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A Study on the Relationship with Maternal Beliefs on the Child Rearing and Children's Self-perceptions (양육행동에 대한 어머니 신념과 아동의 자기능력 지각과의 관계)

  • Song, Soon;Song, Hee-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.417-432
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between mother's beliefs on child rearing and children's self-perceptions. The subject of this study were comprised of 167 children aged 8-10 in Iksan & Kunsan city from Dec. 2 to Dec. 8, 2000. The children's self-perceptions were assessed by the self perceptions profile for children. Mother's beliefs questionnaire, developed by Okagaki and Sternberg, was used to obtain the data on mother's beliefs of parenting. The methods of analyses included basic descriptive categorical analysis as well as t-test, one way ANOVA-test, and multiple regression analyses. The major findings from the analyses are as follows: First, a significant difference was found in the degree of mother's beliefs about child rearing by mother's religion(p<.01), mother's education(p<.05), income(p<.001), level of life (p<.0l), mother's job, mother and fathers' agreement of child rearing(p<.05), relationship between mother and child(p<.05) in independence but a significant difference was not found in the degree of mother's beliefs about child rearing in accommodation. Second, the levels of children's scholastic performance were related to higher levels of mother's education(p<.001), mother's income(p<.001), mother and fathers' agreement of child rearing(p<.01). The levels of children's social competence was related to higher, child's gender (p<.01); girls were higher than boys. The levels of children's athletic abilities were not significant. The levels of children's physical appearance was related to higher levels of mother's education(p<.01), mother's income(p<.01), level of life(p<.05), mother's marriage(not divorce)(p<.01). The levels of children's behavioral conduct were related to higher levels of child's gender (p<.05), mother's education(p<.01), mother's income (p<.01), relationship between father and child(p<.0l). The levels of children's global self worth were related to higher levels of mother's age(p<.05), mother's education(p<.001), level of life(p<.05). Third according to the multiple regression analyses for the relationships between mother's beliefs about child rearing and children's self perceptions, mother's beliefs on the creativity were related to higher levels of children's scholastic performance, social competence, and mother's beliefs on the problem solving skills to higher levels of children's behavioral conduct and mother's beliefs on the accommodation to lower levels of children's scholastic performance, social conduct.

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A Study on the Mother and Daughter-in-laws Relationship by Social class (계급별 고부관계접근을 위한 기초연구(I))

    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 1997
  • The stdy of this study is to explore whether there is a social class difference in the relationship of mother and daughter-in-laws. The findings and summarized as follows. in the upper class the relationship of mother and daughter-in-laws seems 'fictitious one' In the middle class when her husband's occupation status is higher than his father's the relationship of mother and daughter-in-laws seems 'the relationship which is trobultesome only on daughter-in-law's behalf. When her husbands' occupation status is similar to his father's and her family is living together with in-laws and she and her mother-in=law are housewives the relationship of mother and daughter-in-laws seems 'the troublesome relationship for the both parts of mother and daughter-in-laws' In the same situation as above except the fact that the mother-in-law is housewife and daughter-in-law working the relationship between mother and daugther-in-laws seems apper to be 'interdependence' When her husband is self- mployed the daughter-in-laws keeps the interdepen-dent relationship with the mother-in-law. In the low class the relationship of mother and daughter-in-laws seems 'neglect' or 'conflicting'.

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The Attachment Between Mother and Married Son and Mother's Marital Relationship to Son's Marital Satisfaction: A Path Model (모자간의 애착 및 모의 결혼관계에 따른 아들 부부의 결혼만족도 : 인과적 모형)

  • 유은희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.149-162
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    • 1989
  • Based on attachment theory and family system theory, this study was attempted to construct a path model in which showed how adult son-mother relationship and mother's marital relationship influence son's marital satifaction. Predictor variables examined were the attachment between mother and married son, mother's dependency, mother's marital relationship, son's filial obligation, son's marriage years. Data were analyzed from survey and structured interviews conducted with 111 families including married son, his wife and his mother. Results indicated that the attachment between mother and married son influenced directly to son's marital satisfaction while the other variables had an indirect influence via the attachment between mother and son. The importance of the relationship between mother and married son to son's marital satisfaction received string support.

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The Relation Between Family Environment, Mother's Psychosocial Competence And Children's Social Competence. (가족환경, 어머니의 사회심리적 역량과 아동의 사회적 역량간의 관계)

  • Chong, Young-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.27-55
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    • 1992
  • The Purpose of this study was to examine the predictive capacity of mother's perception of the family environment (cohesion, expressiveness, conflict, mother's psychosocial competence) for children's social competence. The hypotheses of this reserch were 1) There will be significant positive relationships among mother's cohesion, expressiveness, and mother's psychosocial competence. 2) There will be significant negative relationships between mother's conflict and measures of children's social competence. 3) There will not be a significant relationships between SES and measures of children's social competence. 4) There will be significant relationships between children's gender and measures of children's social competence. The subjects of this study were 133 family of mother-child. The period of research was from Aug. 20, 1990 to Feb. 29, 1992. Correlations, t-test, F-test, and multiple regression analyses were conducted to determine the relationships among variables and measures of total sample, daughter sample, and son sample. The results of this study appeared as follow: 1. Family environment (cohesion, expressiveness, and conflict) and mother's psychosocial competence were related to children's social competence. 2. There were negative relationship between mother's conflict and daughter's social competence. 3. Daughters had the higher social competence than sons. 4. Socioeconomic status(perceived by mother) of family was not related to children's social competence. 5. Sociodemographic variables affecting to children's competence were mother's school career, mother's age, mother's religion.

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The Influence of Child-Mother's Goodness of Fit on Children's Child Care Center Adjustment (유아-어머니의 조화적합성이 어린이집 적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo, Mina;Hwan, Hae Shin
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.43-63
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    • 2017
  • Objective: The goal of this study was to clarify the differences in children's child care center adjustment depending on child-mother's goodness of fit. Methods: A total of 478 subjects, 239 dyads of 3 and 4 year old children and their mothers and 16 teachers participated in this study. The instruments used in this study were the DOTS-R, EAS Scale and PAQ. The collected data were analyzed using a t-test, Anova, and regression with the SPSS. Results: First, mother's demand was significantly different only with regard to the income level. Second, mother's temperament and mother's demand were positively correlated and the mother's demand was influenced by the mother's temperament. Third, mother's demand according to children's gender was indicated to differ significantly. Fourth, children's temperament and mother's demand were positively correlated and mother's demand was influenced by children's temperament. Finally, ego strength according to active and adoptive temperaments in child-mother's goodness of fit had significant differences. In addition, prosocial behavior according to regular temperament of child-mother's goodness of fit was indicated to have a significant difference. Conclusion/Implications: This study suggests that it is important for mothers to understand and appropriately demand the temperament of the children in the adaptation of the child care center.

The Effect of the Mother's Rearing Attitude and Mother-Child Relationship-as Perceived by the child on School Adjustment (아동이 지각한 어머니의 양육태도와 어머니-자녀관계가 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hye Gum
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.65-75
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    • 2012
  • This study was to examine the effect of the mother's rearing attitude and mother-child relationship, as perceived by the child, on adjustment to school life. The present study investigated how the mother's rearing attitude and mother-child relationship, as perceived by the child, influence school life adjustment. The participants were 300 4th grade elementary school students (173 boys and 127 girls), in Seoul. The data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation and multiple regression, by SPSS 12.0 program. The results were as follows: 1) The child who perceived the mother's rearing attitude to be more rational and democratic, was more adaptive in school life. 2) The mother-child relationship that the child perceived, had a positive relationship with the school life adjustment of the child. The child who perceived the mother-child relationship more positively, was more adaptive in school life. 3) In relationship with the teacher and school class, the mother's democratic rearing attitude, as perceived by the child, was found to be the most affecting factor. In relationship with the classmates and school rules, the mother-child relationship, as perceived by the child, was found to be the most affecting factor.

Mother's Marital Conflict and Satisfaction Mediate the Relationship Between Father's Child-Rearing Involvement and the Mother's Warmth of Parenting Style: The Moderating Role of Mother's Depression and Self-Esteem (부의 양육참여가 모의 온정적 양육에 미치는 영향에서 모가 지각한 부부갈등 및 결혼만족도의 매개효과: 모의 우울과 자아존중감 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Eom, Sung Hye;Jeon, Hyo Jeong;Goh, Eun Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.153-167
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This study was aimed to examine the mediating effects of mother's marital conflict and satisfaction between father's child-rearing involvement and mother's warmth of parenting style, and the moderating effect of mother's depression and self-esteem. Methods: The analyses involved using cross-sectional weights from the 1,703 samples of the 5th Panel Study on Korean Children to classify them into high and low depression groups, and high and low self-esteem groups. Path analysis and multiple group comparison analysis were conducted, controlled by child sex, mother's age and highest education level, and household financial assets. Results: The results were as follows: First, mother's marital conflict and satisfaction had a mediating effect on the relationship between father's child-rearing involvement and mother's warmth of parenting style. Second, mother's depression and self-esteem levels had a moderating effect the relationship between father's child-rearing involvement and mother's warmth of parenting style. In particular, mother's depression level affected the path between marital conflict and warmth of parenting style, and mother's self-esteem level affected the path between marital satisfaction and warmth of parenting style. Conclusion: Father's child-rearing involvement and mother's psychological level affect mother's marital relations and parenting style. Also, father's parenting involvement and psychological support is needed for a mother to regulate mood disorders, including depression and any self-serving bias.

Effects of Mother's Personality Traits on Maternal Childrearing Behaviors (어머니의 성격특성이 양육행동에 미치는 영향 - 양육행동에 대한 어머니와 아동의 지각 차이를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Young Yae;Choi, Young Hee;Park, In Jeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.71-88
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    • 2002
  • The subjects of this study on the effects of mother's personality on her childrearing behaviors were 1060 mothers and their $5^{th}$ grade children. Results indicated that maternal childrearing behaviors were related to her personality traits. The effects of mother's personality on her childrearing behaviors varied by sex of child, reporter (mother/child), and childrearing behavior factors. Mother-reported childrearing behaviors correlated more highly with her personality than child-reported behaviors. Behaviors reported by girls provided higher correlations between mother's personality and childrearing dimensions than reports by boys. Mother's personality traits showed differential correlations with childrearing dimensions of Rejection-Restriction (R R) and Warmth-Acceptance (W A) by reporter and sex of child. R R was affected by mother's Impulsiveness more among girls than among boys. Maternal Superiority increased W A toward boys while maternal Responsibility increased W A toward girls.

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The Relationship of Child Attachment and Temperament to Mother-Child Interaction during Problem Solving (문제 해결 과정에서의 어머니-유아 상호작용과 관련 변인: 애착과 기질)

  • Rah, Yu Mee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.75-89
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    • 1999
  • Mother-Child Interactions during Problem Solving were analyzed in relation to the child's attachment security and temperament. Subjects were fifty-three 44-to 57-month-old children and their mothers. Attachment security was assessed by Attachment Q set (Waters, 1987); mother-child interactions were observed at home, and maternal ratings of child temperament were collected by questionnaire (Chun 1993). Attachment security scores were positively related to mother's cognitive assistance and positively interactions with the child and to the child's positive affect toward mother. The child's activity perceived by mother was negatively related to mother's efficient interactions and positively to the child's "reliance on mother." The child's behavior toward the mother in the task session and the child's temperament added variance above attachment in accounting for the mother's behavior.

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Relationship among Mother's knowledge of Infant development, Maternal Parenting Stress, Maternal Parenting Behavior and Infant Development (어머니의 양육지식, 양육스트레스, 양육행동과 영아의 발달 간의 관계)

  • Min, Hyun-Suk;Moon, Young-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.43-56
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship among the mother's knowledge of infant development, mother's parenting stress, maternal parenting behavior and infant development. Participations in this study included 2078 infants(1056 boys, 1022 girls) and their mother. The major results of this study were as follows: First mother's knowledge of infants showed positive effects on maternal parenting behaviors, and mother's parenting stress showed negative effects on maternal parenting behaviors. Second, maternal parenting behaviors and mother's knowledge of infants showed positive effect on infant development. But maternal parenting stress didn't show direct effect on infant development. In conclusion, maternal parenting behaviors partially mediated between mother's knowledge of infants and infant development, and fully mediated between mother's parenting stress and infant development.