• Title, Summary, Keyword: Moderating Effects

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A Study on the Relationship between Teacher Empowerment and Organizational Effectiveness in Early Childhood Educational Institutes : Focused on the Moderating Effects of Personal and Organizational Characteristics (유아교사의 임파워먼트와 조직효과성과의 관계 - 개인 및 조직특성 중재효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Jung-Hee;Moon, Hyuk-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.45 no.8
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    • pp.49-59
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    • 2007
  • This study was intended to investigate the influence of teacher empowerment on organizational? effectiveness, and the moderating effects of personal and organizational characteristics on the relationship of teacher empowerment and organizational effectiveness in early childhood educational institutes. The subjects in this study were 808 teachers who worked at kindergartens and childcare centers located in all parts of Korea. This study was surveyed with the questionnaires. The results are as follows. Firstly, teacher empowerment had a positive and meaningful influence on all components of organizational effectiveness, such as organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and job performance. Secondly, as for the moderating effects of personal and organizational characteristics on the relationship of teacher empowerment and organizational effectiveness, teachers' educational background had moderating effects on job performance of organizational effectiveness, and married or unmarried status of teachers, teachers' experiences in other institutes, type of institute, and the number of teachers working in an institute had moderating effects on organizational commitment. Also, the number of teachers working in an institute had moderating effects on job satisfaction. However, teachers' period of service in their present institutes didn't have moderating effects between teacher empowerment and organizational effectiveness.

The Moderating Effects of Cobranding Promotions between Brand Experience and Loyalty

  • KWON, Youngseo
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.15-23
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    • 2019
  • Purpose - This study was aimed to investigate the moderating effects of cobranding promotions that are rare in brand experience and brand loyalty studies, and to find out cobranding promotions can play a moderating role to enhance positive effects on the relationship between brand experience and brand loyalty, and to figure out the cobranding types which can lead to positive brand loyalty. Research design, data, and methodology - The conceptual research model was developed to explain the effects, and 2018 Interbrand's global top 15 brands such as Apple, Google, Amazon, Samsung were suggested to be selected from 377 Amazon Mechanical Turk respondents to answer the 22 survey questions made by Qualtrics with 5-point Likert scale. Results - In this research, the moderating effects of cobranding have been confirmed on the relationships between brand experience and loyalty, and the positive cobranding promotions can have significant effects on the relationships, but only for the least experienced brand was significant. Regarding to cobranding types, there were no significant ones to enhance brand loyalty. Conclusions - The findings confirmed that cobranding promotion experience can play a positive moderating role to brand loyalty, and the loyalty can be maximized if companies can provide positive cobranding experiences to their own consumers.

The Effects of SLA on Service Quality Level and Service Productivity of Sub-contractor (서비스산업에서 아웃소싱 SLA계약이 서비스 수준과 서비스생산성에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Lee, Kyung-Tae;Park, Sang-Bum
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2017
  • Purpose - The Service Level Agreement which has been used in the IT information communication industry to maintain the level of service supplied by a vendor has been adopted in the service industry surrounding the airliners and airports. Considering that service quality is dependent on attitude of employees who are responsible to provide service, it is very important to understand what kinds of effects SLA(service level agreement) has on the attitude when SLA is applied to the service industry. SLA is an agreement between management authority and service providing contractor to make sure that certain level of service quality should be provided. For employees whose responsibilities are providing the service, SLA has both positive effects and negative effects. Negative side is that employees have to follow many irrigating complicated rules. On the other hand, the attribute of rules is that once one is become accustomed to them one may feel comfortable doing repeated same kinds of works, which is positive side for the workers. Research design, data, and methodology - We analyzed whether the SLA has moderating effects while service providers' job environment of outsourcing companies affects job satisfaction. Especially in the service industry, job satisfaction has great effects on productivity and efficiency. Results - The study results show the following. First, SLA has moderating effects while task performance environment affects treatment satisfaction. Second, SLA has moderating effects while task motivation environment affects treatment satisfaction. Third, SLA has moderating effects while physical work environment satisfaction affects treatment satisfaction. Fourth, on the other hand, the difficulties caused by SLA have moderating effects while the relationship among employees affects job dissatisfaction, which is negative side of SLA. From these results, we can tell that SLA has more positive moderating effects on treatment satisfaction on the whole. which results can be used to justify applying SLA to the service industry. Conclusions - In this study we analyzed the effects of SLA which have become more important in service industry nowadays on service providing employees. For managing side, the positive effects of SLA have to be emphasized while the negative effects should be avoided or minimized.

Moderating Effects of Parental Monitoring in the Relationship between Children's Dependency on Mobile Phones and Control of Learning Behavior (아동의 휴대전화 의존과 학습행동 통제 간의 관계에서 부모감독의 조절효과)

  • Cho, Yoonju
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.253-261
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the moderating effects of parental monitoring on the relationship between children's dependency on mobile phones and control of learning behavior. The data came from the 2010 Korean Children and Youth Panel (N = 1,609) conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute. The analysis method used was Structural Equation Modeling by using SPSS 17.0 and AMOS 7.0. To test the significant moderating effects, Ping's two-step technique, which is free from the requirement of nonlinear constraints, was used. Our results demonstrated that children's dependency on mobile phones had negative effects on control of learning behavior, and the interaction effects between such dependency and parental monitoring affected the control of learning behavior. Thus, these results proved the moderating effects of parental monitoring in the control of learning behavior. This study suggests that parental monitoring buffers against having difficulties to control and adjust one's behavior associated with control of learning behavior, which is affected by the dependency on mobile phones among children. We discussed that the risks of children's dependency on mobile phones and parental monitoring should be acknowledge as a significant protective factor.

Effects of Characteristics of Social Commerce on Purchase Intention -Moderating Effects of Perceived Risk and Price Sensitivity of Mobile Application Users- (소셜커머스의 특성이 구매의도에 미치는 영향 -모바일 앱 사용자의 지각된 위험과 가격민감성의 조절효과-)

  • Choi, Ye-ji;Lee, Mi-ah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.574-589
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    • 2016
  • This research investigates the characteristics of the mobile social commerce and explores the moderating effects of perceived risk and price sensitivity. This survey targeted consumers in their 20s to 30s who use mobile social commerce applications. We used 261 questionnaires for the final statistical analysis. Descriptive analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis were applied in the data analysis. The results are summarized as follows. First, characteristics of mobile social commerce are composed of economics, informativeness, entertainment and promotion. Second, perceived risk (which had a negative effect on purchase intention) had moderating effects between perceived risk and economics or entertainment. Third, price sensitivity (which had a positive effect on purchase intention) had a moderating effect between price sensitivity and promotion. This study contributes to the disclosure of the role of perceived risk and price sensitivity as moderating factors between the characteristics of mobile social commerce and purchase intention. Finally, useful implications (both academic and practical) are provided for fashion retail managers.

The Influence of Job Stress on Job Attitude and Moderating Effects of Organizational Support among Hospital Nurses (임상간호사의 직무스트레스와 직무태도의 관계에 있어 조직지원인식의 조절효과)

  • Choi, Hyun-Ju;Ji, Jae-Hoon;Park, Young-Su
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.141-155
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of job stress on job attitude among nurse practitioners, determine moderating effects of perceived organizational support in this process, and provide preliminary data to devise a scheme for managing job attitude effectively in nursing manpower. The research model was composed of 7 sub-variables of job stress, which was a independent variable; job attitude, which was a dependent variable, was divided into job satisfaction and organizational commitment; and variables of moderating effects included perceived organizational support. The data for empirical analysis of the model were collected from 300 nurses working in one university hospital and two general hospitals in Busan by using structured self-administered questionnaires. The main results of empirical analysis were as follows: Perceived organizational support was effective in preventing job stress from worsening job attitude. Moderating effects of perceived organizational support were found to exist in relations between job stress and organizational commitment. These results imply that a sense of organizational support has both direct and moderating effects on job attitude and can be a good means of managing job attitude.

Effects of Economic Factors on Happiness: Moderating Effects of Financial Management (경제적 요인이 행복에 미치는 영향: 재무관리 요인의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, Jooyung;Song, Kyechung;Oh, Segu
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.177-189
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    • 2015
  • This study investigates the effects of economic factors on happiness in terms of life satisfaction, one of the most important goals in human life, and examines the moderating role of financial management in the effect of financial stress. Data were collected total 341 individuals in Daejeon, Korea(235 college students and 105 women). The factors influencing life satisfaction were analyzed multiple regression analysis. Effects of moderating variables were tested hierarchical regression analysis. Subjective financial stress was related to both individualistic happiness and collectivistic happiness, whereas objective financial stress had a negative effect only on collectivistic happiness. Financial management (specifically control of expenditure behaviors) had positive effects on both individualistic happiness and collectivistic happiness. Financial management moderated the relationship between financial stress and happiness. The results have important implications.

The Effects of Social Support on Psychological Wellbeing of North Korean Refugees : Focusing on Moderating Effects of Coping Style

  • Lee, Han-Min;Kweon, Seong-Ok;Park, Hwieseo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.137-143
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    • 2016
  • This study is to test moderating effects of North Korean Refugees' coping styles in the causal relation between social support and psychological wellbeing and suggest policy implications for helping social adjustment of North Korean Refugees. For this study, 100 North Korean Refugees were sampled and surveyed. The analytical result of this study showed that the degree of psychological wellbeing was highest among the refugees of the entire families migration. Also, this study showed that the causal relationship between social support and psychological wellbeing was not significant, and moderating effects of emotional support and appraisal support were significant, while moderating effects of material support and informative support were not significant. In this study, we suggested some policy implications basing on this analytical results.

Study on moderating effects of trust factor that medical service evaluation of patients (환자의 의료서비스 평가에 대한 신뢰요인의 조절효과 분석)

  • Kim, Young-Hoon;Woo, Jung-Sik;Kim, Han-Sung;Kim, Hee-Rae;Kim, Hyo-Jeoung
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.111-130
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to find moderating effects of re-use intention by trust factors between patients satisfaction and hospital images. Survey a general hospital in Seoul was performed, and a total of 202 questionnaires has been analyzed. Result of multiple regression analysis are verified moderating effects by trust factors with hospital image and re-use intention(F=8.223**). And patient satisfaction and re-use intention are verified moderating effects by trust factors(F=4.255*). In addition, classify them into high trust group and low trust group by median split method, even if there are felt the equal level of satisfaction or image that high trust group will be re-visit the hospital better than low trust group. As a result, trust factors must consider different level from satisfaction or image, it is necessary that hospitals will be prepare to improve the trust.

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Effects of Emotional Labor on Burnout in Nurses: Focusing on the Moderating Effects of Social Intelligence and Emotional Intelligence (간호사의 감정노동이 소진에 미치는 영향: 사회지능과 감성지능의 조절 효과 중심으로)

  • Lee, Kyung Ran;Kim, Jeoung Mi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.22-32
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of emotional labor on burnout in nurses focusing the moderating effects of social intelligence and emotional intelligence. Methods: Data were collected in March 2015 by self administered questionnaires among 392 nurses in eight hospitals located in Busan, Gyeongsangnam-do. Data were analyzed by stepwise multiple regression, hierarchical multiple regression. Results: Study results shown (a) emotional labor showed a positive correlation on burnout, while social intelligence and emotional intelligence showed a negative correlation on burnout, (b) emotional labor was the most influential variable on burnout, (c) social intelligence had a negative moderating effect the relationship between emotional labor and burnout, (d) emotional intelligence had a positive moderating effect the relationship between emotional labor and burnout. Conclusion: The result of the study indicate that emotional labor of nurses is positively correlated with burnout and emotional labor is to give the greatest effect on burnout, social intelligence and emotional intelligence had a moderating effects the relationship between emotional labor and burnout.