• Title, Summary, Keyword: Moderated Mediation Effect

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Moderated Mediation Effect of Mindfulness on the Relationship Between Muscular Skeletal Disease, Job Stress, and Turnover Among Korean Firefighters

  • Lee, Jong-Hyun;Lee, Jaeeun;Lee, Kyung-Sun
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.222-227
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    • 2020
  • Background: This study investigated the effect of increased job stress, caused by musculoskeletal disease (MSD) among firefighters, on a firefighter's intention to leave the profession, henceforth referred to as "turnover intention," and verified the moderating effect of mindfulness on such a relationship. Methods: A survey involving a total of 549 Korean male firefighters as participants was conducted herein, and the following results were obtained: the mediation effect of the MSD to turnover intention through job stress was confirmed, and the indirect effect of job stress was verified. Results: We verified the moderated mediation effect of mindfulness on the relation:MSD, job stress, and turnover intention. The conditional indirect effect for middle and high levels of mindfulness is significant. Conclusion: The result of this study is supported by proofs of the relationship between a firefighter's MSD, job stress, and turnover intention, and these case studies reveal the moderated mediation effect of dispositional mindfulness.

The Effect of Emotional Labor of Casino Dealers on Depression : Through a Moderated Mediation Model (카지노 딜러의 감정노동이 우울에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 조절된 매개모형을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Ji Young;Lee, Ji Hae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.449-460
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the moderated mediation effect, consisting of the moderation effect of alexithymia and the mediation effect of hostility in the relationship between emotional labor and depression of casino dealers. A total of 160 casino dealers (56 males, 94 females) working in a foreigner exclusive casino in Seoul responded to a survey on emotional labor, alexithymia, hostility and depression. SPSS 22.0 Macro was used to verify the moderated mediation effect. First, the level of depression amplified as the emotional labor of casino dealers increased. Hostility had a significant partial-mediation effect on the relationship between emotional labor and depression. Second, the moderation effect of alexithymia was significant, indicating that the interaction effect of emotional labor and alexithymia as well as hostility and alexithymia predicted depression. Third, the moderated mediation effect of alexithymia was significant. Alexithymia moderated the influence of emotional labor on depression, which was mediated through hostility. Implications on how to assist casino dealers on emotional labor were discussed.

Grandmother-Adult Child Solidarity and Grandmother's Child-rearing Role: Moderated Mediation Effect of Caregiving Satisfaction and Relation with Grandchild (조모-성인자녀 결속도와 조모역할수행 간의 관계에서 돌봄만족과 손주관계의 조절된 매개효과)

  • Chung, Mi Ra;Choi, Hye Jeong
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.56 no.3
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    • pp.205-216
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    • 2018
  • This study examined how the relationship between grandmother-adult child solidarity, caregiving satisfaction, and grandmother's child-rearing role varies according to the relation with the grandchild. Mediation effects and moderated mediation effects were analyzed to investigate the relationship between these variables. The participants were 295 grandmothers raising preschool-aged grandchildren in the Seoul and Gyeonggi areas. Data was analyzed using SPSS 23.0 and PROCESS macro, performing correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis. The statistical significance of the indirect effect was examined using a bootstrapping procedure. The results are as follows. First, grandmother-adult child solidarity directly affects the grandmother's child-rearing role. Second, grandmother-adult child solidarity indirectly affects the grandmother's child-rearing role through caregiving satisfaction. Third, the direct and indirect effects of grandmother-adult child solidarity on the grandmother's child-rearing role are moderated by the relation with the grandchild. The direct effect of grandmother-adult child solidarity on grandmother's child-rearing role was therefore shown to be significant on the maternal grandmother. Fourth, the indirect effect of grandmother-adult child solidarity on the grandmother's child-rearing role through caregiving satisfaction was shown to be significant on the paternal grandmother. Based on the results of this study, we discussed ways to strengthen the capacity of co-parenting between grandparents and adult children.

The Effect of Authentic Leadership and Psychological Contract Breach on Organizational Cynicism: Focusing on the Moderated Mediation of Followers' Identification with the Leader

  • Kim, Yesung;Shin, Je-Goo
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.1-29
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    • 2017
  • This study sets out to verify the moderated mediation of followers' identification with the leader on the indirect effect of authentic leadership on organizational cynicism via psychological contract breach. A total of 279 responses from employees at companies with more than 500 employees and of diverse industries were used for analysis. Our findings showed that authentic leadership (X) had a negative indirect effect on organizational cynicism (Y) via psychological contract breach (M), and that this indirect effect was negatively moderated by identification with the leader, thereby identifying its role as a moderating mediator. Further verification revealed that the indirect effect ($X{\rightarrow}M{\rightarrow}Y$) was conditional upon the value of the moderating variable, where identification with the leader had a significant effect in the 25%, 50%, 75%, 90% levels, but not in the 10% level. The findings of this research empirically verified that greater exertion of authentic leadership lowers psychological contract breach among organization members and, consequently, organizational cynicism. In particular, this effect was stronger when the organization member identified him/herself more strongly with the leader. Our findings extend the body of knowledge on the relationship between authentic leadership and organizational cynicism and expands the possibilities for future research.

The Influence of Maternal Limit-Setting and Overprotective/Permissive Parenting on Preschoolers' Externalizing Behaviors: A Moderated Mediation Effect of Maternal Depression and Preschoolers' Effortful Control (어머니의 한계설정과 과보호/허용 양육이 유아의 외현화 행동에 미치는 영향: 어머니의 우울과 유아의 의도적 통제에 의한 조절된 매개효과)

  • Kim, Jaehee
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.99-117
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    • 2020
  • Objective: Studies have revealed that parenting is a crucial factor for children's effortful control and externalizing behaviors, however, less is known about the underlying mechanism that may be moderated by maternal depression. Therefore, the present study is aimed to testify the mediating effect of children's effortful control and moderating effect of maternal depression in the association between parenting(i.e. limit setting, overprotective/permissive parenting) and children's externalizing behaviors. Methods: Three hundred and one mothers with 4 to 6 years old children reported their parenting behaviors, depression, their children's effortful control and externalizing behaviors. Data were analyzed using SPSS and Process Macro. Results: Results showed that children's effortful control mediated the association between parenting and children's externalizing behaviors and maternal depression moderated the association between parenting behaviors and children's effortful control as well as between parenting behaviors and children's externalizing behaviors. The moderated mediation effects were stronger among mothers with lower levels of depression. Conclusion/Implications: These findings could contribute to a better understanding of how and when maternal limit setting and overprotective/permissive parenting impact children's externalizing behaviors. It is suggested that future efforts to provide the parenting intervention take a target specific approach (e.g. considering mother's depression symptom), on order to maximize the effectiveness of program to ultimately facilitate children's positive adjustment.

Effect of the Job Autonomy on Innovative Work Behaviors in China Logistics Industry: Focus on the Moderated Mediation Effect of Perceived Organizational Support (중국 물류산업에서 업무의 자율성이 혁신적 생산 활동에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 기업지원인식의 조절된 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Jiang, ChunZhao;Kim, Yeonggil;Kim, Younsung
    • Journal of Service Research and Studies
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.87-100
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to clarity the effect of job autonomy, innovative work behaviors and perceived organizational support on organizational performance. To attain this goal, mediation analysis, moderation analysis and moderated mediation analysis were performed. 198 valid questionnaires from China Tianjin City's logistics enterprises were analyzed with SPSS Macro program. The results indicated that: (1) perceived organizational support's moderating effect existed in the relationship between job autonomy and innovative work behaviors, (2) innovative behaviors' mediated effect existed in the relationship between job autonomy and organizational performance, (3) perceived organizational support's moderated mediation effect is existing in the relationship between job autonomy, innovative behaviors and organizational performance. That is to say, the strength of the mediated effect decreased along with levels of perceived organizational support: stronger job autonomy relationship when perceived organizational support was weak.

The Influence of Adolescents' Self-Esteem on Life Satisfaction: Verifying Moderated Mediation of Peer Relations Mediated by Altruism and Self-Regulation (청소년의 자아존중감이 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향: 이타심과 자기통제에 의한 또래관계의 조절된 매개효과 검증)

  • Heo, Mi Jeong;Noh, Mi Wha;Choi, Youn Shil
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.29-49
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was aimed to examine the effect of self-esteem on life satisfaction and happiness among adolescents, and to verify moderated mediation of peer relations mediated by altruism and self-regulation. Method: The study referred to the 2015 Annual Report of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey. More precisely, report on the fourth year research process of the study cohort comprising 2,091 subjects was used to verify the research model. Overall data were analyzed by using SPSS 18.0 program and specifically, moderated mediation were verified by using SPSS Macro, as suggested by Preacher, etc. (2008). Results: As a result, firstly, the peer relations mediated the relationship between life satisfaction and self-esteem among adolescents. Secondly, altruism and self-regulation had moderated mediation effects between self-esteem and peer relations among adolescents. Conclusion: These results suggest that self-esteem affects on life satisfaction and happiness by mediation of peer relations among adolescents and altruism and self-regulation agent is applied positive adjustment to further promote the peer relations and increase life satisfaction among adolescents. Through these study results, the implications for counseling and suggestions for future research were discussed.

The Effect of Self-esteem on Elderly Depression : Moderated Mediation Effects of Family Relations Satisfaction and Working Types (자아존중감이 노인 우울에 미치는 영향 : 가족관계만족도와 근로유형의 조절된 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Jihoon;Kim, Mina
    • 한국가족관계학회지
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.157-172
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    • 2016
  • Object: This study investigated the effect of self-esteem on depression through family relations satisfaction and tested whether working types would moderate such associations. Method: The subjects were 2,145 elderly who are healthy enough to work and were selected for the ninth Korean Welfare Panel Study. The resulting data were analysed by using the statistical program SPSS 2.1 with reference to steps for testing mediation by Baron and Kenny, moderated mediation by Heyes. Results: Self-esteem has both direct and indirect significant effects, revealing that family relations satisfaction fully mediates the effects of coping strategies of family conflict on depression. From the working types, self-employed/employer and unpaid family worker, moderate the indirect effect of self-esteem on depression through family relations satisfaction. Conclusions: In practical intervention of elderly depression reduction, efforts to increase family relations satisfaction is effective when it is difficult to us address satisfaction. Moreover, we have to provide intervention for elderly with work in context of relationship of individual and familial factor.

The Influence of Problem Gambling on Suicidal Ideation through Depression among Stayers in the Area of Casino: The Moderated Mediation Effect of Gender (카지노 주변 체류자의 문제도박이 우울을 통해 자살생각에 미치는 영향: 성별의 조절된 매개효과)

  • Chang, Hae-Lim;Lee, Jaekyoung;Lee, RaeHyuck
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.149-163
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to examine the influence of problem gambling on suicidal ideation through depression among stayers in the area of casino and to investigate the moderated mediation effect of gender. For the purpose, this study used a sample of 298 stayers in the area of casino, and conducted data analyses by utilizing Process Macro for SPSS. The main results are as follows. First, problem gambling positively significantly influenced suicidal ideation among stayers in the area of casino. Second, depression perfectly mediated the influence of problem gambling on suicidal ideation. Third, gender moderated the influence of depression on suicidal ideation. Fourth, the moderated conditional mediation effect of gender in the influence of problem gambling on suicidal ideation through depression was found. Based on the findings, this study concludes with discussing intervention strategies to address problem gambling and suicidal ideation among stayers in the area of casino.

Moderated Mediation Effect of Self-control on the Relationship of 'Neuroticism - Smart Phone Addiction - School Adaptation' (신경증-스마트폰 중독-학교적응의 매개관계에 대한 자기 통제력의 조절된 매개효과 검증)

  • Jung, Sung Cheol
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.243-251
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to demonstrate 'moderated mediation' effect of self-control on the relationship of neuroticism-smart phone addiction-school adaptation. For this purpose, we carried out a survey targeting middle school students who were vulnerable to smart phone addiction, and 1,400 middle school students responded to questionnaire. The results showed that the moderated mediation effect of self-control was statistically significant. In detail, school satisfaction and school performance, the sub-factors of school adaptation, showed significant results but social relation non-significant. Concerning moderating effect of self-control, results supported significantly moderating effect, demonstrating that high level of self-control showed consistently lower level of smart phone addiction than low level of self-control regardless of level of neuroticism. We can find the meanings of this study in having demonstrated, on the one hand, the causal process of smart phone addiction, and on the other, moderating effect and moderated mediation effect on this causal process through interaction between neuroticism and self-control. Finally, limitations and suggestions for future research were discussed.