• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mural

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Influences of Communication with Parents, Relations with Teachers and Intramural/ Extramural Activities on Peer Relationships (부모와의 의사소통, 교사와의 관계 및 교내외 활동이 청소년의 또래 관계에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young-mi;Sim, Hee-og
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.159-175
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    • 2000
  • This study explored how communication with parents, relations with teachers and intra- and extra-mural activities were related to peer relationships. Data were collected from 453 middle school students in the city of Iksan. Results showed that students with more harmonious communication with parents reported more desirable peer relationships. More familiar and friendly relations with teachers was also associated with more harmonious peer relationships. As adolescents appeared more vigorous in intra- and extra-mural activities, they had friendlier peer relationships. Gender, communication with fathers, relations with teachers, and intra- and extra-mural activities had significant effects on peer relationships. Relations with teachers was the best predictor for peer relationships.

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Investigation applications of paintings and letters using infrared reflectography system (적외선촬영기를 이용한 벽화 및 묵서 조사 실례)

  • Moon, Whan-Suk;Hwang, Jin-Ju;Kang, Dae-Il;Lee, Myong-Hee
    • 보존과학연구
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    • pp.207-231
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    • 2000
  • Examples for application of cultural properties using Infrared Reflectography System as method of investigation on mural paintings and letters are given. This work is carried out according to asking of examination on inner layer paintings and letters in order to conserve the mural paintings discovered in the course of repairing ancient architectures. It is difficult to find the inner layer paintings and fine decorative line, but we can be observed by using Infrared Reflectography System and thus these results can be used as original rebuilding and drawings of mural paintings. Also building-repairing year, building participant though the investigation of letters written on the roof wood can be known.

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Mortar Characteristics for Reinforcement of Ancient Tomb Murals Using Oyster Shells

  • Lee, Hwa Soo;Yu, Yeong Gyeong;Han, Kyeong Soon
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.295-303
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    • 2018
  • The application of reinforcing agents with hydraulic property and strength development characteristics was studied under conditions similar to those of mural-painting mortar made with oyster shell powder. Reinforcement mortar made with oyster shell powder showed hydraulic properties and strength to supplement the weaknesses of natural hydraulic lime(NHL); this confirmed its possibility as a wall-reinforcing material with enough strength for preserving mural paintings. Reinforcement mortar 1 showed hydraulic property and general characteristics of lime mortar, such as consistency and viscosity, as well as lower strength and higher whiteness compared to an NHL product. For Reinforcement mortar 2, the original wall sample characteristics were reflected by mixing more shell produced through calcination; and it showed similar strength to that of Reinforcement mortar 1 as well as high whiteness. In measuring the contraction ratio of reinforcement mortar samples, Reinforcement mortar 1 and 2 showed more stability in property change compared to the NHL Group.

Difference of Place Identity Perception and Landscape Preference between Residents and Tourists in Ihwa-dong Mural Village (이화동 벽화마을 주민과 관광객간의 장소 정체성 인식 및 경관 선호 차이에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yelim;Son, Yong-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.105-116
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    • 2017
  • Murals in villages revitalize communities and spaces, and are economically efficient. Central and local governments are therefore actively undertaking Mural Village Projects but there are some issues and concerns about the projects for the provision of uniformed landscapes for the regions that are the result of a short-term completion of projects, and instead of cohesion, cause destruction of place identities. In addition, the problem of sustainable landscape management that is the result of low community involvement can be pointed out because the murals are products of government-led projects. The study covered the context of landscape and space change processes from a critical perspective, and focused on Ihwa-dong Mural Village, which is considered the first mural village in Korea and has begun to undergo drastic changes due to attention received from media. The purposes of this study are as follows. First, the study provides data about difference of place identity perception and landscape preference between residents and tourists in Ihwa-dong Mural Village. Second, this paper evaluates the current Mural Village Projects and finds alternative directions to improve the projects by using these data. This paper analyzed tourist hot spots in Ihwa-dong Mural Village by using SNS analysis, a field study and focus group interviews. The difference of place identity perception and landscape preference was examined among three groups: residents, new residents who are invited by Mural Village Projects, and tourists. This study showed that many tourists are focused on landscape areas that were not intentionally constructed projects. In addition, the locations of preferred landscapes and stores overlapped. Meanwhile, using qualitative data analysis, it was found that residents perceived the area as being an under-privileged location, while the murals, a non-daily landscape, largely affected place identity perception of new residents and tourists. For landscape preference, tourists preferred outdoor rest areas, while new residents and residents preferred less. Additionally, new residents and tourists preferred an area's night view while residents made no mention of this. Related to the direction of the projects, three groups showed their dependence on the government. This empirical study is significant from a participatory design perspective and in analyzing the issues for mural villages' landscapes, which are spreading across the nation and proceeding without criticism in urban regeneration. Implications for urban planners and suggestions for the future projects are given.

Nondestructive investigation of clay wall structure containing traditional mural paintings. - The clay walls having mural paintings housed in the protective building in Muwisa Temple, Kangjin, Jeollanamde Province - (전통 벽화의 토벽체 비파괴진단 조사연구 - 강진 무위사 벽화보존각내 벽화를 중심으로 -)

  • Chae, Sang-Jeong;Yang, Hee-Jae;Han, Kyeong-Soon
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.18
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    • pp.51-62
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    • 2006
  • This study, in order to do a nondestructive research on the mural walls kept in the protective house in Muwisa Temple, Kangjin, took four examinations; particle size analysis, XRD analysis, ultrasonic investigation, and thermo-infrared investigation. Component ratio of mural wall varied; clay of wall bodies consisted of gravel of 1.78 g, sand of 5.39 g, silt of 4.91 g and clay of 6.26 g. Ultrasonic velocity and one-axis compression strength tests done with eight mural-painted walls yield results as follows; the value of ultrasonic velocity ranged between 71.63 and 3610.11 m/s with the average of 417.44 m/s and on-axis compression strength ranged between 70.34 and $533.28kg/cm^2$ with the average of $83.23kg/cm^2$. The value increased in the order of Bosaldo(No.6)

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Conservation Environment for Mural Tomb in Goa-ri, Goryeong (고령 고아리 벽화고분의 보존환경 연구)

  • Jeong, Seon Hye;Lee, Hyun Ju;Lee, Min Young;Chung, Yong Jae
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.189-201
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    • 2017
  • This study focused on the Gaya mural tomb located in Goa-ri, Goryeong-gun, North Gyeongsang Province, Republic of Korea. Environmental factors such as ambient temperature, relative humidity and surface temperature, and microbial distribution on mural tombs were monitored for one year to gather data on the conservation environment of the mural tombs. The average internal temperature difference with reference to the ambient outer temperature was observed to be $11.7^{\circ}C$ for the monitoring period and the internal temperature of the tomb was found to change periodically every one or two months in response to the outer temperature. The highest temperature was observed in September and the lowest in March. The relative humidity in the mural tomb remained constant at 100%. Between December and April, condensation occurred on the ceiling of the main room of the tomb, where the murals are located. On the ceiling of the aisle, the condensation occurred throughout the year. The inside and surface wall were isolated from microorganisms, which could grow when a suitable growth environment suitable is established. Based on microbial growth temperature conditions, risk periods of microbial hazards were established, where in the period from August to October was identified as the most dangerous.

Study on Application of Filling Material for Reinforcement of Soil Murals in Buddhist Temple (토벽화 균열부 보강에 사용되는 충전제 적용 연구)

  • Lee, Kyeong Min;Lee, Hwa Soo;Han, Kyeong Soon
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.395-406
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    • 2013
  • The conservation of damaged object should be restored by the similar material with the original and they have to reversibility as possible as. The characteristics of Buddhist mural paintings composed of clay are with soft material. So far, there have been a number of researches done on filling material that reinforces cracks and exfoliation of mural painting. Based on the application of traditional materials, it was found that they are appropriate to various applications. However, only based on those research results, there are some constraints to the application in the field. In addition, there has been only a few researches done on physical characteristics of filling materials. A major issue is that there is not any standard established on various mixing ratio, which is required for treatment of mural painting. This study was carried out to understand the physical characteristics of filling materials on clay mural painting. The 1st test was conducted to analyze test specimen in twelve different conditions by varying soil mixing ratio and organic medium. The 2nd test was conducted to manufacture filling materials appropriate to the mural painting, based on the result of stable condition from the 1st test, and which was applied to treatment in field.

The Conservation Treatment of the Central Asian Mural Painting(II) -An Investigation on the Pigments for the Mural Painting and of the Plants Used for Making the Original Wall - (중앙아세아벽화(中央亞細亞壁畵) 보존처리(保存處理)(II) - 壁畵(벽화)의 채색(彩色) 안료(顔料) 및 벽체(壁體) 조성(造成)에 사용(使用)된 초재류(草材類) 조사(調査) -)

  • Yi, Yonghee;Yu, Heisun;Kim, Soochul;Kang, Hyungtae;Jo, Yeontae;Aoki, Shigeo;Ohbayashi, Kentaro
    • Conservation Science in Museum
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    • v.4
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2003
  • For the conservation treatment of the Central Asia mural painting which is to be exhibited in the new museum in Yongsan, we analyzed the pigments used in this mural painting and examined to identify the species of the straw in the wall. We also analyzed the species of the wood of the wooden protective frame and the material of the paper in it, in order to review the material and technique of the conservation treatment performed before the mural painting had been brought to the National Museum of Korea in 1916. The results were as follows: the black pigments of Bon4075 and Bon4078 is carbon(C); the white pigment on the background is gypsum[Ca(SO)4(H2O)2]; the red pigment is lead oxide(Pb3O4) and hematite(Fe2O3) etc. The straw, which had been mixed into the wall to prevent the wall from cracking, was proved to be either wheat straw or oats straw. The wooden protective frame, which protects the mural painting now, was proved to be made of Salix, Populus, Cryptomeria japonica and pine. The paper discovered in the frame was proved to be made of the bark of a mulberry.

A Proposal for Activation of Korean 'Mural Villages' and Digital Contents (한국의 '벽화마을'과 디지털 콘텐츠 활성화 시안)

  • Eum, Yeong-Cheol
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.265-266
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    • 2014
  • 본 연구는 현재 활발하게 진행 중인 '벽화마을'의 문제점과 발전방향을 몇 개의 도시 사례를 중심으로 고찰한 것이다. 대표적인 벽화마을의 문제점은 그 지역의 정체성과 무관한 이미지들이 많이 그려지고 있고, 이에 비례하여 비슷한 벽화마을이 조성되고 있다는 사실이다. 벽화마을은 그 지역의 정체성을 기반으로 다양하게 이루어져야 한다. 또한 관광객들이 스마트폰을 이용하여 다양한 벽화마을을 검색할 수 있는 통합된 벽화마을 애플리케이션이 만들어져야 한다. 본 논문은 벽화마을의 디지털 콘텐츠의 필요성을 제기한 시안의 성격임을 밝혀둔다.

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Analysis of Binding Media Used in Mural Painting of Temple Wall by Pyrolysis/GC/MS and IR (열분해/GC/MS와 IR을 이용한 사찰 벽화 시편 교착제 분석)

  • Park, Jongseo;Lee, Jeong Won
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.345-354
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    • 2017
  • A mural was discovered in the Ssanggyesa temple located in Jindo island, during repair of the Daeungjeon Hall. A study was conducted to determine the binding medium used for preparing the mural. Pyrolysis/GC/MS and IR spectrometry were used to analyze a painting specimen. Direct approach and on-line methylation approach were attempted for the pyrolysis/GC/MS. In IR analysis, the spectra of the specimen were found to be different from those of Asian lacquer, yellow lacquer, animal glue, and acrylic emulsion resin. They were also not identical to the standard IR spectra of drying oils such as linseed oil. Pyrolysis/GC/MS results of the specimen were different from those of Asian lacquer, yellow lacquer, animal glue, and acrylic emulsion resin. In the mean time, palmitic acid, octadecanoic acid, nonanedioic acid, and octadecenoic acid, which are characteristic pyrolysis products of dried drying oil, were detected. In addition, the pyrolysis/GC/MS chromatograms of the specimen and dried drying oil were also very similar. Therefore, it was concluded that the painting was prepared using drying oil as a binding medium.