• Title, Summary, Keyword: Moroco

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THE CYPRINID FISH FAUNA IN THE HYEONGSAN RIVER (형산강산 잉어과 어류상)

  • YANG Hong Jun
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 1979
  • The fish faeona of the Hyeongsan River was found to be as follows; 1. The study of fish fauna for this paper was achieved from May to August in 1978. 2. The collected cyprinid fishes from the Hyeongsan River are 13 species in 10 genera, i. e., Cyprinus carpio, Carassius auratus, Gnathopogon coreanus, Gnathopogon majimae, Pseudorasbora parve, Pungtungia herzi, Moroco oxycephalus, Moroco lagewskii, Triboledon hakenensis, Zacco platypus, Zacco temmincki, Rhodeus ocellatus and Pseudoperilampus uyekii. 3. Among them the 5 species, Pseudorasbora parva, Moroco oxycephalus, Zacco platypus, Rhodeus ocellatue and Pseudoperilampus uyekii, are first described from this river. 4. Zacco temmincki is a dominant species in the whole river and Moroco oxycephalus at the upper, Zacco temmincki at the middle and Carassius auratus at the lower part of the river are dominant species in each studied area. 5. The number of distributed cyprinid species in this river compared to the adjacent river basins is $43.3\%$ of the whole Nakdong River and $118.2\%$ of the Taewha River.

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mtDNA Analysis of 5 Species of the genera Moroco and Phoxinus(Pisces, Leuciscinae) (황어아과어류 2속 5종의 mtDNA분석)

  • 민미숙;김영진양서영
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.87-95
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    • 1995
  • 한국산 담수어류의 잉어목, 황어아과(Leuciscinae) 어류 2속 5종의 계통적 유연관계를 구명하기 위하여 mtDNA분석을 실시하였다 6 base를 인지하는 10개의 제한효소를 처리하여 얻어진 강tDNA의 크기는 16.5-17.5 Kb였으며 Bcl I, Bgl I, Bgl II, Hin dIII, Pvu II, Xba I 등은 종간 차이가 뚜렷하였다. 각종의 집단간 mtDNA분화정도는 매우 낮았으나(p=1% 미만) M. oxyephalus의 무주집단과 제주집단은 예리적으로 큰 차이를 보였다(p=5.3%) Moroco속의 종간 분화정도를 비교한 결과 M. oxycephafus와 M. lagowsk서 사이가 평균 f=7.2%로 근면관계가 제일 가까웠고 M. keumkang과 M. semotilus는 타종들과 근연관계가 제일 멀었다. Moroco속과 Phoxinus속간의 평균 유전적 분화정도는 f=13.7%로 현저한 차이를 보였다. Brown 등(1979)의 공식을 이용하여 이들 황어아과 2속 5종의 분화시기를 추정한 결과 이들은 후기 선신세(Pliocene)와 흥적세(Pleistocene) 사이에 분화된 것으로 추정되었으며 이 결과는 동위효소 연구에서 얻어진 결파(Yang and Min, 1989)와 잘 일치한다.

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On the Circumorbital Bone of the Cyprinid Fishes in Korea (한국산 잉어과(Cyprinidae) 어류의 안와환부골(眼窩環部骨)에 대하여)

  • Nam, Myung-Mo;Yang, Hong-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.128-138
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    • 1998
  • Comparative studies on the morphological characters of the circumorbital bone were made in order to investigate the phylogenetic relationships of the family Cyprinidae. In this paper, forty four species from Korea and three species of Gobiobotia and Saurogobio dabryi from China were studied. Pungtungia herzi, Pseudopungtungia nigra and Pseudopungtungia tenuicorpus were similar in morphological structure on points of the first infraorbital elongated. In Hemibarbus, the base portion of the opened sensor canal was transformed into a lateral plate in the infraorbital. Microphysogobio was characteristic in that the infraorbital series were large, and had close relationship with Pseudogobio esocinus and Saurogobio dabryi. Gobiobotia were reduced to a bony canal with dermal bone. Culter brevicauda had a short supraorbital. Cyprininae were characterized by larger fourth and fifth infraorbitals. Leuciscinae were divided into two groups: Moroco and Zacco. The former includes Phoxinus phoxinus, Moroco oxycephalus and Moroco kumgangensis, and the latter includes Zacco platypus, Zacco temmincki and Opsariichthys bidens. Moroco group was distinguished from Zacco group in points of having a short supraorbital and a elongated the first infraorbital.

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Classification , Distribution and Geographic Variation of Two Species of the Genus Moroco in Korea (한국산 버들치속(Genus Moroco) 어류 2 종의 분류.분포 및 지리적 변이에 관하여)

  • 민미숙;양서영
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.63-78
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    • 1986
  • Two species of Moroco oxycephalus and M. lagowskii were studied to examine patterns of genic variation and morphological difference within and between populations of two species, and to clarify their taxonomic status and geographic distribution. The number of scales above lateral line(SAL) was the key character to classify these species. On the average, M.lagowskii had 22 or more SAL whereas M.oxycephalus had 20 or less. Previously known character of the position of dorsal fin was found to be not appropriate to distinguish them. Five loci, Gp, st-1, Est-2, Est-3 and Got-1 , showed fixed difference electrophoretically between two species and these could be used as genetic markers to identify them. The degree of genic variation of M. oxycephalus was four fold higher(H=0.032) than that of M. lagowskii(H=0.008) but both species were far less than the average genic variation of freshwater fish in general. Rogers' genetic similarity coefficients between two species were S=0.692 and their presumed divergent time was estimated to be sbout 1.8million years ageo. Detailed survey of the geographic distribution of thses revealed that M.lagowskii was distributed in northeastern part of South Korea(Ganseong , Gangreung, Wangsan, and Oggye) and M. oxycephalus was occupied rest of the peninsula. The distrance between Oggye, the southern limit of M. lagowskii distribution , and Samwha (near Samcheog), the northern limit of M.oxycephalus, was aobut 15 Km apart and no symparty was found in between.

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Reproductive Isolation between Moroco oxycephalus and M. lagowskii (Pisces; Cyprinidae) in Korea

  • Kang, Young-Jin;Min, Mi-Sook;Yang, Suh-Yung
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.109-115
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    • 2000
  • To clarify taxonomic status of the two sibling species, Moroco oxycephalus and M. lagowskii reproductive isolation mechanisms were investigated at sympatric area located in Kansung-up, Kosung-gun, Kangwon-do, Korea. Genetic analysis was performed to reveal mating system and intensity of Hybridization between the two species. The frequencies of hybrids were increased since 1989, and then the observed hybrid frequencies ($H_O$) did not significantly differ from the expected hybrid ($H_E$) in 1998 and 1999. However, based on histological analysis of two parents and their hybrid s gonads, the hybridizations between M. oxycephalus and M. lagowskii produced mostly fertile females but sterile males in accordance with Haldane s rule. Although it was suspected that pre- and postmating isolation mechanisms were affected between the two species, M. oxycephalus and M. lagowskii seemed to be strongly isolated with microhabitat at sympatry until 1997. Since 1998, hybrid frequencies were increased by habitat disturbance. However, their hybrid frequencies would be reduced by postmating isolation mechanisms. Therefore, the two species are considered to be distinct species recently diverged.

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Fish Community Structure in the Yonggang River, Nakdong River System, Korea (낙동강수계 영강의 어류군집구조)

  • Chae, Byung-Soo;Nam, Myung-Mo;Yang, Hong-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 1998
  • The ichthyofauna and the structure of fish community were surveyed from April to November 1997 at eighteen stations in the Yonggang river which is a first tributary located at the middle reach of the Nakdong river system. During the surveyed period, 32 species belonging to ten families were collected. Of them cyprinid fish occupied 53.1% (17 species) and cobitid fish 15.6% (5 species). Thirteen species (40.6%) were known as Korean endemic species. Dominant species were Zacco temmincki (32.78%) and Moroco oxycephalus (15.10%). Zacco platypus, Pungtungia herzi. Niwaella multifasciata, and Odontobutis platycephala were common species. Rare species which occupied less than 0.1% of total individuals were Lampetra reissneri, Pseudorasbora parva, Squalidus chankaensis tsuchigae, Microphysogobio koreensis, Gobiobitia naktongensis, Cobitis rotundicaudata, Nemacheilus toni, Silurus asotus, Silurus microdorsalis, Siniperca scherzeri, and Oreochromis niloticus. A tendancy were shown in regional distribution that Moroco oxycephalus dominated in upper stream, Zacco temmincki and Moroco oxycephalus in mid - upper stream, Zacco temmincki and Niwaella multifasciata in mid - lower stream, and Zacco platypus and microphysogobioid fishes in lower stream. St. 11 which located in mid- reach of Yongam stream and St. 15 and 18 which located in main stream had the most stable and diverse community structure, but St. 1, 5, and 7 were unstable and the simplest community structure.

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Morphology and distribution of Moroco percnurus (Cyprinidae) (동버들개(잉어과)의 형태와 분포에 관하여)

  • 민미숙;양서영
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.505-508
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    • 1992
  • 한국산 담수어류인 버들치(Moroco)속의 동버들개(M. percnums)는 한반도 이북에 서식하며 이남지역에는 분포하지 않는 것으로 보고되어 있었으나 본 형태연구 결과와 유전적 연구(Yang and Min, 1989) 결과, 강원도 강릉 경포호지역에서 동버들개가 서식 분포하는 것이 확인되어, 동버들개의 분포상 최남단 지역으로 보고하며, 한국산 버들치속 어류는 총 5종이 한반도 이남지역에 분포하는 것으로 확인되었다.

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Genic Vadadon and Speciation of Fishes of the Genus Moroco(Cyprinidae) (버들치속(잉어과) 어류의 유전적 변이 및 종분화)

  • 양서영;민미숙
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 1989
  • Surveys of electrophoretic variation in isozymes and general proteins encoded by 26 loci were conducted to assess species recognition and to estimate the degree of genic variation and species divergence for seven species of the genus Moroco inhabiting in Korea and Japan. Estimates of the average calculated heterozygosity per species of M semotilus, M sp., M percnurus, M lagowskii, M oxycephalus, M steindachneri and M jouyf are low: 0.021, 0.019, 0.051, 0.031, 0.023, 0.046, and 0.007, respectively, and observed heterozygosities are 0.038, 0.022, 0.060, 0.027, 0.025, 0.042, and 0.002, respectively. Allozyme analyses show these species to be distinct genetically with the lafter four species being more closely related one another than any one of them is to the rest of the species. However, these four species (M. lagowskii, M. oxycephalus, M. steindachneri and M jouyi), had unique genetic markers in each species to be recognized as valid species. These results contrast to the previous report of Chung et of. (1986) mainly due to their error in analyzing the isozyme pallems, particularly in MDH and PGI analyses. The genetic distances among M semotilus, M sp., and M percnurus are near the high end of the scale of such estimate for freshwater fish congeners. Based on estimated divergent time of these species of the genus Moroco (5 to 0.6 million years) it is assumed that they are speciated during late Pliocene to middle Pleistocene epoch prior to migration to Korean and Japanese waters through Paleo Amur River system.

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The Freshwater Fish Fauna in Chuwangsan National Park (주왕산 국립공원 일대의 담수어류상)

  • 이승휘
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.140-150
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    • 1996
  • The freshwater fish fauna of the Chuwangsan National Park as censused during June 1994 to December 1994 at 11 sampling sites to establish baseline data included 7 Korean endemic species and subspecies (Squalidus gracilis majimae, Squalidus multimaculatus, Cobitis longicorpus, Niwaella multifacisciata, Silurus microdorsalis, Liobagrus mediadiposalis and Odontobutks platycephala) belonging to 17 species in 6 families were collected in this region. Carassius auratus, Moroco oxycephalus, Zacco platypus, Wacco temmincdii, Misgurnus anguillicaudatus, Liobagrus mediadiposalis and Odontobutis platycephala were distributed at all of the regions on this sensus. Dominant species of thes region sere Moroco ozycephalus, Zacco temminckii and Odontobutis platyxephala.

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