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Effect of Mulberry Leaf(Morus alba Linne) Powder Addition on Quality of Yukwa (유과 제조 시 뽕잎 분말 첨가가 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo, Jae-Sil
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.643-650
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    • 2015
  • The principal objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of Yukwa prepared with mulberry leaf (Morus alba Linne) powder. The moisture, crude protein, crude lipid, crude ash, dietary fiber, and rutin contents of used mulberry leaf powder were 6.65%, 19.50%, 3.26%, 18.24, 38.91 and 0.54%, respectively. The tested concentrations of mulberry leaf powder were 0, 3, 5, and 7%. The Yukwa were stored at $45^{\circ}C$ for 40 days. Yukwa dough prepared with mulberry leaf powder had a lower pH compared to the control group. As more mulberry leaf powder was added, the spread ratio, moisture content, and volume increased. As more mulberry leaf powder was added, L-value decreased while a and b values increased with increasing mulberry leaf powder content. The hardness of Yukwa made with 7% mulberry leaf powder was the highest among the samples. In the sensory tests, Yukwa with 5% mulberry leaf powder received the highest scores. The acid value and peroxide values were lower in Yukwa prepared with mulberry leaf powder than control. Yukwa prepared with mulberry leaf powder strongly inhibited oxidation of lipids. The thiobarbituric values were lower in Yukwa prepared with 5% mulberry leaf powder than in Yukwa prepared with 3% and 7% mulberry leaf powders and control Yukwa. These results suggest that mulberry leaf powder can be applied to Yukwa to achieve high quality and functionality.

Quality Characteristics of Jelly Added with Mulberry Juice (오디 착즙액 첨가비율에 따른 젤리의 품질 특성)

  • Moon, Hye-Kyung;Lee, Soo-Won;Moon, Jae-Nam;Yoon, Se-Jin;Lee, Seul;Kim, Gwi-Young
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.797-804
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of mulberry juice on the quality characteristics of mulberry jelly. Samples of mulberry jelly were divided into four groups by adding different mulberry juice. The four groups were divided into MJ-0 (mulberry jelly without mulberry juice), MJ-30 (mulberry jelly with 30% mulberry juice), MJ-50 (mulberry jelly with 50% mulberry juice) and MJ-70 sample (mulberry jelly with 70% mulberry juice). The moisture content in all MJ samples decreased with an increase in the addition of mulberry juice. The highest crude ash content, brix and pH in MJ-70 sample were 0.66%, 25.00 °Brix and 4.84, respectively. No significant crude fiber changes were observed in all MJ samples. In the case of Hunter's value, 'L' values in all MJ samples decreased with an increase in the addition of mulberry juice. Turbidity, brown degree, total phenolic content, DPPH radical scavenging activity and content increased with an increase in mulberry juice. Levels of Ca, K, Na, and Mg contents in all samples were higher than those of the other minerals. Texture in all MJ samples on the whole decreased with an increase in mulberry juice added. However, no significant texture charges were observed in all samples. The highest scores for the overall acceptance (4.52) were found in the MJ sample with 50% mulberry juice.

Development of Functional Yogurts Prepared with Mulberries and Mulberry Tree Leaves

  • Lee, An-Cheol;Hong, Youn-Ho
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.649-654
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    • 2010
  • In order to develop new functional yogurts using mulberries and mulberry leaves, which were cultivated in Hwasun-gun, Jeonnam Province, Korea, the nutritional compositions, fermentation conditions, sensory properties, and storage stabilities of the yogurts were analyzed. The mulberry powder yogurt contained 87.96% moisture, 3.21% carbohydrate, 4.52% protein, 3.63% lipid, and 0.68% ash, and the mulberry leaf yogurt contained 86.36% moisture, 4.13% carbohydrate, 4.87% protein, 3.79% lipid, and 0.85% ash. A yogurt base was fermented for 13 h with 0.01% ABT-5 starter inoculum at $40^{\circ}C$. To prepare the mulberry jam and mulberry leaf yogurts, a variety of mulberry jam and mulberry leaf samples were added to the yogurt base. The sensory evaluation results of the yogurts containing the mulberry jam and mulberry leaves indicated that a product made with 15% mulberry jam was more strongly preferred than other samples. When the mulberry jam and mulberry leaf yogurts were stored at $4^{\circ}C$ for 15 d, there were no significant changes in pH, titratable acidity, or viable cell numbers of lactic acid bacteria and Bifidobacterium bifidum.

Analysis of Mulberry Leaves Yields and Amount of Silkworms raising in the Mulberry Tree-shape of Vinyl-house (오디용 뽕나무 시설재배 수형별 뽕잎생산량과 누에 사육량 분석)

  • Kim, Dong-Wan;Moon, Hyung-Cheol;Kim, Eun-Ji;Kim, Jeong-Man
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.757-766
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    • 2015
  • This study was considered chances of additional income, if farmers raised silkworms in unused mulberry leaves, after harvesting mulberry, investigated yields of mulberry leaves in vinyl-house and optimal amount in raised silkworms, First, the results was investigated productions of mulberry leaves in the mulberry tree-shape of vinyl-house, T-shape harvested 7.07 kg, Y-shape was 6.55 kg, in comparison with convention of it was harvested 4.75 kg mulberry leaves/1 mulberry tree, was harvested 49%, 38% more each. Also, yields of mulberry leaves was used 302 kg when was raised 1box of silkworms in the mulberry tree-shape of vinyl-house. In other hand, yields of raising silkworms was analysed in the mulberry tree-shapes of vinyl-house, mulberry leaves of $1,000m^2$ vinyl-house mulberry tree was raised average of 3.74 boxs silkworms, in the concrete conventional-shape was 3.24 boxs, T-shape did 4.17 boxs and Y-shape was 3.83 boxs, Consequently, if the farmers of $1,000m^2$ vinyl-house mulberry tree raised silkworms with unused mulberry leaves, could get 1~1.2 million won additionally.

Quality Characteristics of Sauce for Meat prepared with Mulberry Leaf Powder and Mulberry Fruit Powder (뽕잎과 오디분말을 이용한 육류용 소스 제조 및 품질평가)

  • Kim, Ae-Jung;Lee, Jung-Ae;Kim, Min-Ju;Kang, Mi-Sook;Kim, Hyun-Bok;Lim, Jung-Dae
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.513-520
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    • 2016
  • Recently, the incidence of cardiovascular diseases including high blood pressure and heart disease has increased with increased meat consumption in Korea. This study was performed to determine the optimal mixing ratio among ratios of 0, 1:0, 0:1, 1:1, 2:1, and 1:2 of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder based on the anti-inflammatory effects. Then, the quality characteristics of the sauce for meat prepared with different mixing ratios (0, 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4, and 1:5) of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder were assessed. The inhibitory effects of ML2MF1 (2:1 ratio of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder) on NO and TNF-${\alpha}$ production were superior to those of other mixing ratios. With respect to color values of the sauce for meat prepared with different mixing ratio of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder, as the mulberry fruit powder mixing ratios was increased, redness was increased but lightness and yellowness were decreased. The sensory evaluation of ML1MF5S (1:5 ratio of mulberry leaf powder to mulberry fruit powder) sauce for meat showed the highest score with respect to color, smell, taste, harmony with meat and the overall preference. In conclusion, as the mulberry leaf powder mixing ratio was increased, the anti-inflammatory activities were increased. But sensory evaluation scores were increased as the mulberry fruit powder mixing ratio was increased. Therefore, by performing further study, the method to increase mulberry leaf powder in the mixing ratio for improving the sensory evaluation should be provided.

Quantification and Varietal Variation of Fatty Acids in Mulberry Fruits

  • Kim, Hyun-Bok;Kim, Sun-Lim;Sung, Gyoo-Byung;Nam, Hack-Woo;Moon, Jae-Yu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Sericultural Science Conference
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    • pp.50-52
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    • 2003
  • Mulberry containing many bioactive components is very useful as functional food resource. Mulberry leaf ice cream, mulberry leaf tea, mulberry noodle, mulberry fruit jam, mulberry wine etc. have been developed in Korea. Because mulberry fruit has abundant natural pigments belonging to anthocyanins, we can expect their therapeutic and physiological effects. However, there are few reports about mulberry seed. So we studied on fatty acids of mulberry seed for the purpose of increasing the functional utilization of mulberry fruit. (omitted)

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Preparation of Mulberry Leaf Extract by Adding Mugwort and Pine Needle and Effects on Lipid Composition in Rats Fed High Cholesterol Diets

  • Park, Jeong-Hwa;Chae, Joo-Yeoung;Rhee, Soon-Jae
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.216-222
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    • 2003
  • This study investigated the effects of feeding mulberry leaf extracts on lipid composition in rats fed high cholesterol diets. An initial 30-person sensory evaluation of preparations containing various concentrations of mulberry leaf extract showed that a preparation containing 9% mulberry leaf extracts was the most highly preferred. In addition, subsidiary materials of pine needle extracts and mugwort extracts were added to weaken the unpleasant smell of mulberry leaf extract A preparation containing 9% mulberry leaf extract with 3% mugwort extract and 7% pine needle extract was given highest preference scores by the 30-person panel. When comparing the functional ingredients contents of the various preparations of mulberry leaf extracts, such as GABA, DNJ and flavonoids, no significant differences were found as a result of adding subsidiary materials (pine needle and mugwort extracts). Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing l00$\pm$10g were randomly assigned to one normal diet group, and to four high cholesterol diet groups containing 1% cholesterol, to elucidate the functionality of the mulberry leaf extract The four high cholesterol diet groups were classified into: a mulberry leaf extract diet group free of subsidiary materials (EB group); a mulberry extract diet group with pine needle extracts (EP group); a mulberry leaf extract diet group with mugwort extracts (EM group); and a control group (HC group). The mulberry leaf extracts were provided as drinking water; the diet and water were fed ad libitum. Hepatic cholesterol and triglyceride levels were higher, by 279% to 475%, in the high cholesterol groups compared to the normal diet groups, but were significantly lower in the three groups supplied with mulberry leaf extracts, compared with the high cholesterol control. There were no changes in functionality of the mulberry leaf extract preparations due to the addition of subsidiary materials. In conclusion, preparations of mulberry leaf extracts were shown to improve lipid metabolism in rats fed a high cholesterol diet, by reducing hepatic and plasma triglyceride and cholesterol levels. Also human palatability of the mulberry leaf preparation was improved by adding subsidiary materials such as pine needle and mugwort extracts.

Mineral contents and Properties of Pongihp Julpyun Preparation by Adding Mulberry Leaves Powder (뽕잎가루 배합비에 따른 뽕잎절편의 무기질 함량 및 품질 특성)

  • 김애정;임영희;김미원;김명희;우경자
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.311-315
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    • 2000
  • Mulberry leaves Julpyun(a traditional Korean rice cake) was prepared by adding Mulberry leaves powder in the ratio of 0%, 3%, 6% and 9% of rice flour, and tested for inorganic nature, physical function, chromaticity, and rheological properties. As the ratio of mulberry leaves powder increased, both the amounts of major inorganic ingredients, calcium, magnesium, and sodium, and the amounts of minor inorganic ingredients, iron, copper, and zinc, were increased proportionally. Thus, one way to increase the amounts of inorganic ingredients appeared to add mulberry leaves powder. In physical function test, control cake(0% mulberry leaves) showed the highest value in appearance and the value decreased as the amounts of mulberry leaves increased. In color, 3%-mulberry leaves-Julpyun gave the highest value followed by 0%, 6%, and 9%-Julpyun in order. The values of texture and moisture were decreased as the ratio of mulberry leaves powder increased. In rheometer test, 9%-mulberry leaves Julpyun showed the high values in hardness, cohesiveness, and brittleness. Therefore, as the amounts of mulberry leaves powder increased, the amounts of inorganic ingredients increased, but the value of physical function test decreased. 9% mulberry leaves Julpyun has the highest value of rheometer test.

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Studies on Rheological Properties of Weak Flour Containing Mulberry Powder (오디가루를 첨가한 소맥분의 유변학적 특성)

  • Park, Hayag-Mi;Kang, Kun-Og;Lee, Hyun-Joo
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to investigate the rheological properties of mulberry powder on the weak flour using color, Rapid Visco Amalyzer(RVA), farinogram, alveogram. The lightness(L value) and yellowness(b value) decreased and the redness(a value) increased with increment of mulberry powder content. On the RVA data, the weak flour with 1% of mulberry powder showed the highest initial pasting temperature and peak viscosity, while the addition of mulberry powder reduced final viscosity. On the farinogram data, the consistency of the flour containing mulberry powder was decreased with increments of mulberry powder. This meant that mulberry powder could weaken the batter. Water absorption of the samples with mulberry powder was decreased more than the control. The development time of flour with mulberry powder was also decreased more than control, but the differences were not significant. The stability of the flour with adding mulberry powder was decreased. The Pmax value of the flour was decreased significantly by adding mulberry powder. Extensibility and swelling index were both increased, but there were no significant differences.

Effects of diets added with mulberry cake on development and oviposition of white-spotted flower chafer, Protaetia brevitarsis (Coleoptera: Cetoniidae)

  • Moon, Hyung-Cheol;Lim, Ju-Rak;Park, Na-Young;Chon, Hyong-Gwon
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 2019
  • This study was carried out to investigate the development and oviposition characteristics of Protaetia brevitarsis fed mulberry fermented sawdust added with mulberry cake. The results of rearing of P. brevitarsis larvae on oak fermented sawdust and mulberry fermented sawdust added with different ratio of mulberry cake, the development periods of larvae feed sawdust with mulberry cake were about 41.6~48.5 days and shortened by 117 or more than that without treatment. The development periods were shorter as the ratio of mulberry cake added increased and there was no difference according to the kind of sawdust. But the weight of the larvae raised in mulberry fermented sawdust added with mulberry cake was heavier than that of the larvae raised in oak fermented sawdust added with mulberry cake. When mass rearing P. brevitarsis larvae in oak fermented sawdust, the addition of 5% mulberry cake was appropriate. Also, the average number of laying eggs of female who fed diet with mulberry cake was 12.3% higher than that of untreated.