• Title, Summary, Keyword: Mn-SOD

Search Result 196, Processing Time 0.05 seconds

Superoxide Dismutase Profiles in the Mesophilic Deinococcus Species

  • Yun, Young-Sun;Lee, Young-Nam
    • Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.39 no.3
    • /
    • pp.232-235
    • /
    • 2001
  • Electrophoretic resolution of superoxide dismutase (SOD) from the highly UV-resistant bacteria, Deinococcus species revealed multiple forms of superoxide dismutases (SODs) in D. radiodurans, D. grandis, and D. proteolyticus, as judged from electrophoretic properties and metal cofactors. A single SOD occurred in both D. radiophilus and D. radiopugnans. Deinococcal SODs were either MnSOD, FeSOD or cambialistic Mn/FeSOD. The unique SOD profile of each mesophilic Deinococcus species, multiplicity and metal cofactors would be valuable in identifying Deinococcus species.

  • PDF

Major Fe-Superoxide Dismutase (FeSOD) Activity in Pseudomonas putida is Essential for Survival Under Conditions of Oxidative Stress During Microbial Challenge and Nutrient Limitation

  • Kim, Young-Cheol;Kim, Cheol-Soo;Cho, Baik-Ho;Anderson, Anne-J.
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.14 no.4
    • /
    • pp.859-862
    • /
    • 2004
  • An isolate of Pseudomonas putida has been found to aggressively colonize root tips and induce plant resistance to Fusarium wilt. However, P. putida mutants lacking Fe-superoxide dismutase (SOD) or both FeSOD and MnSOD activities are less competitive in root tip colonization. In the current study, the growth of an FeSOD mutant was found to be more sensitive than that of the wild-type or a MnSOD mutant to oxidative stress imposed by paraquat treatment and culturing with the soil fungus Talaromyces flavus, which generates reactive oxygen species. Also, the loss of culturability with an aging stationary-phase culture was greater for a double SOD mutant than an FeSOD mutant, while no reduction in culturability was observed with the wild-type and a MnSOD mutant under the same protracted stationary-phase conditions. Accordingly, it was concluded that FeSOD activity is the major form of SOD in P. putida and plays an essential role in survival under stress conditions when increased oxidative stress is encountered.

Dietary Salmonella lysate affect on the antioxidant system(freshness) of broiler meats during 4$^{\circ}$C refrigeration (Salmonella lysate 첨가 사료가 저장중 계육 항산화계(신선도)에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Beom-Gyu;Im, Jin-Taek;Park, In-Gyeong;Choe, Do-Yeol;Choe, Jun-Yeong;Go, Tae-Song
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Poultry Science Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.60-61
    • /
    • 2006
  • Effect of dietary salmonella lysate in broiler chicks inoculated with Salmonella typhimurium on the antioxidant system(freshness) of broiler meats during 4$^{\circ}$C refrigeration was investigated. In Pectoral and leg muscle, regardless experimental diets, as the refrigeration day passed, CuZnSOD activity decreased gradually, while at 7d MnSOD activity and peroxide level raised and then lowered at 14d. MnSOD and peroxidase activity, however, had differed according to experimental diets. The results indicated that antioxidant system of broiler meats will be changed according to experimental diets(nutrients). As the CuZnSOD, MnSOD and peroxidase activity are responsible for proteolysis of muscle protein, it was concluded that change of antioxidant system during 4$^{\circ}$C storage explain the biological activity(freshness) of broiler meats.

  • PDF

The subcellular distribution of MnSOD alters during sodium selenite-induced apoptosis

  • Guan, Liying;Jiang, Qian;Li, Zhushi;Huang, Fang;Ren, Yun;Yang, Yang;Xu, Caimin
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.42 no.6
    • /
    • pp.361-366
    • /
    • 2009
  • It was reported that high doses of sodium selenite can induce apoptosis of cancer cells, but the molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) converts superoxide radical to hydrogen peroxide within the mitochondrial matrix and is one of the most important antioxidant enzymes. In this study, we showed that 20 ${\mu}M$ sodium selenite could alter subcellular distribution of MnSOD, namely a decrease in mitochondria and an increase in cytosol. The alteration of subcellular distribution of MnSOD is dependent on the production of superoxide induced by sodium selenite.

Superoxide Dismutase Isoenzyme Activities in Plasma and Tissues of Iraqi Patients with Breast Cancer

  • Hasan, Hathama Razooki;Mathkor, Thikra Hasan;Al-Habal, Mohammed Hasan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.13 no.6
    • /
    • pp.2571-2576
    • /
    • 2012
  • Breast cancer is the first of the most common ten cancers in Iraq. Its etiology is multifactorial, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation being suggested to play important roles in carcinogenesis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the oxidant-antioxidant status in breast cancer patients, by measuring SOD isoenzyme activities (total SOD, CuZn-SOD, Mn-SOD and EC-SOD) in plasma and breast tumors, and by estimating thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBRS) in tissue homogenates. General increase in total SOD activity was observed in plasma and tissue samples of breast tumors, greater in the malignant when compared to benign group (p<0.05). Mn-SOD showed a significant decrease in tissue malignant samples (p<0.05), and insignificant decrease in plasma malignant samples compared with control and benign samples. Plasma EC-SOD activity in both patient benign and malignant breast tumors demonstrated 3.5% and 22.8% increase, respectively. However, there was a decrease in tissue EC-SOD activity in malignant breast tumors when compared with benign. A similar tendency was noted for TBRS. We suggest that elevated total SOD might reflect a response to oxidative stress, and then may predict a state of excess reactive oxygen species in the carcinogenesis process. If there is proteolytic removal of the heparin binding domain, EC-SOD will lose its affinity for the extracellular matrix and diffuse out of the tissue. This will result in a decreased EC-SOD activity, thus leading to an increase in the steady-state concentration of $O^{2-}$ in this domain, and increase in EC-SOD activity in the extracellular fluid. This might explain the results recorded here concerning the decrease in tissue EC-SOD activity and increase in plasma of breast cancer patients.

The Role of MnSOD in the Mechanisms of Acquired Resistance to TNF (TNF에 대한 내성획득에서 MnSOD의 역할에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hyuk-Pyo;Yoo, Chul-Gyu;Kim, Young-Whan;Han, Sung-Koo;Shim, Young-Soo
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
    • /
    • v.44 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1353-1365
    • /
    • 1997
  • Background : Tumor necrosis factor(TNF) has been considered as an important candidate for cancer gene therapy based on its potent anti-tumor activity. However, since the efficiency of current techniques of gene transfer is not satisfactory, the majority of current protocols is aiming the in vitro gene transfer to cancer cells and re-introducing genetically modified cancer cells to host. In the previous study, it was shown that TNF-sensitive cancer cells transfected with TNF-$\alpha$ cDNA would become highly resistant to TNF, and the probability was shown that the acquired resistance to TNF might be associated with synthesis of some protective protein. Understanding the mechanisms of TNF -resistance in TNF-$\alpha$ cDNA transfected cancer cells would be. an important step for improving the efficacy of cancer gene therapy as well as for better understandings of tumor biology. This study was designed to evaluate the role of MnSOD, an antioxidant enzyme, in the acquired resistance to TNF of TNF-$\alpha$ cDN A transfected cancer cells. Method : We transfected TNF-$\alpha$ c-DNA to WEHI164(murine fibrosarcoma cell line), NCI-H2058(human mesothelioma cell line), A549(human non-small cell lung cancer cell line), ME180(human cervix cancer cell line) cells using retroviral vector(pLT12SN(TNF)) and confirm the expression of TNF with PCR, ELISA, MIT assay. Then we determined the TNF resistance of TNF-$\alpha$ cDNA transfected cells(WEHI164-TNF, NCIH2058-TNF, A549-TNF, ME180-TNF) and the changes of MnSOD mRNA expressions with Northern blot analysis. Results : The MnSOD mRNA expressions of parental cells and genetically modified cells of WEHI164 and ME180 cells(both are naturally TNF sensitive) were not significantly different The MnSOD mRNA expressions of genetically modified cells of NCI-H2058 and A549(both are naturally TNF resistant) were higher than those of the parental cells, while those of parental cells with exogenous TNF were also elevated. Conclusion : The acquired resistance to TNF after TNF-$\alpha$ cDNA transfection may not be associated with the change in the MnSOD expression, but the difference in natural TNF sensitivity of each cell may be associated with the level of the MnSOD expression.

  • PDF

Identification and Molecular Characterization of Superoxide Dismutase Genes in Pseudomonas rhodesiae KK1 Capable of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Degradation (PAH를 분해할 수 있는 Pseudomonas rhodesiae KK1의 SOD 유전자의 동정 및 분자학적 특성 분석)

  • Lee, Dong-Heon;Oh, Kye-Heon;Kim, Seung Il;Kahng, Hyung-Yeel
    • Journal of Life Science
    • /
    • v.26 no.1
    • /
    • pp.75-82
    • /
    • 2016
  • Pseudomonas rhodesiae KK1 has been reported to degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), such as anthracene, naphthalene, and phenanthrene, which are considered major environmental contaminants. Interestingly, antioxidant genes, including superoxide dismutase, are known to be expressed at different levels in response to environmental contaminants. This study was performed to identify the superoxide dismutase gene in strain KK1, which may be indirectly involved with degradation of PAHs, as well as to investigate the expression pattern of the superoxide dismutase gene in cells grown on different PAHs. Two types of superoxide dismutase genes responsible for the antioxidant defense mechanism, Mn-superoxide dismutase (sodA) and Fe-superoxide dismutase (sodB), were identified in P. rhodesiae KK1. The sodA gene in strain KK1 shared 95% similarity, based on 141 amino acids, with the Mn-sod of P. fluorescens Pf-5. The sodB strain, based on 135 amino acids, shared 99% similarity with the Fe-sod of P. fluorescens Pf-5. Southern hybridization using the sod gene fragment as a probe showed that at least two copies of superoxide dismutase genes exist in strain KK1. RT-PCR analysis revealed that the sodA and sodB genes were more strongly expressed in response to naphthalene and phenanthrene than to anthracene. Interestingly, sodA and sodB activities were revealed to be maintained in cells grown on all of the tested substrates, including glucose.

Purification and Characterization of Superoxide Dismutase in Sphingomonas sp. KS 301 (Sphingomonas sp. KS 301의 Superoxide Dismutase 정제 및 특성)

  • Kang, Hee-Jeong;Jeong, Jae-Hoon;Choi, Ji-Hye;Son, Seung-Yeol
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
    • /
    • v.43 no.2
    • /
    • pp.83-90
    • /
    • 2007
  • Sphingomonas sp. KS 301, which was isolated from oil contaminated soil, was shown to have five different SODs (SODI, II, III, IV, V) which can be separated by DEAE-Sepharose chromatography, and SOD III was finally purified in this study by ammonium sulfate precipitation, DEAE-Sepharose chromatography, Superose 12 gel filtration and Uno-Q1 ion exchange chromatography. The molecular weight of SOD III was 23 kDa as determined by SDS-PAGE and the apparent molecular weight of the native enzyme was estimated to be approximately 71 kDa by Superose-12 gel filtration chromatography. These data suggest that the purified SOD consists of at least two subunits. The specific activity of the SOD III was higher than Mn type or Fe type SOD of Escherichia coli by 5 fold. To determine the type of SOD III, inhibitory effects of $NaN_{3},\;H_{2}O_{2},\;KCN$ were examined. 10 mM $NaN_{3}$ was able to inhibit 56% of the SOD III activity, which indicates that this SOD is Mn type. The optimum pH of the SOD III was 7.0 and the optimum temperature was $20^{\circ}C$. N-terminal amino acid sequence of purified SOD III was most similar to those of Psudomonase ovalis and Vibrio cholerae among bacteria.

The Role of Heat Shock Protein 25 in Radiation Resistance

  • Lee Yoon-Jin;Lee Su-Jae;Bae Sangwoo;Lee Yun-Sil
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
    • /
    • v.25 no.2
    • /
    • pp.51-59
    • /
    • 2005
  • Overexpression of HSP25 delayed cell growth, increased the level of $p21^{waf}$, reduced the levels of cyclin D1, cylcin A and cdc2, and induced radioresistance in L929 cells. We demonstrated that extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) and MAP kinase/ERK kinase (MEK) expressions as well as their activation (phospho-forms) were inhibited by hsp25 overexpression. To confirm the relationship between ERK1/2 and hsp25-mediated radioresistance, ERK1 or ERK2 cDNA was transiently transfected into the hsp25 overexpressed cells and their radioresistance was examined. HSP25-mediated radioresistance was abolished by overexpression of ERK2, but not by overexpression of ERK1. Alteration of cell cycle distribution and cell cycle related protein expressions (cyclin D, cyclin A and cdc2) by hsp25 overexpression were also recovered by ERK2 cDNA transfection. Increase in Bc1-2 protein by hsp25 gene transfection was also reduced by subsequent ERK2 cDNA-transfection. In addition, HSP25 overexpression reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increased expression of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) gene. Increased activation of NF-kB (IkB degradation) was also found in hsp25-overexpressed cells. Moreover, transfection of hsp25 antisense gene abrogated all the HSP25-mediated phenomena. To further elucidate the exact relationship between MnSOD induction and NF-kB activation, dominant negative $I-kB\alpha(I-kB\alpha-DN)$ construction was transfected to HSP25 overexpressed cells. $I-kB\alpha-DN$ inhibited HSP25 mediated MnSOD gene expression. In addition, HSP25 mediated radioresistance was blocked by $I-kB\alpha-DN$ transfection. Blockage of MnSOD with antisense oligonucleotides in HSP25 overexpressed cells, prevented apoptosis and returned the ERK1/2 activation to the control level. From the above results, we suggest for the first time that reduced oxidative damage by HSP25 was due to MnSOD-mediated down regulation of ERK1/2.

  • PDF