• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Mother

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다문화 가족 자녀의 어머니 출신국가에 대한 관심 및 어머니 국가의 언어 구사능력이 자녀와 어머니의 관계 만족도에 미치는 영향 (Effects of Children's Interests in Mothers' Native Culture and Use of Mother's Native Language on Mother-Child Relationship Satisfaction in Multi-Cultural Families)

  • 송유진
    • 한국지역사회생활과학회지
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.217-228
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    • 2017
  • This paper examined the effects of children's interests and attitudes toward mother's native culture and use of mother's native language on satisfaction of the mother-child relationship in multi-cultural families. Data from the 2012 National Survey of Multi-cultural Families demonstrate that for children aged between 9 and 12 years, their fluency and desire to speak well in the mother's native language as well as father's encouragement for using the mother's native language at home were positively associated with satisfaction of the mother-child relationship. For those aged between 13 and 18 years, mother's nationality (i.e. Southeast or South Asia) was negatively related with mother-child relationship satisfaction. Both mother's and children' communication skills, children's interests in mother's native culture, pride for mother being a foreigner, and desire to speak well in the mother's native language were positively associated with mother-child relationship satisfaction. Therefore, there is a need for foreign wives to be educated in Korean language and culture as well as opportunities for children to learn their mother's native culture and language.

어머니-청소년 자녀간의 갈등에 관련된 변인 (Exploration of variables related to mother-adolescent conflict)

  • 김수연
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.181-192
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to explore variables that influence mother-adolescent conflict. Independent variables were adolescent's physical maturation, mother's self-esteem, and mother-adolescent communication pattern. The results were as follows: First, the degree of mother-adolescent conflict perceived by adolescents was low in general, but high in homework and academic achievement. Second, no sex difference was found in the degree of mother-adolescent conflict. Third, the mother-adolescent conflict was not significantly related to both of adolescent's physical maturation and mother's self-esteem. However, mother-adolescent communication meaning that the more open the communication between mother and adolescent was, the less conflict was found between them.

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태담과 촉각 자극의 모-태아 상호작용 증진 프로그램이 모아 상호작용에 미치는 효과 (The Effect of Mother-fetus Interaction Promotion Program of Talking and Tactual Stimulation on Mother-fetus Interaction and Mother-infant play Interaction)

  • 김정순
    • 부모자녀건강학회지
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.253-276
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    • 2002
  • Mother and infant relationship has a great influence on child's developments. Expecially, mother and infant relationship is affected by mother and infant interactions during one year after birth and an omen of mother-infant interaction after birth is mother-fetus interaction. This study was conducted to develop mother-fetus interaction promotion program of talking and tactual stimulation aimed at enhancing sensitivity of primiparas and to evaluate the effect of the nursing intervention program on mother-fetus interaction and mother-infant play interaction. Non-eguivalent control group posttest design was used, and Blumer's symbolic interaction theory and Barnard's mother-infant interaction model was used a conceptual framework of this study. Fifty primiparas and infant(26 mother-infant dyads for intervention group and 24 dyads for control group) were recruited from three general hospital and an OBGY clinic located in Kwang Nung city. Data was collected from January 30th to December 20th in 2001. For the intervention group, programed education which focused on mother-fetus interaction in the 1st trimester. Telephone counselling was provided with interval of two weeks. For two groups, home visiting for data collection of mother- fetus interaction was conducted at 36 to 38 weeks of gestational age. And mother-infant play interactions were assessed at 4 to 6 weeks after birth using videotapes. Play situations were videotaped and two trained observers analyzed the tapes. The data were analyzed using chi-square test and Fisher's Exact Test to test the equivalence of two groups, and the effect of intervention progrom was determined with t-test and Wilcoxon Rank Sum test. The results were as follows: 1. The significant difference was found in mother-fetus interaction between two groups(t=2.085, P=0.0425). It indicated that intervention progrom was effective in improving mother-fetus interaction. 2. The significant difference was found in mother-infant play interaction between two groups(W=347.5, P=0.0001). In subscale analysis, three subscales showed significant differences between the groups: interactional behavior of mother(t=5.921, P=0.0001), interactional behavior of infant(t=5.736, P= 0.0000), and synchronic interactional behavior of mother and infant(t=7.940, P= 0.0000). In conclusion, this study has shown that the applied nursing intervention aimed at enhancing sensitivity of primiparas promoted mother-fetus interaction and mother-infant play interaction. Therefore, this study suggests that this nursing interventions to increase maternal sensitivity to the fetus's movement should be broadly applied to primiparas, which can be beneficial for formation of mother - infant relationship, and for promotion the social, affective, and cognitive developments of their children.

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취업모의 직장환경, 양육시간에 따른 일-어머니 역할갈등 (Employed Mother's Work-mother Role Conflict According to Mother's Work Variables and Parenting Time)

  • 최연화;조복희
    • 한국보육지원학회지
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2007
  • 본 연구는 취업모의 직장환경과 양육시간을 알아보고, 그에 따른 일-어머니 역할갈등의 차이를 알아보는데 그 목적이 있다. 연구 대상은 서울 경기 지역에 소재한 어린이집을 통해 만 3-5세 영유아의 취업모 230명을 대상으로 설문하였다. 설문지는 아동을 통해 각 가정에 의뢰하여 어린이집에서 수거한 뒤 본 연구자가 취합하였다. 배부된 설문지 중에서 202부가 회수되었다. 연구의 목적을 달성하기 위해 t, F검증, 상관관계, 회귀분석을 실시하였으며 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 취업모의 직장환경은 근무시간 융통성이 낮고, 비정규 근무가 높을수록 일-어머니 역할갈등이 높게 나타났으며 가족과 관련된 정책의 시행여부에 따라서는 일-어머니 역할갈등에 차이가 나타나지 않았다. 둘째, 취업모가 자녀와 함께하는 양육시간이 짧을수록 일-어머니 역할갈등이 높게 나타났다. 셋째, 취업모의 일-어머니 역할갈등과 직장환경, 양육시간은 서로 유의한 상관이 나타났다. 마지막으로, 취업모의 직장환경과 양육시간은 일-어머니 역할갈등에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다.

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아동과 어머니의 기질 및 어머니의 양육 스트레스에 따른 양육행동에 관한 연구 (Mother's parenting as related to child's temperaments, mother's tumperament, and mother's parenting stress)

  • 박성연
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.203-215
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    • 1996
  • Using questionnaire data from a sample of 236 mothers who have 4-6 years old children in Seoul, this study examined a model of how child's temperament, mother's temperament and parenting stress influence mother's parenting behavior. In general, child's temperament affected mother's parenting indirectly, rather than directly, through its impact on parenting stress and, in turn, parenting behavior. Mother's temperament, in particular, mother's emotionality had a direct effect on parenting as well as parenting stress. As expected, mother's emotionality predicted more reject-authoritarian parenting and this relation was partially mediated by mother's parenting stress. Implications are discussed in terms of the relative contribution of child's temperament and mother's temperament on parental functioning and the importance of mother's psychological well-being.

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어머니의 언어통제유형과 아동의 또래관계 (Mother's Verbal Control Modes and Child's Peer-Relation)

  • 정현희;오미경
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.85-95
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    • 1999
  • This study was to investigate the following research questions. (1) Is there any gender difference in the mother's verbal control and the child's peer relation\ulcorner (2) Is there any relationship between the mother's verbal control and the child's peer relation\ulcorner (3) Is the child's peer-relation influenced by the mother's verbal control\ulcorner The subjects of this study were 157 boys and 144 girls attending elementary schools in Susan. Lee, Kyung-Hee's questionnaires(1993) on mother's verbal control modes and Lee, Ju-Lie's questionnaires(1994) on child's peer relation were used. The results were as follows: 1) The mother's imperative mode for boys differed significantly from that for girls. Boys perceived mother's verbal control mode as more imperative. 2) There were significantly correlations between mother's position- oriented mode and boy's peer relation, between mother's person-oriented mode and boy's peer relation, and between mother's position-oriented mode and girl's peer relation. 3) The mother's position-oriented mode and the mother's person-oriented mode were the predictor variables influencing on child's peer relation.

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양육효능감의 매개 역할 : 양육행동의 인과관계 모형 (The Mediational Role of Korean Mothers' Parenting Self-Efficacy : The Causal Relations Model of Parenting Behaviors)

  • 최형성
    • 아동학회지
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.351-365
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    • 2005
  • This study investigated causal relations between mother's parenting, self-efficacy, perceived social support, stress, and parenting behaviors, Child's temperament, and the mediational role of mother's parenting self-efficacy. Participants were 404 Korean children and their mothers living in Seoul, Korea. Results showed that mother's parenting self-efficacy was positively related to mother's Warmth-Acceptance, social support, and child's temperament. On the other hand, mother's parenting self-efficacy was negatively related to. mother's Rejection-Restriction, mother's Permissiveness-Nonintervention, and mother's stress. Structural equation modeling indicated that mother's parenting self-efficacy was a significant mediator of the relation between mother's perceived social support and stress, child's temperament, and mother's parenting behaviors including Warmth-Acceptance, Rejection-Restriction and Permissiveness-Nonintervention Child's temperament had an indirect effect on mother's Rejection-Restriction and Permissiveness Nonintervention.

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어머니의 양육효능감에 관한 연구 (Korean Mothers' Parenting Self-Efficacy)

  • 최형성
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.111-123
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    • 2005
  • This study investigated the effects of child, mother, and family characteristics on parenting self-efficacy of 416 Korean mothers living in Seoul Korea. The results showed that mother's parenting self-efficacy was positively related to mother's perceived social support, child's temperament, and family income, but negatively related to mother' stress. Mother's educational parenting self-efficacy among parenting self-efficacy was positively related to mother's perceived social support, child's temperament, and mother's educational level, but negatively related to mother' stress and family income. Multiple regression indicated that mother characteristics were a strong predicator of mother's parenting self-efficacy. Especially, husband's support among mother characteristics was the strongest predicator of mother's parenting self-efficacy.

지각된 부/모의 가치, 부/모-자녀간 정서적 친밀도 및 부/모의 과잉통제와 대학생의 소외감과의 관계 (The Relationship between the Perceived Father's/Mother's Values, Father/Mother-Student Emotional Intimacy & Father's/Mother's Over-control and University student's Alienation)

  • 강완숙;유안진
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.38 no.8
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    • pp.69-84
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    • 2000
  • This study intended to investigate the relationship between father's/mother's values(materialism, competitive achievement pressure, neighborhood relations), father/mother-student emotional intimacy & father's/mother's over control and university student's alienation, and examin the relative influences of independent variables on university student's alienation. For this purpose, data were obtained from 402 male 7nd female university students in Seoul and Inchon, and analyzed by factor analysis, Cronbach's $\alpha$, frequencies, %, Pearson's r and stepwise multiple regression. The major findings were as follows : 1) father's and mother's values had significant relations to university student's alienation. As father and mother had more materialism and competitive achievement pressure, their university student was more alienated, and as father and mother had more neighborhood relations, the student was less alienated. 2) Emotional intimacy between father/mother and student had negative relation to university student's alienation. As the level of emotional intimacy was higher, the student was less alienated 3) Father's and mother's over control had positive relations to university student's alienation. As father's and mother's over control was higher, the student was more alienated. 4) Mother's neighborhood relations, father's and mother's over control, mother-student emotional intimacy and father's materialism had influences on university student's alienation in descending order. These independent variables explained 25. 0 % of the total valiance. Father's materialism and father's/mother's over control increased the level of university student's alienation, but mother's neighborhood relations and mother-student emotional intimacy decreased the bevel of student's alienation. Emerging evidences suggested that in order to prevent or decrease the university student's alienation, their parents should have less materialism and more neighborhood relations, and should not use over control on their university student but produce more emotional support.

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24개월 미만 영아에 대한 어머니와 조모의 양육행동과 양육지원 (The Nursing Behavior and Support of Mother and Grandmother for Infant under 24 Months in Age)

  • 장혜자
    • 한국생활과학회지
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.173-181
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    • 2003
  • The purposes of this study were to compare the nursing behavior and support between mother as a housewife who has the first infant under 24 months in age and grandmother, and to analyze what mother's nursing behavior was affected by that of grandmother. The subjects were 60 pairs of mother and grandmother on mother's side or father's side and the inquiry paper method and interview were used for this study. The results of analyses for this study are as follows: The first, the nursing behaviors in the past and at the present from mother's perception were considerably different between two groups in the affection and concern aspects. The second, the perceived nursing behaviors by mother and mother-side grandmother's were considerably different in the educational aspect between two groups and mother-side grandmother's educational behavior was higher than that of mother. The third, mother's nursing support were given by husband at 1st and mother-side-grandmother in 2nd, but that of grandmother by husband at 1st and both mother-side- and father-side-grandmother in 2nd. The fourth, nursing support were not considerably different in all the aspects between two groups.

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