• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mn-SOD

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Effects of Manganese Chloride on Chlorophyll, Free Proline and SOD Activity of Rice Seedling (염화망간 처리가 벼 유묘의 엽록소, 유리 Proline 및 SOD 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • 김상국;이상철
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.166-169
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    • 1999
  • The experiment was conducted to find the changes of early growth and chemical components such as chlorophyll content, superoxide dismutase(SOD) activity, free proline content on the different manganese chloride concentration(2,500, 3,500 and 4,500ppm) in rice seedling. Root growth was decreased in highest concentration, 4,500 ppm of Mn compared with the control and germination rate was also decreased 43% at 4,500 ppm of Mn. Chlorophyll content was decreased at Mn 4,500ppm with 1.16mg. Free proline content at 3 day after germination in Mn 4,500ppm was highest relative to the other manganese chloride concentrations. SOD activity was gradually increased as manganese chloride concentration was increased. As a result, it was suggested that an increment of free proline and SOD activity results from the higher manganese chloride concentration.

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Construction of Gene-Specific Primers for Various Antioxidant Isoenzyme Genes and Their Expressions in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Seedlings Obtained from Gamma-irradiated Seeds

  • Kim, Jin-Hon;Chung, Byung-Yeoup;Kim, Jae-Sung;Wi, Seung-Gon;Yang, Dae-Hwa;Lee, Choon-Hwan;Lee, Myung-Chul
    • Journal of Photoscience
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 2004
  • For the expression study of antioxidant isoenzyme genes in rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants, extensive searches for genes of superoxide dismutase (SOD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX), and catalase (CAT) isoforms were performed through the GenBank database. The genes for two cytosolic and one plastidic CuZn-SOD, one Fe-SOD, two Mn-SOD, two cytosolic and two chloroplastic (stromal and thylakoid) APX, and three CAT isoforms were available in japonica-type rice. These isoforms were named as cCuZn-SOD1, cCuZn-SOD2, pCuZn-SOD, Fe-SOD, Mn-SOD1, Mn-SOD2, cAPXa, cAPXb, Chl_sAPX, Chl_tAPX, CATa, CATb, and CATc, respectively. Since they shared a high degree of homology in the nucleotide and amino acid sequences, the gene-specific primers for the genes were designed directly from their full-length cDNAs found in the database except for the CATa gene. These primers were used in the RT-PCR analysis to investigate the differential expression of antioxidant isoenzyme genes in rice plants from the seeds irradiated with low doses (2, 4, 8, and 16 Gy) of gamma-radiation. The gammairradiation slightly increased the transcripts of pCuZn-SOD, while those of Fe-SOD, cAPXb, and CATb decreased. However, no substantial differences were observed in the expression of all the isoenzyme genes between the control and irradiated groups. In this study, gene specific primers for thirteen SOD, APX and CAT isoenzymes were constructed from the full-length cDNAs. The results of RT-PCR analysis obtained by using these primers suggests that the expression levels of SOD, APX, and CAT isoenzyme genes in rice seedlings were hardly affected by gamma-irradiation at the seed stage.

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A Study on SOD Activity and Serum Antioxidant Mineral Concentrations in Obese Adolescents (비만 청소년의 SOD 활성도 및 혈청 항산화무기질 농도에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Da-Hong
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between obesity and, erythrocyte SOD (superoxide dismutase) activity and serum antioxidant mineral (Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn and Se) concentrations of adolescents. Subjects were assigned to one of two groups such as obese ($BMI{\geq}25$, 32 boys, 24 girls) and normal group (18.5 < BMI < 23, 27 boys, 30 girls) Subjects were evaluated based on anthropometric measurements, 24-hr dietary recalls and blood analysis. The mean age of the total subjects was 13.8 years. The mean weight (p < 0.001), BMI (p < 0.001) and body fat (p < 0.001) of obese were higher than those of normal group. There was no significant difference in nutrient intake between obese and normal groups. SOD activity of obese group was not significantly different from normal groups, in both males and females. However, in the males, serum Cu concentration of obese were significantly lower than those of normal group. In the females, Serum Mn concentration of obese were significantly lower then those of normal group. In the correlation analysis, BMI of the subjects had significantly negative correlations with serum Cu, Zn and Mn. To summarize the results, increase of obesity may lead to decrease of serum antioxidant minerals such as Cu, Zn and Mn.

Effect of Copper Ion on Oxygen Damage in Superoxide Dismutase-Deficient Saccharomyces Cerevisiae

  • Lee, Jeong-Ki;Kim, Ji-Myon;Kim, Su-Won;Nam, Doo-Hyun;Yong, Chul-Soon;Huh, Keun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.178-182
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    • 1996
  • Using superoxide dismutase (SOD)-deficient mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the oxidative stresses induced by 0.1 mM of copper ion $(Cu^{++})$ was studied. In aerobic culture condition, yeasts lacking MnSOD (mitochondrial SOD) showed more significant growth retardation than CuZnSOD (cytoplasmic SOD)-deficient yeasts. However, not so big differences in growth pattern of those mutants compared withwild type were observed under anaerobic condition. It was found that, under aerobic condition, the supplementation of 0.1 mM copper ioh:(Cu") into culture medium caused the remarkable increase of CuZnSOD but not so significant change in MnSOD. It was also observed that catalase activities appeared to be relatively high in the presence of copper ion in spite of the remarkable reduction of glutathion peroxidase in CuZnSOD-deficient yeasts, but the slight increments of catalase and glutathion peroxidase were detected in MnSOD-deficient strains. It implies that the lack of cytoplasmic SOD could be compensated mainly by catalase. However, these phenomena resulted in the significantincrease of cellular lipid peroxides content in CuZnSOD-deficient yeasts and the slight increment of lipid peroxides in MNSOD-deficient cells. In anaerobic cultivation supplementing copper ion, the cellular enzyme activities of catalase and glutathion peroxidase in SOD-deficient yeasts were slightly increased without any significant changes of lipid peroxides in cell membrane. It suggests that a little amount of free radicals generated by copper ion under anaerobic condition could be sufficiently overcome by catalase as well as glutathion peroxidase.dase.

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젖당과 사멸 살모넬라 함유 사료가 Salmonella typhimurium 인공 감염 육계 병아리의 생산성과 면역 반응에 미치는 영향

  • Choe, Jun-Yeong;Im, Jin-Taek;Park, In-Gyeong;Choe, Do-Yeol;Lee, Hye-Jeong;Lee, Beom-Gyu;Go, Tae-Song
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Poultry Science Conference
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    • pp.78-79
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    • 2005
  • Effects of dietary lactose or killed Salmonella on the performance, immune response and anti-oxidant system was studied in chicks innoculated with Salmonella typhimurium. In 27 days of age broiler, dietary lactose decreased performance, while dietary lactose and killed Salmonella elevated plasma peroxidase activity and IL-1 level in supernatant of PBMC stimulated with LPS. When broiler chicks innoculated with Salmonella, performance, activities of erythrocyte MnSOD and plasma peroxidase were enhanced after 7 days of the innoculation. Dietary lactose and killed Salmonella increased activity of erythrocyte MnSOD, plasma peroxidase, proliferation of PBMC stimulated with LPS and IL-1 level in the supernatant after 15 days of the innoculation. The result indicated that dietary lactose and killed Salmonella have modulated innate immune response and antioxidant system in broiler chicks innoculated with Salmonella typhimurium.

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Oxidative damage biomarker levels according to Mn-SOD and GST gene polymorphisms in preschool children (Mn-SOD와 GST 유전자 다형성에 따른 유아의 산화손상지표의 분포)

  • Shin, You-kyung;Choi, Ji-Won;Oh, Se-Young;Chung, Jayong
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.468-475
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: Genetic polymorphisms in antioxidant defense and detoxification genes may modulate the levels of oxidative stress biomarkers. Methods: A total of 301 healthy preschool-aged children in the Seoul and Kyung-gi areas were recruited. DNA was extracted from blood for genotyping of manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) Val16Ala, glutathione S-transferase (GST) P1 Ile105Val, GSTT1 present/null, and GSTM1 present/null polymorphisms by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism or multiplex PCR analyses. In addition to a questionnaire survey, the levels of urinary 8-hydroxyl-2-deoxiguanosine (8-OHdG) and plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured by ELISA. Results: Significantly higher urinary 8-OHdG concentrations were observed in GSTP1 Ile/Val + Val/Val genotype (p = 0.030), and tended to be higher in Mn-SOD Val/Val genotype (p = 0.065). On the other hand, exposure to environmental tobacco smoking (ETS) and interaction between ETS and gene polymorphisms did not significantly influence either urinary 8-OHdG concentrations or serum MDA. Conclusion: Based on our findings, GSTP1 Ile/Val gene polymorphisms might modulate the levels of oxidative stress biomarkers in healthy preschool children.

Manipulation of Antioxidative Mechanism in Chloroplasts

  • Kwon, Suk-Yoon;Lee, Haeng-Soon;Kwak, Sang-Soo
    • Proceedings of the Botanical Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 1999
  • Oxidative stress is one of the major environmental stresses to plants. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated during metabolic processes damage cellular functions and consequently lead to cell death. Fortunately plants have in vivo defense system by which the ROS is scavenged by enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and ascorbate peroxidase (APX). In attempts to understand the protection mechanism of plant against oxidative stress, we developed transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi) plansts thet expressed both SOD and APX in chloroplast using Agrobacterum-mediated transformation and evaluated their protection capabilities against methyl viologen (MV, paraquat) -mediated oxidative damage. Three double transformants (CAI, CA2, and CA3) expressed the chimeric CuZnSOD and chimeric APX in chloroplast, and one transformant (AM) expressed the chimeric APX and chimeric MnSOD in chloroplast. In addition, we obtained three lines of transformants (C/Al, C/A2, and A/C) that expressed the APX and SOD than control plants, and more resistant to oxidative stress caused by MV. TRansformants (C/A and A/C) overexpressing MnSOD, CuZnSOD and APX at the same time showed the highest resistance to MV-mediated oxidative stress among the transformants.

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The Effect of Powdered Herb of Aster scaber Thunb. on Antioxidant System in Ethanol-Treated Rats (참취 분말이 에탄올을 투여한 흰쥐의 항산화계에 미치는 효과)

  • 이승은;성낙술;정태영;최미영;윤은경;정유진
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1215-1219
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    • 2001
  • The present study was conducted to investigate effect of powdered herb of Aster scaber Thunb. (chamchwi) on antioxidant system in ethanol-administrated rats. Four week-old Sprague Dawley male rats which had initial body weights of 97.10$\pm$4.50 g were randomly divided into three groups: control (ethanol treated, vitamin E-deficient group); 5% chamchwi (ethanol-treated, 5% chamchwi powder-supplemented group): 10% chamchwi (ethanol-treated, 10% chamchwi powder-suplemented group). Three groups of rats were suplemented with three experimental diets for 4 weeks and orally administrated 10% ethanol (v/v) daily via drinking water in the last experimental week. Contents of TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive substance). glutathione in liver and kidney and serum albumin were determined. The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) in liver and kidney were also analyzed. Relative weight of liver and spleen to body in chamchwi groups was lower than that in control group (p<0.05). The most remarkable result was that liver TBARS contents in chamchwi groups (5% chamchwi group, 46 $\mu\textrm{g}$ in MDA value; 10% chamchwi group, 35 $\mu\textrm{g}$) were significantly lower (p<0.05) than that in control group (66 $\mu\textrm{g}$). The supplement of chamchwi powder lowered the activity of manganese- superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD), catalase in liver and GSH-px in kidney. The levels of glutathione in liver and kidney and serum albumin were not significantly different in all experimental groups (p<0.05). These results indicate that powdered herb of Aster scaber decreases lipid peroxidation and acitvity of Mn-SOD increased by alcohol-induced oxidative stress in liver of rats.

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Antioxidant Effect of Rubi Fructus on TM4 Sertoli Cells (남성생식세포 Sertoli cell에 미치는 복분자(覆盆子)의 항산화 효과)

  • Kim, Young Joo;Chang, Mun Seog;Park, Seong Kyu
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 2018
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the antioxidant effects of the extract of Rubi Fructus on TM4 Sertoli cells. Methods : The extract was studied for diphenyl-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity and cell viability assays on Sertoli cells. In addition, hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress on Sertoli cells were examined by MTT assay. The antioxidant enzyme of Cu/Zn SOD, Mn SOD, catalase protein expression on Sertoli cells were also measured. Results : The results showed that the extract scavenged DPPH radical dose-dependent manner. The extract showed no cytotoxicity at concentration of 1, 5, 10, 50, $100{\mu}g/ml$. The hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity of Sertoli cells was protected to 88.3% by the extract at concentration of $100{\mu}g/ml$. Cu/Zn SOD and Mn SOD protein expression were significantly increased on Sertoli cells, but catalase protein expression was not significantly changed. Conclusions : In conclusion, the extract of Rubi Fructus has antioxidant effects on Sertoli cells and protect male reproductive system against oxidative stress.

Expression of Pea Superoxide Dismutase Gene in Transgenic Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) Plants (형질전환 오이(Cucumis sativus L.) 식물체에서 완두 Superoxide Dismutase 유전자의 발현)

  • 김재훈;오승용;이행순;조만현;이은모;우인식;곽상수
    • Korean Journal of Plant Tissue Culture
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.201-206
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    • 1998
  • To develop the fruits of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) producing high yields of superoxide dismutase (SOD), the MnSOD cDNA from pea (Pisum sativum) under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter was introduced into cucumber using Agrobacterium tumefaciens (strain LBA 4404)-mediated transformation. The kanamycin-resistant shoots were selected on the selection medium containing MS basal salt, 1.0 mg/L zeatin, 0.1 mg/L IAA, 300 mg/L claforan, and 100 mg/L kanamycin. After 6 weeks of culture on the selection medium, the shoots were transferred to MS medium containing 0.2 mg/L NAA to induce roots. PCR analysis using the primers for neomycin phosphotransferase (NPTII) gene revealed that three plantlets were transformed. The fruits of one transgenic plant had approximately 3.2-fold higher SOD activity than those of non-transgenic plants. MnSOD isoenzyme band was strongly detected on native gel in fruits of transgenic plants.

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