• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mo isotope

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Molybdenum Isotope Analysis of Standard Reference Materials (표준물질을 이용한 몰리브덴 동위원소 분석)

  • Jo, Yunsoo;Kil, Youngwoo;Ryu, Jongsik;Seol, Junghwan;Nguyen, The Cong;Jung, Woochul;Park, Sanghee
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.89-95
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    • 2016
  • Mo isotope, one of highly redox-sensitive isotopes, has been shown to be useful tracers of geochemical processes. Many studies for Mo isotope have documented with the help of recently developed analysis tools, but it has not yet been documented in the Korea. In this study, we introduce two-stage column separation method of Mo using column tube (BioRad PolyPrep(R) column, 10 ml) and anion exchange resin (BioRad Resin AG(R) 1-X8, 200-400 mesh). Mo isotope ratios in the solid SRMs (BHVO-2, SDO-1, PACS-2) and liquid SRM (IAPSO) were measured on MC-ICP-MS (Multi-collector Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer) and then compared with reference Mo isotope ratios. Mo isotope ratios in our study overlap with reference Mo isotope ratios within analytical error.

Determination of Ni, Cr, Mo in Low Alloy Steel Reference Materials by Isotope Dilution Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (동위원소희석 유도결합플라스마질량분석법에 의한 저 합금강 표준시료중의 Ni, Cr, Mo의 분석)

  • Suh, Jungkee;Woo, Jinchoon;Min, Hyungsik;Yim, Myeongcheul
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.82-89
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    • 2003
  • Isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS) was applied to the determination of Ni, Cr, Mo in low alloy steel reference materials. The Mo isotope ratio measurement was performed by dynamic reaction cell inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (DRC-ICP/MS) using ammonia as a reaction cell gas. In the case of Ni and Cr measurement, all data were obtained at medium resolution mode (m/${\Delta}m=3000$) of double focusing sector field high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HR-ICP/MS). For the method validation of the technique was assessed using the certified reference materials such as NIST SRM 361, NIST SRM 362, NIST SRM 363, NIST SRM 364, NIST SRM 36b. This method was applied to the determination of Ni, Cr and Mo in low alloy steel sample (CCQM-P25) provided by NMIJ for international comparison study.

A Study of Gamma-ray Distribution around the $^{99}Mo-^{99m}TcO_4$ Generator ($^{99}Mo-^{99m}TcO_4$ Generator의 감마선량 분포에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Soung-Ock
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.49-53
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    • 2001
  • A number of radionuclides of interest in nuclear medicine are short lived isotopes that emit only gamma ray. The most of all Dept. of Nuclear Medicine in the hospt. are using the $^{99}Mo-^{99m}Tc$ generator for elution of the short lived isotope $^{99m}TcO_4$. A $^{99}Mo-^{99m}Tc$ generator consists of an alumina column on which $^{99}Mo$ is bound. The parent isotope($^{99}Mo$ : half life 67 hr.) decays to its daughter $^{99m}TcO_4^-$ which is a different element with a shorter half-life. $^{99}Mo$ emitted 41-keV(1.3%), 141-keV(5.6%) 181-keV(6.6%) and 366-keV(1.5%) gamma rays. But $^{99m}TcO_4$ emitted only 140-keV gamma ray. We study about the gamma ray distribution around the $^{99}Mo$ generator. And obtained the result as follows ; 1. Total counted gamma ray from generator smaller in front side than back. 2. The gamma ray emitted from $^{99}Mo$ generator without $^{99m}TcO_4$ vial increased in the back side(Mo column posited side) 3. The gamma ray only from the $^{99m}TcO_4$ vial increased in the front side. 4. Apron can protect gamma ray above 60% of total radiation from the $^{99}Mo$ generator.

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Development of Industrial-Scale Fission 99Mo Production Process Using Low Enriched Uranium Target

  • Lee, Seung-Kon;Beyer, Gerd J.;Lee, Jun Sig
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.613-623
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    • 2016
  • Molybdenum-99 ($^{99}Mo$) is the most important isotope because its daughter isotope, technetium-99m ($^{99m}Tc$), has been the most widely used medical radioisotope for more than 50 years, accounting for > 80% of total nuclear diagnostics worldwide. In this review, radiochemical routes for the production of $^{99}Mo$, and the aspects for selecting a suitable process strategy are discussed from the historical viewpoint of $^{99}Mo$ technology developments. Most of the industrial-scale $^{99}Mo$ processes have been based on the fission of $^{235}U$. Recently, important issues have been raised for the conversion of fission $^{99}Mo$ targets from highly enriched uranium to low enriched uranium (LEU). The development of new LEU targets with higher density was requested to compensate for the loss of $^{99}Mo$ yield, caused by a significant reduction of $^{235}U$ enrichment, from the conversion. As the dramatic increment of intermediate level liquid waste is also expected from the conversion, an effective strategy to reduce the waste generation from the fission $^{99}Mo$ production is required. The mitigation of radioxenon emission from medical radioisotope production facilities is discussed in relation with the monitoring of nuclear explosions and comprehensive nuclear test ban. Lastly, the $^{99}Mo$ production process paired with the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute's own LEU target is proposed as one of the most suitable processes for the LEU target.

Application of Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry for Characterization of U-7Mo/Al-5Si Dispersion Fuels

  • Lee, Jeongmook;Park, Jai Il;Youn, Young-Sang;Ha, Yeong-Keong;Kim, Jong-Yun
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.645-650
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    • 2017
  • This technical note demonstrates the feasibility of using laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for the characterization of U-7Mo/Ale5Si dispersion fuel. Our measurements show 5.0% Relative Standard Deviation (RSD) for the reproducibility of measured $^{98}Mo/^{238}U$ ratios in fuel particles from spot analysis, and 3.4% RSD for $^{98}Mo/^{238}U$ ratios in a NIST-SRM 612 glass standard. Line scanning allows for the distinction of U-7Mo fuel particles from the Al-5Si matrix. Each mass spectrum peak indicates the presence of U-7Mo fuel particles, and the time width of each peak corresponds to the size of that fuel particle. The size of the fuel particles is estimated from the time width of the mass spectrum peak for $^{98}Mo$ by considering the scan rate used during the line scan. This preliminary application clearly demonstrates that laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry can directly identify isotope ratios and sizes of the fuel particles in U-Mo/Al dispersion fuel. Once optimized further, this instrument will be a powerful tool for investigating irradiated dispersion fuels in terms of fission product distributions in fuel matrices, and the changes in fuel particle size or shape after irradiation.

Increase in δ15N of Nitrate through Kinetic Isotope Fractionation Associated with Denitrification in Soil

  • Choi, Woo-Jung;Lee, Sang-Mo;Yoo, Sun-Ho
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.135-139
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    • 2001
  • To observe the changes in isotopic composition (${\delta}^{15}N$) of $NO_3{^-}$ during denitrification, an incubation experiment using soil treated with nitrification inhibitor (2-chloro-6-trichloromethyl-pyridine) under water-saturated condition was conducted for 153 h. The $NO_3-N$ concentration decreased from 73.3 to $20.6mg\;kg^{-1}$ during the incubation period, with denitrification rate constant of $0.00905h^{-1}$, and ${\delta}^{15}N$ values of $NO_3-N$ increased from +0.9 to +25.5‰ with decreasing the $NO_3-N$ concentration. The increase in the ${\delta}^{15}N$ values of $NO_3-N$ is due to kinetic isotope fractionation, which always results in $^{15}N$ enrichment of the substrate. The isotopic fractionation factor calculated in this study was 1.0196, an indication that 1.96% more $^{14}NO_3{^-}$ reacted at a given time interval than a comparable number of $^{15}NO_3{^-}$. The ${\delta}^{15}N$ values measured through the incubation study showed a good agreement with the results calculated from the Fochts isotope fractionation model. Our results suggest that when the ${\delta}^{15}N$ of $NO_3{^-}$ is used for tracing the fate of N, the kinetic isotope fractionation associated with denitrification must be taken into consideration.

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Inter-laboratory Comparison of Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotopic Composition Data Using Elemental Analyzer-isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometers

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun;Kang, Sujin;Bong, Yeon-Sik;Park, Kwangkyu;Kang, Tae-Woo;Park, Yong-Se;Kim, Dahae;Choi, Seunghyun;Joo, Young Ji;Choi, Bohyung;Nam, Seung-Il;Lee, Sang-Mo;Shin, Kyung-Hoon
    • Journal of The Korea Society For Environmental Analysis
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.229-236
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    • 2018
  • In this study, inter-laboratory comparison was done using elemental analyzer-isotope ratio mass spectrometers (EA-IRMSs) to determine carbon and nitrogen contents as well as stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic compositions (${\delta}^{13}C$ and ${\delta}^{15}N$) of five environmental samples containing lake and marine sediments, higher plant leaves, and fish muscle, and one organic analytical standard (Protein (Casein) Standard OAS). Five national laboratories participated in this comparison study, and each laboratory analyzed all five samples and the analytical standard. Results showed that variations in total organic carbon (TOC) and total nitrogen (TN) contents as well as ${\delta}^{13}C_{TOC}$ and ${\delta}^{15}N_{TN}$ values among the laboratories were large compared to the analytical uncertainties. The results highlighted the inhomogeneity of the test samples and thus, the need to select suitable standard reference materials for future inter-laboratory studies. Further inter-laboratory comparison exercises could promote good measurement practices in the acquisition of stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic composition data.

Temporal Variations in Isotope Ratios and Concentrations of Nitrate-nitrogen in Groundwater as Affected by Chemical Fertilizer and Livestock Manure

  • Yoo, Sun-Ho;Choi, Woo-Jung;Han, Gwang Hyun;Park, Jung-Geun;Lee, Sang-Mo;Jin, Sheng-ai
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.186-190
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    • 1999
  • Isotope ratio ($^{15}N/^{14}N$) and nitrate-nitrogen concentration in groundwater were measured to investigate the effect of chemical fertilizer and livestock manure on temporal variations in nitrate-nitrogen concentration and to estimate the contribution of fertilizer and manure to groundwater contamination by nitrate. Four study wells from a rural area in Kyonggi province were selected. One well was located on an upper site from a livestock feedlot, and the others were situated at lower sites from the feedlot. The ${\delta}^{15}N$ values were analyzed by a stable isotope ratio mass spectrometer (Micromass, VG Optima IRMS). Reproducibility of the method and precision of the mass spectrometer were below 1.0 and 0.1‰, respectively Even though study wells were located at the same area, nitrate-nitrogen concentrations and ${\delta}^{15}N$ values differed and fluctuated during the sampling period. The ${\delta}^{15}N$ values of well located at upper site from the feedlot were extremely variable (-1.48~20.80‰). The ranges of ${\delta}^{15}N$ value of three wells situated at lower sites from the feedlot were 11.83~20.73 (ave. 16.11), 8.90~11.73 (ave.11.01), and 5.29~12.73‰ (ave. 8.21‰) with increasing distance from the feedlot. The average values of contribution proportion of nitrogen derived from livestock manure to nitrate-nitrogen in groundwater were 79% for the well closet to the feedlot, 44% for the well most distant from the feedlot, and 56% for the well in between the two wells.

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