• Title, Summary, Keyword: Moral

Search Result 995, Processing Time 0.045 seconds

Relationships Between Children's Moral Judgement, Moral Emotions and Moral Behavior (유아의 도덕적 판단력, 도덕적 감정과 도덕적 행동의 관계)

  • Kim, Jin Ah;Ohm, Jung Ae
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.27 no.2
    • /
    • pp.85-100
    • /
    • 2006
  • In this study of the relationship between moral judgment, moral emotions and moral behavior, 137 five-year-olds were interviewed to measure moral judgment and moral emotions. Their teachers measured children's moral behavior. Results showed that children judged moral and conventional rules by using the 4 criterion judgments of seriousness, rule contingency, generalizability and punishment. Children with highly felt moral emotions had higher scores in moral behavior. Moral judgment, moral emotions and moral behavior were highly interrelated. Children's moral behavior was related to rule contingency and generalizability. Their moral behavior was highly related to positive moral emotions. Positive moral emotions were related to the rule contingency and generalizability. Negative moral emotions were highly related to seriousness and punishment.

  • PDF

A critical review and implications of the moral-conventional distinction in moral judgment (도덕 판단에서 나타나는 도덕-인습 구분에 대한 논쟁과 함의)

  • Sul, Sunhae;Lee, Seungmin
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.137-160
    • /
    • 2018
  • The present article reviews recent arguments on the moral-conventional distinction in moral judgment and discusses the implications for moral psychology research. Traditional research on moral judgment has considered both the evaluation of transgressive actions of others and the categorization of the norms on the moral-conventional dimension. Kohlberg, Piaget, and Turiel (1983) regard moral principles to be clearly distinguished from social-conventional norms and suggested criteria for the moral-conventional distinction. They assume that the moral domain should be specifically related to the value of care and justice, and the judgment for the moral transgression should be universal and objective. The cognitive developmental approach or social domain theory, which has been generally accepted by moral psychology researchers, is recently being challenged. In this article, we introduce three different approaches that criticize the assumptions for the moral-conventional distinction, namely, moral sentimentalism, moral parochialism, and moral pluralism. Moral sentimentalism emphasizes the role of emotion in moral judgment and suggests that moral and conventional norms can be continuously distributed on an affective-nonaffective dimension. Moral parochialism, based on the evidence from anthropology and cross-cultural psychology, asserts that norm transgression can be the object of moral judgment only when the action is relevant to the survival and reproduction of a group and the individuals within the group; judgment for moral transgression can be as relative as that for conventional transgression. Moral pluralism suggests multiple moral intuitions that vary with culture and individual, and questions the assumption of the social domain theory that morality is confined to care and justice. These new perspectives imply that the moral-conventional distinction may not properly tap into the nature of moral judgment and that further research is needed.

Developmental Analysis of Morality(Belief, Judgment & Behavior) in Relation to Attribution (귀인 경향에 따른 도덕성(도덕신념, 판단, 행동) 발달 분석)

  • 하영희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.34 no.3
    • /
    • pp.271-282
    • /
    • 1996
  • Different aspects of morality, namely, moral belief, moral judgement and moral behavior have been studied seperately. This study examined the development of these three aspects of morality in relation to internal attribution in one sample. A total of 371, third -and sixth- grade children from Masan city were responded to questionnaires on moral belief, moral judgement, and attibutional tendency. In addition, children's moral behavior was measured by the teachers' 5-item rating scale. As results, there were signigicant but low correlations among three components of morality. There were developmental differences in moral belief and moral judgement but there was no age difference in moral behavior. Compared to third graders, sixth graders were higher in moral judgement but lower in moral belief. Social experience as well as cognitive development on moral relativity could explain this paradoxical developmental trend in moral belief. There was a sex difference only on moral behavior : Girls were rated higher in moral behavior than boys. Internal attribution was significantly correlated with all three aspects of morality, .15 with moral belief, .45 with moral judgement, .14 with moral behavior, respectively. There was a significant developmental difference but no sex difference in attributional tendency: Sixth graders reported higher internal attribution than third graders. However, there was no developmental difference in correlations among internal attribution and three aspects of morality. Most importantly, internal attribution explained morality better than either age -or sex- variable. It was suggested that educational programs on morality need to focus on the internalization of it.

  • PDF

Moral sensitivity, Nursing professionalism, and Moral reasoning of Korean Armed Forces Nursing Academy's Cadet (국군간호사관생도의 도덕적 민감성, 간호전문직관 및 도덕적 판단력)

  • Choi, Seonyoung;Jung, Jiyun;Kwon, Younghoon
    • Korean Journal of Military Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.36 no.2
    • /
    • pp.79-91
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study is to identify correlation of moral sensitivity, nursing professionalism, and moral reasoning of Korea Armed Forces Nursing Academy (KAFNA) cadets. Methods: Data collected using a self-reported questionnaire. Subjects were 215 KAFNA cadets. Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: The mean scores of moral sensitivity, nursing professionalism, and moral reasoning were 5.11, 3.82, 42.70, respectively. Moral sensitivity was significantly different according to hometown. Nursing professionalism was significantly different according to gender, grade, awareness of hospital codes of ethics, or ethical value. Moral reasoning was significantly different according to gender, grade. Moral sensitivity and nursing professionalism had positive correlation. Nursing professionalism and moral reasoning was negatively correlated with the period of nursing clinical practice. Conclusion : This study showed that traditional ethical education was not related to moral sensitivity and reasoning, and nursing clinical practice was a negative factor. To improve moral sensitivity and moral reasoning, various ethics education and exposure to ethical dilemmas are needed.

Is Moral Identity theory a post-kohlbergian? - The function of the reflective reasoning in the moral identity theory and it's implication (도덕적 정체성 이론은 탈 콜버그주의인가?)

  • Son, Kyung-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Philosophical History
    • /
    • no.32
    • /
    • pp.395-432
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is (i) to explore arguments of post-kohlbergian approach in moral psychology and; (ii) to analyze Blasi's and Lapsley's positions regarding the relationship between moral philosophy and psychology in terms of reflective reasoning and; (ⅲ) to suggest their's implication concerning the future development of moral identity theory. Moral identity theory has emerged as an alternative approach of the Kohlberg's moral development theory. Theorists of moral identity theory commonly criticize Kohlberg's theory as a philosophical psychology and insist the autonomy of moral psychology. However, one can find different positions within this trend, especially concerning he meaning and role of the reflection in moral functioning. Blasi emphasizes the importance of the reflective reasoning of moral agent, while Lapsley supports moral automacy contrary to Kohlberg's phenomenalism. Although Blasi had been negative about building moral psychology based on the moral philosophy, he has articulated the moral identity theory based on the concept of free will by Frankfurt. However, recently he criticizes intuitionist theory of Haidit and suggests the notion of the moral agent with the skill of reflective reasoning, or post-conventional thinking in Kohlberg's terms. Blasi's perspective of moral identity has two version. The one emphasizes the moral understanding which means strong evaluation, while the other refers to reasoning with weak evaluation. This leads to an inevitable inner contradiction within his theory of moral identity. Lapsley considers moral identity as a heuristic idea and suggests moral chronic as a new model of moral identity. This model is based on the social cognitive theory. His social cognitive model of moral personality provides the account for implicit, tacit, and automatic of moral functioning, while reflecting the core of moral identity. Lapsley suggests that moral function involves conscious and unconscious processes. The former occurs in normal situations of life, while the latter in rare and unusual situations. He does not highlight reasoning in moral functioning as Blasi do. In consequence, I will argue the notion of the moral agent with the skill of reflective reasoning, or post conventional thinking in Kohlberg's terms in the moral functioning like Gibbs and Turiel positions in the Journal of Moral Education' s 2008 special issue. Moral philosophy and psychology should be in complementary relations. It means we explore not only more interdisciplinary researches on the moral functioning, but also researches based on the moral philosophy.

The Influence of Suppressing Guilt and Shame on Moral Judgment, Intention, and Behavior (죄책감과 수치심의 억제가 도덕적 판단, 의도, 행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Kyueun;Kim, Min Young;Sohn, Young Woo
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.121-132
    • /
    • 2016
  • Emotion is considered to be involved in the moral decision-making process consisting of moral judgment, moral intention, and moral behavior. This research investigated the distinct role of two specific moral emotions, guilt and shame, when they are suppressed, on moral judgment, moral intention, and moral behavior through an online experiment. Moral emotion (guilt vs. shame) as well as suppression of these emotions (suppressing vs. control) was manipulated to infer the causality of moral emotions and the moral decision-making process when they are suppressed. The results suggest that suppressing guilt was involved in moral judgment and moral intention, but was not involved in moral behavior. In particular, participants who maintained guilt evaluated moral vignettes as more moral and perceived that they would follow the behavior described in the vignettes than those participants who suppressed their guilt. On the other hand, our data showed that suppressing shame was not involved in moral judgment and intention but was in behavior. Participants who maintained shame engaged in moral behavior more than participants who suppressed shame. We delineate the different mechanisms between guilt and shame on the moral decision-making process with the discrete emotion theory.

Main Issues in Korean Moral Education and Eastern Moral Education (도덕교육의 쟁점과 동양윤리교육)

  • Ko, Dae-Hyuk
    • (The)Study of the Eastern Classic
    • /
    • no.36
    • /
    • pp.333-374
    • /
    • 2009
  • Korean traditional education emphasizes moral education than any other country or culture. Education is recognized as practical task for self-realization and self-transcendence in traditional Confucian community. This study starts from two questions. First, how moral education in Korea from late in the 19th, when the modernized schooling started, to now can be classified according to social and political circumstances? Second, what is the main issue of moral education in the progress of Korean education after independence from Japanese imperialism? Especially, this study focuses on reflecting and reviewing these issues by context of Eastern moral education. After late in the 19th century, moral education in Korea is divided into three types: "Education for loyalty and filial piety and Moral cultivation", "Citizenship education and Education for anti-communism", and "Moral education and Character education". This study mainly insists these types of moral education distort the sprit by political interests rather than inherit and develop sprit or basic value of moral education. Furthermore, this study discusses characteristic of moral education and way to improve based on important two issues in Korean society; "Nationalism in moral education" and "Western biased education" Making individual's free will into group consciousness in accordance with political power group's interests rather than developing moral community based on each one's character building, nationalism in moral education deepens self-alienation. Western biased education makes self-negation as it considers western as core, and Korea and other traditional ideas as side. This study emphasizes reanalysis Eastern moral education and need effort for understanding of Eastern moral education to overcome Western biased education in Korean moral education.

Influencing factors on Moral Distress in Long-term Care Hospital and Facility Nurses

  • Kim, Hyun Sook;Yu, Sujeong;Lim, Kyung Choon
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
    • /
    • v.24 no.5
    • /
    • pp.121-130
    • /
    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the level of the moral distress for nurses working in long-term care hospitals or nursing homes, and identify factors that influence the moral distress. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires including the Korean version of Moral Distress Scale-Revised (KMDS-R), Jefferson Empathy Scale for Health professionals (K-JSE-HP), Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire (K-MSQ), and the Hospital Ethical Climate Survey (HECS). A total of 194 nurses from 11 long-term care hospitals or 27 nursing homes completed the structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics version 25. As results, the mean score for moral distress was $73.81{\pm}51.29$ in this study. The moral distress of nurses working at nursing homes was higher than that of nurses working in long-term care hospitals. Among the sub-factors of moral distress, the 'futile care' was the highest score and the 'limit to claim the ethical issue' was the lowest. The main factor affecting moral distress among nurses in this study was the ethical climate of organization. In this paper, we propose that in order to effectively reduce the moral distress of nurses working in a long-term care hospital or a nursing home, it is more impactful to address structural issues related to the caregiver workplace than to adjust individual factors.

Factors associated with Nurses' Moral Sensitivity (간호사의 도덕적 민감성의 관련 요인)

  • Eom, Sohee;Kim, Suk-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.27 no.3
    • /
    • pp.199-207
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to examine the associations among moral reasoning, empathy, communication self-efficacy, and moral sensitivity and to determine predictors of nurses' moral sensitivity. Methods: Data were collected from 194 nurses in the Republic of Korea. Structured questionnaires consisted of the Moral Sensitivity Questionnaire, Defining Issues Test, Jefferson Scale of Empathy, and Counseling Self-Estimate Inventory. The collected data were analyzed using t-tests, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and hierarchical regression analysis using SPSS ver. 21. Results: Nurses' moral sensitivities were significantly associated with frequency of ethical education, empathy, and communication self-efficacy. In hierarchical multiple regression models, the significant factors of nurses' moral sensitivity were age (${\beta}=.21$, p=.044), the frequency of experience in ethics education (${\beta}=.18$, p=.007), empathy (${\beta}=.32$, p<.001), and communication self-efficacy (${\beta}=.25$, p=.001), which explained 33.2% of the variance in nurses' moral sensitivity. Conclusion: Our study findings show that nurses' moral sensitivity could be enhanced by more frequent ethics education programs. In addition, nursing ethics education might be developed to include potential strategies to improve empathy and self-efficacy in communication for high levels of moral sensitivity in nurses.

The Influence of CEO's Scandal on Consumers' Product Purchase

  • CHOI, Ji-Eun
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
    • /
    • v.11 no.4
    • /
    • pp.47-56
    • /
    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study aims to explore how consumers respond to the immoral actions of a CEO. More specifically, this research focuses on the moral reasoning processes used by consumers in order to maintain support for the CEO despite the immoral action. In addition, this research suggests that support for the CEO would improve product purchase intention. Research design, data, and methodology: To test the hypotheses presented, an online research company was hired and online survey was conducted with adult participants. Online research company sent an email to the potential subjects asking their participation in an online survey. Subjects were able to participate in the online survey by clicking a link to the survey. When the participants clicked the link, they were instructed to read a fictitious newspaper article on a CEO's immoral action. And then, they were asked to answer several questions online. Responses were obtained from 336 adults participants and data were analyzed using SPSS Hayes Macro for a moderation effect and AMOS for a structural equation model. Result: Moral reasoning processes were divided into moral decoupling and moral rationalization and analyzed to determine their influence on product purchase. Also in this study, we suggest the public self-consciousness of consumers as an antecedent of moral reasoning processes, and argue that consumers with high public self-consciousness are more likely to engage in moral decoupling than moral rationalization. Conclusions: Our results showed that moral decoupling and moral rationalization improved the consumer's perception of corporate ethicality, which increased product purchase intention. In addition, consumers with high public self-consciousness were more likely to engage in moral decoupling than in moral rationalization. In addition, this research suggested that severity of the scandal would moderate the impact of public self-consciousness on moral decoupling. However, this hypothesis was not supported statistically since most participants perceived the scandal to be a highly severe incident, that may lead to an insignificant interaction effect between severity of the scandal and public self-consciousness. This research expands the scope of available research on corporate ethics and consumer responses to negative information involving celebrities and provides practical implications for corporate crisis management.