) were researched for articles discussing laboratory tests in musculoskeletal diseases. Results : Laboratory tests could be applied usefully for various musculoskeletal diseases, In this review, available laboratory components in these musculoskeletal diseases are summarized, and then significance and usefulness of disease-specific laboratory examination are described. Conclusions : When examining musculoskeletal patients, it needs to accurate differential diagnosis by full interview and physical examination, to select required tests by understanding laboratory tests thoroughly, and to judge the prognosis precisely.

Effect of Preexisting Musculoskeletal Diseases on the 1-Year Incidence of Fall-related Injuries

  • Lee, Won-Kyung;Kong, Kyoung-Ae;Park, Hye-Sook
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.283-290
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: People who have chronic diseases, as well as gait imbalance or psychiatric drug use, may be susceptible to injuries from falls and slips. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of musculoskeletal diseases on incidental fall-related injuries among adults in Korea. Methods: We analyzed data from the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2009), which are national data obtained by a rolling survey sampling method. The 1-year incidence of fall-related injuries was defined by health service utilization within the last year due to injury occurring after a slip and fall, and musculoskeletal diseases included osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, and back pain. To evaluate the effects of preexisting musculoskeletal diseases, adults diagnosed before the last year were considered the exposed group, and adults who had never been diagnosed were the unexposed group. Results: The weighted lifetime prevalence of musculoskeletal disease was 32 540 per 100 000 persons. Musculoskeletal diseases were associated with a higher risk of fall-related injury after adjustment for sex, age, residence, household income, education, occupation, visual disturbance, paralysis due to stroke, and medication for depression (odds ratio [OR], 1.41; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03 to 1.93). As the number of comorbid musculoskeletal diseases increased, the risk of fall-induced injuries increased (p-value for trend <0.001). In particular, patients who had any musculoskeletal condition were at much higher risk of recurrent fall-related injuries (OR, 6.20; 95% CI, 1.06 to 36.08). Conclusions: One must take into account the risk of fall-related injuries and provide prevention strategies among adults who have musculoskeletal diseases.

Oral prophylaxis practice and awareness of musculoskeletal diseases in dental hygiene students (일부 치위생과 재학생의 치면세마실습 자세와 근골격계 질환 인식도)

  • Moon, Hee-Jung;Shin, Myung-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Dental Hygiene Science
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.41-52
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the state of oral prophylaxis practice among dental hygiene students and their awareness of musculoskeletal diseases in an effort to provide some information on how to strengthen education on treatment posture to manage musculoskeletal diseases and how to raise awareness of musculoskeletal diseases. From November 2 to 13, 2016, a self-administered survey was conducted on 653 sophomores, juniors and seniors with an experience of oral prophylaxis practice. SPSS version 20.0 for Windows was employed to analyze the collected data. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. The largest group that accounted for 37.4% responded that the total number of students undergoing oral prophylaxis practice during a semester was four to six. The biggest group that represented 65.4% answered that the required practice time per student was one to fewer than three hours. 76.0% continued to be in the repeated same posture. 2. As for the posture of patients, supine position was most common for the maxillary sinus, which accounted for 82.2%. And semi-upright position was most common for the mandibular sinus, which represented 49.6%. 3. In regard to the burden of oral prophylaxis practice, 33.9% considered the required for the practice appropriate. 42.3% took the repeated long-lasting posture, and 53.5% were under physical pressure. 55.4% suffered from mental pressure and stress. 4. The most dominant musculoskeletal area that they experienced pain after oral prophylaxis practice was neck with 52.5%; waist with 48.2, shoulders/wrists/hands with 45.5, back with 10.3, buttocks with 4.1, elbows with 2.3, legs with 2.1, ankles/feet with 0.8 and knees with 0.6%. 5. Concerning the maintenance of repeated treatment postures and pain experience, the students who continued to be in the repeated same position underwent more pain than the others who didn't on the shoulders(2.92±1.05), in the waist(3.02±1.01), buttocks(1.75±0.92), elbows(1.55±0.79) and ankles/foot(2.52±1.25). The differences were statistically significant(p<.05, p<.01). 6. As to educational experience on treatment posture and musculoskeletal diseases, 88.8% received education on treatment posture; 87.9%, on what position should be taken in times of cooperation; 46.9%, on musculoskeletal diseases; 51.9%, on carpal tunnel syndrome; 42.3%, on varicose vein. The students who replied education on occupational diseases was necessary accounted for 89.6%. 7. The students who experienced treatment posture education were better aware of the causes of musculoskeletal diseases(3.23±3.00), ways for preventing the diseases(3.33±.834) and how to stretch the body(3.63±.858). The differences were statistically significant(p<.05, p<.001). 8. The students who experienced education on occupational diseases heard more about musculoskeletal diseases(3.27±.965), were better cognizant of the causes of the diseases(3.45±.847), were better aware of how to prevent them(3.55±.805) and found themselves to know how to stretch to prevent the diseases (3.73±.826). The differences were statistically significant(p<.001).

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A Study on the Characteristics of the Awareness and Satisfication Level of Musculoskeletal Patients and Non-Musculoskeletal Patients that Use Korean Medical Institutions (한방의료기관 이용자 중 근골격계질환자와 비근골격계질환자의 인식도 및 만족도 특성연구)

  • Sung, Angela Dongmin;Choi, Sung Young;Park, Minjung;Sung, Soo-Hyung
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2020
  • Background : The study aimed at examining the awareness and satisfaction level of Korean medicine treatment of musculoskeletal patients and non-musculoskeletal patients. Method : The frequency and percentage were calculated to identify the overall characteristics, and to identify the characteristics of the respondents who visited the hospital to treat musculoskeletal diseases and those who visited for the treatment of non-musculoskeletal diseases, the correlation between the variables was analyzed using the chi-square analysis (χ2-test). Furthermore, analysis items were compared depending on detailed diseases within the musculoskeletal disorder (lumbar pain, sprains, arthritis, frozen shoulders, spondylitis, disc) Result : Respondents who used Korean medicine for the purpose of treating musculoskeletal diseases had answered that costs involved in Korean medicine was expensive, and answered that herbal decoction was the preferred Korean medicine treating method for expanding health insurance benefits. Regarding the safety awareness of Korean medicinal herbs, responses that said it was safe was high, and their willingness to use and recommend Korean medicine in future was also high. Respondents who used Korean medicine for the purpose of treating musculoskeletal diseases said they were overall satisfied along with the attitude of Korean medical doctors, treatment results, and costs of treatments. Conclusion : The study was aimed at securing basic data to indirectly identify the national demand for Korean medicine, through investigating the level and degree of differences that exist in the perception and satisfication level and further find a point where policy intervention is possible in future.

A Study on the Medical Program and Spatial Organization for Musculoskeletal Center (근골격센터의 프로그램 및 공간구성에 관한 연구)

  • Yun, Woo Young;Chai, Choul Gyun
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: Musculoskeletal disorder is one of diseases with high medical demand over-65 populations. Considering complex, chronic property of diseases, it is important for patients to provide specialized medical service. The musculoskeletal center is one of the most essential facility type in order to give adequate care to the patient suffering from musculoskeletal diseases. Methods: Statistical analysis relating to the component ratio of patients for the demand for medical care. Literature analysis for characteristic of the musculoskeletal diseases. The Status Survey of health care facilities operating in the musculoskeletal center. Results: It is necessary for the musculoskeletal center to be composed of four major areas such as consultation, examination, diagnosis, intervention for continuity of care. For continuum of care, it is essential to build medical environment integrated with each level of care such as consultant, examination, diagnosis procedure. Implications: This study is a basic research for design of musculoskeletal center, and need to be followed by further study using various perspectives and methods.

Effect of Emotional Labor, Job and Psychosocial Stress, and Fatigue of Beauty Industry Workers on the perceived Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Diseases (미용업 종사자의 감정노동, 직무 및 사회심리적 스트레스, 피로도가 근골격계질환 관련 자각증상에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hye-Young;Choi, Seo-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 2012
  • This study attempted to evaluate the direct and indirect effect of emotional labor, job and psychosocial stress, and fatigue of beauty industry workers on their musculoskeletal diseases. The findings of this study showed that, among the workers with perceived symptoms of musculoskeletal diseases, the body part with the most commonly occurring symptom was the shoulder, followed by neck, low back, wrist, arm, foot and knee. As for the effect of work-related psychological factors on musculoskeletal diseases, it was found that the workers with musculoskeletal diseases were more affected by emotional labor and fatigue than non-symptom workers. It was also shown that when their job stress increased, the fatigue level also increased, though their psychosocial stress decreased. In addition, it was found that both direct and indirect effects of emotional labor on fatigue were high, and the indirect effect of job stress through fatigue on musculoskeletal diseases was significant.

The Change of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice on Musculoskeletal Diseases after Exercise Program in an Electronic Parts Manufacturing Company (일개 전자부품 근로자의 근골격계질환 예방을 위한 운동프로그램 실시 후 지식, 태도, 실천의 변화)

  • Kim, Ki Yang;Koo, Jung-Wan
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.153-163
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to find the change of knowledge, attitude, and practice on musculoskeletal diseases after preventive exercise program. Method: The 169 subjects who worked at an electronic parts manufacturing company in Seoul were participated in 11 week exercise program from February 14, to April 29, 2005. Result: The change of complaint rate of musculoskeletal symptoms based on NIOSH diagnosis standard for each body part was not statistically significant. The change of knowledge, attitude and practice on musculoskeletal diseases after exercise program was statistically significant. The change of knowledge after exercise program was higher in the group of participation days(17-32 days), work department(electronic components dept., mold manufacturing dept., and condenser dept.). The change of attitude after exercise program was higher in the group of work department(electronic components dept.) and job position(employee). The change of practice after exercise program was higher in the group of participation days(17-32 days), and job position(employee). Conclusion: The continuous and regular exercise program will help to prevent musculoskeletal diseases.

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