• Title/Summary/Keyword: Multi-beam echo sounder

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A Digital Bathymetric Model combining Multi Beam Echo Sounder and Sidescan Sonar

  • Park, Jo-Seph;Kim, Hik-Il
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • 2002.10a
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    • pp.330-330
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    • 2002
  • The combination of Multi-Beam Echo Sounder swath bathymetry and high-resolution towed Sidescan sonar provides a powerful method of examination about hydrographic survey results. In this paper, we investigate the fast method of 3D bathymetric reconstruction with the Digital Sidescan sonar(Benthos SIS 1500) and Shallow Multi-Beam Echo Sounder(Reson Seabat 8125). The Seabat 8125 is a 455KHz high resolution focused Multibeam echo sounder(MBES) system which measures the relative water depth across a wide swath perpendicular to a vessel's track. The Benthos SIS1500 is a chirp(nominal fq. 200KHz) sonar which map the topographical features & sediment texture of ocean bottom using backscattered amplitude. We generates the very large 3D bathymetric texture mapping model with the Helical System's HHViewer and describes additional benefits of combining MBES and Sidescan Sonar imagery, the removal of geometric distortions in the model and a deterministic sounding noise.

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Management after installation of artificial reefs;Present Condition and Development Scheme (인공어초 사후관리 현황과 발전방향)

  • Lee, Sung-Il;Ahn, Seung-Hwan;Kim, Dong-Sun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Marine Engineers Conference
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    • 2005.11a
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    • pp.160-161
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    • 2005
  • It is important to manage artificial fish reefs with installation for restoration. The instruments of survey for artificial reefs condition(location, amount etc.) is Side Scan Sonar and Multi-beam sonar. The efficient and economic survey of the artificial reefs facility is the complete survey of the SSS(Side Scan Sonar) in all area first and then the survey of the artificial reefs by MBES(Multi Beam Echo Sounder) in the finding area.

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An Angular Independent Backscattered Amplitude Imagery of Multi-Beam Echo Sounder for Sediment Boundary Extraction

  • Park, Jo-Seph;Kim, Hi-Kil;Park, Seong-ho
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • 2002.10a
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    • pp.663-663
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    • 2002
  • The National Oceanographic Research Institute of KOREA started to survey for the basic data necessary to territorial sea and EEZ identification and marine development with Multi-Beam Echo Sounder(L3 SeaBeam 2112) since 1996. The Multi-Beam surveys has provided a very new and precise way of describing the morphology and nature of the underwater seabed. Multi-Beam Echo Sounder systems employ sound waves propagating at angles which vary from vertical to nearly horizontal. The locations on the bottom where echoes are generated cover a swath whose port to starboard width may be equal to many times the water depth. Newer Multi-beam bathymetric sonars provide both a beam by beam depth and backscatter amplitude of the bottom. But The backscattered amplitude didn't use for identification of bottom properties because backscatter amplitude effects by the many environmental variables of underwater and seabed. We investigates the utilization of geo-referenced backscatter amplitude and analysis of relationship between The Backscattered Amplitude and Sidescan Sonar imagery from Sea Beam 2112. For the backscattered amplitude imagery mainly represents the properties of sediment, we computed the beam geometry, time-varied amplifier gain, and mainly incidence angle to the topography using bathymetric model at each ping. In this paper, those issues are illustrated, and the angular independent imagery based on swath topographic model is described.

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Improvement of Multi-beam Echo Sounder's Depth Accuracy (다중빔 음향측심기 수심 정확도 개선)

  • Choi Chul Eung;Kim Youn Soo;Suh Yong Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2005
  • Multi-beam echo sounder is more precise and efficient than single beam echo sounder relatively because it is able to survey a wide area with 3 times or 4 times swath width as much as the depth of water using multi-beam echo sounder. It is sure to be needed to control supplementary equipment accurately, however, because the principle of creation and measurement of the beam is elaborate and influenced a great deal by vessel's motion. We analyzed using visual and statistical methods in both sections of the depth of water where were the places of the center of the beam and ± 45° angles from the central beam to improve the precise of Multi-beam echo sounder in this study. In result, it was required to control supplementary equipment because of errors from the vibration of an inertia governor and misalignment of extra units. Therefore, we reduced the vibration from the vessel's engine by sticking rubbers to the inertia governor and measured the offset values of extra units accurately, converted them to the values of horizontal position and lined up. In result, the precise in sounding the depth at the place of ± 45° from the center of the beam was improved from the level of the 1st order to the special order in a hydrographic survey of the IHO S44 standards and a phenomenon of ripple patterns in the overlapped area by misalignment was decreased remarkably.

Applicability Evaluation of Multi Beam Echo Sounder for Inland Water (다중빔 음향측심기의 내수면 적용성 평가)

  • Jung, Jin Woo;Cho, Kwang Hee;Hong, Seung Seo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.36 no.6
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    • pp.629-639
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    • 2018
  • In this study, the application of the single beam echosounder and multi beam echosounder was analyzed for the Youngsan river, from the Juksanbo to the Juksan bridge, length of 840m, width 230m and area $0.16km^2$. A single beam echosounder and a multi beam echosounder are mounted on an USV (Unmanned Surface Vessel), and each data is acquired. Then, TIN (Triangular Irregular Network) is created and the grid depth of 10m intervals is extracted. The grid depth of the single beam echo sounder and the grid depth of the multi beam echo sounder were overlapped to compare the two data. As a result of analysis using 5,024 data, the mean depth difference was 0.0319m and the standard deviation was 2.4095m. The river bed shape was similar to each other. If the multi-beam echo sounder is regarded as the standard, the volume difference of the stream is $161,882m^3$. With a multi-beam echo sounder installed, the operating distance increased by approximately 55% to 4595.85m, and the operating time increased by approximately 59% to approximately 47%.

Preliminary Investigation for Feasibility of Wave Energy Converters and the Surrounding Sea as Test-site for Marine Equipment

  • Park, Jin-Yeong;Baek, Hyuk;Shim, Hyungwon;Choi, Jong-Su
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.351-360
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    • 2020
  • Of late, demand for test sites for marine equipment such as ASV, AUV, ROV, and various underwater sensors is increasing. The authors have focused on an oscillating water column (OWC), which is being constructed near Chagwido Island Jeju, as one of the test-sites. The main objective of the OWC is to produce wave energy and develop technologies. It has been built in the sea approximately 1 km off the coast. It has berth accommodation and some rooms that can be used as laboratories. To investigate the feasibility of its usage as a test site for marine equipment, we acquired bathymetric data around the OWC by using a multi-beam echo sounder and a single-beam scanning sonar. The accessibility of the OWC from nearby ports and the use of support vessels or ships were also investigated. 3D point cloud data from the multi-beam echo sounder and 2D acoustic images from the scanning sonar are expected to be used as references for identifying changes over time. In addition, through these experiments, we derived a procedure to use this facility as a test site by using the IDEF0 functional modelling method. Based on this preliminary investigation and previously reported examples, we determined the general conditions and preferences for evaluating the performance of various marine equipment heuristically. Finally, we developed five applications that were derived from this investigation.

The Construction of 3D Spatial Imagery Information of Dam reservoir using LiDAR and Multi Beam Echo Sounder (LiDAR와 MBES를 이용한 댐 저수지 3차원 공간영상정보 구축)

  • Lee, Geun-Sang;Choi, Yun-Woong
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2010
  • Recently, the construction of three dimensional spatial information of Dam reservoir area is very important part in Dam management work such as sediment survey, but it is difficult to acquire detailed terrain data because totalstation and single beam echo sounder are applied to terrain survey. This study presented method to construct detailed terrain data of Dam reservoir area using LiDAR and multi beam echo sounder. First, LiDAR survey was carried out in land zone and calibration process was applied by ground control point. And also the DEM of land zone was constructed by using algorithm, which eliminated building and vegetation class. As the result of validation of LiDAR DEM using GPS terrain survey, it was possible to construct three dimensional terrain data that was satisfied with the tolerance error of LiDAR, which was the standard error of LiDAR DEM showed as 0.108m. Also multi beam echo sounder was applied to the survey of water zone and it could construct spatial information that was satisfied with bathymetry surveying tolerance error of International Hydrographic Organization by validation with terrain survey data. And LiDAR and multi beam echo sounder data were integrated and it was possible to construct three dimensional spatial imagery information that can be applied to Dam management work such as the estimation of sediment amounts or the monitoring of terrain change by linking with high resolution orthophoto.

Effect of Sound Velocity on Bathymetric Data Aquired by EM120(multi-beam echo sounder) (EM120(multi-beam echo sounder)을 이용한 지형조사 시 적용되는 해수 중 음속 측정의 중요성; 수중음속 측정장비의 특성 비교)

  • Ham, Dong-Jin;Kim, Hyun-Sub;Lee, Gun-Chang
    • The Sea:JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF OCEANOGRAPHY
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.295-301
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    • 2008
  • Bathymetric data collected using a multi-beam echo sounder during marine scientific survey is essential for geologic and oceanographic research works. Accurate measurment of sound velocity profile(SVP) in water-column is important for bathymetric data processing. SVP can vary at different locations during the survey undertaken for wide areas. In addition, an observational error can occur when different equipments(Sound Velocity Profiler, Conductivity Temperature Depth, eXpendable BathyThermograph) are used for measuring SVP at the same water column. In this study, we used an MB-system software to show changes in bathymetry caused by variation of SVP. The analyses showed that the sound velocity(SV) changes due to the depth and thickness of thermocline had more significant effects on the resulting bathymetric data than those of surface mixed layer. The observational errors between SVP measuring instruments did not cause much differneces in the processed bathymetric data. Bathymetric survey line is better to be established to the direction that the change of temperature can be minimize to reduce the variation of SVP during the data acquisition along the survey line.

A Study on MBES Error Data Removing using Motion Sensor (Motion Sensor를 이용한 MBES 오측자료 제거 연구)

  • Kang, Moon-Kwon;Choi, Yun-Soo;Chang, Min-Chol;Yoon, Ha-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2010
  • Sounding data is the essential source for the safety of ships navigation system, and fundamental to the reasonable usage and maintenance of the ocean as well. As IT tech, positioning equipment such as GPS and INS, echo sounder are developed, recently, the precise submarine topography database bas been built by Multi-Beam Echo Sounder. However, MBES data includes some inevitable error caused by several factor, and some data have errors where the terrain is wobble. The error, which causes the $moir\acute{e}$ pattern error is the main factor hindering the accuracy of MBES data results, and therefore it is necessary to figure out the main cause of the error for the improvement of the accuracy by removing error data. On this research, the main cause of the error data is studied by analyzing motion sensor value of data including the $moir\acute{e}$ pattern error. Thus, as the result of examination, it turns out that the $moir\acute{e}$ pattern error is related to the standard deviation of Roll, and error data values are results of the non-correspondence between Swath data and Roll values caused by the drastic change of Roll values. Accordingly, the error data is removed by comparing between the gradient of Swath data and Roll values. Finally, as the result of removing error data, it is expected to be able to estimate the quality of MBES using the standard deviation of Motion sensor's Roll value, and calculate the additive error factor, which minimize non-corresponding data, and also this research must be contributed to improve the accuracy of sounding for small vessels with lots of motion in the bad circumstance for navigation.